Open data in the arts and humanities
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Talk on open data in arts and humanities research given at DARIAH workshop: "Linked Data and the Architecture of the World Wide Web: Guiding principles for a Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities", on 24th November 2010.http://www.dariah.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=143:linked-data-and-the-architecture-of-the-world-wide-web-guiding-principles-for-a-research-infrastructure-for-the-arts-and-humanities&catid=2:events
Transcript of Open data in the arts and humanities
- 1. Open data in thearts and humanitiesJonathan Grayjonathan.firstname.lastname@example.org / @jwygOpen Knowledge Foundationhttp://www.okfn.org / @okfn
- 2. What?Why?How?
- 3. What?
- 4. open data?
- 5. data :any information published instructured, machine readable form
- 6. For example?Biographical dataLibrary/archive catalogue dataJournal index dataEncyclopedia dataDictionary/thesaurus dataGeospatial/temporal dataData on correspondence and so on
- 7. open :free for anyone to reuse for anypurpose without restriction(see opendefinition.org)
- 8. From legal uncertainty...
- 9. to legal clarity.
- 10. Why?
- 11. How might open data be of valuein arts and humanities disciplines?
- 12. What do we mean byarts and humanities?
- 13. No single common thread(only family resemblances)
- 14. How can digital technologies aidresearch in the arts and humanities?
- 15. Researchers are clever, computers are stupid
- 16. Digital tools enable us to do some things better...
- 17. but many things will be done as they were before.
- 18. What kinds of things couldnew digital tools help us to do better?
- 19. Enabling large scale collaboration
- 20. Mapping research/researchers
- 21. For example:What works have been publishedabout Giambattista Basile?What was published on Schopenhauerin English between 1900-1950?
- 22. Bibliographica:Wordpress for bibliographies folktales.ed.ac.uk anamorphosis.kuleuven.be novalis.hu-berlin.decriticallegalstudies.org/biblio and so on
- 23. Mapping citations / influence
- 24. Who read X?Who wrote about X?Who had a copy of a work by X?Who read someone who read X?Who borrowed a book by X?Who attended lectures on X?
- 25. Historical data:Library lending dataOld lecture listsExhibition cataloguesConcert programmesExtracting data from nachlsse
- 26. Computer assisted analysis(text mining, contextualisation, ...)
- 27. For example:Uses of the word democracy inBoston from 1800-1900? thWhich 19 century writers allude toEdward Young in relation to debatesabout authorship and originality?(And where do they mention him?)
- 28. For example:When does Shakepeare first use theword football?Where does Nietzsche allude to anyof Emersons essays?
- 29. Scholarship that was previously possible but very laborious
- 30. Representing complex information in more intuitive ways
- 31. For example:Graphing relations/citations(e.g. who wrote to who?)Information on maps/timelines(e.g. reception history of Faust)
- 32. And so on ...
- 33. Opening up data enables peopleto do interesting things with it
- 34. Two metaphors:Raw material Infrastructure (soil...) (pipes, electricity, ...)
- 35. How?
- 36. 1. Use and promote open licenses
- 37. For example:CC-BYCC-BY-SACC0OdbLPDDL and so on(see opendefinition.org/licenses)
- 38. 2. Make open datasets easy to find
- 39. E.g. register open data on ckan.net
- 40. 3. Encourage others to open up
- 41. 4. Listen to what researchers want
- 42. 5. Tell people about your ideas
- 43. Join our open-humanitiesmailing list:http://bit.ly/open-humanitieshttp://lists.okfn.org
- 44. email@example.com://twitter.com/jwyg http://identi.ca/jwyg
- 45. Image credits Pierre Vivants Traffic Light Tree by William Warby The Green Light by Ted Percival Plumbing bits by cmurtaugh Compost 06/08/2007 by suavehouse113 Get excited and make things by Matt Jones These slides are available under a Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike License. While most images