Major terrestrial biomes

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Transcript of Major terrestrial biomes

  • 1. Areas that has distinct climate and organisms A community of organisms that occupy a distinct region.

2. Tropical Rainforest Temperate Rainforest Temperate Deciduous Rainforest Taiga Savanna Grassland and Prairies Deserts Tundra 3. Average annual rainfall: 400 cm (158 in) Average temperature: 34 C (93 F) Climate: Very Humid, it rains everyday and is warm throughout the year. Landforms: the terrain consists of both mountains and flat plains. 4. Dense tall evergreen forest. Typical plants include strangler figs and tree ferns. Typical animals include snakes and birds. Mild frost-free winters and summers with year-round rain. 5. Average annual rainfall: 507 cm (60 to 200 in) Average temperature: 27C (80 F) Climate: Seasonal variations, near freezing in winter 6. Closed canopy of trees ex cludes at least 70% of the sky; Forest is composed mainly of tree species which do not require fire for regeneration, but with seedlings able to regenerate under shade and in natural openings. 7. Average annual rainfall: 75- 150 cm (30-60 in) Average temperature: Summer: 28 C (82 F) Winter: 6 C (43 F) Climate: Four distinct seasons with mild summers and cool winters. Rain falls throughout the year. Landforms: Coastal plains, piedmont, and mountains 8. dense forest with thin, broad, deciduous leaves; or rainforests typically dominated by conifers. Tall trees with single boles creating deep shade. Understories often sparse. Typical plants include maples, oaks, elms (deciduous) spruce or auraucaria (rainforest). Typical animals include deer and squirrels. Freezing winters and warm, wet summers and a longer growing season than the boreal forest. 9. Average annual rainfall: 30-83 cm (12-33 in) Average temperature: Summer: 14 C (57 F) Winter: -10 C (14 F) Climate: It is cold with winds blowing from the arctic, most rainfall occurs during the hot summer. Winters are freezing cold. Landforms: Mountaintops, valleys and forests. 10. dense evergreen needle- leafed forest Typical plants include white spruce, black spruce, and jack pine. Typical animals include moose, black bears, wolves, and migrant birds. Cold winters with deep snow, but longer growing season than tundra. 11. Average annual rainfall: 150 cm (59 in) Average temperature: Dry Season: 34 C (93 F) Climate: There are two seasons, wet in the summer, dry in the winter. Landforms: Flat plain with small hills 12. thornyforest,woodlands,or scatteredtrees,manyofwhich looseleavesduringthedry season.Typicalplantsinclude acaciasandgrasses.Typical animalsincludegiraffesand elephants.Warmfrost-free winters,hotusually-wet summers,andapronounced dryseason.Fireandgrazing areimportantvegetation- formingprocesses. 13. Averageannualrainfall: 25-75cm(10-30in) Averagetemperature: Summer:30C(86F) Winter:0C(32F) Climate:Hotsummers andcoolwinters Landforms:Gently rollinghillsandflat plains. 14. treelessvegetationlessthan 1mhigh.Typicalplants includegrassesand membersofthesunflower family.Woodyplants predominateinsteppes. Typicalanimalsincludelarge grazingungulatessuchas horses,buffalo,and rhinoceros.Coldorwarm winterswithgrowing seasonsmoisturetoodryfor trees;firesevery1-5years. 15. Averageannualrainfall: 25cm(10in) Averagetemperature: Summer:38C(100F) Winter:7C(45F) Climate:Verydryand hot.Itishotduringthe dayandcoldatnight. Landforms:flatsandy plains 16. sparsedrought-resistant vegetation,typically spinyandwithtiny leavesand photosyntheticbark. Typicalplantsinclude cactuses,acaciasand short-livedannuals. Typicalanimalsinclude reptilesandground- dwellingrodents. 17. Average annual rainfall: 25 cm (10 in) Average temperature: Summer: 38 C (100 F) Winter: 7 C (45 F) Climate: Very dry and hot. It is hot during the day and cold at night. Landforms: flat sandy plains 18. treeless low (less than 1 m) vegetation with short perennials, water frozen. Typical plants include sedges, lichens, mosses, grasses, and dwarf woody plants. Typical animals include snowy owls, musk ox, reindeer, polar bears, and migrant birds. 19. Google Images www.cooltext.com http://www.slideshare.net/erueber/terrestrial- biomes?from_search=2 http://prezi.com/etlqcppkp_ed/terrestrial-biomes/ http://www.geo.arizona.edu/Antevs/biomes/ http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/ encyclopedia/biome/?ar_a=5