MAES Workshop Assessing and Mapping Ecosystem Condition · PDF fileFor the purpose of MAES...

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Transcript of MAES Workshop Assessing and Mapping Ecosystem Condition · PDF fileFor the purpose of MAES...

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    MAES Workshop

    "Assessing and Mapping Ecosystem Condition"

    27 28 June 2017

    Background Paper to support breakout group discussions (version of 11 July 2017)

    Prepared by: The European Commission, European Environment Agency, Joint Research Centre, European Topic Centre for Biodiversity and European Topic Centre Urban Land Use Systems

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    Contents Background .......................................................................................................................................5

    Ecosystem Condition ................................................................................................................................. 5 Definition, reference and concept for each ecosystem type.................................................................... 6 Ecosystem types ........................................................................................................................................ 7 This workshop ........................................................................................................................................... 8 Next steps ................................................................................................................................................. 8

    Nature ...............................................................................................................................................9

    Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 9 1 DEFINITION, REFERENCE AND CONCEPT FOR EACH ECOSYSTEM TYPE ................................................. 9

    1.1 Pressures ....................................................................................................................................... 10 1.2 Condition ....................................................................................................................................... 11 1.3 Impact on biodiversity and ecosystem service capacity ............................................................... 12

    2 INDICATOR FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING THE CONDITIONS OF ECOSYSTEMS ............................... 12 HEATHLAND & SHRUB ......................................................................................................................... 13 SPARSELY VEGETATED LAND ............................................................................................................... 15 WETLANDS (Mires, Bogs & Fens) ........................................................................................................ 16 Grasslands ........................................................................................................................................... 18 Forests ................................................................................................................................................. 19 Freshwater .......................................................................................................................................... 20 Urban .................................................................................................................................................. 21

    3 LINK CONDITION TO ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ........................................................................................ 22 4 LINK TO THE DATA COLLECTION .......................................................................................................... 24 References .............................................................................................................................................. 26 ANNEX - INFORMATION PER ECOSYSTEM INCLUDING DESCRIPTION OF HABITATS, ASSESSMENT AND MAIN PRESSURES .................................................................................................................................... 27 HEATHLAND & SHRUB............................................................................................................................. 28 SPARSELY VEGETATED LAND ................................................................................................................... 32 WETLANDS (Mires, Bogs and Fens) ......................................................................................................... 35 GRASSLAND ............................................................................................................................................. 40 FOREST .................................................................................................................................................... 44

    Freshwater ecosystems .................................................................................................................... 48

    1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 48 1.1 Objectives ...................................................................................................................................... 48 1.2 EU Biodiversity Strategy and EU water policy ............................................................................... 48 1.3 Water ecosystems under consideration ....................................................................................... 49

    2. Definition ecosystem conditions (freshwater ecosystems) ................................................................ 50 3. Assessment framework/Analytical framework ................................................................................... 51 4. Indicators (pressure, state, biodiversity) ............................................................................................ 52

    4.1 Pressure indicators ........................................................................................................................ 53 4.2 State indicators ............................................................................................................................. 53 4.3 Biodiversity indicators ................................................................................................................... 53

    5. Link between ecosystem condition and ecosystem services .............................................................. 55 6. List the European datasets available to quantify the indicators at EU level ...................................... 56 References .............................................................................................................................................. 56

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    Annex 1 Quality elements for the classification of ecological status of SURFACE WATER in the Water Framework Directive (Annex V) .............................................................................................................. 58 Annex 2 Indicators of pressures, state and biodiversity proposed in the Nature ecosystem type for freshwater ecosystems ........................................................................................................................... 60 Annex 3 Proposal of indicators for assessing pressures, conditions and biodiversity in transitional and coastal water .................................................................................................................................... 61 Annex 4 List of invasive alien species for freshwater ecosystems (Commission Implementing Regulation EU 2016/1141) ...................................................................................................................... 62

    Marine waters ................................................................................................................................. 63

    1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 63 1.1 Objectives ...................................................................................................................................... 63 1.2 EU Biodiversity Strategy and EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive ...................................... 63 1.3 Marine ecosystems under consideration ...................................................................................... 64

    2. Definition ecosystem conditions (marine ecosystems) ...................................................................... 65 3. Indicators (pressure, state, biodiversity) ............................................................................................ 66

    3.1 Pressure indicators ........................................................................................................................ 67 3.2 State indicators ............................................................................................................................. 67 3.3 Biodiversity indicators ................................................................................................................... 67

    4. Link between ecosystem condition and ecosystem services .............................................................. 72 5. Provisional list of European datasets available to quantify the indicators at EU level ....................... 74 References .............................................................................................................................................. 74 ANNEX ..................................................................................................................................................... 75

    Forests............................................................................................................................................. 78 Introduction ................................