Modern Review. Crystal Palace Joseph Paxton Great Exhibition of 1851 Industrial Revolution...

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Transcript of Modern Review. Crystal Palace Joseph Paxton Great Exhibition of 1851 Industrial Revolution...

  • Slide 1
  • Modern Review
  • Slide 2
  • Crystal Palace Joseph Paxton Great Exhibition of 1851 Industrial Revolution Cast iron skeleton Glass walls Prefabrication
  • Slide 3
  • Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel 1889 Paris Exhibition
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  • Michel-Eugene Chevreul
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  • A Sunday on La Grande Jatte Seurat Pointillism or Divisionism Optical Mixing Middle Class people/life
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  • Gaugin Flat planes of color Colors can represent ideas/emotion s (ex. Red as struggle) Left his kids & wife and moved around (including to TAHITI)
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  • Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?
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  • Van Gogh Color= emotion (ex. Yellow = friendship & hope) Swirling brushstrokes 10 year career
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  • Cezanne Underlying structure Multiple viewpoints Still lifes Mount Saint Victoire Color patches
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  • Symbolism Dont imitate nature create free INTERPRETATIONS of it Inner Vision Fantasy world Technique individual to each artist
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  • Redon The Cyclops
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  • Rousseau The Sleeping Gypsy nave painter Lacked training
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  • Gustave Moreau Jupiter and Semele
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  • Munch Norway Forerunner of the Expressionists
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  • Carpeaux (1827-1875) Count Ugolino and His Children More polished (like Neo- Classical) Vivid reality
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  • Rodin (1840-1917) Walking Man unfinished style (like impressionists!) - roughly textured surface Inner feeling expressed through the body The Thinker, The Kiss, The Burghers of Calais, Balzac
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  • Louis Sullivan Father of the Prairie School Movement Form follows function Birth of Modern Architecture
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  • H.H. Richardson (Sullivans Predecessor) Trinity Church, Boston
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  • Richard Morris Hunt Served the aristocracy Renaissance & Baroque influences The Breakers for Cornelius Vanderbilt II (railroad king) Looks like a 16 th century palazzo
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  • Frank Lloyd Wright Falling Water Bear Run, PA 1934-37 Blend in with the natural site Contrast in textures CANTILEVER construction
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  • Art Nouveau 1890-1914 Natural Forms Organic Forms
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  • The Peacock Skirt Aubrey Beardsley
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  • Victor Horta Staircase in the Van Eetvelde House
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  • Tassel House Brussels
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  • Antonio Gaudi Casa Mila - 1905
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  • Gustave Klimt The Kiss
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  • Matisse Fauvism Non- representational color Based on artists feeling
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  • Andre Derain The Dance
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  • Picasso Blue Period (1901- 1904)
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  • Picasso Rose Period (1905- 1906)
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  • Gertrude Stein Influence of Iberian Sculpture
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  • Picassos Les Demoiselles dAvignon (1906) Landmark painting that would lead to Cubism
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  • Picassos Guernica (1937) Event from Spanish Civil War in which Fascists bombed innocent civilians Outraged Picasso painted it for Spanish section of Paris International Exposition of 1937
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  • Georges Braque The Portuguese 1911 Analytic Cubism
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  • Synthetic Cubism * Picasso * Still-Life with Chair- Caning * 1912
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  • Cubist Sculpture
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  • Picasso Guitar 1912
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  • Archipenko Woman Combing her Hair 1915
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  • Julio Gonzalez Woman Combing her Hair 1930-33
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  • Futurism 1909-1916 Motion & speed Lines of force
  • Slide 42
  • Giacomo Balla Dynamics of a Dog on a Leash
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  • Dynamism of a Soccer Player - Boccioni
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  • Russian Constructivism 1913-32 Soviet Art Tatlin Monument to the Third International
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  • Precisionism 1915-1930 Simplified Forms Border between representation & abstraction Charles Sheeler River Rouge Plant
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  • Charles Demuth My Egypt
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  • Georgia OKeeffe
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  • YOURE INVITED! WHAT: The Armory Show WHO: Impressionists, Post- Impressionists, Fauves, Cubists WHEN: Feb. 1913 WHERE: National Guard Armory, Lexington Street, New York City
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  • Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase
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  • Expressionism The Bridge Die Brucke (1905- 1913) Large & simple forms Clear (often jarring) colors Brutal angularity Ernst Ludwig KIRCHNER Street, Dresden
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  • Emil Nolde Saint Mary of Egypt
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  • The Blue Rider Der Blaue Reiter 1911-1914 Colors are less jarring than The Bridge Spirituality Reaction against society Franz Marc Fate of the Animals
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  • Improvisation No. 28
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  • Dadaism Protested the madness of WWI Everything that comes into being is art. Jean Arp Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance 1916-17
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  • DUCHAMP Ready - made
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  • The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors
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  • Postwar German Expressionism Max Beckmann (1884-1950) Disillusioned by war - Wanted his paintings to reproach God for his errors Night
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  • Surrealism Blurs real world with fantasy Biomorphic = largley abstract (Miro) Naturalistic = recognizable scenes that metamorph. Into a dream or nightmare image (Dali, Magritte)
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  • Giorgio De Chirico (1888 1978) Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
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  • Max Ernst Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightengale
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  • Renee Magritte The Treachery of Images 1928-29
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  • Frida Kahlo Two Fridas 1939
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  • Joan Miro Painting 1933 Biomorphic Surrealism
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  • Maret Oppenheim - Luncheon in Fur
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  • I and the Village
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  • Mondrian Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow De Stijl created works that did not show recognizable images or infer depth Achieve honesty in artwork
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  • International Style Transcended national boundaries Absence of exterior decoration Rietveld the Schroeder House 1923-24 De Stijl
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  • Walter Gropius Beginning of International Style The Shop Block Bauhaus Dessau - Bauhaus School of Design Founded 1919 Architecture should avoid all romantic embellishments
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  • Mies van der Rohe Model for a glass skyscraper 1922 Less is more.
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  • Villa Savoy Designed by Le Corbusier International Style The house is a machine for living. Le Corbusier
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  • Notre Dame du Haut (1950-1955) Le Corbusier This is a church. Abandoned International Style Replaced a French pilgrimage church destroyed in WWII More organic resembles folded hands or a dove
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  • Brancusi (1876-1957) Romanian Artist essence of things Bird in Space (1928)
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  • Organic Sculpture Henry Moore Reclining Figure 1939 Use of negative space holes going through solids also known as voids
  • Slide 78
  • Barbara Hepworth Hole or void as the abstract element Organic vitality Oval Sculpture No. 2 1943
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  • Abstract Expressionism Late 1940s, Early 1950s New York City now center of avant- garde art Action Painting No reference to visual reality Image result of the creative process Gestural Abstraction (Pollock) Chromatic Abstraction (Rothko)
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  • Arshile Gorky Water of the Flowery Mill Armenian Biomorphic shapes (Miro) Glowing colors (Kandinsky) Impassioned act of painting
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  • Jackson Pollock Lavender Mist, 1950 (Number 1, 1950) Gestural Abstraction No foreground, no background, no depth
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  • Williem de Kooning Woman I Gestural Abstraction Furious energy
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  • Chromatic Abstraction Color Field Interest in the relation between one color and another Mark Rothko No. 14, 1960
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  • Barnett Newman Vir Heroicus Sublimus (1950-51) Evocative power of color
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  • Helen Frankenthaler Bay S