Neo Freudian Approach
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Neo Freudian Approach
Neo Freudian ApproachCarl Jung Analytical psychology Psychology of unconscious Depth psychology
Jung and his school The concept of the psychological archetype (premordial image) The concept of collective unconscious Theory of synchronicity
Archetype a hereditary given, that shapes and transforms individual conscious is defined especially by a tendency rather than by specific contents or inherited images a matrix that influences human behavior both on the level of ideas and on the moral, ethical level of conduct in general is psychoid that is psychic-type but not immediately accessible to the mind
Collective unconscious a universal library of human patterns of behavior a universal datum, that is every human being is endowed with this psychic archetype-layer since his/her birth archetypes constitute the structure of the collective unconscious - they are psychic innate dispositions to experience and represent basic human behaviors and situations archetypes manifest themselves through archetypal images (in all the cultures and religious doctrines), dreams and visions Finally the archetype is God in man
It gave conclusive evidence for Jung concepts of archetypes and the collective unconscious Means: the conceptual relationship of minds, is structured in its own logical way and gives rise to relationships which have nothing to do with causal relationships in which a cause precedes an effect temporally coincident occurrences of acausal events 'acausal connecting principle' (i.e., a pattern of connection that cannot be explained by conventional, efficient causality) meaningful coincidence or acausal parallelism
The school o understanding the psyche through exploring the worlds of dreams, art, mythology, world religion and philosophy o emphasizes the importance of balance and harmony o emphasizes the importance of process of individuation o emphasizes the process of imagination o the concept of compensation o the concept of transformation
Individuation the process of development of the individual a process through which "the patient becomes what he really is" the purpose of Jungian psychotherapy is not for the patient to become merely "normal" rather, it is for the patient to become truly unique it is a process through which "a man becomes the definite, unique being he in fact is.
What is so distinctive, so special about Jungian analysis is that it emphasizes images. Jungian analysis is a psychotherapy that exercises and explores the imagination. Imagination offer us vividly precise, profoundly expansive vision of our intimate relations, our material aspirations, our artistic creations, our spiritual obligations it is eloquently informative , radically transformative with exquisite exactitude, valuable perspectives on what life means on who we have been, who we are, and who we might become
Compensation The advice that the unconscious offers to the patient the attitude of the conscious mind is too one-sided and too narrow, then the solution, is "to compensate the one-sidedness and narrowness of the conscious mind by deepening its knowledge of the unconscious.
Transformation The fascinating thing Jung discovered was that, when looked at through a symbolic, imaginative, psychological "lens" unconsciously, the process of transformation takes place reflected in an internal developmental process of "wholeness" and health in the human psyche (which Jung termed as "individuation").
Jung Psychotherapy 1)Definition o a face-to -face psychoanalytic psychotherapy based on psychodynamic principles o in sharp contrast to the psychoanalytic model of the mind restricted to instinct, drive, and defense o postulated an innate, irreducible, and thus additional psychic need to apprehend meaning and to express it symbolically o the need generates a religious impulse that cannot in every case be derived from the biological drives o when ignored or blocked, this need can produce not only unhappiness, but psychological distress and eventually overt symptoms
2)Aim o should guide the patient to a personal confrontation with the collective unconscious, and with archetypes o this confrontation aims the assimilation of archetypal images, in one word the individuation, an extensive process that leads to the realization of a psychic totality that includes equally the conscious and the unconscious o in common terms, it is all about an extension of the conscious mind which includes therefore the archetypal materials.
3)Format o a face to face process o neutrality of the classical psychoanalyst was undesirable-because largely illusiory o a more personal form of psychotherapy is suggested in which the mixing of the patients problems and biases with those of the therapist would be accepted as a virtue o treatment sessions last about an hour and take place no more than three times weekly, more typically once or twice
4)Process his methods of therapy Free Associations Test Dream Analysis Active Imagination Symbol Analysis
the Jungian approach to dream interpretation uses two main techniques: o association and amplification techniques in which the patient is taught (by commentary, not directive) how to make plausible links between the elements of dreams and their personal concerns
a method of assimilating unconscious contents (dreams, fantasies, etc.) through some form of self-expression o the patient will be guided to converse with the dream figures in imagination o the goal is to achieve a state of mind akin to certain forms of meditation that utilize explicit visualizationo
5)Individuation Successful individuation process offers: o the encounter with the archetypes greatly expands the individuals sense of meaning and purpose in life, and their flexibility in adaptation o Potentials previously unrecognized and untapped may be awakened, and aspects of the personality that had lain fallow may now be cultivated and incorporated, yielding greater wholeness o expansion of the personality in dreams and active imagination by the spontaneous appearance of symbols of the self
Stages of an ideal individuation process : o Integration of the personal unconscious, or shadow with the unconscious o The anima and animus o The Great Mother o The Wise old Man o The Self, an overarching union of all of these, that is at once the superordinate representation of God and the foundation of individual identity
Jungs influence in psychotherapy Introducing: The concept of introversion vs. extraversion The concept of the complex Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), psychometric questionnaire,was inspired by Jung's psychological types theory Socionics (personality theory)is also based on Jung's psychological types
Treatment goals o the ignition of process in therapy, and at least some substantial experience of the Self o With the acquisition of a sense of meaning and higher purpose in life, symptoms may be expected either to disappear or, if not, to have taken on the kind of meaning that allows them to be accepted as a gift rather than a hindrance
Conclusion Jungian therapy is most distinct when aiming its therapeutics primarily at the development of a spiritual life Its treatment method is no better than for any other method-or worse Jungian therapists do a good job on the whole Jungian therapists favour a style of communication that is comfortable for individuals