North central Viet Nam


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Guide book travel to North Central Viet NM

Transcript of North central Viet Nam

  • 1.North central VN The five provinces of North-Central Viet Nam, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh. and Quang Tri are situated on the narrowest strip of land in the country. This land is a region caught between the grandiose Truong Son Mountains and the ocean. Some say that the position of this piece of land has left its mark on its inhabitants who do not surrender to difficulties or force and always seek truth and knowledge. Thanh Hoa is a rather large and populous province in Central Viet Nam, located where the Vietnamese territory begins to narrow. This ancient land is where the Dong Son culture developed more than 10,000 years ago. Nghe An is a land of outstanding folk culture and traditional festivals which take place on the river. Many great revolutionary patriots are natives of Nghe An Province, including President Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969), the leader of the country of Viet Nam. Many other outstanding revolutionaries and great patriots such as Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Boi Chau, Le Hong Phong, Pham Hong Thai are also natives of North-Central Viet Nam, as well as Poet Nguyen Du (1765-1820), author of The Tale of Kieu, and Nguyen Cong Tru (1778- 1858), a talented strategic thinker who helped the population claim sea-battered lands in the districts of Kim Son (Ninh Binh) and Tien Hai (Thai Binh). In Ha Tinh is a crossroad named Dong Loc, immortalizing the years of resistance against the American. Several significant sites can be found in Quang Binh Province such as Ly Hoa beauty spot, Da Nhay and Nhat Le Beaches, and Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park which has been recognized as a natural World Heritage by UNESCO. In Quang Tri, the remains from one of the most famous wars in history include the ancient citadel of Quang Tri, Khe Sanh Combat Base, Truong Son National Cemetery, Vinh Moc Tunnels, the Hien Luong Bridge, and the Ben Hai River.

2. 1 Thanh Hoa province Area: 11,133.4 Population: 3,406.8 thousand habitants (2010) Capital: Thanh Hoa City. Administrative divisions: - Towns: Sam Son, Bim Son. - Districts: Muong Lat, Quan Hoa, Quan Son, Ba Thuoc, Cam Thuy, Lang Chanh, Thach Thanh, Ngoc Lac, Thuong Xuan, Nhu Xuan, Nhu Thanh, Vinh Loc, Ha Trung, Nga Son, Yen Dinh, Tho Xuan, Hau Loc, Thieu Hoa, Hoang Hoa, Dong Son, Trieu Son, Quang Xuong, Nong Cong, Tinh Gia. Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Muong, Thai, H'Mong, Tho... Geography Among of five provinces in North-Central Vietnam, Thanh Hoa Province is surrounded by Son La, Hoa Binh, Ninh Binh provinces on the north, Nghe An Province on the south, East Sea on the east with 102km coastline, and Laos on the west. Toppgraphy Topography is divided into plain, coastal and mountainous regions. Hilly and mountains account three quarters of the total area. The Western region own abundant resources of forest products, and huge hydroelectric potentials. The plain is the third largest one of Vietnam. Owing to the cool climate and high rainfall, the province has annual average temperature of 24.50C. Rainy season often begins in June and ends in October. 3. Tourism Located 16km from Thanh Hoa City, Sam Son Beach attracts lot of visitors to relax and bath. Beside the beach, Sam Son offers scenic spots such as Trng Mi Rocks, Doc Cuoc Temple and Mount C Tin. Tourists also like to discover Bn En National Park in Nhu Thanh, Nhu Xuan districts. The park is a complex of tropical forests, hills, mountains, rivers, springs, and Muc Lake. With natural landscapes and diversified flora and fauna, Ben En is suitable to eco-tourism, sightseeing, and scientific studies. Cam Luong Fish Spring is another interesting place in Thanh Hoa, The stream contains thousands of fish that no one dares catch it. Fish in the stream have red mouth and fins, and brown scales, resembling carp. Please come to this place to play with fish, visit beautiful caves and grottos, watch dancing performances of Muong people and enjoy traditional lam rice and can wine. In addition of these, Thanh Hoa is famous of historical vestiges like Ham Rong Bridge, Ho Citadel and Lam Kinh Remains. Lam Son is the birthplace of national hero Le Loi and the starting point of the Lam Son revolutionary insurrection. Transportation Thanh Hoa is 153km from Hanoi, 62km from Ninh Binh, and 139km from Vinh (Nghe An). National Highway No.1A and North-South Express Train run through province. There are National Highway No.15 linking to Nghe An and National Highway No.217 connecting to Laos via Na Meo Bordergate. 4. 1.1 Tourist attractions 1.1.1 M River, Rng and Ngc Moutains Three sites are situated in the region of Thanh Hoa. In this area, there is a mountain in the shape of a dragon (Rong) playing with an emerald (Ngoc). The Ham Rong Bridge used to join the Rong and Ngoc Mountains. The bridge is connected to heroic stories of the period of fighting against American aggressors and has been listed as a national monument. 1.1.2 Vng Phu Mountain Vong Phu Mountain is situated 3km southwest of Thanh Hoa City, in Dong Hung Commune, Dong Son District. This is a naturally created limestone mountain that looks like a woman facing the East Sea. This metaphor relates to a legend about a woman who waited so long for her husband that she turned into stone. Thus, this mountain is named Vong Phu, or Waiting Husband Mountain. 1.1.3 Sm Sn Beach Located 16km from Thanh Hoa City, Sam Son Beach is an excellent location for bathing. The beach became a famous seaside resort in the early part of the 20* century. A number of villas were built on the beach before the first Indochina War, including one belonging to King Bao Dai, the last king of the Nguyen Dynasty. Beside the beaches, Sam Son offers scenic spots such as Trong Mai Rocks, Doc Cuoc Temple and Mount Co Tien. Doc Cuoc Temple is erected on Co Giai Rock, on the Truong Le Mountain, next to Sam Son Beach. It is a place of worship for the One- Legged Deity. According to legend, a young giant tore his body to fight at the same time a marine monster and enemies on land in order to protect the inhabitants of 5. Sam Son. The local people decided to build a pagoda in his honour on a rock that bore a giant footprint. Built under the Tran Dynasty, the temple has been restored several times. 1.1.4 Trng Mi Beach Trong Mai is located in the Truong Le Mountain in Sam Son Town. Trong Mai is a group of three rocks. The biggest rock is even, lies under the other two and looks like a big platform. One rock lying on the largest one has a sharp pointed head and looks like a rooster. The other one lies just opposite the rooster and looks like a hen. These interesting rocks illustrate the loyal love between the two animals. 1.1.5 Qung C Ecotourism Zone Quang Cu Ecotourism Zone is located in the northeast of Sam Son Town, covering an area of 354 hectares. Apart from a beach adjacent to sam Son Beach, Quang Cu has a system of lakes and ponds to hatch shrimps, crabs and blackish-water fishes as well as green casuarinas forests. Situated in the middle of green natural landscape is the Quang Cu Tourist Zone with houses-on-stilts, bungalows. tents, and camps. This zone is suitable lo those who love the nature, fishing, rowing and studying local cultures. 1.1.6 B Triu Temple National heroine Lady Trieu led the nation in an uprising against the northern invasion in the 3th century. The temple dedicated to Lady Trieu was built on Gai Mountain in Phu Dien Village, Trieu Loc Commune, Hau Loc District, dose to National Highway 1, and 137km from Hanoi. Travellers often stopover at the mountain to pay their respects to the heroine and to admire the view. 6. Ritual ceremonies are held at the temple on the 21st day of the 2nd lunar month. 1.1.7 H Citadel Ho Citadel, also called Tay Do Wall, is situated in Vinh Tien and Vinh Long communes, Vmh Loc District approximately 150km from Hanoi. The citadel was erected in 1397, during the Ho Dynasty. The stone citadel was built in the shape of a rectangle and surrounded by a deep moat. Its walls were made of green granite. There are four gates on each side of the citadel. The south wall had two small Dates. From the South Gate had a stone road le ading to the Nam Giao esplanade at Don Son. Upon completion of the wall, King Ho Quy Ly moved the capital from Thang Long to Tay Do. The citadel was eventually destroyed and abandoned. More than 6 centuries passed since the wall was erected, and only ruins of the South Gate remain. Nowadays, inside the citadel are remains of the foundations of the royal places and two carved stone dragons. 1.1.8 Lam Kinh Remains Lam Kinh Remains is located 50km to the north-west of Thanh Hoa City, in Xuan Lam Commune, Tho Xuan District, which is the birthplace of national hero Le Loi and the starting point of the Lam Son revolutionary insurrection. Lam Kinh Remains was recognized as a historical site in 1962. After Le Thai To was crowned and moved the capital to Dong Kinh (or Thang Long), he had the second biggest citadel built in his native land, Lam Son.The citadel is known as Lam Kinh, or Tay Kinh Citadel. The northern part of the citadel leans against Mount Dau. Its southern part overlooks the Chu River, 900m from which is Mount Chua standing as the front obstruction. To the east of the citadel is the Phu Lam Mountains and Mount Ngoc, which look like an arrow. To the west are Mounts Huong and 7. Ham Rong. The structures of the citadel lie along the south- north axis, resembling the Chinese character wang on the hilly area. The citadel is 341m in length and 254m in width. Its northern wall is built into an arrow shape, over 1m thick. There remain vestiges of the entrance and foundation of the citadel, which are found 100m from its front. The foundation is found to stretch to the bank of the Ngoc River, and it is 1.8m thick; 10m from the wall is the Ngoc River, 20m in width. Over it is a curved bridge named Tien Loan, on which there is a small house, 50m from the bridge is an ancient rectangular water well. Then comes a large yard leading