Organic farming in Rajasthan aks jodhpur

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Possibilities and prospects of organic farming in Rajasthan,India

Transcript of Organic farming in Rajasthan aks jodhpur

  • Organic farming in Rajasthan Prospecting for Climate resilience and Economic returns Arun K.Sharma Sr Scientist Central Arid Zone Research Institute,Jodhpur-342003 E-mail : arun.k_sharma@yahoo.co.in Mobile 094141 72436
  • Rajasthan agriculture : time to invest-money and mind 1. 5% Countrys population but only 1% of water resources. 2. 70% area in single crop and rainfed but 66% population depend on Agricuture & Allied. 3. Recurrent droughts & precarious ground water situation (Out of 237 blocks, 207 are in dark zone). 4. Climate change effect will be much sever on agriculture than industry. 5. Competitive global market-quality with low price required
  • Organic farming : one of the best optionOrganic farming : one of the best option forfor Conservation of rain water/ground water better soil condition Mitigating effect of climate change/variations- balanced nutrition and moisture availability, soil buffer, biodiversity, fix carbon in soil, not add green house gases Rural employment- input preparation at farm/village level Low cost- quality production least cost of external input, no residue of chemicals Diverting Fertilizer subsidy to Rajasthan- BY Demanding subsidy for organic farming in Rainfed areas
  • Potential of organic farming 1.Efficient use of limited water- low volume high value MONOPOLY crops 2.Low fertiliser use easy conversion 3.Diversified farming system -infrastructure for organic farming 4.Rich traditional wisdom- social acceptability 5. Natural availability of inputs- gypsum, rock phosphate, neem, animal waste 6.Employment generation- reduce migration 7.Export promotion High value monopoly crops 8. Climate change - Organic farming is most suitable
  • Diversified products from Rajasthan Raw produce Course grain pearl millet,China,Mundo,Kagni Pulses Moth ,moong bean Oil seed Sesame,Mustard Medicinal Plants- Psyllium, Senna, Ashvagandh,Aloe,Neem, Guggul, Henna,Tribulus etc. Spices Cumin, Chilli,Fennel, Fenugreek,coriender,dil etc. Fruits and vegetables ( fresh and dry)Ber ,Aonla, Kumat, Khejri, Gunda, Datepalm, Cucurbits(fruit& seeds) . Industrial use Guar gum,Gum Other Milk ,honey Total export of only four major produce i.e. Sesame,cumin, guar gum and psyllium is around Rs 2000 crore There is great possibility of processing and value addition of above produce under organic management
  • Potential crops of areas on rainfall basis Agro climatic zone Rainfall Average(mm) Suitable spices and medicinal crop Arid, , 100-300 Cumin,Senna, Gugool, Psyllium, Cluserbean (gum) Transitional 300-450 Fenugreek, Cumin, , Aloe, Senna Semi arid 450-750 Fennel, Asvagandha, Fenugreek, Coriander, Lucorice, Aloe, Aonla
  • Rs 20/kg Rs 100 /kg Just- prudent management of resources Raw cow dung- no profit but harms Vermicomposting /pit composting all benefits
  • Approach from stakeholders Farmer Researcher Seller/Consumer Policy maker Organic farming
  • Action plan for organic farmingAction plan for organic farming Priority to organic in on going programmes, funds for subsidy , trainings and tax examptution, MSP for organic produce Organic food may be included in mid day meal programe Declaration of virgin soils ( no chemical used so far) areas as organic. Converting watershed clusters into organic clusters Restriction on use of ground water for food grain and spices only, summer-only drip allowed Use of funds and facilitates of rural development preprogram e.g. SJSY,MNREGA for input preparation (compost pits, nem biopesticides etc.) for organic farming
  • Scientific validation of traditional knowledge and farmers innovations Supporting organic during conversion period, certification by exporters Facilitating organic consumer-producers associations. Establishment of organic demonstration farm Techno-financial support to production of organic inputs (seed ,manure, biopesticides etc.) at village level II Promotion of supporting technologies ( green manure, had weeding, biopesticides etc) Development of equipments for preparation and application of manure
  • Rainwater harvesting and efficient use Preparation of biopesticides Composting of farm waste Biodiversity conservation Organic Crop production Training in field Programs at CAZRI 1. Development of model organic farm for research and demonstration. 2. Development of organic package of practices for export demanding arid zone crops e.g. Cumin, Psyllium, Sesame, Cluster bean etc. 3. Development of eco-technologies for pest and weed management. Findings Increased crop resilience to climatic variability. Enhanced soil water retention and biological activity. Successful pest control with eco-friendly management practices. Organic Farming at CAZRIOrganic Farming at CAZRI
  • Integrated use of eco-tecnohnologies makes successful organic farming
  • Two doubt about organic now becoming clear byTwo doubt about organic now becoming clear by Experience and experimentation Inputs are available- transportation and efficient utilization is needed Yield will be comparable from first year with prudent management and trained workers.
  • Organic farming Conventional (chemical) farming Holistic approach Reductionist approach. Decentralize production Centralize production Harmony with NATURE (Harness the benefit) Domination on NATURE ( Exploit for profit) Diversity Specialization Input optimization (save more) Output maximization (spend more) Organic farming Ideology It is the mentality which decides the direction of development and not the technology itself
  • Can we compare organic to conventional chemical farming ? Organic Conventional chemical Multi-component monoculture Complex nutrition and protection system Elemental & pest based system No subsidy on inputs Huge subsidy on fertilizers Several environmental and non tangible benefits Limited We may compare in terms of suitability, feasibility and meeting the demand of society & sustainability
  • Cumin Psyllium