Narrative first second lesson

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  • 1. Narrative

2. Section 2B
Genre
Narrative
Media Language
Audience
Representation
3. Before Production Takes Place
You need to understand the way narrative is constructed in music videos
Have knowledge of narrative theories relating to story structure, characters and themes
4. What is Narrative?
Claude Levi-Strauss = Binary Oppositions
Vladimir Propp = Characters
TzvetanTodorov =5 conventional stages
5. Todorov - Classic Narrative
Cause and Effect
Invisible Editing
Story told in chronological order:
Equilibrium
Disequilibrium
Recognition
Reparation
New equilibrium
6. 7. Levi- Strauss- Binary Oppositions
One side is represented as the right side who the audience can identify with and support
Examples:
Good and evil
Past and present
Normal and strange
Known and unknown
Heaven and earth
8. Propp - characters
Hero: Seeks something
Villain: Obstructs the hero
Princess: Heros reward
Father: Give of rewards
Donor: Provides information and help
Helper: Helps the hero
Dispatcher: Sends the hero on a quest
False hero
In Propps theory, these character types are established to increase understanding from the point of view of the audience
9. Activity 1
In your pair select one of the film below and apply these three narrative theories:
Spiderman
The Dark Knight
Star Wars
Titanic
Toy Story 3
Shrek
10. Activity 2
How far can you apply these traditional narrative theories to a music video?
Lets explore some video examples
11. 12. Narrative in Music Videos
Narratives are rarely complete often fragmentary
Tend to suggest storylines
Non-linear order (not cause and effect)
Desire to see them again
Narrative often divided between performance and conceptual clips
13. Time & Narrative
Flashbacks
Real time
Reversal
Dream sequence
Repetition
Different characters POV
Ellipsis
Pre-figuring of events that have not yet taken place
14. Types of Narrative you might see
Linear
Non-linear
Circular
Parallel Narrative
Convergent Narrative
Interweaving Narrative
15. Key Task
Analyse a video chosen from the list provided
Explore the extent to which you can apply the traditional narrative theories to the text
Write a 500 work account with specific examples from the text