Motivation 1. What is Motivation? Motivation Theories –Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs...

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Transcript of Motivation 1. What is Motivation? Motivation Theories –Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs...

  • Motivation*

  • What is Motivation?Motivation TheoriesMaslows Hierarchy of NeedsMcGregors Theory X and Theory YTips for Keeping Subordinates MotivatedOverview*

  • MOTIVATION: an impulse, emotion, desire or psychological need acting as incitement to action.

    Kanfers view: motivation is anything that provides:

    Websters Definition*DirectionIntensityPersistence

  • Getting people doing what needs to be done because they want to do it.Motivation Defined* MOTIVATIONIS INTERNAL

  • Begins with need

    Action to address need

    Need satisfied

    Motivations Three Steps*

  • Motivation ChainMotivation Defined*

  • Psychoanalytic outside influences affect Motivation

    Behaviorist behavior modification affects motivation

    Human Relations allowing more individual authority affects motivation

    Psychological Schools of Thought*

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • Supervisory Qualities Enhanced by Knowing* - A lower level need must be satisfied before the next higher level becomes important in motivating behavior

    And- Only relatively unsatisfied needs are capable of motivating people

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • ClothingFoodShelterSurvival*

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • Safety* Physical Safety Psychological Safety Home Health Job Retirement

    From Harm Insurance Savings

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • Belonging*

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • Esteem - Ego*RecognitionWorthStatusSelf-respect

  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*

  • *Self-Actualization

  • Reminder*A lower level need must be satisfied before the next higher level becomes important in motivating behavior

    - Only relatively unsatisfied needs are capable of motivating people

  • McGregors Theory X and Y

  • McGregors Theory X*People, by nature, dont like to work

    People lack ambition and must be coerced or forced to work

    People prefer to be told what to do

    People resist change

    People are gullible and not overly intelligent

  • McGregors Theory X*Hard ApproachCoercion Tight controls over behavior

  • Soft ApproachSatisfying Peoples DemandsAchieving Harmony McGregors Theory X*

  • McGregors Theory Y*People may actively seek work instead of avoiding itPeople prefer participative managementPeople prefer setting their own goalsPeople seek responsibility

  • Theory XExternal controlHard and soft approachTheory YInternal or self-controlEnvironment approachCreate opportunitiesMcGregors Theories: A Comparative Snapshot*

  • Start with a goal or missionMake the task clearMatch the people with the taskRemove the roadblocksGive positive feedbackTips for Keeping Subordinates Motivated*

  • Tips for Keeping Subordinates Motivated*Give more responsibility when appropriateLet people work independentlyRecognize achievements / contributionsDont make promises you cant keepBe a good role model

  • What is Motivation?Motivation TheoriesMaslows Hierarchy of NeedsMcGregors Theory X and Theory YTips for Keeping Subordinates MotivatedSummary*

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