Nursery Establishment for Presentation
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Nursery Establishment for Presentation
NURSERY ESTA BLISHMENT
To ensure the availability and quality of planting stocks at the right time. Planting materials will likely have higher survival rate in the field rather than through other methods of planting. The nurseries serve as demonstration and learning site to enhance the capacities and expand the knowledge of the farmers to produce and propagate their own seedling requirements.
Components:1. Accessibility 2. Water Supply 3. Site Cover 4. Aspect 5. Slope 6. Location 7. Soil condition
Agro-forestry Demonstration Farm
Objective: 1. To serve as models for sustainable upland farming technologies. 2. To maintain or improved the soil productivity thereby increasing overall yield per unit area. 3.To provide additional benefits to upland farmers in the form of increased income and enhanced ecological functions and processes as well as an effective tool to encourage farmers to adopt soil and water conservation technology.
Components of high value Agro-forestry and natural vegetative strips 1. Hedgerows 2. Boundary planting 3. 88 forest trees and 10 fruit trees 4. Fiversified agro-forestry crops
Criteria for Agro-forestry Demonstration Farm: Area development Contour Boundary planting Total - 25% - 50% - 25% =100%
River bank Stabilization
Objective: 1. To control or minimize occurrence of the soil erosion along the banks of streams, creeks, rivers and lakes caused by water scouring. Component: 1. Bamboo propagules 2. Planting site Criteria:1. Distance from streams, creeks, rivers and lakes 2. Planting distance 3. Mortality rate after 3 months Total -25% -25% -50% =100%
ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Objective: 1. To participate and involve in publiccampaign to be carried out continuously to improve understanding and promoting new approach in management and new technology in solid waste management. 2. To let the community be informed continuously about anything to be introduced in the barangay to improve solid waste management where, at a certain level, the community involvement will promote selfpropelling of the development itself.
Components 1. Sorting at source 2. Establishment of MRF and Composting Facility 3. Recycling 4. Absence of uncollected garbage 5. Continuing IEC campaign
-Continuing education activities e.g posters, art contest -Percentage of participation of households Total =100%
Habits and Practices on waste management
-Sorting at source-Presence of compost pit -Utilization of other recyclables income -Collection system within the building
Criteria for Waste Segregation: Aesthetic 40% - No heaps or files outside homes- No evidence of burned wastes - No poor odor - Presence of waste sorters along streets - Campaigns and innovativeness in beautification
Ecological Solid Waste ManagementIs the systematic administration of activities which provide for segregation at source, segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing , treatment and disposal of solid waste and all other waste management activities which do not harm the environment.
Segregation-at-source Solid waste management practice of separating, at the point of origin, different materials found in solid waste
Sources of Solid Wastes HOUSEHOLDS COMMERCIAL - INDUSTRIAL SOURCES- restaurants, eateries, markets, plants, mills, factories(including materials such as chemicals & paints)
Sources of Solid Wastes FARMS / AGRICULTURE SECTOR- farm animal manure and crop residue
INSTITUTIONS- hospitals, schools, churches, and prisons
Sources of Solid Wastes MISCELLANEOUS /SPECIALIZED SOURCES incinerators and residues - ash fromfrom sewage treatment plants, combustion of solid fuels, debris caused by disasters (fires, typhoons, floods, etc.), large waste from demolitions & construction rubble, dead animals
Sources of Solid Wastes MINING- slag heaps and coal refuse piles
HAZARDOUS WASTES- pose a potential hazard to living creatures because they are toxic or lethal, non-degradable or persistent in nature, and may cause detrimental cumulative effects
WHY SEGREGATE?1. We cannot depend on landfills indefinitely: - we are running out of space - we are running out of time- WASTE CARRYING CAPACITY
WHY SEGREGATE? 2. Each of us are waste generators.
WHY SEGREGATE?3. Resource conservation & recovery and promotes livelihood
WHY SEGREGATE? 4. Promote 3Rs of SWM REDUCEREUSE RECYCLE
WASTE REDUCTION Do I really need it? Do I really need this much?
REDUCE Avoid over-packaged goods Avoid or limit the use of disposables Buy in bulk Buy durable, refillable, re-usable, repairable, & recyclable products
RE-USE Maintain & repair durable products Borrow, rent, or share items that are not used frequently Sell or donate goods instead of throwing them out
RECYCLE Patronize recycled & recyclable goods Promote recycling programs
WHY SEGREGATE?5. Mandatory under RA 9003
CLASSIFICATION OF HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTES
COMPOSTABLE/ BIODEGRADABLE WASTE (Green) - Kitchen wastes, garden wastes, animal wastes, human wastes
CLASSIFICATION OF HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTES RECYCLABLE NONBIODEGRADABLE WASTE (Gray)- Metals, glass, dry leather/feather, hard shells, recyclable plastics, rubber, tin/aluminum cans, dry paper / cardboard
CLASSIFICATION OF HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTES NON-RECYCLABLE/ RESIDUAL WASTE (Black) - Candy wrappers / junkfood wrappers, cellophanes / soiled plastics, foils, sanitary napkins, disposable diapers, styrofoams
CLASSIFICATION OF HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTES SPECIAL/ HAZARDOUS HOUSEHOLD WASTE (Red) - Paints, thinners, batteries, spray canisters, tires, worn-out/broken appliances
SEGREGATION USING COLOR-CODED WASTE RECEPTACLESHazardous /Special Waste
Establishing Mandatory Solid Waste Diversion (RA 9003)The LGU shall divert at least 25% of all solid waste from waste disposal facilities through re-use, recycling, and composting activities and other resource recovery activities. Goals shall be increased every three (3) years thereafter.
What happened to the wastes we throw away indiscriminately?
MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITIES (MRF)
MRFs are the heart and soul of Ecological Solid Waste Management
SWM facilities necessary for the waste reduction programMaterials Recovery Facility (MRF) - Solid waste transfer station or sorting station, drop-off center, or composting facility, and a recycling facility. Composting Facility - a component facility of an MRF - Composting refers to the controlled decomposition of organic matter by microorganisms, mainly by bacteria and fungi, into humus-like product.
CITY GARBAGE COLLECTION
City Level Barangay Level H O U S E H O L D SRESIDUAL WASTE SPECIAL WASTE COMPOSTABLE WASTE P B RECYCLABLE WASTE RECYCLERS/ JUNKYARDS COMPOSTING FACILITY T
DESTINATION FOR SEGREGATED WASTE
2 Main Physical Components of an MRF
Eco-shed or warehouse
Conduct of scientific study before an MRF will be fully operatedWaste characterization - to determine the composition of waste; Readily biodegradable Readily compostable Mostly inert - to determine what type of SWM equipment are needed.
Commonly used SWM equipment in MRFs
Butuan City ESWM ProfileServiced Barangays - 38 (27 urban & 11 rural) Waste generation - Approx. 95 Tons/day Waste generation/cap. - .45 kgs. /day (urban) & .32 kgs./day (rural Waste Characterization Survey (2002) Bio-degradable - 72 % Recyclable - 7% Residual - 20 % Special Waste - 1%
Quotable quotes:Waste is a resource that is in the wrong place at the wrong time. Once it finds its rightful place, then it is just as valuable as any other natural resource. By: Dr. Mustafa Tolba UNDP Exec. Director