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NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF STEADY WEAR PROCESS Páczelt István University of Miskolc, Department of Mechanics , Miskolc, Hungary 2-nd Hungarian-Ukrainian Joint Conference on SAFETY-RELIABILITY AND RISK OF ENGINEERING PLANTS AND COMPONENTS KYIV, September 19-21, 2007.
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NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF STEADY WEAR PROCESS. Páczelt István University of Miskolc, Department of Mechanics , Miskolc, Hungary 2-nd Hungarian-Ukrainian Joint Conference on SAFETY-RELIABILITY AND RISK OF ENGINEERING PLANTS AND COMPONENTS KYIV, September 19-21, 2007. A contact problem. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

### Transcript of NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF STEADY WEAR PROCESS

• NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF STEADY WEAR PROCESS

Pczelt Istvn University of Miskolc, Department of Mechanics , Miskolc, Hungary

2-nd Hungarian-Ukrainian Joint Conference on SAFETY-RELIABILITY AND RISK OF ENGINEERING PLANTS AND COMPONENTS KYIV, September 19-21, 2007.

• A contact problem

• Linear elastic contact problems Contact conditions

• Signorini contact conditions

Friction conditions:In adhesion subregionIn slip subregion

• Contact stresses

• Clasification of mechanical wear processes

• Factors influencing dry wear rates

• Modified Archard wear model

• Problem classification 1. Rigid body wear velocities allowed, contact area fixed- steady states present

• 2.Rigid body wear velocities allowed, contact area evolving in timedue to wear- quasi steady states

• 3.No rigid body wear velocities allowed- steady states corresponding to vanishing wear rate and contact pressure (wear shake down).

• Initial gap g= g_0 =0.05 mm,Beam side a_0=10 mm, b_0=25 mm, lenght L=300 mm.Load F_0=10 kN, AB distance (a) =150mm, Relative velocity v_r=50 mm/sCoefficient of Winkler foundation= 0.0000002 mm/N

• The wear parameters are: beta=0.0025, a=b=1 coefficient of friction mu=0.3 In initial state: (u1_n beam displacement in vertical direction without body 2.)def1, def2 are vertical displacement of body 1 and 2 in the contact.

• Initial state:

• In the time t=0.8 sec

• In the time t=1200*dt=1200*0.001=1,2 sec

• In the time t=2,4 sec

• In the time= 3,6 sec

• In the time= 7,8 sec

• In the time=12 sec

• In the time=60 secHere p_n= 1*10e-7 that is practically p_n is equal to zero.

• 4. Oscillating sliding contacts (fretting process)

• Type of investigated mechanical systemsThe analysis of the present investigation is referred to such class of problems when the contact surface does not evolve in time and is specifiedthe wear velocity associated with rigid body motion does not vanish and is compatible with the specified boundary conditions

• [1] Pczelt I, Mrz Z. On optimal contact shapes generated by wear, Int. J. Num. Meth. Eng. 2005;63:1310-1347.[2] Pczelt I, Mrz Z. Optimal shapes of contact interfaces due to sliding wear in the steady relative motion, Int. J. Solids Struct 2007;44:895-925.

[3] Pdra P, Andersson S. Simulating sliding wear with finite element method, Tribology Int 1999;32:71-81.[4] qvist M. Numerical simulations of mild wear using updated geometry with different step size approaches, Wear 2001;49:6-11.[5] Peigney U. Simulating wear under cyclic loading by a minimization approach, Int. J. Solids Struct 2004;41: 6783-6799.[6] Marshek KM, Chen HH. Discretization pressure wear theory for bodies in sliding contact, J. Tribology ASME 1989; 111:95-100.[7] Sfantos GK, Aliabadi MH. Application of BEM and optimization technique to wear problems, Int. J. Solids Struct 2006;43:3626-3642.[8] Kim NH, Won D, Burris D, Holtkamp B, Gessel GC, Swanson P, Sawyer WG. Finite element analysis and experiments of metal/metal wear in oscillatory contacts, Wear 2005;258:1787-1793.[9] Fouvry S. et al. An energy description of wear mechanisms and its applications to oscillating sliding contacts, Wear, 2003;255:287-298

• The generalized wear volume rateGeneralized friction dissipationpower

• The generalized wear dissipation power For one body

For two bodies

q>0where the control parameter q usually is

• The relative tangential velocity on

sliding velocity at the interface

wear velocity

are the relative translation and rotation velocities induced by wear

• The generalized wear dissipation powerWear rate vectors: . Relative velocity:

• The global equilibrium conditions forbody 1 are

• Constrained minimizationProblem PW1: Min Problem PW2: Min Problem PW3: Min subject to

• Major results of our investigation:Question:

What kind of minimization problem generates contact pressure distribution corresponding to the steady wear state?

Must be used: min

• Main assumption:We shall consider only the generalized wear dissipation power and the resulting optimal pressure distribution.

It will be shown that for q=1, the optimal solution corresponds to steady state condition.

• Congruency conditionsIn stationary translation motion:

In rotation with constant angular velocity: the case of annular punch:

• Introducing the Lagrange multipliers and

The Lagrangian functional is

• From the stationary condition we obtain

The equations are highly nonlinear !

• Special case 1the contact pressure is

the wear rate equals

the wear volume rate is

• Special case 2: translation and rotationSCx=60 mm, SCy=80 mm

• Special case 3: Block-on-disk wear tests

• Results

• Contact pressure distribution for anticlockwise disk rotation

• Vertical wear rate distribution for clockwise disk rotation

• Normal contact shape for different values of friction coefficient, q=1

• Vertical contact shape for different values of friction coefficient, q=1

• Steady state normal and vertical wear rate distributions

• Special case 4: ring segment-on-disk wear tests .

• Initial contact pressure distribution (anticlockwise rotation).

• Optimal contact vertical shape at anticlockwise rotation

• Special case 5: brake system with rotating block

• Results

• Special case 6: brake system with translating and rotating block

• Results

• The non-linear equations are solved by Newton-Ralphson technique At steady state , , .

• Numerical results:pressure distribution

• Pressure distribution

• Wear velocity distribution

• Wear velocity distribution

• Special case 7: Automative Braking system

• Drum brake

• Model of drum brake

• Equilibrium equation, wear rate vector

----------------------------------------------

• Pressure and wear rate

• Optimal contact pressure distribution at anticlockwise drum rotation

• Optimal contact pressure distribution:clockwise drum rotation

• Wear rate distributions in the steady state: q=1, (anticlockwise drum rotation)

• Wear rate distributions in the steady state: q=1, (clockwise drum rotation)

• Special case 8: Cylindrical punch rotation with respect to symmetry axis

• Contact pressure, Lagrangian functional

• At steady state (q=1)Contact pressure

Vertical wear rate

• Distribution of contact pressure

• Vertical gap at steady state

• Stress state in body B1

• If then the contact surface will be a plate

• Contact pressure for different wear parameters

• Contact shape in the steady state

• Initial shape calculated forThe wear process for the system Time step:

• DeltaV= V(i)-V(i-1) - (V(i-1)-V(i-2)), i=2,3,4,.

• The wear shape in the different time step

• Effect of heat generation

• Shape in steady wear state a) without temperature, b) with influence of heat generation

• Special case 9: disk brake

• Model of disk brake

• Special case 10: Nuclear fuel fretting

• Procedure to solve wear problem in the industry.

• Kim: Tribology International, 36 (2006), p.1305-1319

• M. Helmi Attia: Tribology International, 39 (2006), p. 1294-1304.

• Heat exchanger tube

• System approach to the fretting wear process

• Conclusions1.The present lecture provides a uniform approach to the analysis of steady wear regimes developing in the case of sliding relative motion of contacting bodies. 2. Usually, the steady state may be attained experimentally or in the numerical analysis by integrating the wear rate in the transient wear period. 3. A fundamental assumption is now introduced, namely, at the steady state the wear rate vector is collinear with the rigid body wear velocity of body 1. 4. The minimum of the generalized wear dissipation power for q = 1 generates steady state regimes.

• Conclusions:5. The optimal solution corresponds to steady state condition. Thus, this condition can be specified directly from formulae for contact pressure and equilibrium equations instead of integration of the wear rule for whole transient wear process until the steady state is reached. 6. The specification of steady wear states is of engineering importance as it allows for optimal shape design of contacting interfaces in order to avoid the transient run-in periods. 7. Different numerical examples demonstrate usefulness of the proposed principle and corresponding numerical methods. 8. High accuracy solution may be reached using the p-version of finite elements for the contact problems combined with the positioning technique and the special remeshing.

• Closure

Thank you very much for your kind attention!