North-South Divide (Analysis)

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Transcript of North-South Divide (Analysis)

  • The North-South DivideThe Realities of a Complex Problem

  • On Developing Countries

    Common problems of developing countries:

    Lackluster economic growth.

    Pervasive poverty.

    Weak institutions of governance.

    Societal divides.

    The question is, to what extent should the international system be held responsible?

  • The Burning Questions Are developing countries disadvantaged by the

    structure of the current international system?

    Is the system biased in favor of the developing world?

    Are the problems experienced by developing countries of their own doing?

    To what extent should the developed world view this as their problem also?

    Have international institutions made the problem better or worse?

  • Facts According to the 1999 UNDP Report (Patterns of

    Global Inequality), the fifth of the worlds population living in the highest-income countries have:

    86 percent of world GDP

    82 percent of world export markets

    68 percent of foreign direct investments

    In contrast, the bottom half have just 1 percent of each.

  • Unequal World

    26%

    18%27%

    29%Low IncomeLower Middle IncomeUpper Middle IncomeHigh Income

  • Unequal World

    26%

    18%27%

    29%Low IncomeLower Middle IncomeUpper Middle IncomeHigh Income

  • Addressing the Divide

    Four alternatives to address the North-South Divide:

    Do nothing.

    Change the system.

    Self-help.

    Bi-lateral assistance.

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