November 1230 report_final

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  • Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanista n November 2010 Report to Congress In accordance with section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181), as amended
  • (INTENTIONALLY BLANK) 2
  • Table of Contents Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................ 7 Section 1 Strategy ...................................................................................................................... 11 1.1: U.S. Strategy ..................................................................................................................... 11 1.2: NATO Strategy, ISAF Campaign Strategy, and Strategic Objectives ............................. 11 1.2.1: ISAF Command and Control (C2) ............................................................................. 12 1.3: NATO ISAF Forces .......................................................................................................... 14 1.3.1: Current U.S. and International Force Levels ............................................................. 14 1.3.2: Caveats ....................................................................................................................... 15 1.3.3: Civilian Organizational Structure .............................................................................. 15 Section 2 Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) ................................................................. 17 2.1: ANSF Strategy Balancing Short and Long Term Goals ................................................ 17 2.2: ANSF Budget.................................................................................................................... 18 2.2.1: Afghan Security Forces Fund (ASFF) ....................................................................... 18 2.2.2: Direct Fund to MoD/MoI ........................................................................................... 19 2.2.3: International Community Funding for the ANSF ...................................................... 19 2.4: International Donations..................................................................................................... 19 2.5: Institutional Trainer and Mentor Status ............................................................................ 20 2.6: ANSF Assessment ............................................................................................................ 21 2.7: Ministry of Defense (MoD) .............................................................................................. 22 2.7.1: Assessment of MoD ................................................................................................... 22 2.7.2: Ministry of Defense Advisory (MoDA) Program...................................................... 24 2.8: Afghan National Army (ANA) Institutional Capacity and Growth ................................. 24 2.8.1: ANA Manning Meeting End-Strength Goals ......................................................... 25 2.8.2: ANA Leadership ........................................................................................................ 26 2.8.3: ANA Training ............................................................................................................ 27 2.8.4: ANA Equipping ......................................................................................................... 29 2.8.5: ANA Logistics Capabilities ....................................................................................... 30 2.8.6: ANA Assessment ....................................................................................................... 30 2.9: Afghan Air Force (AAF) .................................................................................................. 31 2.9.1: Transition from Afghan National Army Air Corps to Afghan Air Force .................. 31 2.9.2: Long-Term Strategy ................................................................................................... 32 3
  • 2.9.3: Building ANSF Capability......................................................................................... 32 2.9.4: Aircraft Build ............................................................................................................. 32 2.9.5: Airmen Build ............................................................................................................. 33 2.10: Ministry of Interior (MoI) ............................................................................................... 34 2.10.1: Institutional Capacity ............................................................................................... 34 2.10.2: Assessment of MoI .................................................................................................. 35 2.10.3: International Police Coordination Board (IPCB)..................................................... 36 2.10.4: MoI International Coordination Cell ....................................................................... 36 2.11: Afghan National Police (ANP) Institutional Capacity and Growth ............................... 36 2.11.1: ANP Manning .......................................................................................................... 36 2.11.2: ANP Equipping ........................................................................................................ 39 2.11.3: ANP Logistics Capabilities ...................................................................................... 40 2.11.4: Womens Police Initiatives ...................................................................................... 40 2.11.5: Overall Assessment of the ANP .............................................................................. 41 Section 3 Security ...................................................................................................................... 41 3.1: State of the Insurgency ..................................................................................................... 41 3.2: ISAF Concept of Military Operations .............................................................................. 44 3.3: Operations ......................................................................................................................... 45 3.3.1: Regional Command East (RC-E) ............................................................................. 45 3.3.2: Regional Command South (RC-S) .......................................................................... 46 3.3.3: Regional Command Southwest (RC-SW) ............................................................... 47 3.3.4: Regional Command West (RC-W) .......................................................................... 48 3.3.5: Regional Command North (RC-N) .......................................................................... 49 3.3.6: Regional Command Capital (RC-C) ........................................................................ 50 3.4: Afghanistan Pakistan Regional Cooperation ................................................................. 50 3.5: Population Security ........................................................................................................... 51 3.6: Violence and Kinetic Events............................................................................................. 53 3.6.1: Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Events .............................................................. 54 3.7: Civilian Casualties (CIVCAS) ........................................................................................ 55 Section 4 Governance ................................................................................................................ 57 4.1: Sub-National Governance Policy...................................................................................... 57 4.2: Assessment of Governance ............................................................................................... 58 4.3: Rule of Law and Justice Reform....................................................................................... 59 4.3.1: Land Reform ............................................................................................................ 60 4
  • 4.3.2: Combined Joint Interagency Task Force (CJIATF)-435 ........................................... 61 4.3.3: Anti-Corruption Efforts ............................................................................................. 62 4.4: Government Reform ......................................................................................................... 64 4.4.1: Civil Service Reform ................................................................................................. 64 4.4.2: Elections ................................................................................................................... 65 4.5: Reconciliation and Reintegration...................................................................................... 66 4.6: Village Stability Operations.............................................................................................. 67 4.6.1: Afghan Local Police .................................................................................................. 68 Section 5 Reconstruction and Development .............................................................................. 69 5.1: United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) ....................................... 70 5.2: Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs).............................................