Nri Banking Main
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INNOVATIVE BANKING SERVICES
PROVIDED TO NRI
BACHELOR OF COMMERCE
BANKING & INSURANCE
ROLL NO- 34
S.K. SOMAIYA COLLEGE OF ARTS,
SCIENCE & COMMERCE
TOPIC NAME PAGE
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
SCOPE OF STUDY
01 INTRODUCTION ON NRI BANKING:-
Who is an Nri?
Pio card scheme
What is an OCB?
Types of accounts
Opening of NRI A/c
Definition of NRI – under Foreign Excange
Defination of PIO
03 DEPOSITORY’S SCHME FOR NRI’S:-
Types of Accounts
Tax Benefits for NRI’s
04 SERVICES OFFERED BY VARIOUS BANK TO NRI’S:-
Services offered by ICICI Bank
Facility available as per RBI/FEMA
05 RBI ISSUES GUIDELINES FOR MONEY TRANSFER SCHEME:-
International SWIFT transfer
Demand (or bankers) draft
Wester union Money Transfer
Moneygram send money online today
ICICI & HDFC bank NRI money transfer
Investment opportunities in India for NRI
07 NRI INVESTMENT IN IMMOVABLE PROPERTY IN INDIA:-
Rules for acquisition 7 transfer by foreign
Mode of payment
Repatriation of sale proceeds
08 PAN CARD FOR NRIs:-
Applying for pan card, necessity for pan
card,charges of pan card
CASE STUDY ON NRI
FINDINGS AND SUGGESTION
First and Foremost I thank the ALMIGHTY for the Inspiration and strength to complete this project report successfully.
I would firstly like to thank Prof.Parvathy Venkatesh who has provided me the kind opportunity to do this project and to finish it in a successful manner.
My heartily thanks to Mrs. Mahek Mansuri the coordinator of my group and other faculties, who have right from the beginning encouraged me to do the project well.
I consider it my proud privilege and immense pleasure working under the guidance of Ms Marelia Mam, who gave me a constant guidance valuable suggestions and inspiring encouragement to make my study a success.
My sincere thanks toms Ms Marelia Mam, who has done me the corrections and formatting of project report and helped me by providing details and quotations of my topic, this helped me make my project very precise and accurate to a great extent
On a personal note, I wish to thank my family members and friends for their constant support in helping me accomplish my mission
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY :-
NRI Banking is becoming popular among the Non-resident customers. As India is
showing progress more & more NRI investing in the country. Banks should try to
give their top class service to the NRI’s as they are looking for convenience, speed,
high yield on investments with manageable risk, reasonable cost & quality
Bank should lower the minimum balance requirement which is Rs.50,000 for
NRI,s as compared to resident who have to keep Rs.1000. The documentation
procedure in case of opening of a/c in banks, investing in any property, for buying
shares & debt. should be reduced and in case of loan at a faster speed.
The services of banks should be fast, accurate & upto the standard as they have to
face competition not only from the local banks but also from the banks based
Banks should also extend their services by providing ATM’s abroad, E -banking
with efficient facility & balance inquiry message through mobilizes.
Investment of NRI would help to bring more inflow of foreign exchange through
taxes & investment policy & this would help Indian government to repay its debt
to the World Bank. Indian government should give their best services &
efforts to encourage NRI to invest in India. This would help our economy to
flourish & grow in future.
In order to conduct the research an appropriate methodology became necessary.
In this direction both
primary as well as secondary data were attempted to be collected.
The methodology for collecting data with reference to the secondary data was
taken from the different published articles, books, journals, and the relevant
websites. The library of the college was of great help.The questionnaire was
initially prepared in tough sketch at the first instance. These questions were
discussed with our internal guides and our teaching faculty. They have provided
valuable suggestions, additions deletions and modification of the rough
questionnair Methodology became a preplanned strategy in collecting, editing,
tabulating and in interpreting the required information for the research.Thus
methodology relied on both primary and secondary data with the help of
questionnaires, discussions, observations as well as published work and
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
To get an overview of NRI BANKING SERVICES
To analyze the growth of NRI banking services
To study the innovative concepts emerging in the banking industry for NRI’s
To observe the facility provided to NRI by Indian banks
To analyse the response of the NRI given to the computerization & new
invention in an Indian banks.
SCOPE OF STUDY:-
The scope of the study is to extended the knowledge about the nri banking services
provided by banks but restricted to only ICICI Bank.
AREA :- In the vicinity of Mumbai (India) services for NRI by banks
BRANCH :- ICICI ( Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India)
bank Andheri branch.
TIME FRAME :- Aug 20th 2010 TO SEP 24th 2010.
NRI Banking – An Introduction:-
As per RBI guidelines, the residential status of an Indian changes to that of the
Non-Resident, in the event of his stay abroad being more than 183 days. This
period of 183 days is not applicable in certain cases like going overseas for
employment or business. It is mandatory to inform the bank of your change of your
With a view to attract the savings and other remittance into India through banking
channels from the person of Indian Nationality / Origin who are residing abroad
and bolster the balance of payment position, the Government of India introduced in
1970 Non-Resident(External) Account Rules which are governed by the Exchange
Control Regulations. The funds held in Non-Resident (External) Accounts (NRE
Accounts) qualify for certain benefits like exemptions from taxes in India, free
repatriation facilities, etc.
NRI banking facilities are available to NRIs and PIOs.
WHO IS A NON – RESIDENT INDIAN [NRI] ?
A Non Resident Indian (NRI) as per FEMA 1999 is an Indian citizen or Foreign
National of Indian Origin resident outside India for purposes of employment,
carrying on business or vocation in circumstances as would indicate an intention to
stay outside India for an indefinite period. An individual will also be considered
NRI if his stay in India is less than 182 days during the preceding financial year.
To meet the specific needs of non-resident Indians related to their remittances,
savings, earnings, investments and repatriation, the Government of India
introduced in 1970 Non-Resident (External) Account Rules which are governed by
the Exchange Control Regulations.
"Non Resident Indian" (NRI) means an Indian citizen or a foreign citizen of
Indian origin (excluding citizens of Bangladesh and Pakistan) residing outside
India. Students studying abroad are also treated as NRIs.
Indian citizen who stays abroad for an indefinite period on employment, business
or on any vocation is a Non-Resident. Diplomats posted abroad, persons posted in
UN Organizations and Officials deputed by PSU on temporary assignments are
also treated as Non-residents.
PIO CARD SHCEME
The Government has launched a comprehensive Scheme for the Persons of Indian
Origin-called the ‘PIO Card Scheme’. Under this Scheme, Persons of Indian Origin
up to the fourth generation (great grandparents) settled throughout the world,
except for a few specified countries, would be eligible. The Card would be issued
to eligible applicants through the concerned Indian Embassies/High
Commissions/Consulates and for those staying in India on a long term visa, the
concerned Foreigners Regional Registration Officer (Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta,
Chennai) would do the same. The fee for the card, which will have a validity of 20
years, would be US$1000.
In this scheme, unless the context otherwise requires-
"Person of Indian origin" means a foreign citizen (not being a citizen of Pakistan,
Bangladesh and other countries as may be specified by the Central Government
from time to time) if,
He/she at any time held an Indian passport; or
He/she or either of his/her parents or grandparents or great grandparents was
born in and permanently resident in India as defined in the Government of India
Act, 1935 and other territories that became part of India thereafter provided
neither was at any time a citizen of any of the aforesaid countries (as referred to
in 2(b) above); or
He/she is a spouse of a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin covered
under (i) or (ii) above.
Besides making their journey back to their roots simpler, easier and smoother,
this Scheme entitles the PIOs to a wide range of economic, financial,
educationaland cultural benefits. The benefits envisaged under the Scheme
No requirement of visa to visit India;
No requirement to register with the Foreigners Registration Officer if continuous
stay does not exceed 180 days. If continuous stay exceeds 180 days, then
registration is required to be done within a period of 30 days of the expiry of 180
Parity with Non-Resident Indians in respect of facilities available to the latter in
economic, financial, educational fields etc. These facilities ill include:
Acquisition, holding, transfer and disposal of immovable properties in India
except of agricultural/plantation properties;
Admission of children in educational institutions in India under the general
category quota for NRIs- including medical/engineering colleges, IITs, IIMs etc.
Various housing schemes of Life Insurance Corporation of India, State
Governments and other Government agencies;
All future benefits that would be extended to NRIs would also be available to
the PIO Card holders;
However, they shall not enjoy political rights in India.
What is an OCB?
Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs) are bodies predominantly owned by
individuals of Indian nationality or origin resident outside India and include
overseas companies, partnership firms, societies and other corporate bodies which
are owned, directly or indirectly, to the extent of at least 60% by individuals of
Indian nationality or origin resident outside India as also overseas trusts in which at
least 60% of the beneficial interest is irrevocably held by such persons. Such
ownership interest should be actually held by them and not in te capacity as
nominees. The various facilities granted to NRIs are also available with certain
exceptions to OCBs so long as the ownership/beneficial interest held in them by
NRIs continues to be at least 60%
What are the various facilities available to NRIs/OCBs?
NRIs/OCBs are granted the following facilities:
Maintenance of bank accounts in India.
Investment in securities/shares of, and deposits with Indian firms/ companies.
Investments in immovable properties in India.
NRI-Banking follows a modular structure. The various modules render our NRI
Banking solution offerings (which are stated below) in a seamlessly integrated
The Masters module permits maximum parameterization to be done, enabling the
end user to make all changes with regard to Interest Rates or with regard to any
changes as per directives from Head Office / RBI.
Maintains Bank, Branch and holiday details
Facilitates maintenance of Instrument, Interest rate and overdue interest rate details
Masters. Inventory, Currency, Country, Exchange rate and return reason details are
also maintainedFavors opening, authorization and freezing of AccountsTransaction
entry and passing is made easy
Provisions availed for issuing, passing and stop payment of cheques.
Supports Account closure, Preclosure, Renewal & overdue renewal of Deposits.
Aids Day Begin, Day End & Month End Processing
Processes Quarterly, and transfer to Inoperative & Half Yearly - SB Interest
Hastens Deposit Receipt Printing, Changing to RFC, Interest Payment & Overdue
Supports Acceptance and Execution of standing instruction.
Types of accounts
NRI accounts are maintained by banks which hold authorized dealers' licences
from the Reserve Bank of India. Some cooperative and commercial banks have
also been specifically permitted to maintain NRI accounts in rupees even though
they are not authorized dealers. The financial budget for 2007-08 extends NRI
accounts to regional rural banks (RRBs) as well. This would boost remittances
from NRIs particularly in Bihar, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat where a large
number of persons from rural areas from these states are employed overseas.
Banking Laws for NRIs allow for accounts with authorized dealers to be
maintained in Indian rupees and in foreign currency.
NRE A/c - non residential (external) rupee account.
FCNR-B A/c - foreign currency non residential account.
NRO A/c - non resident ordinary account.
RFC A/c - resident foreign currency account.
All NRIs can open such accounts, with the exception of individuals residing in
Pakistan and Bangladesh, who require special permission from the RBI. Joint
accounts of two or more non-residents and nomination facility are permitted.
While the FCNR (B) is a term deposit only, the NRE and NRO accounts can be
operated as either savings, current, recurring or fixed deposit accounts. As for
interest rates, FCNR (B) and NRE are subject to a cap, and should not exceed the
LIBOR/SWAP rates. In the case of NRO accounts, rates are determined by the
banks. The interest rates, currently at 3.5% apply to a period of 1 to 3 years.
The total NRE/ FCNR deposits during 2006-2007, as per RBI statistics, are USD
37,751 million and are expected to grow with regional rural banks also mopping up
funds. Banks are expected to offer lucrative interest rates to bolster NRI funds.
Banks offer two types of accounts to NRIs, based on their reparability.
Funds that can be transferred or repatriated abroad are maintained in a Non
Resident External Bank account. Generally, funds remitted from outside India are
credited to this account. Investments made from foreign funds can be repatriated
overseas, and such investments are maintained in a Repatriable Demat account.
Non-Resident (External) Rupee (NRE) Accounts
Both Principal and Interest can be repatriated/transferred out of India
Savings rate on NRE accounts is at par with savings rates in resident accounts
Term deposits can be made for 1 to 3 years.
The interest rates on (NRE) Term deposits cannot be higher than LIBOR/SWAP
rates as on the last working day of the previous month, for US dollar of
corresponding maturity plus 50 basis points.
The interest rates on three year deposits also apply in case the maturity period exceeds three years. The change in interest rate also applies to NRE deposits renewed after their present maturity period.
FCNR (B) Accounts
As in NRE accounts, both principal and interest are repatriable.
Presently, deposits can be made in 6 specific foreign currencies (US Dollar,
Pound Sterling, EURO, Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar and Canadian Dollar).
Interest rate- Fixed or floating within the limits of LIBOR/SWAP rates for the
respective currency/corresponding term minus 25 basis points (except Japanese
The term of deposits can range between 1 to5 years.
Only current earnings are repatriable.
Savings NRO accounts are normally operated to credit rupee income from
shares, interest, rent from property in India, etc.
In case of term deposits, banks are allowed to determine their own interest rates.
Banks can allow remittance up to USD 1 million per financial year for bonafide
purposes from balances in the NRO accounts once taxes are paid out. This limit
includes the sale proceeds of immovable properties held by NRIs and PIOs.
Resident Foreign Currency (RFC) Account
NRIs and PIOs returning to India can maintain an RFC account with an authorized
bank in India to transfer funds from their NRE/FCNR (B) accounts. Proceeds of
assets held outside India before their return to India can be credited to the RFC
account. These funds are free from all restrictions as to their utilization or in
investment in any form outside India.
Non-repatriable funds are those which cannot be taken out of India. These have to
be maintained in a separate bank account i.e. a Non Resident Ordinary Bank
account. Investments made from non-repatriable accounts cannot be repatriated but
have to be maintained in a Non-Repatriable Demat account. Money once
transferred from an NRE account to an NRO account cannot be transferred back to
an NRE account.
Non Resident Ordinary (NRO) Account
When a resident becomes an NRI, his existing savings account is designated as a
Non-resident Rupee (NRO) account.
The NRO accounts could be maintained in the nature of current, saving,
recurring or term deposits. NRIs can also open NRO accounts for depositing
their funds from local transactions.
The interest earned from NRO accounts is accountable to tax laws.
NRO accounts can be opened in the name of NRIs who have left India to take up
employment or business temporarily or permanently in a foreign country.
Funds from NRO accounts are not repatriable or transferred to NRE accounts
without the prior approval of the RBI.
However, NRIs, PIOs, Foreign Nationals, retired employees or non-resident
widows of Indian citizens can remit, through the Authorized Dealer, up to USD
one million per calendar year from the NRO account or from income from sale of
assets in India
OPENING OF NRI ACCOUNT
HOW TO OPEN NRI ACCOUNTS WITH A BRANCH IN INDIA
To open an NRE account please complete the account opening form and mail it to
the branch of your choice along with ;
initial money remittance
Your signature may be verified by anyone of the following;
Any person known to the Bank
Any of our offices abroad
You can open
NRE Saving Bank a/c / Current Accounts
Fixed Deposits in Indian Rupees
Fixed Deposits in Foreign Currency
NRO accounts (Rupee accounts for crediting income in India )
You can authorize a resident to operate your account through a Power of Attorney or Letter of Authority
Nomination Facility available (Nominee can be a resident Indian also)
Procedures & Benefits:
Non-Resident accounts can be opened along with your remittances through
Photograph shall be enclosed with the opening form.
There is no ceiling on the amounts remitted for your credit in Non-Resident
When the NRI depositor returns to India, the NRE account will be automatically
treated as Resident account. However NRE term deposit will continue to earn
same rate till maturity even after such conversion.
NRE accounts earn more interest than domestic deposits.
Nomination facilities are available for registration in favor of a non resident or
Loans against deposits are allowed for purposes other than investment up to
90% of the deposit.
The income from deposit is free from Indian Income Tax.
It is also free from Gift tax for one time gifting.
In case account opened in person:
Indian passport with overseas resident address or work permit (i.e. Green Card as
residence permit for USA, H1 Visa as work permit for USA or Hongkong ID card
for residence of Hongkong)
Separate proof of Non Resident status if the passport holds Indian address and
resident Visa permit is not included in passport. Photograph of individual account
For persons employed with foreign shipping company
Initial work contract
Last wage slip
For contract employees
Last work contract
Letter from local agent confirming next date of joining the foreign vessel (not
more than six months from date of last return to India)
Principal's overseas address or current work contract
In case of documents sent by mail
All the relevant above mentioned documents / signatures to be attested by any
one of the following:
Indian embassy overseas notary
Minimum balance in which one can open an account (Differs from bank to
NRO – Saving Account – Rs.5,000/-
NRO - Current Account – Rs.10,000/-
NRO – Term Deposit Account – Rs.5,000/-
NRE – Savings Account – Rs.5,000/-
NRE – Current Account – Rs.10,000/-
NRE – Term Deposit Account – Rs.10,000/-
FCNR – Term Deposit Account – USD 500/- or its equivalent in GBP or Euro
If you submit the money for opening/credit to an account. Frequency of Interest
payment on accounts:
NRO – Term Deposit Account – Half yearly
NRE – Savings Account – Quarterly
NRE – Term Deposit Account – Half yearly
FCNR – Term Deposit Account – Quarterly
Opening of JOINT ACCOUNTS:-
Type of account Joint Account with
Joint Account with
NRO Yes Yes
NRE No Yes
FCNR No Yes
NRI definition- under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999
Definition of an NRI :
An Indian abroad is popularly known as an NRI – but the same has two important
definitions - one coined under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 –
[FEMA] and the other as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
The most relevant definition concerning an NRI's various bank accounts and
investments in movable and immovable properties in India is the one provided by
Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 – [FEMA], which has replaced the
Foreign Exchange Regulation Act , 1973- [FERA] with effect from June 1,2000.
Person Residing Outside India is the term used for an NRI , being a person
who has gone out of India or who stays outside India for the purpose of
employment or carrying on business or vocation outside India or any other
circumstances which indicate his intention to stay outside India for an
Section 2(v) of FEMA,1999
Person resident in India" means—
a person residing in India for more than one hundred and eighty-two days during
the course of the preceding financial year but does not include—
a person who has gone out of India or who stays outside India, in either case—
(a) for or on taking up employment outside India, or
(b) for carrying on outside India a business or vocation outside India, or
(c) for any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to
stay outside India for an uncertain period;
a person who has come to or stays in India, in either case, otherwise than—
for or on taking up employment in India, or
for carrying on in India a business or vocation in India, or
for any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to
stay in India for an uncertain period;
(a) any person or body corporate registered or incorporated in India,
(b) an office, branch or agency in India owned or controlled by a person resident outside India,
(c) an office, branch or agency outside India owned or controlled by a person resident in India;
2(w) "person resident outside India" means a person who is not resident in India;
Non Resident Indian, the phrase is for the first time defined in the regulations as
“a person resident outside India who is either a citizen of India or a person of
Recently RBI has clarified that students studying abroad also be treated as NRIs
under FEMA and accordingly be eligible for foreign investments and
And the definition of "a person resident outside India " is simply put as " a
person who is not Resident in India."
NOW, reading both the definitions together, it can be summarized that both:
an Indian Citizen residing outside India and also
a Foreign Citizen of Indian origin residing outside India are defined as Non-
Person of Indian Origin:
F.E.M.(Deposit) Regulations define a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) as:
a person, being a citizen of any country other than Pakistan and Bangladesh,
who at any time held an Indian Passport. or
a person who himself or either of his parents or any of his grandparents were
citizens of India, or
a spouse of an Indian citizen, or
a spouse of a person covered under (i) or (ii) above.
2(xii) 'Person of Indian Origin' means a citizen of any country other than
Bangladesh or Pakistan, if
he at any time held Indian passport; or
he or either of his parents or any of his grand- parents was a citizen of India by
virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955) or
the person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in sub-clause
Person of Indian Origin (PIO) defined under Regulations re: Immovable
Property in India:
This definition is further narrowed when it comes to rules regarding acquisition
and transfer of immovable property in India. Probably with an intention of
ensuring & restricting control of immovable properties in the hands of strictly
defined persons of Indian Origin only, this definition is further narrowed to
exclude individuals being citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka,
Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.
As regards immovable property transactions it may be noted that herein the
person's father or grandfather is included unlike parents or grandparents and spouse
in earlier definition.
Accordingly a Person of Indian Origin is defined herein as:
a) Who held an Indian Passport at any time?
An individual other than citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan,
China, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan, or
b) Who himself or his father or grandfather was a citizen of India.
[Regulation 2(c) of F.E.M. (Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in
India) Regulation 2000]
2(c) 'a person of Indian origin' means an individual (not being a citizen of
Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or
(a) at any time, held Indian passport; OR
(b) who or either of whose father or whose grandfather was a citizen of India by
virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955);
Conditions of number of days stay in India :-
No doubt, Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 definition has also
incorporated an NRI's stay of 182 days or less during a year in India, but simply
speaking if a person of Indian origin has gone out of India for settlement he is to
be treated as an NRI irrespective of number of days he has stayed in India.
Stay in India during visits:
The Act also lays down that such a person will continue to be an NRI during his
visit/stay in India provided he has not returned to India for taking up employment
or carrying on business or vacation or any other circumstances as would indicate
his intention to stay in India for an uncertain period. Accordingly, an NRI settled
abroad, irrespective of the number of days stay in India will continue to be an
NRI during his visit to India provided he has not returned to India for permanent
"Overseas Corporate Body" (OCB) means a Company, Partnership Firm,
Society etc. wherein 60 % or more ownership lies with NRIs or a Trust wherein
60 % or more financial interest is irrevocably held by NRIs.
2(xi) " Overseas Corporate Body (OCB)" means a company, partnership firm,
society and other corporate body owned directly or indirectly to the extent of at
least sixty per cent by Non-Resident Indians and includes overseas trust in which
not less than sixty per cent beneficial interest is held by Nonresident Indians
directly or indirectly but irrevocably.
At the cost of repetition, it is once again said that an NRI permanently settled and
residing outside India will continue to be treated as an NRI under
F.E.M.A.irrespective of the number of days of his stay in India or otherwise.
Non-Resident (External) Account - NRE Account
Non Resident Indians (NRIs) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) can open and
maintain NRE accounts with authorized dealers and with banks (including co-
operative banks) authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to maintain
The account has to be opened by the Non Resident account holder himself and not
by the holder of the power of attorney in India.
Opening NRE accounts in the names of individuals/entities of Bangladesh/Pakistan
nationality/ownership requires approval of RBI
Types of Accounts - Savings, Current, Recurring or Fixed Deposit accounts.
Debits & Credits:
Payments for local expenses and investments are allowed freely. Credits to an
account, of funds emanating from a local source would be permissible only if the
funds are of a repatriable nature.
Proceeds of remittances to India can be in any permitted currency.
Proceeds of personal cheques drawn by the account holder on his foreign
currency account and of travelers cheques, bank drafts payable in any permitted
currency including instruments expressed in Indian rupees for which
reimbursement will be received in foreign currency, deposited by the account
holder in person during his temporary visit to India provided the authorized
dealer/bank is satisfied that the account holder is still resident outside India, the
travelers’ cheques/drafts are standing/endorsed in the name of the account holder
and in the case of travelers’ cheques, and they were issued outside India.
Proceeds of foreign currency/bank notes tendered by account holder during his temporary visit to
(i) the amount was declared on a Currency Declaration Form (CDF), where applicable, and
(ii) the notes are tendered to the authorized dealer in person by the account holder himself and the
authorized dealer is satisfied that account holder is a person resident outside India.
Remittances outside India
Transfer to NRE/FCNR accounts of the account holder or any other person
eligible to maintain such account.
Investment in shares/securities/commercial paper of an Indian company or for
purchase of immovable property in India within prescribed regulations.
Any other transaction if covered under general or special permission granted by
the Reserve Bank.
Rate of Interest - as per the directives of the Reserve Bank of India.
Loans against Security of Funds held in the Accou
To the account holder
i) For personal purposes or for carrying on business activities (except
agricultural/plantation activities/investment in real estate business).
ii) For making direct investment in India on non-repatriation basis.
iii) For acquisition of flat/house in India for his own residential use.
In January 2007, the RBI imposed a restriction on loans against deposits and
securities for NRIs to a maximum of up to Rs. 20 lakh
To third parties
The loan should be utilized for personal purposes or for carrying on business
activities (other than agricultural/plantation activities/real estate business). The
loan should not be utilized for re-lending.
Loans outside India
Authorized dealers may allow their overseas branches/correspondents to grant
fund based and/or non-fund based facilities to Non Resident depositors against
the security of funds held in the NRE accounts and also agree to remittance of
funds from India if necessary, for liquidation of debts.
Change of Resident Status of Account Holder
NRE Accounts should be re designated as resident account or the funds held in
these accounts may be transferred to the Resident Foreign Currency (RFC)
Accounts (if the account holder is eligible for maintaining RFC Account) at the
option of the account holder immediately upon the return of the account holder to
India (except where the account holder is on a short visit to India).
Repatriation of funds to Non Resident Nominee can be permitted by the authorized
dealer or bank in the case of an account holder who is deceased.
Other Features -
Joint Accounts - in the names of two or more Non Resident individuals may be
opened provided all the account holders are persons of Indian nationality or
origin. When one of the joint holder become residents, the authorized dealer
may either delete his name or allow the account to continue as NRE account or
redesignate the account as resident account at the option of the account holders.
Opening of these accounts by a Non Resident jointly with a resident is not
An Account may be opened in the name of eligible NRI during his temporary
visit to India.
Operation by Power of Attorney - Resident Power of Attorney holder can operate
on the NRE accounts but only for local payments to be made on behalf of the
account holder. The Power of Attorney (POA) holder cannot credit proceeds of
foreign currency notes/bank notes and travellers cheques to the NRE accounts.
In cases where the account holder or a bank designated by him has been granted
permission by Reserve Bank to make investments in India, the POA holder is
permitted to operate the account to facilitate such investments. POA holders
cannot, however, make gifts from NRE accounts.
Foreign Currency (Non-Resident Indians) FCNR (B) Account
Eligibility to Open and Maintain FCNR A/c
With the exception of persons of Indian origin from Bangladesh and Pakistan, all
NRIs and PIOs are eligible to maintain an FCNR account with an authorised
bank in India.
Accounts may be opened with funds remitted from outside, existing NRE/ FCNR
Remittances should be in the designated currency.
Conversion to currency other than the designated currency also permitted at the
risk and cost of the remitter.
Features of FCNR Account
The account can be opened with funds remitted from abroad, or transferred from
an existing NRE/FCNR account.
FCNR accounts can be opened with designated currencies, which are: GBP,
USD, Deutsche Mark, Japanese Yen and the Euro.
Conversion to another designated currency is permitted at a cost to the account
Only term deposits can be maintained in FCNR accounts, in a time range of 6
months to 3 years.
As per RBI guidelines, banks are free to offer interest on FCNR deposits below
LIBOR rates, less 25 basis points for deposits between 6 months to one year,
and LIBOR rates plus 50 basis points for deposits over a year.
Banks are also free to decide on a fixed or a floating rate of interest on FCNR
Interest rates are reviewed periodically and determined by directives from the
Reserve Bank (Department of Banking Operations and Development).
The account holder can choose the periodicity of interest, from half-yearly to
annual payments. The interest can be credited to a new FCNR (B) account or a
For permissible debits and credits, the regulations for FCNR accounts are similar
to the NRE accounts.
For conversion of currencies, from designated currency to rupees and vice versa,
the day’s rate of conversion will apply.
Funds from the FCNR account are allowed to move within the country at no
extra cost to the account holder.
For loans and overdrafts against FCNR accounts, the same conditions as the
NRE accounts apply.
In case of premature withdrawal of the FCNR Term Deposit, a penalty is levied.
Interest paid on the account is calculated at a
1% below the committed rate if accounts are closed prematurely.
However, no interest is paid on deposits held for less than 6 months, and a
penalty would have to be paid as per directives from the apex bank. The RBI
guidelines prevail on these terms, issued as and when required.
FCNR A/c after Change in Resident Status
NRI deposits such as the FCNR can continue till the maturity date at the
contracted rate of interest even after the account holder’s resident status changes
to resident Indian.
However, except for interest rates and reserve requirements of FCNR deposits,
these accounts are treated as resident accounts effective from the account
holder’s date of return to India.
On maturity, these accounts are converted to either an RFC account or the
Resident Rupee Deposit account.
As for joint accounts, the same rules as those for NRE accounts apply to FCNR
For repatriation of funds from the FCNR account, the same conditions as those
for NRE accounts apply.
The RBI does not provide any guarantee on foreign exchange.
Other Features -
Reserve Bank will not provide foreign exchange guarantee.
Lending of resources mobilized by authorized dealers under these accounts are
not subject to any interest rate stipulations.
Non-Resident Ordinary Rupee (NRO) Account
Any person or entity residing outside India is entitled to open a NRO account
with an authorised dealer or an authorised bank for transactions conducted in
Individuals or entities of Bangladeshi or Pakistani nationality or ownership
require approval from the RBI.
Types of Accounts
NRO accounts can be opened as current, savings, recurring or fixed deposit
accounts. The RBI determines the rate of interest on these accounts and issues
guidelines for opening, operating and maintaining them.
Joint Accounts with Residents/Non-residents
Joint accounts are permitted with resident and non-residents.
Permissible Credits/Debits -
Remittances from outside India through normal banking channels received in
freely convertible foreign currency.
Any freely convertible foreign currency can be deposited into the account during
the account holder's visit to India. Foreign currency exceeding USD 5000/- or its
equivalent in the form of cash has to be supported by a Currency Declaration
Form. Rupee funds must be supported by an Encashment Certificate, if they are
funds brought from outside India.
Current income earned in India, such as rent, dividend, pension or interest. Even
proceeds from sale of assets including immovable property acquired out of
rupee or foreign currency funds or through inheritance.
All payments towards expenses and investments in India
Payment outside India of current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest
etc. in India of the account holder.
Repatriation up to USD One million, per calendar year, for all bonafide purposes
with the approval of the authorised dealer.
Remittance of Assets
NRIs and PIO may remit upto USD One million per calendar year, out of balances
held in the NRO account which could be acquired from the sale proceeds of assets
acquired in India out of rupee or foreign currency funds or by way of inheritance
from a resident Indian, provided:
Assets acquired in India out of rupee/foreign currency funds
(a) Immovable property: NRIs and PIO may remit sale proceeds of immovable
property purchased by them when they were resident or out of Rupee funds
as NRI or PIO.
(b) Other financial assets: There is no lock-in period for remittance of sale
proceeds of other financial assets
Assets acquired by way of inheritance:
Sale proceeds of assets acquired through inheritance can be remitted. No lock-in
period applies here if the authorised dealer is satisfied that the proceeds are from
Remittance of assets out of NRO account by a person resident outside India other than NRI/PIO A foreign national who is not a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal or Bhutan and who
has retired as an employee in India,
has inherited assets from a resident Indian, or
is a widow residing outside India and has inherited assets of her deceased
husband who was a resident Indian can remit upto USD one million per calendar
year on production of documentary evidence to support the acquisition by way
of inheritance or legacy of assets to the authorised dealer.
The above facility of repatriation from sale of immovable property is not extended
to citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and
Bhutan. Remittance of sale proceeds from other financial assets is not extended to
citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.
Foreign Nationals of non-Indian origin on a visit to India
Foreign nationals of non-Indian origin are permitted to open a NRO account
(current/savings) on their visit to India with funds remitted from outside India
through normal banking channels or by foreign exchange brought to India. The
balance in the NRO account is converted by the bank into foreign currency for
payment to the account holder when he leaves India, provided the account was
maintained for less than six months. The account should not be credited with any
local funds during the term, except for interest accrued on it.
Grant of Loans/ Overdrafts by Authorised Dealers/ Bank to Account Holders
and Third parties
Loans to NRI account holders and to third parties is granted in Indian Rupees by
authorized dealers (banks) against the security of fixed deposits provided:
The loans are utilized only for meeting the borrower's personal requirements or
for business and not for agricultural/plantation /real estate or relending activities
RBI regulations pertaining to margin and rate of interest will apply
All norms and considerations which apply to loans to trade and industry will
apply to loans and facilities granted to third parties.
The authorized dealer/bank may allow an overdraft to the account holder subject to
his commercial discretion and compliance with the interest rate directives.
Change of Resident Status of Account holder -
(a) From Resident to Non-resident
When a resident Indian leaves India for taking up employment or for carrying on
business outside India, his existing account is designated as a Non-Resident
(Ordinary) Account, except in the case of persons shifting to Bhutan and Nepal.
For the latter, the resident accounts do not change to NRO accounts.
(b) From Non-Resident to Resident
NRO accounts may be re-designated as resident rupee accounts once the account
holder returns to India for taking up employment, or for carrying on business or for
any other purpose indicating his objective to stay in India for an uncertain period.
Where the account holder is only on a temporary visit to India, the account
continues to be treated as non-resident during the visit.
Treatment of Loans/ Overdrafts in the Event of Change in the Resident Status
of the Borrower
In case of a resident Indian who had availed of loan or overdraft facilities while
resident in India and who subsequently becomes a NRI, the authorised dealer may
at its discretion allow the loan facility to continue. In this case, payment of interest
and repayment of loan may be made by inward remittance or out of bonafide
resources in India.
Payment of funds to Non-resident/Resident Nominee
The amount payable to a non-resident nominee from the NRO account of a
deceased account holder is credited to the NRO account of the nominee.
Facilities to a person going abroad for studies
Students going abroad for studies are treated as Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) and
are eligible for all the facilities enjoyed by NRIs. All loans availed of by them as
residents in India will continue to be extended as per FEMA regulations.
International Credit Cards
Authorized dealers are allowed to issue International Credit Cards to NRIs and
PIO, without the permission of the RBI. Such transactions can be made by inward
remittance or out of balances held in the cardholder's FCNR/NRE/NRO Accounts.
The remittances, after payment of tax are allowed to be made by the authorized
dealers on production of a statement by the remitter and a Certificate from a
Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct
Taxes, Ministry of Finance, Government of India
TAX BENEFITS for NRIs
Interest on NRE & FCNR deposits are free of income tax.
Tax @ 30% will be deducted at source on all interest income in NRO accounts.
On permanent return to India, income on all investments out of foreign
exchange funds would be eligible for a flat tax rate of 20% (excluding
surcharge) till maturity of the investments.
SERVICES OFFERED BY
VARIOUS BANK TO
NRI banking services including deposits, savings accounts, finance like home
loans, personal loans etc. Various banks like ICICI Bank, Citibank, HDFC Bank
and many other nationalized and private banks that hold authorized dealer's
licenses from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provide remittances, savings,
earnings, investments and repatriation services.
Besides the major commercial banks, certain cooperative and regional rural banks
(RRB's) have also been specifically permitted to maintain NRI accounts. This
would increase NRI remittances in Bihar, Kerala, U.P. and Gujarat where a large
chunk of the rural population have settled abroad.
The banks also offer finance services to the NRI's that cover home loans for buying
new residential property, housing renovation loans for constructing or modifying
on the existing properties, personal loans and other loan products.
Another FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) magnet has been the various money
transfer services provided. Various banks provide quick, convenient and
economical fund remit to India. These include:
Online remittance services
Remittance of funds to partner exchange houses in India
Telegraphic or wire transfer
Fund transfer through cheques/ DD's and Travelers' cheques.
Many banks also offer Demat account services to the NRI's that enable NRI's
online stock investment and share trading services. Special NRI credit cards
acceptable globally are available with various banks. These specialized services
and banking accounts have drawn enormous NRI funds to India.
SERVICE OFFERED BY ICICI BANK:-
Rupee plus plan :- At ICICI Bank, we believe in providing you with the most
competitive returns on your hard earned money. Now you can earn even higher
returns on your deposits by investing in Rupee plus plan.
What does the Rupee plus plan offer you :- NRE-FD interest rates rate being
regulated by RBI, is nearly same across banks. In Rupee plus plan we have devised
a way to make your money work harder and smarter and earn higher returns in
terms of NRI as compared to a NRE FD.
Currencies :- you can being funds in any convertible currency, which will be
converted to USD (if not in USD already).
Minimum Deposit :- USD 25,000 or equivalent.
Tenor: - for 1 year only.
How does the Rupee plus plan work? Instead of putting the money in NRE FD
directly, the money is put in USD denominated FCNR. This FCNR earns interest
as per prevailing FCNR interest rates.
Additionally, at the time of booking the FCNR a Forward Agreement is also drawn
to exchange the maturity amount of USD to Rupees at a given rate (Forward Rate).
Rupee plus plan advantage :- on a average the returns are significantly higher
compared to putting your money in NRE FD as per the prevailing market rates.
Returns in rupee terms are assured once the deal is booked irrespective of the
future movements in currency markets.
The following banking facilities are available to NRIs, as per the current
Who can open an
NRIs/PIOs NRIs/PIOs Any person resident
outside India (other
than a person
resident in Nepal
Joint account In the names of two
In the names of
two or more NRIs
May be held jointly
Nomination Permitted Permitted Permitted
Currency in which
Pound Sterling, US
Dollar, Jap. Yen or
Indian Rupees Indian Rupees
Repatriability Repatriable Repatriable Non-repatriable*
Type of Account Term Deposit only Savings, Current, Savings, Current,
Rate of Interest Subject to cap:
LIBOR minus 25
basis points except
in case of Japanese
Yen where the cap
would be based on
at the prevailing
Rate of interest on
account will also
be applicable to
account. For Fixed
Deposits, the rates
can be fixed by
banks subject to
Rate of interest on
account will also be
applicable to NRO
savings account. For
Fixed Deposits, the
rates can be fixed by
banks subject to
Tax Aspects Interest income tax
free and no tax
deduction at source.
Interest income tax
free and no tax
taxable and liable
for TDS @30% plus
benefit may be
available subject to
Money can be transferred either through on line or drafts
or telegraphically or by wire transfer or Cheques. E-Transfer is completely online, paperless money
transfer service which enables the customer to send money directly from one bank account in foreign
country to India. Drafts in Indian rupees can be purchased from exchange companies of one country and
mailed to the branch of another country where the customer has the account. Telegraphic or wire
transfers can be made through branch to branch. Cheques can be deposited for credit of the customer’s
RBI issues guidelines for
money transfer scheme
accounts and the Cheques will be collected and credited to their accounts.
International SWIFT Transfer
This is a secure, quick and efficient method of transferring funds, which enables
you to send money easily to any bank which is part of the SWIFT network. There
is a flat-rate charge of Rs 500 for each SWIFT transfer made from your account.
There is no charge when you make a transfer from your Barclays NRI account in
India to a Barclays account in UK or UAE.
Demand (or Banker's) Draft
This is a means of initiating a transfer from your account to a named payee. You
can send the Demand Draft to your intended payee, who will then be able to take
the Draft into their bank – following presentation of this Draft, he/she will then
A Demand Draft made payable to a non-Barclays account will incur a charge of Rs
3.5 per Rs 1,000 sent (minimum charge Rs 100).
A Demand Draft made payable to a Barclays account and a Foreign currency DD
will incur a flat-rate charge of Rs 300.
PROVIDING speed, convenience and security of transactions, the Xpress Money
Service of UAE Exchange company is proving to be a modern and reliable way of
sending and receiving money from anywhere in the world, especially among the
immigrant Indian in Gulf countries. With an extensive network of branches in
UAE and a global presence in Australia, India, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UK, USA,
Fiji, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, the UAE Exchange Centre specializes in Fund
Transfer across the globe and enjoys a numerous uno status in the industry. UAE
Exchange and Financial Services Ltd makes 80,000 remittances a month. The
average amount of remittances per transfer is Rs 1,25,000.
Western Union Money Transfer
Western Union is a global leader in money transfer services, with a history of
pioneering dating back more than 150 years. Non-resident Indians can now transfer
their funds to India through the Money Transfer Service offered by Western Union.
This service is currently available for inward remittances in India.
"Credits to NRE/FCNR accounts are not permitted to be routed through Money
Transfer Service Scheme (MTSS)"
A rupee demand draft delivered to the recipient’s doorstep within three to four
working days and can be encashed at any nationalized bank in India.
MONEYGRAM Send money online today:-
You can send money around the world online to over 84,000 moneygram agent
locations, in more than 170 countries. Not only is sending money with moneygram
safe and convenient, you’ll find the same day services to be one fastest way to send
your money online-usually arriving within minutes. Send money online or at a
moneygram agent location near you. Moneygram is a global leader in international
money transfers and the largest processor of money orders in the U.S. We help
people and business by providing affordable, reliable and convenient payment
ICICI Bank NRI Money Transfer:-
ICICI Bank, the leading bank in India offering financial services to the NRI
community through NRI saving account, NRE Accounts, Fixed Deposit, FCNR
deposits, and the quickest way to send money online to India.
The Government of India has adopted a liberal policy, with respect to investment
by NRIs and OCBs in India, such investment are allowed, both, through the RBI
route and also through the Government route, i.e., through the Foreign Investment
Promotion Board (FIPB) NRIs and OCBs are permitted to invest up to 100%
equity in real estate development activity and civil aviation sectors. Investment,
made by the NRIs and OCBs, are fully repatriable, except in the case of real estate,
which has a 3 year lock-in period on original investment and, 16% cap on dividend
Various investment opportunities in India available to NRIs:-
If one is NRI, the following investment opportunities are open to you:
Maintenance of bank accounts in India.
Investment in securities/shares and deposits of Indian firms/companies.
Investment in mutual funds in India.
Investment Policy for Non-resident Indians (NRIs):-
Recognizing the investment potential of the Non-resident Indians, a number of
steps are being taken by the government on an ongoing basis to attract from them
in Indian companies. Some of the investment schemes presently available to Non-
resident Indians (NRIs) include the facility to invest upto 100 percent equity with
full benefits of repatriation of capital invested and income accruing thereon in high
priority industries mentioned in the Annexure-III to the industrial policy 1991, 100
percent export oriented units, sick units under revival, housing and real estate
development companies, etc,. NRIs/PIOs/OCBs are also permitted to make
portfolio investments through secondary markets. In terms of the relaxations
announced in 1998-99, investment limits for an individual NRI has been revised
upwards from 1% to 5%, aggregate portfolio investment limits by all NRIs
increased from 55 to 10% of the issued and paid-up capital of the company. The
aggregate investment limit would be separate and exclusive of FII portfolio
FOR NRI’S INVESTMENT:-
In order to help the tax-payers to plan their Income-tax affairs well in advance and
to avoid long drawn and expensive litigation, a scheme of Advance Rulings has
been introduced under the Income-Tax Act, 1961. Authority for advance rulings
has been constituted. The tax-payer can obtain a binding ruling from the Authority
on issues which could arise in the determination of his tax liability. A non-resident
or certain categories of resident can obtain binding rulings from the Authority on
any question of law or fact arising out of any transaction/proposed transactions
which are relevant for the determination of this tax liability.
NRIs/OCBs are permitted to make portfolio investment in shares/debentures
(convertible and non-convertible) of Indian companies, with or without repatriation
benefit provided the purchase is made through a stock exchange and also through
designated branch of an authorized dealer. NRIs/OCBs are required to designate
only one branch authorized by Reserve Bank for this purpose.
NRIs invested only 5% of their investible assets in India with the balance being
parked overseas. A major reason for this was that the Indian banking system was
not a very preferred and trusted mode of investment for the NRI. The customer was
looking for convenience, speed, high yield on investment with manageable risks,
reasonable costs and quality services – A face of India he could associate with.
Competition was not only from India based banks, but also from local banks based
overseas; conventional and non conventional routes of money transfer.
The main regulatory and facilitation agencies involved in the matters related to
NRIs/OCBs investment are Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities and Exchange
Board of India (SWBI), Authority for Advance Rulings (AAR), Secretariat for
Industrial Assistance (SIA), Ministry of Commerce and Industry; and Office of the
Chief Commissioner (Investments & NRIs).
NRIs/OCBs/PIOs do not have to seek specific permission for approved activities
covered under ‘General permission’ schemes. The activities relating to
NRIs/OCBs/PIOs not covered under those schemes either require declaration to
RBI or permission from RBI. The activities requiring Declaration/Permission
along with corresponding forms are as under;
TS 1 Transfer of Shares/Debentures by Non-residents to Residents
Permission to establish a branch office in India by an Overseas Company
establishing a Representative Office by Overseas Company for Liaison
Activities to open a Project/Site Office in India.
IPI Company/Individual (declaration) acquiring property
NRIs, irrespective of their citizenship can freely acquire and transfer residential as
also commercial properties in India barring agricultural land and plantation, with
repatriation of foreign exchange equivalent of cost of acquisition (maxi. two in
case of resi.houses) and no restrictions as regards holding period.
Rules for Acquisition & Transfer by NRIs being:
Indian citizen & Foreign citizen
Mode of Payment
Joint Holding / Restrictions
Repatriation of Sale Proceeds
Taxation of Capital Gains & Wealth-Tax
NRI Investment In
Immovable Property In
Rules for Acquisition & Transfer by Foreign Citizen NRIs
Purchase / Acquisition:
There is a general permission to acquire any immovable property (other than
agricultural land, plantation or farm-house property) by way of purchase, provided
the payment is made out of foreign exchange inward remittance or any Non
Resident bank account in India, i.e.NR(E),FCNR(B) or NRO a/c..
Acquisition by way of Gift:
General permission is granted to acquire any immovable property (other than
agricultural land, plantation or farmhouse property) by way of gift from a person
(donor) who is
A person resident in India, or
Aperson resident outside India (an NRI )who is Indian citizen or foreign citizen
of Indian origin.
Acquisition by way of inheritance :
General permission is granted for inheritance of immovable property
including agricultural land, plantation or farm-house property from
A person resident in India, or
A person resident outside India who may be an Indian citizen or foreign citizen
of Indian origin provided such person had acquired said property in accordance
with the provisions of Foreign Exchange Law in force at the time of acquisition.
i.e. FERA, 1973 or FEMA 1999.
Hence Agricultural land, plantation or farmhouse property can be acquired by
way of inheritance only.
Transfer / Sale:
General permission is granted for sale of any immovable property (other than
agricultural land, plantation or farmhouse property) to a person who is resident in
Transfer of residential or commercial property by way of gift:
General permission is granted to gift residential or commercial property to
A person resident in India, or
A person resident outside India who may be an Indian citizen or foreign citizen
of Indian origin,
Transfer of agricultural land, plantation or farmhouse property by sale/ gift
General permission is granted to sell or gift such property to a person who is
resident in India and also an Indian citizen.
Mode of Payment :-
The payment for purchase of immovable properties is required to be made from
NRI's bank account, being:
a) Non Resident External Account (NRE);
b) Foreign Currency Non Resident (B) Account (FCNR) (B), or
c) Non Resident Ordinary Account (NRO), or
d) Foreign Exchange Inward Remittance from abroad.
It is advisable to retain records of payment made i.e. banker’s certificate
All incidental expenses such as stamp duty, registration fees etc. should also be
paid through bank only.
Repatriation of Sale proceeds
An NRI being an Indian citizen or a foreign citizen of Indian origin is allowed
to repatriate the sale proceeds of an immovable property subject to the
a) . the acquisition should be in accordance with the existing Foreign Exchange
Laws (i.e. FERA, ‘73 or FEMA ‘99).
b) the purchase price was met out of Foreign Exchange Inward Remittance or
NRE / FCNR (B ) account, and
c) in case of residential properties, repatriation is restricted to a maximum of two
It may be noted that the eligibility criteria of holding period of 3 years for
repatriation is removed w.e.f. 29-06-02.[ vide notification no FEMA 65/2002 RB
It may be noted that there are no restrictions as re: repatriation of sale proceeds
vis-a-vis number of commercial or industrial properties.
The amount of repatriation is restricted to foreign exchange equivalent of the
purchase price i.e. profits / gains are not allowed to be repatriated.
For all Indian citizens who are liable to pay tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961,
or are required to enter into financial transactions in India, it is mandatory to have
a Permanent Account Number.
The Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a combination of 10 alphanumeric
numbers issued by the Income Tax Department. The Department has entrusted UTI
Investor Services Ltd. (UTIISL) with the task of managing IT PAN Service
PAN Card for NRIs
Centers wherever the IT department has an office in the country. The National
Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) has also been engaged to allot PAN cards
from TIN Facilitation centers.
Applying for a PAN
Form 49A, which is the application form for a PAN, can be downloaded from the
Income Tax, UTIISL and NDSL websites:
www.incometaxindia.gov.in & www.utiisl.co.intin.nsdl.com
The forms care also available at the IT PAN Service Centers and TIN Facilitation
Centers. A “tatkal” or priority service has been provided for, to enable speedy
allotment of the PAN card through the Internet. The PAN is allotted through e-mail
on priority in 5 days as against the normal 15 days to the applicant upon online
payment through a credit card. The PAN has lifetime validity.
The necessity for a PAN Card to NRIs
Apart from income returns which must carry the PAN, it is mandatory to submit
the PAN in all financial transactions, like the purchase and sale of property in
India, payments for purchase of vehicles, foreign visits, securing a telephone
connection or making time deposits in a bank worth over Rs.50,000.
For NRI’s, PAN is necessary to conduct monetary transactions in India, invest in
stocks, and pay tax on their Indian income.
The application for a PAN must be accompanied by:
a recent colored photograph of size 3.5 cms x 2.5 cms on the application form .
a proof of residence and identity (attested school leaving/matriculation
certificate/degree/credit card/voter identity/ration/passport/driving
license/telephone/electricity bill/employer certificate .
code of the concerned Assessing Officer of the IT Department obtainable from
the IT office where form is submitted .
DEMAT ACCOUNT :-
A demat account facilitates buying and selling shares, precluding cumbersome
paperwork and meaningless delays.
Advantages of a Demat Account -
It is a safe, secure and convenient mode of transacting in shares.
Minimizes brokerage charges
Ensures immediate liquidity
Removes uncertainty on ownership title of securities
Allows quick allotment of public issues
Enables smooth process in pledging shares
Avoids delays due to wrong/incorrect signatures, post, and misplacement of
Prevents risks like forgery and counterfeit, theft or damage to documents
Saves on stamp duty, paperwork on transfer deeds
Gives immediate benefits from bonus shares and stock splits
Who offers Demat Facility?
Depository Participants or DPs offer demat account services, which would include
banks. Holding a demat account with a bank enables quick on-line dealings,
ensuring credit of a transaction to the account holder’s savings account by the third
day. Banks have an added advantage over other DPs with their large network of
How to Open a Demat Account in India
Fill up the demat account opening form at the nearest Depository Participant
You may refer to either
NSDLathttps://nsdl.co.in/for the list of DPs in India.
Joint demat accounts can be opened, retaining the same order of names
Separate demat accounts have to be opened for different combinations of names
in the case of three or more joint holders.
Any number of demat accounts and DPs are permitted
A multiple-sign demat is feasible, operated by several holders
DPs charge a fee for switching shares from electronic to physical form and vice-
versa, which varies from a flat fee to a variable fee. Remat and demat charges
may also show a discrepancy between DPs.
Some DPs offer a discount to frequent traders.
It is advisable to maintain all demat accounts with the same DP to keep track of
capital gains liabilities. Different DPs follow dissimilar methods of computing
the capital gains, which is determined by the period of holding.
The charges on a demat account vary between DPs. Broadly, they are: account
opening fee, an annual folio maintenance charge paid in advance, a monthly
custodian fee, and a charge on transactions, which may either be charged every
month or as a flat fee per transaction, and its nature. Some DPs may skip the
account opening fee but charge a re-opening fee for the account. Account
holders are also subject to a service tax.
No opening balance is required for a demat account.
Supporting documents to open a demat account
Proof of identity, address and date of birth
DP-client agreement on non-judicial stamp paper
The applicant receives an account number and a DP ID number which are
required for all future communication with the DP.
NRI Demat Accounts
NRIs need to fill in “NRI” in the type and “repatriable or “non-repatriable” in the
sub-type on the form. No special permission from the RBI is required by NRIs to
open a demat account, though specific cases may require authorization from the
designated authorised dealers.
NRIs require separate demat accounts for securities under the foreign direct
investment (FDI) scheme, which is repatriable; and the Portfolio Investment
Scheme and Scheme for Investment which can be either repatriable or non-
repatriable. Repatriable and non-repatriable securities cannot be held in a single
Resident Indians can continue to hold non-repatriable demat accounts they hold
even after they acquire non-resident Indian status. However, when a NRI returns to
India permanently, he must inform his designated authorised dealer of his new
status, and a fresh account would have to be opened. The securities held in the NRI
Demat account would have to be transferred to the new resident demat account,
and the NRI Demat account closed. The Demat account would have to be linked
with the NRI’s NRO account for non-repatriable accounts and NRE accounts for
repatriable accounts to credit dividends and interest.
CASE STUDY ON NRI BANKING
Increasingly at Personal we are meeting Indians living abroad who are relocating
to India. Usually such individuals have a significant portion of their assets in the
foreign country; investments in India are usually linked to inheritance or savings
made before shifting abroad
The task we are entrusted with is to help such individuals plan their finances.
Here's how we assisted one such family.
We recently met a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) who was based in the United
States (US); he has now shifted permanently to India. Let's call this individual
Almost all of rajeev's savings are in the US; in US mutual funds and bonds. He has
no exposure to India in his asset allocation, although he does expect to inherit some
Indian assets over time.
More about Rajeev -
He is 44 years of age and was settled in US for many years before relocating to
He is married and has a 8-yr old daughter
Although he is not sure, there is a likelihood that his daughter might want to go
back to US for further studies
Rajeev's investment details are as follows:
His combined investment in stocks and funds in the US accounts for 50% of his net
assets. Remaining 50% of his investments are in short-term deposits, again in the
US. Important to note that he does not own any residential property, either in the
US or in India.
As mentioned earlier, since the client is now settled in India, and is certain to be
here for the rest of his life, in our view, it makes sense to shift his assets back to
India. Why do we say that? Well, if you know you are going to be in India, and all
your future incomes and expenses are going to be in Indian Rupees, why take on
the risk of being invested in US Dollars? In case the US Dollar were to depreciate
vis-a-vis the Rupee, the value of your US assets would effectively erode. This is
not to say that no one should have money invested in other currency assets. From
our perspective, one should evaluate such investment opportunities only when one
has completed their investment plans for domestic assets. Importantly, you should
have that much money in another currency asset that is required to meet future
needs (that need to be provided for in the other currency).
In order to reallocate his assets, Sanjeev will need to liquidate his assets in the US
and transfer the proceeds to India. Since his daughter might go back to US for
higher education in future he will require money (US Dollars) at that point of time.
Therefore, in his case, the liquidation and then allocation of assets must be based
on his needs in India as well as in the US.
Keeping this in mind we proposed to conduct his entire financial planning exercise
in two phases. The first phase involved understanding of his needs in India and the
US and accordingly liquidating his investments. The second phase involved,
investing the proceeds in India.
We first started with liquidation of his investments in US, and for this, demarcating
his needs in India and US became the starting point for us. Since the client has no
prior investments in India, it gave us a good opportunity to define a well-
diversified portfolio for him.
The next step was to decide the quantum of investment to be liquidated based on
his needs. In US, he has to continue with some of his investments for his daughter's
future education. We found that around 10% of the client's total wealth will be
sufficient for this purpose and rest he can liquidate. Thus, we advised him to
liquidate 90% of his total investments in US.
The next step was to transfer the proceeds to India. Normally, people who have
foreign currency (in this case US Dollar) get apprehensive about the exchange rate
at which their proceeds are to be transferred. In this particular case, since the client
is already settled in India, we advised him not to pay much heed to the exchange
rate and instead start transferring the funds.
Asset allocation based on the client's needs in India:
Given that the client has no investment in property (he was living in a rented
premise), the top priority was to invest in a property. About 40% of his assets were
allocated for the purpose. Given the hype about property, Sanjeev was keen to
consider a higher exposure; however we recommended otherwise. In our view, and
this holds true for most individuals, the number of properties you own should be
linked to your 'real' needs i.e. property which you need to give as inheritance or
property for self use.
The fact that the client is financially very sound and in a position to take some risk,
we recommended that he invest upto 35% of the surplus in well-managed
diversified equity funds in a disciplined manner based on his needs and objectives.
The portfolio consisted of no more than six schemes.
Equities as an asset class are best equipped to generate high returns over longer
time frames (3-5 years). Thus, his investment in equities should be well equipped
to cater his future needs such as his daughter's marriage, his retirement planning or
any other need as and when required.
Another 10% of the surplus cash inflows could be invested in debt funds (short-
term debt funds, as at present interest rates are on the rise). Inclusion of debt funds
in the portfolio will ensure that the portfolio becomes well diversified across asset
The balance (5%) could be maintained in liquid assets for any immediate
requirement or for contingency.Rajeev was also advised to take up a term
insurance policy for himself. This is a pure risk cover plan that enables the
individual to opt for a high insurance cover at relatively lower premiums.
It goes without saying that our recommendation to Rajeev (although very critical)
was just a starting point. First and foremost, it needs to be executed (investing in
mutual funds, buying property) and then the plan needs to be monitored regularly.
This is necessary as over time, Rajeev's risk profile will change, as he gets older,
he may not be comfortable with a higher allocation to equity, so a portion of his
money will have to be shifted to lower risk assets. Also the performance of the
mutual fund schemes will have to be monitored. Given the nature of the task, it is
best for Rajeev that he engages the services of a professional and competent
financial planner who can actively monitor his financial plan
NRI Banking today stands as one of the most profitable business for banks. With
India having one of the largest NRI populations and a very prosperous one too,
NRI banking is one hot business no bank can afford to ignore today. India needs
foreign exchange reserves for its developing economy. Realizing this, banks are
shaping up their strategies in order to attract this NRI money. Further with India
pushing for Capital Account Convertibility, and the success of Pravasi Bharatiya
Diwas, prospects for NRI banking has never been so good than today.
PRIMARY DATA QUESTIONARIES :-
VISITED ICICI BANK ANDGERI BRANCH
MET MR. KALPESH DHANJI MOTA
Can I break my deposit before the maturity period?
If I am visiting India, can I use travelers cheques or currency to open an account
or credit my existing NRE Account?
Can any person in India be authorised to operate the NRI's account?
Can an FCNR deposit in one currency be converted to a deposit in another
Can FCNR/NRE deposits be value dated?
How much money can an NRI remit abroad annually from his NRO accounts?
Can an NRI repatriate sale proceeds of his property purchased by him by
remittance from abroad?
What is the frequency of interest payment in an NRE savings account?
What is the limit on the international ATM-cum-Debit card for NRI customers?
What are the charges applicable for debit card?
Can I repatriate money out of balances held in my NRO accounts?
FINDINGS & SUGGESTIONS :-
Yes.deposits can be broken before the maturity period but the interest payable
would be the applicable interest rate prevailing for that period at the time of
opening the deposit. The minimum period for NRE and FCNR would be 1 year.
A penalty charge as applicable will be levied.
Travelers cheques can be used to credit/open the account. If you are bringing
foreign currency notes & travellers cheques, you will have to submit a Currency
Declaration Form (CDF) to the Customs authorities on arrival in India if the
foreign currency notes exceed USD 5,000 or travellers cheques and notes exceed
USD 10,000. You must produce the CDF for endorsement by the bank when
you submit the money for opening/credit to an account.
Yes. The mandate facility is available for NRI customers. The mandate form
duly completed (with Form 60 or PAN card, proof of identity, proof of address,
and photo) may be handed over to the branch when the account is opened to
authorise a person in India to operate the account. This is possible only in the
case of savings accounts.
Yes. However, you may consider doing so only on maturity of the deposit so
that there is no loss of interest.
Deposits are value dated. The date will be the date on which the funds are
received by Barclays (India) in its Nostro accounts.
A NRI can remit up to USD 1 million (or equivalent) per calendar year for any
bonafide purpose subject to payment of tax and furnishing the required
Yes. However the amount repatriated should not exceed the amount
paid for acquisition i.e.
Amount received in foreign exchange through normal banking channel
The foreign currency equivalent as on date of payment of amount paid by debit
to NRI a/c
The frequency of interest payment would be half yearly.
The International ATM-cum-Debit card offers Rs 50,000 of cash withdrawal per
day and transactions worth Rs 50,000 at merchant establishments.
There are no withdrawal charges for cash withdrawn from any VISA ATM
network across the world. For purchases and ATM transaction(s) outside India
there is a 2.5% currency conversion charge, at all VISA enabled POS and ATM
machines. Service Tax (currently 12.36%) on these charges will be levied.For
details of charges on Domestic debit cards, kindly refer the schedule of charges
for Consumer banking.
Interest earnings can be repatriated. In addition to this, remittance/s up to USD 1
million per calendar year from balances in NRO accounts subject to payment of
applicable taxes is allowed.
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