Marine Scotland Science Role in Aquaculture Planning Matt Gubbins Aquaculture Environment...

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Transcript of Marine Scotland Science Role in Aquaculture Planning Matt Gubbins Aquaculture Environment...

  • Marine Scotland Science Role in Aquaculture PlanningMatt GubbinsAquaculture Environment Interactions Group LeaderAquaculture & Fish Health Programme

  • ContentsMarine Scotland structureMarine Scotland Science role in aquaculture regulationStatutory Consultee for PlanningEnvironmental issuesWild fisheries issuesFish health & containment issuesWorking arrangements

  • Marine ScotlandPerformance / AquacultureSciencePlanning and PolicyComplianceFisheries DivisionAquaculture PlanningAquaculture & Fish HealthFish Health InspectorateAquaculture Environment InteractionsFreshwater LaboratoryLicensing Operations TeamMarine Planning & Licensing

  • Marine Scotland ScienceMarine Assessments ProgrammeAquaculture & Fish Health ProgrammeFreshwater ProgrammeMarine Ecosystems ProgrammeMarine Analytical UnitScience Director

  • Aquaculture and Fish Health Programme

    Fish Health Inspectorate Aquaculture Environment InteractionsPathology and BacteriologyVirology Molecular Genetics Epidemiology Infection & ImmunityAquarium Services

    Research Station - Aultbea

  • MSS Freshwater Laboratory, Faskally, Pitlochry FL is responsible for monitoring the status of migratory and freshwater fish populations in Scotland.Conduct research in support of scientific advice provided to the Scottish Government in order to help protect fish and promote the development of sustainable fisheriesContribute to the salmon management activities of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and to the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation (NASCO).Focus on salmonids Atlantic salmon and sea troutBase for Scottish Fisheries Coordination Centre. Collaborate with DSFBs, Fishery Research Trusts and Foundations, angling bodies, TWG

  • MSS Role in Aquaculture RegulationFish Health InspectorateHealth of farmed fish under

    The Aquatic Animal Health (Scotland) Regulations 2009

    Containment and parasite (sea lice) control under The Aquaculture and Fisheries (Scotland) Act 2007A surveillance program of inspections is conducted under this legislation. Authorisation of all Aquaculture Production Businesses (APB's) under The Aquatic Animal Health (Scotland) Regulations 2009. Applications for authorisation should be made to the FHI and authorisations will be issued subject to businesses meeting certain conditions.

    All new fish and shellfish farms are required to apply for authorisation before any development takes place.

  • Licensing Operations TeamFood Environment Protection Act, 1985 (II Deposits in the sea) (FEPA)Wellboat discharges of sea lice bath treatments5 vessels licensed47 licenses, multiple cage sitesBPEO assessmentConsultation SNH, SEPA

    Coast Protection Act (1949)Section 34 consentNavigation issuesIssued by Ports and Harbours Branch

    Marine LicenceMarine (Scotland) Act 2010Spring 2011

  • Consultee / Advisory roleControlled Activities Regulations, 2005 (SEPA)Advice to Scottish Ministers on appeals / call-insStatutory Consultee TCPA / EIA RegulationsPre-application consultationLocational Guidelines viewpointScenario modellingEnvironmental data for EIAManagement Area issuesEIA Screening and Scoping (finfish only)EIA / Planning applications

  • MSS Statutory Consultee Working Arrangements Single Point of Contact Paul Stainer, Licensing Operations Team (LOT)Planning Coordinator Anna Turnbull, Aquaculture Environment Interactions

    Internal ConsultationEnvironmental and shellfish issues Aquaculture Environment Interactions GroupFish health and welfare issuesFish Health InspectorateWild fisheries issues Freshwater Programme, Freshwater Laboratory, Pitlochry

  • Environmental issues(EIA)Aquaculture Environment Interactions GroupNutrient enrichmentEstimated enhancement (modelling)Sea loch / open coastalCumulative effectsLocational GuidelinesCapacity estimatesCategory 1 limit

  • Locational Guidelines

    Lochs, voes, bays etc.Predicted current impacts from fish farmsModelled nutrient enhancementModelled benthic impactCombined indexRanking of water bodiesPrecautionaryDirects new developmentsCategories 1, 2, 3Updated quarterlyhttp://www.scotland.gov.uk/About/Directorates/Wealthier-and-Fairer/marine-scotland

  • Category 1 areasWest coast / Western Isles (5 areas)Shetland (12 areas)

  • Environmental issues (EIA)Chemical/medicine usageSufficient licensed chemotherapeutants without breaching EQS?Treatable biomass (in-feed), time to treat site (bath treatments)Modelling done for CARBenthic impacts (monitoring/modelling)Levels of impact acceptable?Historical benthic surveysAutoDEPOMOD modelling (CAR)Cumulative / remote impacts?

  • Environmental issues Working ArrangementsAvoids conflicting responses (concensus)Avoids superfluous requests for environmental dataRequires long consultation periodsLocal AuthorityMSS Central ContactMSS Central ContactAEISEPASNH

  • Fish Health, Containment and Sea Lice(Planning) Katy Urquhart

    Fish Health Inspectorate (FHI) comment on:disease risk implications, fish health and welfare, sea lice controlcontainment

    Considerations:

    Location and proximity to other aquaculture sitesComment on any sites within 1000m

    MSS disease Management AreasSurveillance and control of notifiable diseasesCheck existing MAs wont conjoinState which MA site will be in and advise to operate within agreement with all operators in this area (synchronous fallowing and treatments, single year class)

  • Fish Health, Containment and Sea Lice considerations contd.(Planning)Stocking and husbandry techniques Species to be stocked generally against multiple fish species, Stocking density below 22 kg/m3 used as a guide Mortality removal procedures and frequency of these procedures. Also method of disposal of mortalities.Sea liceTreatments consented for use and method of administrationOther non treatment based strategies in place for controlling sea lice operating as part of AMA synchronous fallowing single year class biological control

  • Fish Health, Containment and Sea Lice considerations contd.(Planning)Containment Equipment in use to minimise predator interactions Contingency plan detailing actions to be taken in event of an escape Physical actions to prevent further escape Paperwork e.g. notifications Suitability of equipment (cages, moorings and nets) in use at site in question Attestation from suppliers or suitably qualified individualOR Equipment specifications detailing the environmental conditions the cages and moorings can withstand in combination with details of the environmental conditions experienced at the site location.

  • Wild fisheries issues(EIA)Alisdair MacDonald / Mike MilesMSS Freshwater Laboratory considers:Potential impacts of disease and parasites on wild fish resulting from the presence of fish farms Impacts of escaped farmed fish through inter-breeding and competition with wild fish Introduction of non-native farmed species

  • The factors taken into account are:Site location in relation to migratory salmonid rivers.Proposed / existing levels of sea lice control.Membership of a Farm Management Agreement and AMA.Evidence of the adherence to the industry Code of Good Practice.Presence of a robust containment and escapes contingency plan.

    Wild fisheries issues contd. (EIA)Alisdair MacDonald / Mike Miles

  • Wild fisheries issues Working ArrangementsTargeted casesShare data / opinionsLocal AuthorityMSS Central ContactMSS Central ContactFLDSFBSNH

  • Shellfish Issues(Planning)EnvironmentBiological capacity estimatesRisk assessments based on tidal flushing vs filtrationSeabed impactsDisease / containmentCo-culture with finfishCrassostrea gigas containmentShellfish hygieneAlgal toxinsBacterial contamination (classification)Depuration facilities

  • Supporting staffAnna Turnbull (Aquaculture Planning Coordinator)Paul Stainer (Planning administrator)Matt Gubbins (Aquaculture Environment Interactions)Charles Allan (Fish Health Inspectorate)Katy A Urquhart (Fish Health Inspectorate)Jacqueline Parker (Fish Health Inspectorate)Alisdair MacDonald (Freshwater Laboratory)Mike Miles (Freshwater Laboratory)John Armstrong (Freshwater Laboratory)Shona Kinnear (Shellfish Hygiene)John Turriff (Shellfish Hygiene)