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Transcript of “Negotiating” Peace
Negotiating PeaceThe End of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles
Post-war issuesWhat post-war issues do you think need to be dealt with?Paris Peace Conferencehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yq_yvWXfc_s
Paris Peace Conference Key PeopleWoodrow Wilson (USA)
He wanted to restore peace to the world
Wilsons 14 PointsRead 14 Points and underline key words for EACH pointParis Peace Conference Key PeopleGeorges Clemenceau (France)
He wanted REVENGE!
Paris Peace Conference Key PeopleDavid Lloyd-GeorgeGreat Britain
He wanted to make Germany pay (but not cripple them)!
Paris Peace Conference Key PeopleVittorio Orlando Italy
He was justthere.
He didnt get what he wanted, so he left early
Post-War Issue #1Debt Britain & France were once wealthy, but were in very deep debt after the war
Treaty SettlementReparations Payment for damages from the war
Germany and the other Central Powers were held responsible for all financial losses
Post-War Issue # 2Military Threats and Disputes Many Europeans were afraid of the possibility of another great war
Treaty SettlementReduction in German Military Germany was forced to greatly reduce the size of its army and navy
League of Nations The international group was created to help prevent future conflicts and wars between countries, based on ideas of:Collective Security nations act together to preserve pease (all for peace, none for war)League of Nations
Post-War Issue # 3Territorial Disputes Many regions in Europe and around the world were in a state of political turmoil as a result of collapsing empire
German EmpireOttoman EmpireRussian EmpireAustro-Hungarian EmpireTreaty SettlementRe-Writing the Map of Europe As a result of collapsing Empires, many new countries needed to be created
Self-determination Some countries, like Poland, were allowed to choose their own type of government.Most regions, like colonies in Africa, Asia, Middle East, were still controlled by powerful European nations.
Big Four (France, England, US, Italy) redrew the lines of Europe, including parts of Germany & RussiaPost-War Issue # 4Blame Many Europeans were bitter about the death and destruction of WWI and wanted to place blame
Treaty SettlementBlame Clause Germany was forced to admit that it was solely responsible for the horrors of the war
German leaders blamed Many Germans wrongly blamed new government leaders for the harsh terms of the Treaty and saw them as backstabbing Germany
Opposition to the TreatyWilson cant sign a treaty. Only CONGRESS can!
Many US lawmakers felt treaty was too harsh
Reparations would pull down European nations & injure the US
Considered a sellout to imperialismDebate over the League of Nations
US wanted to remain isolationist
LON might tie us up into foreign countries
Wilson Wont CompromiseIgnored Republican majority of Congress
Tours country to convince public to support the Treaty.He has a stroke and is totally incapacitated
Treaty comes up for a vote in CongressSenate never passes the treaty
US signs separate treaty with Germany in 1921
We never join the League of NationDomestic ConsequencesUS became worlds leading industrial power
Movement of African Americans FROM the South TO the North
Less tolerance for immigrants and political radicals (Anarchists, Socialists, & Communists)
Brought over 1 million women into the workforceAssignmentThe outbreak of WWI was solely the fault of Germany and its aggressive intentions (being the first to attack France)
Agree or disagree with this statement in one paragraph