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    Narcotics Investigation

  • • • 800.356.7311 • 919.554.2244 • #policepartners • #SirchieSupports • #CommandEveryScene

    Narcotics Investigation2

    Narcotics Investigation The trafficking and abuse of prescription drugs and illegal narcotics continue to increase at alarming rates. In the U.S. alone, pharmaceutical drug overdoses were established as one of the leading causes of death in 2010, according to the Center for Lawful Access and Abuse Deterrence (CLAAD). This means total drug overdoses killed more Americans than firearms or motor vehicle accidents. The abuse starts with the young and with prescription pain relievers. In 2014, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, nonmedical use of prescription drugs was highest among young adults (age 18 to 24). Between 2001 and 2010, opioid analgesic pain relievers were involved in more drug poisoning deaths than any other drug, including heroin and cocaine. Abusing prescription opioids often leads to heroin use. Experts believe young people become addicted to pain pills and progress to heroin use, which provides the same euphoric high, when they can’t get any more pills. Between 2007 and 2011, heroin use increased by 75 percent, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA). abuse-stats/ Drug abuse hasn’t only increased in the U.S. The International Narcotics Control Board announced that prescription drugs became the second most abused and trafficked types of drugs in the world (cannabis remains number one). The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) stated that the most common types of medications abused globally were opioids. Currently, 32.4 million people in the world are users of opioids and opiates, such as heroin. Methamphetamine dominates the global market for synthetic drugs and is quickly expanding into Southeast Asia. Unfortunately, global drug abuse looks to remain steady. Speaking on International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, UNODC Executive Director, Yury Fedotov, stated “only one out of six problem drug users has access to treatment.” With the ever increasing likelihood of your officers coming into contact with these and other dangerous narcotics, it is more important than ever for officers to be equipped with the knowledge, tools, and information to combat this problem safely and effectively.

    Narcotics Investigation2

    We have your solutions for the safe and effective investigation and handling of drug activity from the field to the courtroom.

    • Identification: Our extensive line of NARK presumptive reagent kits helps you to identify dangerous drugs.

    • Protection: the right Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will protect you and your officers against these drugs and other unknown substances. We offer several levels of protective gear and kits for your team.

    • Transportation: The tools to properly collect and package substances as evidence so they can safely be transported to the lab for testing.

    • Surveillance: When investigating narcotics, many times this means monitoring offenders. We offer flexible and portable covert surveillance solutions including turnkey new vehicle packages, upgrades/retrofits to your existing vehicles, and portable surveillance packages.

    • Training: Contact your Sirchie sales representative today for our full class schedule and sign up for Sirchie emails to learn about our FREE webinars.

    NOTE: Presumptive identification is generally recognized within our legal system as a component of probable cause. There is no drug identification system presently in use which completely eliminates the occurrence of false positives or false negatives. A forensic laboratory is required to qualitatively and quantitatively identify an unknown substance.

  • • • 800.356.7311 • 919.554.2244 • #policepartners • #SirchieSupports • #CommandEveryScene

    Narcotics Investigation 3

    Fentanyl Facts: • Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid developed as pain

    management treatment

    • 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine and 25 to 40 times more potent than heroin.

    • Appearance: white powder similar to methamphetamine and cocaine

    • Fentanyl is a Schedule II substance (Heroin is Schedule I)

    • Attractive to drug abusers due to its intense high.

    • Street names: China Girl, China White, Goodfella, Apache, TNT, Tango & Cash, Dance Fever, Jackpot

    • Trade Names for Pharmaceutical forms of Fentanyl: Actiq®, Fentora™, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®

    • Clandestine manufacturing of fentanyl in Mexico and Acetyl-Fentanyl out of China can be either cut into heroin or mixed with other adulterants and sold as heroin.

    • Signs of opioid overdose: pinpoint pupils, respiratory depression and unconsciousness

    • Antidote: Narcan (Naloxone)

    • Recommended PPE: nitrile gloves, respirator masks and arms covered with clothing or Tyvek sleeves when working with suspected fentanyl

    Our NARK drug reagent kits can help trained law enforcement officers to presumptively identify several families of substances that could be abused drugs. Each of these tests is comprised of one or more chemical reagents. When a color or series of colors occur within a specific testing sequence, a positive identification may be presumed via test. Test results should be used in addition to the other probable cause established by the officer.

    Synthetic Cannabinoids Reagent This solution identifies the “indole based formulations” of synthetic cannabinoids in a 2-step process. Indole formulas represent approximately 75% of the street substances. This test does not color react with non-indole formulations, which are less common. All substances should be sent for confirmatory testing by a forensic laboratory.

    MDPV Reagent MDPV is a synthetic cathinone configuration recognized as a Schedule 1 substance. This specific field test will presumptively identify MDPV, Butylone, Ethylone, Methylone, Naphyrone, and Pentylone. Commonly found as a white to tan powder, these substances are being marketed and sold as everyday products like bath salts, stain remover, plant food, or glass cleaner. This is the most popular chemical configuration for “bath salts” products.

    Mephedrone Reagent We recommend conducting this test after you have conducted the MDPV Reagent. This presumptive field test identifies Mephedrone, which is another substance marketed and sold as standard household substances like bath salts, stain removers, plant food, or glass cleaner.

    a-PVP Reagent a-PVP is the cathinone formulation referred to on the street as “Flakka.” Marketed and sold as household substances, packages containing a-PVP are similar to other “bath salt” substances and will often show the phrase “Not for Human Consumption” on the front of the package.

    2C (N-BOMe’s) Reagent The 2C family of substances are psychedelics usually based on a combination of MDMA and LSD, which can lead to extremely intense and long-lasting highs.

    Fentanyl Reagent Fentanyl Reagent presumptive test is designed to identify either Fentanyl or Acetyl-fentanyl which is commonly cut into Heroin or sold as a stand alone substance. Fentanyl is a fully synthetic opiate that falls under Schedule II in the Controlled Substance Act.

    The Dangers of Fentanyl What is it? Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate with similar effects as heroin and morphine but 25 to 100 times stronger. It’s used as an additive or sold as a substitute for heroin and it’s a major contributor to a spike in overdoses across the U.S. and worldwide.

    What does it look like? It’s in a powder form and the color is usually white, off-white or tan. Its appearance can change significantly if it’s combined with other drugs.

    Prescribed forms of fentanyl are dermal patches (skin adhesives), lollipops, or under-the-tongue strips.

    Threat to first responders: • Fentanyl can be absorbed in the body via contact with the skin. • Deadly dose in pure form can be as small as a few grains of salt. • Heroin and fentanyl are both water soluble. Wash hands

    thoroughly after any suspected exposure.


  • • • 800.356.7311 • 919.554.2244 • #policepartners • #SirchieSupports • #CommandEveryScene

    Narcotics Investigation4

    Most popular reagent tests:

    No. Description Presumptively tests for Price

    NARK2001 Marquis Reagent, 10/box Opium Alkaloids (Heroin/Morphine), MDMA (Ecstasy), Amphetamines/Meth $17.00

    NARK2002 Nitric Acid Reagent, 10/box Differentiate Heroin/Morphine $17.00

    NARK2003 Dille-Koppanyi Reagent, 10box Barbiturates $20.55

    NARK2004 Ehrlich’s Reagent, 10/box LSD $20.55

    NARK2008 Methadone Reagent, 10/box Methadone $20.55

    NARK2009 PCP/Methaqualone Reagent, 10/box PCP, Methaqualone $20.55

    NARK20010 Special Opiates Reagent, 10/box Codeine, Heroin, Morphine, Oxycodone, Buprenorphine $20.55

    NARK20012 Frohdes Reagent, 10/box Talwin® (Pentazocine), DMT (Dimethyltryptamine) $20.55

    NARK20013 Ephedrine Reagent, 10/box Ephedrine, Psuedoephedrine $20.55

    NARK20014 Valium Reagent, 10/box Valium, Rohypnol, Ketamine $20.55

    NARK20019 Mayer’s Reagent, 10/box General Screening, Narcotic Alkaloids $17.00

    NARK20020 KN Reagent (Fast Blue B Salts), 10/box Marijuana, Hashish, Hash Oil,