Madeira Island

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Rich and impressive colours ranging from amber to golden, aromas creating a luxurious and harmonious bouquet: vanilla, caramel, curry, dried fruit, figs, cinnamon… Unique flavours arising from a fascinating island in the Atlantic sharing its name with a wine: Madeira!. Madeira Island. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

    Rich and impressive colours ranging from amber to golden, aromas creating a luxurious and harmonious bouquet: vanilla, caramel, curry, dried fruit, figs, cinnamon Unique flavours arising from a fascinating island in the Atlantic sharing its name with a wine: Madeira!

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Madeira Island

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.History of Madeira Wine After colonisation, soils were cultivated with wheat, vines and sugarcane;- Episodes: the celebration of the independence of the United States of America in 1776, which was commemorated with a toast made with Madeira Wine! Symbolic examples: George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, profoundly knowledgeable on Madeira Wine; Historical records: 25 years after colonisation, the island was already exporting Madeira Wine; More than five centuries of existence; Most diverse export routes: Europe, Indies, Americas; From nineteenth century, the vast majority was exported to Europe - England, France and Scandinavian countries - and Japan; - Winston Churchill, got to know and enjoy this Wine during his visits to the island. Madeira Island discovery in 1419; Vinho da Roda boat trips to India, wines reached high temperatures passing through tropics improved wine quality;

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Madeira, the Island

    - Situated between latitudes 35 and 45 north and longitude 17 west, 1100 Km from the coast of Portugal, the country to which it belongs, and 600 Km from the African coast;- Total surface area of 740Km2, with its highest point being Pico Ruivo, with an altitude of 1861 metres;- Wine-growing landscape deeply rooted in the island portrays a myriad of colours which change from different shades of green to reddish browns throughout the year;

    - Construction of terraces, sustained by stone walling, is reminiscent of staircases which in some parts of the island rise from the sea into the hills, as if they were gardens embedded in the landscape.

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.- Introduction of espalier vines with gentler slopes on twentieth century.Wine-Growing Region- Approximately 500 hectares;- Volcanic soil origin, mainly basalt;- Proximity to the sea;- Climatic conditions of hot, humid summers and mild winters;- Characterised by very sharp slopes called poios;- Irrigation water captured from highest areas of the island, conducted through canals called levadas;- Most traditional system is latada (trellised vine), laid out horizontally;

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Vine VarietiesSercialVerdelhoBoalMalvasiaTinta Negra- There others recommended and authorized.- Most traditional grape varieties are:

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Vine VarietiesSercialVerdelho Produces slightly more full bodied and less acidic wines than those made from the Sercial variety; Cultivated at an altitude of approximately 400 metres; Produces off-dry wines.Boal Great balance between acidity and sweetness; Cultivated at latitudes varying from 100 to 300 metres; Semi-sweet, medium bodied and rich. Can be differentiated by its high acidity and astringency; Essentially cultivated in the North of the Island and in Cmara de Lobos at altitudes up to 600 metres along the southern coast and up to 200 metres in the North; Produces dry wines.

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.MalvasiaTinta NegraVine Varieties First to be planted in the island, originated from Crete; Generally found at altitudes of 150 to 200 metres; Produces sweet wines, being amongst the richest and smoothest of Madeira wines. Essentially cultivated in the South of the Island, in Funchal and Cmara de Lobos and in the North in So Vicente; Tinta Negra produces Dry, Off-Dry, Semi-Sweet and Sweet wines, and accounts for 80 to 85% of total production.

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P. Grapes are triaged for sanitary conditions;Vinification ProcessFour types of wine may be obtained: dry, medium dry, medium rich and rich wines. Weighed and probable degree of alcohol verified; Selection of grapes made in accordance with the type of wine to obtain;Must is subjected to fermentation, partial or total;Fortification with addition of vinous alcohol at 96% Vol., interruption done in accordance with the degree of sweetness desired;

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Vinification ProcessHarvestTransportReceptionDe-skinningPressingMust + skinsWith skinsMustFortification(vin. alc. 96%)PressingBlendingFermentationEstufagemCanteiroFiltrationBlendSingleharvestAgeingBottlingAgeingFermentationNo skins

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.AgeingEstufagemThe wine is placed in inox stainless steel vats that are heated via a serpentine method. Hot water, at a temperature between 45 and 50 degrees Celsius, runs through this serpentine system for a period of never less than three months. Once the estufagem is completed, the wine is subjected to a period of estgio or let rest for at least 90 days in order to acquire the conditions that will make it possible for the oenologist to finish the wine so that it may be placed in a bottle with the required quality guarantee. These wines may never be bottled and commercialised before the 31st October of the second year following the harvesting and are typically batch wines.CanteiroThe wines that are selected to age in Canteiro (this denomination comes from the fact that casks are placed on wooden support beams called canteiros) are aged in casks, usually in the top floors of the wine cellars, where the temperature is higher, for a period of two years. It has a type of oxidative ageing in the cask, making the wine develop unique characteristics of intense and complex aromas. Canteiro wines may only be commercialised once at least three years have elapsed, counting from the 1st January of the year following the harvest.

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Aromatic EvolutionDry FruitChocolateSpicesHoneyTropical FruitLaquerAgeingPrimary aromas CitrusFloralTropicalFruit

    Red Fruit PineBurntHazelnutsEucalyptusDried fruitChocolate CinnamonOrange zestLacquerCoffee TobaccoNutmegCacaoToffeeTeaHoneyBrown sugarOakPepperClovesHayQuince jamVanilla 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimenthyl-2(5H)-furanoneSotolon

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.- year of harvestTypes of Madeira Wine- production process- degree of richness- colour- structure- indication of age

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Year of harvestFrasqueira or Vintageindication of year of harvest, the date of bottling and should be registered in a specific book entry. 100% of the grapes from the same harvest;-100% of the grapes of an only vine variety (recommended or authorised);or of the mixture of recommended and/or authorised vine varieties with a minimum ageing of five years with outstanding organoleptic characteristics;indication of year of harvest, the date of bottling and should be registered in a specific book entry. 100% of the grapes from the same harvest;-100% of the grapes of an only vine variety (recommended or authorised);or of the mixture of recommended and/or authorised vine varieties with a minimum ageing of twenty years with outstanding organoleptic characteristics;Colheita

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Year of harvestSoleraalways indicate year of harvest as that of the first wine that is the basis to the batch and should be registered in a specific book entry.outstanding organoleptic characteristics;-ageing must have been in canteiro for a minimum period of five years;basis of a batch from which a quantity that must not exceed 10% is taken out of each cask every year for bottling, being replaced by an equal quantity of another wine of the same quality up to a maximum of ten additions, after which all the existing wine may be bottled at one time;

    IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.

  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, I.P.Indication of ageSeleccionadoRainwater20 yo=20
  • IVBAM Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da