NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION SECOND-HAND SMOKE? · PDF file NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM...

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Transcript of NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION SECOND-HAND SMOKE? · PDF file NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM...

  • NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    If a pregnant woman breathes second-hand smoke, her baby may be born with low birth weight, weaker lungs, or too early.

    • Filled with poisons that spread through the air and hurt everyone—smokers and nonsmokers.

    • Added when a person breathes second- hand smoke when they are around anyone who smokes.

    Second-hand smoke is... WARNING EVERYONE SHOULD AVOID SECOND-HAND SMOKE.

    Children Pregnant women Elders Those with heart

    and lung problems

    Effects on children

    Second-hand smoke hurts children more than adults. Children have smaller lungs and breathe faster. Children who breathe second-hand smoke are more likely to suffer from:

    • coughing and wheezing

    • lung infections — pneumonia, bronchitis

    • bad asthma attacks

    • painful ear infections

    • sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

    WHAT IS SECOND-HAND SMOKE?

    WARNING

    Health effects

    LUNG CANCER AND OTHER CANCERS

    HEART DISEASE AND STROKE

    RESPIRATORY DISEASE

    Second-hand smoke causes health problems.

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    If you smoke, quit. Get help. Talk with a nurse at the health centre.

    Live smoke-free

    Make your home smoke-free

    Ask friends and family to smoke outside.

    Second-hand smoke cannot be removed with open windows, fans, air cleaners, or if you separate smokers and non-smokers.

    Smoke from one cigarette stays in a room for hours. Poisons stay in the air, carpets, curtains, furniture and clothes.

    Make your vehicle smoke-free

    Poisons from smoking stick to everything in the vehicle, even long after smoking has stopped.

    Clean your vehicle—do not smoke in it again.

    Make amautiit smoke-free

    Poisons from smoking stick to amautiit. People use amautiit to protect children.

    Clean your amauti to protect your children.

    If you MUST smoke …

    • Take three big steps away from any entrance.

    • Take 15 big steps away from a school.

    It’s the law. AND, it’s the right thing to do to protect people from second-hand smoke.

    AVOID SECOND-HAND SMOKE

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    • It is normal to gain five to 10 pounds in the first few months. The average person gains less than 10 pounds.

    • Not everyone who quits smoking gains weight.

    Weight gain is normal

    WEIGHT GAIN AND QUITTING

    • Smoking is much worse for your health than weight gain.

    • Smoking has the same effect on your health as gaining 100 pounds.

    Smoking versus weight gain

    • Food is comforting; non-smokers often eat to fulfill cravings for smoking.

    • Food tastes and smells better; non-smokers have a better sense of smell and taste than smokers have.

    • Non-smokers have no nicotine; nicotine dulls hunger feelings in smokers.

    • Eating replaces the hand to mouth habits and action of smoking.

    • A non-smoker’s body needs fewer calories—a smoker’s body uses more energy because of the nicotine.

    Why weight gain/ want to eat

    = +100POUNDS

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    WEIGHT GAIN AND QUITTING

    • fruit and veggies

    • iron-rich foods: red meat, whole-grain cereal, clams, mussels, beans

    • poultry and fish

    • whole grain foods: cereal, bread, pasta, rice

    • dairy: milk, cheese, yogurt—fat reduced

    Foods to eat — reduce weight gain

    Prepare healthy snacks ahead of time:

    • apples, grapes, berries and carrots

    • hard-boiled eggs

    • dry, no-sugar cereal

    • rice crackers and rice cakes

    • pretzels

    • unsalted nuts

    • dry meat or fish

    Healthy snacks

    • Eat slowly, eat well, pause after you eat.

    • Eat every mea; do not skip meals.

    • Eat normally; do not diet.

    • Drink lots of water; limit alcohol.

    • Exercise at least 30 minutes each day.

    • Avoid foods/snacks high in fat, sugar and salt.

    • Find stress relief.

    • Find good substitutes for smoking.

    Other tips

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    Not everyone gains weight. If you eat healthy and exercise, you won’t gain weight.

    The health effects of smoking are much worse than any health effects of any weight gain.

    If I stop smoking, will I gain weight? Is quitting “cold turkey” a good way to be successful?

    QuitLine 1-866-368-7848 [email protected]

    RUMOUR BUSTING

    NRT is safer for you and your baby than tobacco.

    Tobacco has 4,000 to 7,000 chemicals and poisons, including nicotine. NRT has only nicotine.

    Is using nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) harmful for me or my unborn baby?

    If I switch to light cigarettes or use chew, will it be safer or easier for me to quit?

    Each person has their own “best way” to quit.

    But, people who use nicotine gum, patches and prescription drugs, plus seek support, often have more long-term success at quitting.

    No type of tobacco is safe. Every type of tobacco has the same poisons.

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • RUMOUR BUSTING

    NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    Isn’t it only old people who get sick from tobacco?

    Even 20 and 30 year olds can die from stroke caused by smoking.

    The longer you smoke, the more likely you will get cancer, heart problems and other diseases.

    Can healthy habits make up for smoking?

    No matter what food you eat and what exercise you do, smoking has the same health effects.

    Smoking can kill you, no matter what you eat or how you exercise.

    It’s never too late to quit. You and the people around you benefit right away.

    After one year, your chance of a heart attack or stroke is half. After two to five years, your chance of a stroke is the same as a nonsmoker.

    If I’ve smoked my whole life, will it do me any good to quit smoking now?

    Is there any point in trying to quit again when I’ve tried quitting so many times before?

    It takes an average of 30 tries before a person quits for good.

    Each time, you learn something new to help the next time.

    50%

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING

    NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    Cancer

    Smoking increases the risk of cancer in many body parts:

    Smokers are 25 times more likely to get lung cancer than people who never smoked.

    + throat + mouth + kidney + bladder + liver + pancreas

    + stomach + cervix + colon + rectum + bones

    Other health risks

    Smoking harms the immune system. The body can’t fight disease so well.

    Smoking causes type 2 diabetes and makes it harder to control. Smokers are 30 to 40 per cent more likely to get diabetes than non-smokers.

    Heart and stroke disease

    Smoking causes blood vessels to get narrow and clogged. This blocks blood flow and can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

    Smokers are two to four times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than non-smokers.

    Lung disease

    Smoking causes lung diseases like COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

    Smoking makes asthma worse.

    Smoking increases the risk of pneumonia and other lung infections.

    Pregnancy and early childhood

    Smoking can reduce fertility in men and women.

    Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to have a miscarriage or stillbirth, a baby born with low birth weight, or other problems.

    Smoking has worse effects on children because they are still growing.

    References For a list of references, email [email protected]

    July 2016

  • SOME FACTS ABOUT QUITTING

    NUNAVUT TOBACCO REDUCTION PROGRAM

    Common withdrawal symptoms

    Symptoms vary from person-to-person, and usually happen within the first 10 days of quitting.

    • irritability and mood swings

    • intense cravings to smoke

    • feeling anxious or depressed

    • trouble concentrating, trouble falling asleep

    • being hungry

    Use prescriptions, NRT and counselling to manage symptoms.

    Using snuff to help quit

    No! No tobacco product is safe. Smokeless tobacco is addictive and increases the risk of many preventable diseases.

    Using e-cigarettes to help quit

    There is no information that shows vaping can help you quit. The long-term health effects of using e-cigarettes are unknown.

    Try counselling and medications first.

    Using NRT and smoking

    With Champix™ and Zyban™, you smoke for the first two weeks until the drugs get to the right level—then you stop smoking.

    With the patch, lozenge, gum and inhaler, you are more likely to quit if you