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    miming? alson

    ID 009 0411

    V. AUTHOR' Jenkins, Hugh M.': And Others' TITLE Boston: An Urban Community.- Boston's Black Letters:

    From'Phillis Wheatley to W. E. B. DuBois. Culture and Its Conflicts: Th4 Example of Nineteenth-century Boston. /he Emerging Immigrants of Boston. Annotated Reading Lists. .

    INSTITUTION . Boston Public Library, Mass. SP.ONS AGENCY National'Endowment fof the Humanities (NFAH),

    Washington, D.C.. -. PUB DATE 77 NOTE 72p.: For related documents, .set\IR 008 042-0416 .

    EDRS PRICE MF01/PC03 Plus Postage. DESCRIPTORS ' Annotated Bibliographies: *Black History: *Cultural

    Eftrichment: Educational Programs: Humanities Instruction: *Immigrants: *Local History: Publid Libraries: Resmirce Guides: *Sacial History

    ABSTRACT . The three annotated reading gides were developed

    it for courses offered at the Boston Public Library under the National Endowment for the .Humanities Learning Library Program.,The permdtatiome in style-and content of black-Boston litmratuie arf exemplified, in this collection'of 18 writings to serve as an inflex tcy

    'the calturaland social life of the-Boston gommunity, both black and white. The 1tso3ections,in the second set are illustrative of the cultural triumphs of nineteenth century Boston and also of its failure,to sustain a healthy, unified.culture undeT the pressUre of social change in the latter part,of-the century..The third listing of 63 readings shows the impact of the immigrants on Bostonls exiSting institutionso'values, alnd patterns of 14v.ing,' the mediaticn,of tention normative to a multiettinic society, and the expansion of the

    _ definition of Bostonlan: (PAA)


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    **************************************,***********************4444****,..C. 11!pproductions supplied-by !DRS are the best that can be made * ,

    *, . _ . from the original document.

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    (:1)1 IlAA1 n( 1 11.11% (11 I 64 141 147)ptlt I (I I Itt At 1 tt iVI P I ROM1((1 1.11.1,ON Olt ()/.0(AN / A I t(1(4 01.41cONCiP A T ct \ 01 VII W oPINI4IN\\I All 0I) N01 NI ( I VIA141( 1 Ili POIre1

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    An Urban Community

    Bostoo's Black Lettets: ,.From Phillis Wheatley to W.E.B. DuBois An Annotated Reading LIM Prepared by Hugh M. Jenkins with the assistance of the Boston Public

    4% 1, Library,Staff

    c. -to

    141 .

    The "Boston: An Urban Community" Program Is made possible by a grant from the,National thdowment for the Humanitias (NEN). The Boston Public Library is a NEN Learning cibrabi.

    Boston Public Library, 1977



    The BostoR Public Library'is pleased to 'present a series of:Annotated reading guides as a follow-up to the lectures in_its NEH Learning Library Program, "Boston:An Urban Community." co

    The Library's program has been developed under the Cultural Institutions Program of the National Endowment for.the Humanities (NEH), a new national program whose purpose is to help libraries, museums and,other cultural institutions become centers of formal humanities education for their. communities. An advisorr committee, composed of outstanding scho- lars.from academic-ihstitutions in the Boston area, assists i the selection of topics for the program's learning ctivities and helps recruit the teaChers' for it.

    Sequences presented in theTrogram have been:q

    "Bibles, Brahmins and Bosses Leadership and the Boston Community" with Thomas O'Connor, Professor of'History, Boston College. l'ebru- ary 3 - April 7, 1975.

    "Bgston's Architecture: Fromiirst Townhouse to New City Hall" with Gerald.Bernstein,' professor of Art History, Brandeis Univer- sity. February 8 - March 29, 1975.:

    "Family Life in Boston: From Colonial Times to the Present" with Nancy Cott, Professor of History; Yale'University. April 3 - May 22, 1975.

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  • "Shaping the Bostpn Landscape: Drumlins and Puddingstone" with George Lewis, PrOfessor of Geography, Boston University. April 8 May 27, 1975.

    "Revolutionary Boston: The Leaders and the Issues, 1763-1789" with ,O.chard Bushman, Professor of History, Boston University, September 16 - November 4,,1975.

    "Culture and It; Conflicts: The Example of 19th-Century Boston" wIth Martin Green, Professor.of English, Tufts University. .September 18 - November 6, 1975.

    "Boston's Artisans of the 18th Century" with 'Wendy Co er, Assistant CuAator,'American Decorat e Arts, Museum of Fine Arts. Novem r 13, 1975 - January 22, 1976: '

    "Ilpston's Black Letters: From .Phillis Wheat- ley to W.E.B. DuBois" with William Robinson,. Chairman of Black Studies, Rhode Island Col-

    . lege. November 18, 1975 - January 13, 196.


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    Dnrin-g the fall of 1975 and on into the first month of 1976 Dr. William Robinson, Chairman of the Black Stu4es Progr, at RhOde Island College, pre- sented a sequence ofilectures on the bladk literary

    'heritage of Bobton, Ifor the NEH Learning Library Pro- gram at.the Boston Public Library. Professor-Robin-


    son focused on Bosto rin paricular and New England in general and occas onally mentioned national and international connec ions as welL Figures of pri-. mary interest were Phillis.Wheatley from t.he Colonial period, William Wells Brown of the nineteenth cen- tury, W.E.B. DuRois and William'ftanley Bralthwaite of the earlier twentieth century, and a number of


    modern novelists including Dorgthy West end l'ayant Rollins. The,goverriing assumption of the sequence was that the various periutations in style and- cop-.. tent of black Boston literature uld-be a usefUl index to the'cultural and social life of the Boston community, both white and black. The following read ing list is intended to intyoduce selected, works


    which we'hôpe will stimulate interest in the subject and lead the'reader to further discoveries of 'his or her own.'


  • Arna Bontemps, ed. Five Black Lives. Middletown, ! Wesleyan Univeraity-Press, 1971.


    This is a.collectlon of ex.,slave narratives which span 150 years in time, feom 1729.to 1870, and some thousands of miles, in geographical area -from Africa to Connecticut. The autobioraphies include the lives of Venture Smith, Africa; James Mars, Connectiut; William Grimes, Virginia; G.W. Dffrey, Maryland; James L. Smith,irirginia. These Twratives are the records Of black Amer- icans suffering under the oppression of slavery until he was impelled to escape. Ny freedom is a privilege which nothing else can equal" is the central theme running through the narratives.

    William Stanley Braithwaite. The William Stanley Braithwaite Reader. Philip Butcher, ed. Ann Arbor, University of Miciligan Press, 1972. 1

    Philip Butcher presents'a study of thecareer- and reputation of William Stanley Braithwaite, the astute black critic andotalented.lyric poet whose editotial work gave impetus, to the'New Poetry Movement*. The.nearly 100-page reader


    Consists of letters and samplings, of verses re- presenting not only ethnic literature but also -Americen literature and areas of American civili- zation. The Reader projects the breadth .of.the author'stnlent and knowledge, his insistence upon the dignity of black Atherican6 when the idea was novel in America. Hfs poems, written 'in a traditional nineteenth-centur lyrieStyle have nothing to(do with the life of the black man at that time. \Braithwaite felt that rteciallithemes were too limitiong fdr the artist and that they tended more toward propoganda than towArd art. v UndoulNedly, hie was.the'most influential black critic of gmericap literature.


  • Benjamin G. Brawley, ed. Early Negro American Writers, Chapel Uill, University of North Carolina Press., 1935.

    An invaluable,anthology which Brawlex origin- ated in a desire to render more accessible for

    .the student or general reader some productions of black Ameridan uritings only.to be-found in special collections. This collection.includes.* writings'of black Americans from Jupiter Hammon- who was born between 1720 and 1730 to approxi- mately the Civilyar time. .Paul Lawrence Dunbar is not included in this anthology. The bio- graphical and criticalr-analmsis which introduces each selection is excellent. 'One of the best sources for both the general readers and students who wiih to acquaint themselves wit'h black wri- ters before the Civil War.

    (Paperback'edition available from Dover,)

    . The Negro in Literature and Art New YorK, Duffield & Co., 1918. (Also New York, Dodd arid Medd *. 1934.)

    This book is devoted-to the achievement of blacks in the field of literature and ari. In sep0-até chapters,Professor Bravley gives inter- esting and welkNwritten sketches of Phillis' Wheatley,'Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Charles W. Ches- nut, W.E.B.,DuBois And-William Stanley Braith- watte. In the opinion of the author, the best known black orato'rs were Frederick Douglass-and Booker T. Washington. ...Other chapters in this work take up: the stage, painters; sculptors, music. There is an appendix devoted to ,black Americans in fictiop. Tholigh publihhed in 1918 this work'still remains ail excellent sodrce..

  • John Daniels. In Freedom's Tdrthplace. Boston, qicrughton Mifflin,,v1914. (Also reprint New York, Arno Press, 1969.)

    - An historical in a.Northern notably on the

    and sociological study of blacks mmunity, this woik concentrates, hetto of Roxbury, Massachusetts.