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Transcript of NetApp OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide Sajid...

  • OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide Sajid Akhtar and Robert Esker, NetApp Inc.

    April 2013 | Version 1.1

  • 2 OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1 Executive Summary ............................................................................................................................. 4

    2 OpenStack Overview ............................................................................................................................ 4 2.1 OpenStack Foundation ................................................................................................................................... 5 2.2 OpenStack — A Collection of Cloud Services ................................................................................................ 5 2.3 OpenStack Releases and Distribution ............................................................................................................ 6

    3 NetApp’s Participation in OpenStack ................................................................................................. 7 3.1 Foundation Membership ................................................................................................................................. 7 3.2 Contributions ................................................................................................................................................... 7

    4 About Data ONTAP and FAS Data Storage Systems ........................................................................ 7 4.1 Description of FAS Systems ........................................................................................................................... 8

    5 NetApp Drivers for OpenStack Block Storage .................................................................................. 8 5.1 Multiple Deployment Options .......................................................................................................................... 8 5.2 Usage of the Term Volume ............................................................................................................................. 9 5.3 Usage of the Term “Driver” ............................................................................................................................. 9 5.4 Features and Benefits of NetApp Volume Drivers for OpenStack .................................................................. 9 5.5 NetApp Clustered Data ONTAP iSCSI Direct Driver ..................................................................................... 11 5.6 NetApp Clustered Data ONTAP iSCSI Driver ............................................................................................... 12 5.7 NetApp Clustered Data ONTAP NFS Direct Driver ....................................................................................... 14 5.8 NetApp Clustered Data ONTAP NFS Driver ................................................................................................. 16 5.9 NetApp 7-Mode iSCSI Driver ........................................................................................................................ 19 5.10 NetApp 7-Mode iSCSI Direct Driver .............................................................................................................. 35 5.11 NetApp 7-Mode NFS Driver .......................................................................................................................... 37 5.12 NetApp 7-Mode NFS Direct Driver ................................................................................................................ 39

    Appendix ................................................................................................................................................... 40 Packaging and Downloading Requirements .......................................................................................................... 40 Install / Uninstall ..................................................................................................................................................... 41 Upgrading and Reverting ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Licensing ................................................................................................................................................................ 41 Versioning .............................................................................................................................................................. 41

  • 3 OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide

    References ................................................................................................................................................ 41

    Support ...................................................................................................................................................... 41

    About NetApp ............................................................................................................................................ 42

    Version History ......................................................................................................................................... 42

    LIST OF TABLES Table 1) List of deployment options for OpenStack block storage with NetApp FAS systems. ...................................... 9 Table 2) List of configuration flags for clustered Data ONTAP iSCSI direct driver. ...................................................... 12 Table 3) List of configuration flags for NetApp clustered Data ONTAP NFS direct driver. ........................................... 16 Table 4) List of configuration flags for NetApp 7-Mode iSCSI direct driver. ................................................................. 36 Table 5) List of configuration flags for NetApp 7-Mode NFS direct driver. ................................................................... 40

    LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1) OpenStack block storage with iSCSI on NetApp clustered Data ONTAP. .................................................... 11 Figure 2) OpenStack block storage with iSCSI on NetApp clustered Data ONTAP. .................................................... 13 Figure 3) OpenStack block storage with NFS on NetApp clustered Data ONTAP. ...................................................... 15 Figure 4) OpenStack block storage with NFS on NetApp clustered Data ONTAP. ...................................................... 18 Figure 5) OpenStack block storage with iSCSI on NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode. ................................... 20 Figure 6) OpenStack block storage with iSCSI on NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode. ................................... 35 Figure 7) OpenStack block storage with NFS on NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode. ..................................... 38 Figure 8) OpenStack block storage with NFS on NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode. ..................................... 39

  • 4 OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide

    1 Executive Summary Many storage solutions used with OpenStack offer scalability, but they lack the features and performance needed for efficient and cost-effective cloud deployment. NetApp® brings a unique combination of auto- provisioning, advanced storage efficiency, integrated data protection, and non-disruptive operations with the ability to scale while preserving performance.

    With NetApp, organizations can lower risk and enable a broad spectrum of cloud SLAs by combining the power and ingenuity of OpenStack cloud management with proven data integrity and fully-developed storage provisioning, data protection, and efficiency.

    By leveraging the power of NetApp® clustered Data ONTAP® operating system, enterprise organizations and service providers can build a cloud storage platform with an agile data infrastructure that delivers high-performing, efficient, and scalable open-source cloud services. NetApp provides a single storage platform that enables quick deployment, nimble reaction to change, and low-entry points with ability to scale large.

    With capabilities such as self-healing and integrated data protection for backup and disaster recovery, NetApp solutions are enterprise proven and can help reduce risk for OpenStack cloud deployments. A global network of service provider partners already deploys hundreds of high-SLA cloud services built on NetApp with over a billion people around the world using clouds built on a NetApp foundation.

    Now, because NetApp® technology is integrated with OpenStack block storage and OpenStack Compute, users can build on this proven and highly scalable storage platform to optimize their private and public cloud architectures by reducing risk and increasing efficiency.

    This document intends to describe the application of NetApp capabilities to enable production OpenStack block storage deployment. In particular, it’s meant to address the needs of system architects, system administrators, and storage administrators who are investigating the use or deployment of OpenStack block storage (aka Cinder).

    2 OpenStack Overview OpenStack is a global collaboration of developers and cloud computing technologists producing the ubiquitous open source cloud computing platform for public and private clouds. The project aims to deliver solutions for all types of clouds by being simple to implement, massively scalable, and feature rich. The technology consists of a series of interrelated projects delivering various components for a cloud infrastructure solution.

    OpenStack implements servi