Nursery Establishment

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NURSERY ESTABLISHMENTVICTOR V. GERALDEAdministrator Provincial Nursery and Farmers Training Center Bolocboloc, Barili, Cebu

NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT

NURSERY - is a place where young plants are raised and taken cared of with special attention and protection.

TYPES OF NURSERIES

1. Permanent or central nursery - for a large scale reforestation/ planting program requiring longer period, usually five years or more.

TYPES OF NURSERIES2. Temporary or subsidiary nursery -the area is small where only a limited number of seedlings are raised for a small scale planting program requiring short duration, usually for one or two planting seasons only.

MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT1.

Site selection -has a major effect on the overall success of nursery establishment and operation.

Criteria for site selection A. Water supplyAvailable throughout the year Depend on size of nursery, type of soil,method of irrigation, and plant species to be raised Water quality

Criteria for site selectionB. Soil Sandy loam and/or loamy soils preferably with high humus content and pH between 5.5 and 6.5

Criteria for site selectionC. Topography Should nearly be level for easier nursery operations For light sandy soils, the surface must be completely level A gentle slope of 1-2% is allowed for average soil condition like sandy loam or loam, since it permits sufficient drainage

Criteria for site selectionD. SizeMay vary but large enough to supply the planting requirements or needs

Nursery Lay-out

MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT

2. Site preparation

Involves clearing or removal of undesirable vegetation and other physical surface cover such as stone rocks A bulldozer maybe used to facilitate clearing operations

MAJOR STEPS IN NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT

3. Construction and development of nursery infrastructure/facilities Usually, 40% of total nursery area is allotted for infrastructures, including pathways, road networks, buildings, sheds, etc.

NURSERY INFRA/FACILITIES1. Shading and shelter for plants for hardening process 2. Potting shed for mixing and storage of potting media, and filling of containers 3. Composting area 4. Water storage and pumps 5. Fences, windbreaks and road networks 6. Germination shed 7. Shelter for tools, materials, seeds, and workers

NURSERY BEDS (60% of total nursery area) Standout beds designed to encourage root pruning and good drainage Seedbeds/germination beds 1meter width with about 0.6m pathway between them Potbeds usually 1m wide and 5-10m long

BASIC NURSERY TOOLS For preparation of potting soil and pot filling : sieve, funnel or scoop For watering : watering cans, water hose, sprinklers For extracting soil, nursery beds preparation, and layout : pick mat tock, traditional hoe, round-nose shovel, flat-pronged fork, rake, tracing line.

BASIC NURSERY TOOLS For transport : wheelbarrow For tending of seedlings : pruning equipment and tools for pricking out, small shovel, flat piece of wood, spoon, budding/grafting knives For maintenance : grass and bush cutter For records and administrative works : type writer

BASIC NURSERY SUPPLIES Fertilizers : organic and/or commercial fertilizers Pesticides : insecticides and fungicides Containers : polyethylene bags, germination trays, bamboo pots, beer cans, etc.

BASIC NURSERY SUPPLIES For labeling : pentel pens, ballpens, paints and paintbrushes, GI sheets, etc. Other supplies : record books, mimeo papers, black/white boards, plastic straws, nylon twines, tie wires, etc.

THANK YOU