Organic farming...javaid

of 19 /19
J u n e 1 2 , 2 0 2 2 1 J A V A I D & A S M A

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Organic farming...javaid

  • 1. February 8, 2013 JAVAID & ASMA 1

2. BEFORE GREEN REVOLUTIONFebruary 8, 2013 In traditional India only organic farming was practiced.JAVAID & ASMA No chemical fertilizers and pesticides were used. Only organic techniques where natural pesticides and natural manures were obtained from plant and animal products were used.2 3. BEFORE GREEN REVOLUTIONCONT. February 8, 2013 During1950s and 1960s, the ever JAVAID & ASMAincreasing population of India lead to afood scarcity.The government was forced to import food grains from foreign countries. And also forced to increase the food grain production of India to increase the food security . 3 4. To increase the food grain productionFebruary 8, 2013was introduced in 1960sJAVAID & ASMA Under the leadership of M.S. Swaminathan4 5. POSITIVE SIDE OFFebruary 8, 2013 GREEN REVOLUTION Increased the Countrys food productionJAVAID & ASMA Attained self sufficiency Food deficit to food surplus Export of food products Higher income5 6. NEGATIVE SIDE OF February 8, 2013 GREEN REVOLUTION Reduction in Natural fertility of soil JAVAID & ASMA Destruction of soil structure Erosion and soil loss Killing of beneficial microbes and insects Ground water pollution and depletion Atmospheric pollution 6 7. February 8, 2013With introduction of green revolution, use ofchemical fertilizers although contributed 40% of cropproduction, continuous use of chemicals in agriculture JAVAID & ASMAseriously jeopardized the soil health and environment. The scientists have realized that the GreenRevolution with high input use has reached a plateauand is now sustained with diminishing return. So to maintain the natural balance we have to searchanother alternative method. 7 8. February 8, 2013One of the alternative method is JAVAID & ASMAFARMING 8 9. February 8, 2013What is OrganicFarming? JAVAID & ASMAOrganic farming is theproduction of crops andlivestock without the useof synthetic chemicalsand inorganic fertilizers. 9 10. OBJECTIVESFebruary 8, 2013 Towork with natural systems rather thandominating them.JAVAID & ASMA To encourage and enhance the biological cycles. Production of poison-free food for better quality. Maintenance of soil organic matter and soilfertility. Recycling of nutrients. Sustainability and soil health. 10 11. PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC FARMING February 8, 2013 JAVAID & ASMA11 12. February 8, 2013BENEFITS JAVAID & ASMASustainable agricultural production,Restoration of soil fertility,Production of quality foods,Avoidance of pollution of soil,Water and air including low cost technology.12 13. Supply of nutrientSFebruary 8, 2013 Nutrients are applied through organic manuresincludingJAVAID & ASMA FYM, Compost, Dung of various animals, Poultry manure, Green manure and Crop residues in farm fields. 13 14. February 8, 2013SUPPLY OF NUTRIENTS THROUGH ORGANICMANURESNITROGEN- N- fixing legumes, animal wastes and byJAVAID & ASMAproducts.PHOSPHORUS - Organic manures release organic acids actas chelating agent- P fixation reduced..POTASSIUM- Organic manures cation exchange capacity .MICRO NUTRIENTS - Organic manures- release organic acids - Itact as a chelating agent - increase the availability of micronutrientssuch as Ca , Mg, S, Mn, Cu and Zn. 14 15. February 8, 2013DiSADVAntAGeS of orGAniCfArMinG JAVAID & ASMALOWER PRODUCTIVITYAn organic farm cannot produce as much yield as a conventional orindustrialized farm.REQUIRES SKILL An organic farmer requires greater understanding of his crop15 16. ORGANIC FARMING AND CHEMICAL FARMING February 8, 2013Both having its own advantages and disadvantagesNow it becomes a great debatable question whether to use organic orinorganic farming. JAVAID & ASMAWith the increase in population our compulsion wouldbe not only to stabilize agricultural production but toincrease it further in sustainable manner.16 17. POLICY RECOMENDATIONS February 8, 2013 Thelinking of the sources of production tothe market for the same. JAVAID & ASMA A concerted effort by the government in thepolicy level, active participation of theprivate sector and participation of the generalpublic is needed for boosting the demand forthe organic agricultural products. Organic agro products should be included inthe price policy of the govt.17 18. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS CONT. February 8, 2013 Technology should also be harnessed in a bigway to provide this age-old format of JAVAID & ASMA agricultural production with the desired level of improvisation and adaptation. Investment in R&D is must and should be initiated by the govt. Certification procedure should be made simple and affordable for even small and marginal farmers .18 19. February 8, 2013 JAVAID & ASMA 19