OpenStack Deployment in the Enterprise

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  • OpenStack Deployment in the Enterprise

    In partnership with:

    Shannon McFarland CCIE #5245 Principal Engineer @eyepv6

  • House Keeping Notes

    Thank you for attending Cisco Connect Toronto 2015, here are a few housekeeping notes to ensure we all enjoy the session today.

    Please ensure your cellphones / Laptops are set on silent to ensure no one is disturbed during the session

    A power bar is available under each desk in case you need to charge your laptop

    The slides you download contain more material than what I will present

  • Agenda

    Cloud Trends What is OpenStack? OpenStack Participation What are Enterprises doing with OpenStack? OpenStack Deployment Cisco Product Integration Conclusion

  • Cloud Trends

  • Enterprise Trends Cloud

    Virtualization (Server,

    Storage, App, etc)

    Public/Hybrid Cloud

    Public Cloud Retraction Private Cloud

    Cost driven - mistake Missed expectations: - Cost - HA - Performance - Ops

    Cloud done their way: - Self-service - Reset cost expectations - Elastic - Understand Cloud HA - Multi-tenancy - IT meet DevOps

    Some skip the public cloud step

  • Legacy IT Change Control Diametrically Opposed to Cloud Cool and exciting technologies are borderline useless if IT process & change control dont adapt

    Elastic, self-service, FastIT, are all the enemy of legacy IT models

  • Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment Operational Process for an Upgradeable OpenStack The biggest issues with OpenStack in the Enterprise is actually not

    OpenStack in the Enterprise but the operational processes that surround it

    DevOps Learn it, Live it, Love it:

    CI/CD The make or break process that your customer has to understand

    Build the processes BEFORE building the OpenStack environment Remember, OpenStack was built for modern-day distributed web

    applications that are driven by developers

  • Revision Control System

    Code Review Tool Code Repo

    Test Jobs Integration Server

    High-Level CI/CD Overview RCS: Subversion,

    Mercurial, CVS, Bazaar, Perforce, ClearCase, etc..

    Code Review: Gerrit, Git pull request, Phabricator, Barkeep, Gitlab, etc..

    Code Repo: GitHub, BitBucket, BitKeeper, Gitorious, etc..

    Integration Server: Jenkins/Hudson, Zuul, CloudBees, Go, Maven, etc..

    Test Jobs: Tempest, Rally, puppet-rspec, tox, etc..

    Artifacts: rpmbuild, Jenkins, Artifactory, Apache Archiva, etc..

    Artifact Creation Artifact Rep Mgr

    Deployment Jobs

    (Gerrit/Git pull request)

    *See notes for logo credits

    (Tempest/Rally/etc) (rpmbuild/Jenkins/etc)

    Continuous Integration

    Continuous Deployment


  • What is OpenStack?

  • OpenStack is a collection of open source technologies delivering a massively scalable cloud operating system -

  • Austin Oct 2010

    Bexar Feb 2011

    Diablo September 2011

    Essex April 2012

    Cactus April 2011

    Folsom Sept 2012

    Grizzly April 2013

    Havana October 2013

    2011 2012 2013 2014

    Icehouse April 2014


    Kilo April 2015

    OpenStack Releases Juno November 2014

  • Compute Nova

    - Houses VMs - API driven - Support for multi-hypervisors

    Storage Image, Object, Block

    Glance, Swift, Cinder

    - Instance/VM image storage - Cloud object storage - Persistent block level storage

    Dashboard Horizon

    - Web app for controlling OpenStack resources - Self-service portal

    Identity Keystone

    - Centralized policies - Tenant mgmt. - RBAC - Ext. integration (LDAP)

    Networking Neutron

    - Networking as a service - Multiple models - IP address mgmt. - Plugins to external HW

    Telemetry Ceilometer

    - Central collection point - Metering and monitoring

    Orchestration Heat

    - Template-based orchestration engine - More rapid deployment of applications

    Database Trove

    -DBaaS -Single-tenant DB within instance

    Data Processing Sahara

    - Fast provisioning of Hadoop clusters

    OpenStack is Project Based Core Projects Shown


    More are added over time

  • OpenStack Participation

  • Why Does OpenStack Matter? Choice

    There is no one-size fits all option for cloud computing There is no single vendor who can fill all needs of a cloud stack You will likely

    engage with multiple partners

    Community Open Source Community driven Individual, organizational Better time-to-market and faster feature velocity

    Commercialization Start with the baseline OpenStack components Vendor opportunities for value-add integration on top of OpenStack baseline

    Design, deployment, automation, operation, high-availability, applications, etc

  • Who is Involved in OpenStack?

    You name it Compute, Storage, Networking vendors, Universities, Govt, massive pile of OpenStack-specific startups

    Traditional HW vendors Cisco, HP, Dell, etc Providers Rackspace, AT&T, Comcast, etc Startups PistonCloud, SwiftStack and many, many more Distributions & Support Red Hat, Canonical, SUSE Some are focused on only small parts of OpenStack such as driving object

    storage features (SwiftStack) or high-performance block storage (SolidFire)

  • Ciscos Focus on OpenStack - Today

    Start simple, build from there Focus on automation and HA

    Baseline + Cisco Integration General education of what Cisco is doing - Thought

    Leadership Help customers know What, When, Where & How



    Community Nexus/ACI integration UCS/UCSM CSR/ASR Cisco Prime Network Registrar Co-developed solutions (Red

    Hat, Canonical, SUSE) Metacloud/Cisco Private Cloud

    Neutron Network Service Horizon Dashboard Keystone Identity Swift Object Storage Ceph/Cinder Block Storage Automation Design/Deployment

  • Cisco OpenStack Private Cloud Design and


    Platform Installation

    24X7 Monitoring

    Problem Mitigation

    Maintenance Coordination

    Platform Updates

    Capacity Planning

    Cisco OpenStack

    Private Cloud

    Remote private cloud engineering and operations

    Delivered as a service

    In your data center, on your hardware (that meets minimum specifications)

  • Cisco + Other Distributions/Vendors OpenStack: Red Hat:



    solution-brief-c22-729865.pdf Ubuntu:


  • To Automate or Not and How Much to Automate Single Shot Manually setup everything:

    Deep appreciation for what installers do Best way to learn how the components of OpenStack communicate

    Semi-Automatic Use automation for some of the setup and maintain/modify manually:

    See slide on installers Automatic Install > Operate > Upgrade

    CI/CD a huge part of this flow

  • Distro/Vendor Supported Installers

    Red Hat OpenStack (RHOS/RDO) PackStack and Foreman: Spinal Stack:

    Canonical/Ubuntu MAAS and JuJu: SUSE: Mirantis Fuel: Piston Cloud: Others


  • Red Hat - Packstack Meant for single/few host deployments in NON-production deployments:

    Install Packstack:

    Generate SSH keys (or let Packstack do it):

    Generate an answer file (or just run packstack and follow the prompts):

    Run the answer file:

    yum install -y openstack-packstack!


    packstack --gen-answer-file=~/answers.cfg!

    packstack --answer-file=~/answers.cfg!


  • What are Enterprises doing with OpenStack?

  • Common Enterprise Use Cases

    OpenStack, at least today, is targeted at hosting modern day distributed applications written for the cloud This isnt your grandpas server virtualization platform built for individual VM HA/Mobility

    Sandbox environments A place to research, learn and test CI/CD processes PoC web applications along with practicing the new DevOps methodology A place to learn the whole cloud deployment framework, document, train, move to production

    Development environments Using the lessons learned in the sandbox phase:

    Build Dev, QA and production environments Apply CI/CD processes Slow-role Web applic