MARK TWAIN 1835-1910. The Early Years Born Samuel Langhorn Clemens on Nov. 30, 1835 in Florida, MO....

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Transcript of MARK TWAIN 1835-1910. The Early Years Born Samuel Langhorn Clemens on Nov. 30, 1835 in Florida, MO....

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MARK TWAIN 1835-1910 Slide 2 Slide 3 The Early Years Born Samuel Langhorn Clemens on Nov. 30, 1835 in Florida, MO. Born Samuel Langhorn Clemens on Nov. 30, 1835 in Florida, MO. 6 th son of John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton 6 th son of John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton Moved to Hannibal, MO in 1839 Moved to Hannibal, MO in 1839 Earliest Known Photo of Clemens The elastic heart of youth cannot be compressed into one constrained shape long at a time. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Slide 4 Twains Childhood Dream Hannibal was located along the Mississippi River. Hannibal was located along the Mississippi River. Steamboats landed in the town 3x a day. Steamboats landed in the town 3x a day. Twain was fascinated and wanted to be a steamboat pilot. Twain was fascinated and wanted to be a steamboat pilot. One gets large impressions in boyhood, sometimes, which he has to fight against all his life. - The Innocence Abroad Slide 5 Clemens the Printer 1 st Job printers apprentice to Joseph Ament, Missouri Courier 1 st Job printers apprentice to Joseph Ament, Missouri Courier New York City in 1853 to work as a printer New York City in 1853 to work as a printer Published travel letters in Hannibal Journal Published travel letters in Hannibal Journal I am not the editor of a newspaper and shall always try to do right and be good so that God will not make me one. - Galaxy magazine Slide 6 Clemens the Pilot 21 years old: apprenticed for Horace Bixby in New Orleans as a club pilot 21 years old: apprenticed for Horace Bixby in New Orleans as a club pilot Received pilots license in 1859 Received pilots license in 1859 Civil War broke out and traffic on river stopped, Clemens lost his job Civil War broke out and traffic on river stopped, Clemens lost his job I wish I was back there piloting up & down the river again. Verily, all is vanity and little worth save piloting. - Letter to Jane Clemens A pilot, in those days, was the only unfettered and entirely independent human being that lived in the earth. - Life on the Mississippi Slide 7 Clemens to Twain In 1863 Sam Clemens began signing his works with the pseudonym Mark Twain. In 1863 Sam Clemens began signing his works with the pseudonym Mark Twain. Mark Twain means two fathoms deep. Mark Twain means two fathoms deep. This was the name he was known by for the rest of his life. This was the name he was known by for the rest of his life. Slide 8 Jumping Frog Mark Twains big break was a short story entitled The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County written in 1865. Mark Twains big break was a short story entitled The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County written in 1865. Slide 9 Mark Twain met Olivia (Livy) Landon in 1869. The couple secretly courted for a year. Mark and Livy were married in 1870 in Buffalo, New York. MARKLIVY S Love seem the swiftest, but it is the slowest of all growths. No man or woman really knows what perfect love is until they have been married a quarter of a century. - Notebook, 1894 Slide 10 The Kids Langdon (1870) born premature, lived only two years in a sickly state Langdon (1870) born premature, lived only two years in a sickly state Susy contracted meningitis and died August, 1896 Susy contracted meningitis and died August, 1896 Clara (1874) Clara (1874) Jean (1880) developed epilepsy and died of a seizure in 1909 on Christmas Eve Jean (1880) developed epilepsy and died of a seizure in 1909 on Christmas Eve what are they in the world for I dont know, for they are of no particular value as far as I can see. If I could beget a typewriter but no, our fertile days are over. - Letter to W.D. Howells Slide 11 Tragedy Strikes Death of Livy Death of Livy In 1903 Livy became seriously ill and moved to Florence, Italy. In 1903 Livy became seriously ill and moved to Florence, Italy. Twain remained in US Twain remained in US Livy died June 1904 in Florence. Livy died June 1904 in Florence. Death of Jean Death of Jean Developed epilepsy in the late 1890s Developed epilepsy in the late 1890s Died of a seizure on Christmas Eve Died of a seizure on Christmas Eve Twain grieved by writing The Death of Jean and when finished vowed never to write again. Twain grieved by writing The Death of Jean and when finished vowed never to write again. Slide 12 BERMUDA Twains health was failing him so in January 1910, he went to Bermuda. Twains health was failing him so in January 1910, he went to Bermuda. This, however, did not improve his health so he went back home. This, however, did not improve his health so he went back home. Slide 13 Dying is nothing to a really great and brave man. Mark Twain slipped into a coma. Mark Twain slipped into a coma. That night his heart failed and he died in bed. That night his heart failed and he died in bed. Mark Twain died on April 21, 1910, the same night Halleys Comet appeared in the sky. Mark Twain died on April 21, 1910, the same night Halleys Comet appeared in the sky. Slide 14 Twains Works Innocents Abroad (1869) Innocents Abroad (1869) Humorous look at aspects of European culture Roughing It (1872) Roughing It (1872) early adventures as a miner and journalist A Tramp Aboard (1880) A Tramp Aboard (1880) The Prince and the Pauper (1882) The Prince and the Pauper (1882) Childrens book when a rich and poor boy switch places A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court (1889) A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court (1889) The American Claimant (1892) The American Claimant (1892) The Tragedy of Puddnhead Wilson (1894) The Tragedy of Puddnhead Wilson (1894) Slide 15 Twains Adventures The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) Celebrates boyhood in a small Mississippi River town Celebrates boyhood in a small Mississippi River town The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) Twains masterpiece Sequel to Tom Sawyer Huck Finn flees his father and journeys the Mississippi with a runaway slave named Jim. Slide 16 Twains Writing Style Common word usage deliberately misspelled words and incorrect grammar to properly display dialect Common word usage deliberately misspelled words and incorrect grammar to properly display dialect Relatively short, simple sentences Relatively short, simple sentences Descriptive detail is straightforward Descriptive detail is straightforward To get the right word in the right place is a rare achievement. To condense the diffused light of a page of thought into the luminous false of a single sentence, is worthy to rank as a prize composition just by itselfAnybody can have ideas the difficulty is to express them without squandering a quire of paper on an idea that ought to be reduced to one glittering paragraph. Slide 17 Accomplishment Honorary Degrees Honorary Degrees Yale University (1901) Master of Arts University of Missouri (1902) Oxford University (1907) Doctrine of Literature Owned publishing company Charles L. Webster & Comp. Owned publishing company Charles L. Webster & Comp. World renowned for speeches and lectures World renowned for speeches and lectures Great American Author Great American Author Slide 18 Halleys Comet I came in with Halleys Comet in 1835. It is coming again next yea (1910), and I expect to go out with it. It will be the greatest disappointments in my life if I dont go out with Halleys Comet. The Almighty has said, no doubt: Now here are these two unaccountable freaks; they came in together, they must go out together. - Mark Twain, a Biography Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Lets see what we see... Virtual Tour Twains boyhood home Twains boyhood home www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/livingdinin g_room1f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/livingdinin g_room1f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/livingdinin g_room1f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/livingdinin g_room1f.shtml Downtown Hannibal Downtown Hannibal www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/downtow n_plaza2f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/downtow n_plaza2f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/downtow n_plaza2f.shtml www.hannibal.net/multi media/virtual/downtow n_plaza2f.shtml