OERu: Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence

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Keynote address at 2012 New Zealand National Conference on Learning and Teaching

Transcript of OERu: Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence

  • 1. The OER university (#OERu) Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence Wayne Mackintosh Commonwealth of Learning Chair in OER Anthony Mackintosh

2. Kiwi open education pioneersOERAsiaThe dichotomy between management and leadership, namely doingthings right versus doing the right thing.Today we are making historyPhil Ker, CEO, Otago PolytechnicOERu inaugural meeting23 February 2011, Dunedin 3. A return to tradition? WE MUST BE FREEShare, Remix, ReuseLegitimate plagiarism? WE MUST BE OPENWoodleywonderworks, http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/1291468732/ 4. We dont need no education?Intheopensourceworld,wehaveafewofrockstarsInopeneducation,isseemseveryonewantstobearockstarSharingtoLEARN|LearningtoSHAREhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pink_floyd_live_8_london.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Opensource.svg Tradmark of opensource.org4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Heckert_GNU_white.svg GNU logo used under FSF permissions 5. The OER Foundation The Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that provides leadership, networking and support for educators and educational institutions to achieve their objectives through Open Education. OER is a sustainable and renewable resourceOERs are materials used to support education that may befreely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.Stephen Downes 2011 6. WikiEducator Were turning the digital divide into digital dividends using free content and open networks. We hope you can help us. Inaugural recipient of theVoted best educational award for Exemplary Openwiki, Steven Downes, Education ResourceDec 2007 (OER) practices 7. OER is a renewable & sustainable resourceHow do we achieve sustainable OERprojects?Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957 8. OER Funding models for projects Endowment model Donations model Conversion modelStephen Downes Membership model Sponsorship model Governmental model OERasaddon|OERascorebusiness OERasproject|OERasecosystemTerry Brown http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stephen_Downes_2009_cropped.jpgDaveBleasdale http://www.flickr.com/photos/sidelong/3465884519/in/photostream/Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 9. OER is a renewable & sustainable resourceHow do we achieve sustainable OERprojects? How will your institution remain sustainable without OER? Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/ James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957 10. Doing the OERu numbersCost of a 4-year degree(Excluding text book and living costs) OERu (USQ) Otago USA(OERu using Polytechnic (Median Tuition course- based(Tuition cost)cost 4-yearportfolio)publicuniversity) BA (Hons) US$6,759US$19,452US$26,312 (Note: USA figures based on Delta Cost Project for 2008) As a founding anchor partner in the OERu, USQ is proud to give students worldwide, the ability to access university level courses and where cost has been removed as a barrier to learning. Jan Thomas, Vice-Chancellor USQ DaveBleasdale http://www.flickr.com/photos/sidelong/3465884519/in/photostream/ Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 11. Smart philanthropy Givingisreceiving Parallellearninguniverse|Newbusiness Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 Asenat29 http://www.flickr.com/photos/72153088@N08/6510934443/ 12. Bootstrapping OERu for future sustainability Design an ecosystem for mainstreaming OERCompelling vision aligned with core universityvaluessource everythingOpen Generate competitive advantage for network partners the network effect Leverage Smart solutions for scalability ie no new staff needed for growth Minimise risk recurrent cost for OERu partners is guaranteed Dont innovate on too many fronts13Wayne Mackintosh, personal image 13. Reasons for joining the OERu 14. Strike the right balanceOPEN SUSTAINABLEeducation =education Quality OER+OEP= CostAccessPink Sherbet Photography: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/233228813/Fdecomite: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/2361500377/in/photostream/ 15. Tragedy of the commons? Shoulders of giants They hang the man and flog the woman Who steals the goose from off the common But leave the greater villain loose Who steals the common from off the goose. Anonymous protest poem 1764 or 1821. Eben Moglen Isaac Newton Luis Steothis Bernard Shouters - Robert Merton Anonymous noteWill the academy remain thirsty on the village green ?Richard Taylor http://www.flickr.com/photos/34094515@N00/374081831/Elliot Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/with/4328818484/ 16. Sharing knowledge freely2008BourewaexcavationsDirectedbyProfPatrickNunnP. Nunn 17. Disruptive innovation?The fundamentalsstay the same just WE MUST BE FREEthe way we doWE MUST BE OPENbusiness changes. June 22, 2009, Kodak announced Kodachrome would no longer be manufactured.Findicons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camera_Icon.pngKungfuman http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kodachrome_200.jpg 18. Innovation & new technologyIce harvesting Once the largest industry in America In 1850 invention of artificial ice makers(Reusable) digital learning resourcesIce harvesting or new innovation?ElementaryTechTeacher, http://www.flickr.com/photos/7855946@N08/3264547221/ 19. Red Open Education herringsRED HERRINGrhetorical tacticof divertingattention away froman item ofThe sky is fallingsignificanceWikipediaPoor quality(a.k.a poor qualitymaterials are embarrassing)Andrew Gray http://www.flickr.com/photos/shimgray/2237055822/ Laurel Russwurm http://www.flickr.com/photos/laurelrusswurm/4132122784/#/ Slide 10 20. What do educators say about OER quality?Im reluctant to use teaching materials and creativeworks generated by other authors because there is noguarantee of the quality of the materials 90 80 78% 70 60 50Agree 40Disagree 30 22% 20 10N = 7580 Percentage 21. OERuA model reincarnated?University of LondonExternal SystemOPENweb IPOPENToday the original examination-only conceptsuddenly looks very modern Sir John Daniel Captain-tucker http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Danaus_plexippus_emerging_from_chrysalis_01.jpg Derek Ramsey: WMF Commons: File:Monarch_Butterfly_Danaus_plexippus_Pupation_2419px.jpg Derek Ramsey: WMF Commons: File:Monarch_Butterfly_Danaus_plexippus_Pupation_2419px.jpg Armon: WMF Commons File:Monarch_Butterfly_Chrysalis.JPG 22. The OER university conceptFree learningopportunities forall students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide 23. The BIG & small context Unsatisfied demand OER cost behavioursGrowing OER base Free-tuition courses Existing protocols (e.g. APL) Jimmy Flink http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimmyroq/146827389/ juicyverve http://www.flickr.com/photos/juicyverve/2531105062/ bucklava http://www.flickr.com/photos/9229859@N02/2762432629/ Francisca Uloa http://www.flickr.com/photos/alosojos/346887379/ 24. Unsatisfied demand for HE 100 million additional places By 2025Slide 10 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/sizes/m/in/photostream/ 25. Slide 16 26. Cost levers for OERu Marginal Cost = ZERO Collaborative development = Cheaper the going it alone Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 27. So what have we got? ... INPUTS for the OERu logic model: OpenCourseWare Open Access Journals OER and OEP Open Distance Learning experience Open protocols for APLMelissa Sanders http://www.flickr.com/photos/themissiah/3491328675/Ricky http://www.flickr.com/photos/8656572@N04/4855311898/ 28. The OER university conceptFree learningopportunities forall students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide 29. OERu Logic model & plan for action23 Feb 2011http://wikieducator.org/OERu +200 participants +46 Countries 30. The OERu logic model 31. OERu 2011.11 meeting of anchor partners160 people from41 countriesOERu anchor partner decisionsBachelor of general studiesPrototype courses during 2012Formal launch of the OERu 2013Slide 16 32. The view from an OERu partner Traditional modelOERu model 33. Open planning for open education futures Remote Tweets: @dendroglyph The cast of players at OERu meeting gives this event and its outcomes instant credibility I can feel the buzz in the room in Dunedin, NZ. Let the Genie out of the bottle! Public domain and free content images sourced from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page 34. Rules of the OERu game ...OERTen partners agree ... Credential OER learners (cost recovery) Assemble minimum of 2 OER-based courses (for agreed credential)Course credit transfer among OERu partners (for agreed credential)Gold or silver member of the OER FoundationDawn Huczek: http://www.flickr.com/photos/31064702@N05/4697850589/in/photostream/ 35. Mechanics of OERu operations ... OERu does not confer degrees (anchor partners do) OERu anchor partners retain decision-making autonomy, eg: - Price for assessment and credential services - Local matriculation requirements - Courses and credentials provided under OERu network Recognition of prior learning (RPL) protocols provide precedent for recognising OER learning, however:- Existing RPL systems are expensive- Dont scale well.Dawn Huczek: http://www.flickr.com/photos/31064702@N05/4697850589/in/photostream/ 36. Technology requirements to set learning freeOpen planning and developmentCollaborative development environment Support multiple delivery platforms (LMSs CMSs) Scalability Detailed version controlMajor Nelson: http://flickr.com/photos/majornelson/134012349/ Slide 19 37. Open planning and implementati