Major Causes and Events of World War II

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Major Causes and Events of World War II

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  • 1. Major Causes and Events of World War II

2. Major Causes and Events of WWII German Invasion of Poland German Invasion of Soviet Union The Holocaust Japanese Imperialism Attack on Pearl Harbor Normandy Landings in Europe Dropping of Atomic Bombs on Japan 3. German Invasion of Poland September 1, 1939 Leads to Great Britain and Francesdeclarations of war on Germany First use of the German blitzkrieg (lightningwar) that incorporates fast-moving airplanesand tanks 4. In German, Blitzkrieg means lightning war (Blitz-Krieg). Blitzkrieg was named so because it includedsurprise attacks, "Lighting fast" rapid advances into enemy territory, with coordinated massive airattacks, which struck and shocked the enemy as if it was struck by lightning. The German military inWorld War 2 achieved most of its great victories with the Blitzkrieg tactic. 5. German Invasion of Soviet Union 1941-1943 Known as Operation Barbarossa Unsuccessful German sieges of Leningrad andMoscow. The harsh Russian winter halts further invasion inRussia. Germans besiege Stalingrad in 1942 and areforced to surrender the following year. The Soviet army then begins to push westwardinto Europe. 6. The Holocaust Genocide of over 6 million Jews and othergroups throughout Europe considered byGermany to be inferior. Known as The Final Solution Resulted in the extermination of these peoplein death camps. 7. The Nazis targeted Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovahs Witnesses, Communists, twins, and thedisabled. Some of these people tried to hide from the Nazis, like Anne Frank and her family. A few weresuccessful; most were not. Those that were captured suffered sterilization, forcedresettlement, separation from family and friends, beatings, torture, starvation, and/or death. 8. Japanese Imperialism Plans for a Pacific empire that included China Empire would allow Japan to solve its economicproblems through the provision of raw materials markets for its goods more room for its growing population. Japan invaded Manchuria and China in the 1930s. The Philippines, Malaya, Singapore, the DutchEast Indies, and Burma are all occupied after thestart of World War II. 9. Attack on Pearl Harbor Japan attacks Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Leads the United States to declare war onJapan. This results in a declaration of war on theUnited States by Germany and Italy. 10. Normandy Landings in Europe June 6, 1944 D-Day Landing of Allied forces on the coast of Francelead to a German retreat. As a result, France and the Low Countries areliberated and Allied troops push eastward intoGermany that leads to German surrender in1945. 11. Dropping of Atomic Bombs on Japan U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities ofHiroshima and Nagasaki Leads to Japans surrender. 12. The panoramas show the physical effects of a small (15 kiloton*) nuclear weapon on a city of 400,000.