Paediatric Basic Life Support & First Aid

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This presentation is designed to cover some of the principles of Basic Life Support & First Aid for Children as of May 2014. It follows the Australian Resuscitation Guidelines and uses the DRSABCD approach. D - Danger R - Response S - Send for Help A - Airways B - Breathing C - CPR D - Defib. It is intended for lay-people and healthcare students.

Transcript of Paediatric Basic Life Support & First Aid

  • The purpose of this presentation is to introduce and refresh some basic life support principles for children. Children are much more than little adults, and whilst the majority of first aid principles are similar, its important to bear to be aware of the differences. This presentation is attended for lay-people and healthcare students. If you are a healthcare professional or wish to extend your knowledge, please read the Paediatric Advanced Life Support Edition. If youre unfamiliar with Adult First Aid or First Aid principles in general, please look at Basic Life Support & First Aid 2012 presentation first.
  • Check for Check for Check Check for Give Apply a anger esponse irways reathing PR efribrillator end for help
  • Check for Danger To you To others To the Casualty Make the area safer or remove yourself and casualty to an area of safety. If an area is too dangerous stand back and call emergency services.
  • Check the Child for a response Response may vary due to the age of the child. Most basic method of assessment is the Talk & Touch approach. Can also use the COWS Method. C an you hear me? O pen your eyes. W hat is your name? S queeze my hand Rubbing on the palms of the hands or soles of an infants feet may elicit a response.
  • Help can be anyone nearby, but you should aim to contact a healthcare professional or service as quickly as possible. Call to reach emergency services virtually anywhere in the world.
  • Someone should always stay with the child. Send others to get help. Call for USA or for Australia or Notify your Cardiac Arrest Team within the hospital
  • In an unconscious casualty, the maintaining/gaining a patent airway is the top priority. Check the airway is open and clear of obstructions. In an unconscious patient, the tongue is the most common cause of obstruction. Also check the airway for blood, vomit & any other foreign materials. If the airway is blocked, the casualty cant breathe.
  • Clearing the airway Turn child on one side. Clearing visible foreign material from mouth and nostrils. If suction is available use suction to clear material. Back Blows Chest Thrust Placing the child in the recovery position, if they are breathing, and post airway clearance can be useful.
  • Head tilt/Chin lift Tilt head backwards (not neck) Support jaw at the point of the chin Jaw Thrust Good if neck injury is suspected Difficulty with obtaining adequate airway with Head tilt/chin lift. Airway manoeuvres and appropriate positioning in children can differ from adults, dependant upon size. Infants (