New Build Car Park Guidelines for Car Park Designers ... parking/SPS New Build...new BuILD CAR PARk...

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Transcript of New Build Car Park Guidelines for Car Park Designers ... parking/SPS New Build...new BuILD CAR PARk...

  • New Build Car Park GuidelinesforCarParkDesigners,operatorsandowners

  • Contents

    Chapter Page

    1. PrinciplesofDesigningasaferCarPark...........................................................................................................................................................................03

    2. BoundariesandPerimeters..................................................................................................................................................................................................................04

    3. Lighting...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................05

    4. ManagementPractice...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................06

    5. ParkingAreasorDecks..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................07

    6. VehicularAccess....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................09

    7. PedestrianAccess...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

    8. signage................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

    9. surveillanceandCCtV..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................12

    10. Landscaping..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

    11. operatorRequirements...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

    12. ContactInformation.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

    Glossaryofterms...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

    termsandConditions..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

    *AlltheimagesusedinthisbrochurearefromcarparksthathavebeenmembersofthesaferParkingscheme.2

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    1.PRInCIPLesofDesIGnInGAsAfeRCARPARk

    everynewparkingfacilityisdifferentintermsoflocale,designandusage.thedesignofanewfacilitycanneverbeprescriptive-multi-storeydevelopmentsinacitycentrewillhavedifferentsecurityrequirementsfromaruralsurfacelevelcarpark.

    thereisntaone-fits-alldesignforasafercarpark.whatwecanprovideisbestpracticeguidancetodesigners,ownersandoperatorsonthedesignandincorporationofphysicalsecurityfeaturesthatwillestablishandmaintainasafeandnon-threateningparkingenvironment.

    Beforeyouevenstartthedesignofanewcarpark,thebestpracticaladviceontherequirementsforyourcarparktomeetParkMarkawardstandardswillcomefromyourlocalpoliceservice.

    theBritishParkingAssociationhasdevelopmentmanagersineachregionoftheukandnorthernIreland.theircontactnumberscanbefoundatthebackofthisdocument.

    YoushouldcontactyoursaferParkingschemedevelopmentmanagerattheearliestavailableopportunity,preferablyatthepre-planningstage.theywillputyouincontactwithyourlocalPoliceArchitecturalLiaisonofficer(ALo)orCrimePreventionDesignAdvisor(CPDA)withspecialistknowledgeofthelocalareawhocanadviseonthepotentialrisksofcrimebeingcommittedinyourcarparkandwhatphysicalsecuritymeasuresneedtobetakentoachievetheParkMarkawardstandard.

    DesignersmustalsobefamiliarwiththeobligationsofownersandoperatorsundertheHealth&safetyatworkAct,asamendedbysIno.2174/2002concerningthestabilityandsolidityofemploymentpremises.AcarparkalsohastocomplywiththeoccupiersLiabilityAct1957andbesafeforpersonsenteringthepremiseslawfullyofotherwise.

    IfanownerandoperatorwishtoachievetheParkMark saferParkingAward,theywillhavetoconfirmthattheyhavemettheselegalobligations.

  • 4

    SAFER PARKING SCHEME

    2.BounDARIesAnDPeRIMeteRs

    forallparkingfacilities,theperimetershouldhaveaclearlydefinedboundary,whichidentifiesitasaprivatearea.Itmaybenecessarytoincludefeatureswhichwillprohibiteasyaccesstoandremovalofavehiclefromtheparkingfacility.Cleardemarcationshouldbeprovidedtoencouragedriversandpedestrianstouseonlydesignatedroutes.Boundariesshouldofferadeterrenttooffenders,andtheycantakeanumberofdifferentforms,dependentonthedegreeofperceivedrisk.thisshouldbediscussedwithyourALoorCPDA.Preventativefeaturesinclude:

    Hedgesordenseshrubbery

    walls,highorlowretaining

    fencingorrailings

    Barriers

    Bollards

    Grassvergeofsuitablegradient,e.g.bunds,moundsetc

    flowerbedsorrockery

    Moatsorditches

    otherbuildings

    naturalfeatures,e.g.river,trees

    symbolicBarriers

    Multi-storeycarparksnormallyhaveastructuralfacadeformedbythephysicalexternalconstructionofthefacility.Designersshouldconsiderthepotentialsecuritymeasuresofferedbythisbarriertothecarpark.

    whendecidingwhichtypeofboundarytouse,referenceshouldbemadetothesurveillancesectionbelowforadviceonthetypeandheightoftheboundary,toensurethatitdoesnotreduceanyopportunityfornaturalsurveillance.Barriersaretheretodirectusersthroughsafeandlegitimateaccessandegresspointswhilstreducingtheeaseofmovementforpotentialoffenders.

    Intheeventthatadditionalaccesstotheparkingfacilityisrequired,forexampleutilityservicesorcommercialdeliveryanddispatchareas,designersmustlooktocontrolthisaccessbyincorporatingfeaturessuchasrollershutters,barriergatesorgrilles.

    AnysystemsinstalledmustmeettherequirementsofLossPreventionstandard1175Grade2.Lockingmechanismsusedongatesmustberobust,wellprotected,incorporatecylindersofferingahighlevelofsecuritywithoutprovidinganaidetoclimbing.Allsystemsmustmeettheemergencyservicesrequirementsforaccess.

    wherethereisopenaccessatgroundfloorlevel,itisimportanttoincorporatemeasurestosecuretheperimeteroftheparkingfacilitytotryandpreventunauthorisedentry.Multi-storeycarparkslocatednearorinhospitalswithmentalcareunitsorwithinalocationknownbythelocalPoliceassessorasafrequentedsiteforsuicidebyjumping,additionalsitespecificphysicalsecuritysuchashighwalls,fencingorotherformofanti-climbingtreatmentmayberequired.thispotentialshouldbediscussedandagreedwithyourlocalspecialistALo/CPDAattheearliestavailableopportunity.

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    3.LIGHtInG

    thewayinwhichtheinteriorand/orexteriorofanyfacilityislithasamajorimpactoncrime.Increasedlightinglevelsindarkareascanreducethepublicsfearofcrimeandreducetheopportunityforanoffendertocommitacrime.Anevenspreadoflightavoidingshadowsandplaysanimportantroleinprovidingsafetyinparkingfacilities.

    It is important to note that painting roofs and walls white or using polished concrete finishes can dramatically reduce the number of luminaires required, thereby reducing both the carbon footprint and long term management costs.

    Mandatory Requirements

    ItisarequirementthatanylightinginnewbuildsitescomplywithBritishstandard5489-1:2003andBsen12464-1:2002,andforemergencylightingtopedestrianareastocomplywithBs5266-1.operatorsandownersapplyingtothesaferParkingschemearerequiredtoprovideacertificateofcomplianceissuedbytheinstallerorasuitablyqualifiedbody.

    How to use Lighting

    whendesigninglightingschemes,itisnotalwaysthecasethatmoreisbetter.wallsandceilingsmusthavelightcolourfinishestomaximisetheeffectivenessofthelightingasthiswillreducetheluminariesrequiredtoachieveanacceptablelightlevel.

    Anyartificialilluminationusedshould,wheneverpossible,beevenandconsistent,reduceshadowstoaminimumandprovidehighcolourrecognition,e.g.metalhalide.thistypeoflightingensuresthebestqualityofCCtVfootage,ifinstalledatthefacility.

    Careshouldbetakentoensurethatthecorrectluminariesareincorporatedwithinthelightingschemetoreducethecontributiontolightpollution.

    Reduced Lighting

    Incertaincircumstancesareducedleveloflightingmaybeacceptable.YourALoorCPDAwilladvise.Potentialexceptionsmayinclude:

    Areasoftheparkingfacilitywherecustomersdonothaveaccess,e.g.blockorvaletparking

    Lightinginparkingfacilitiesoutsidenormaloperatinghours(suchasoperatingasaferparkingschemeareadur