Life cycle thinking aalto uni

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Esitetty Aalto Yliopiston Creative Sustainability opiskelijoiden Finlandia Trophy työryhmälle 6.6.2012.

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  • 1.Environmental aspects andlife cycle of eventElina LevulaProject PlannerGreening Events projectCity of Helsinki Environment Centre

2. Greening events -project EU-project (2012-2014) developingenvironmental management in event industryin Helsinki Metropolitan area. Consulting and developing CertificatedEnvironmental management systemEcoCompass Events Pilot events: Flow, Design market, Madonna.Bruce Springsteen, Reaktori, Tall Ship Races(and more) Communicating to the public Developing network within event industry www.greeningevents.fi 2 3. How to minimize environmental effects?Controlling life cycle of event Life cycle thinking Event from cradle to grave Helps to identify the activities of the events their environmentaleffects Sustainability thinking also effects internal activities of theorganization-structure of the organization, management,communications, training etc. Provides time to act and minimizes the negative enviornmentaleffects and enchances the positive effects in an early stage Leadership and management is important inder to achieve eco-efficiency identifying values and strategies and creating practicalimplementation plan Because the timeline of the an event is short, should the targets belinked the long term goals.3 4. Timeline of event production 4 5. Most significant environmentalimpacts of events Waste waste streams (eventlocation and surrounding areas) &tidyness CO2 - transport, energy, food & paper Noise event program, sound system& visitors Location - event location & naturalvalues5 6. Approximately 0,3tonnes/citizen of waste is produced in Finland!Provinssirock: Total waste equals annual waste 190 people World Championship in Athletics 2005: Total waste equals annual waste 2350 peopleWasteMaterial streams of events1. Municipal waste Provinssirock 2009: 55 t 85% landfill waste Yleisurheilun MM2005: 189t 52% landfill waste Ilosaarirock 2010 17% recycled Flow 2011 86% recycled2. Constraction waste World Championship in Athletics 2005 : Temporary constraction materials were (does not include rented materials etc.) 452tonnes only 10% ended in landfill6 7. Overall Waste managementand minimizing waste It is easier to recycle clean, dry and unbroken waste than smashed waste. Overallwaste management Reduce Reuse Recycle Waste prevention - reusable vs. single use cutlery, fingerfood, enough but too much food Efficient waste sorting the waste types that are created are collected. Reuse What materials could be reused Important in all sectors constraction, catering etc. In Provinssirock 2010 started using biodegradable cutlery- amount of biowasteincreased from 100 kg 2,5 t! Sanctions for not using biodegradable cutlery is efficient control method! 7 8. Provinssirock 2011: During the festival 1,1kg of landfill waste per visitor was produced Less material you produce less waste you produce less costs you have waste/visitor 5-110gAmount of participantsAmount of waste (kg)1005 - 11 1 00050 - 110 10 000 500 - 1 100 50 0002 500 - 5 50010 00005 000 - 11 000Source: Helsinki 200653 % biowaste leftover food, napkins36 % energy/mixed waste plastic, cigaret butts11 % card board card cups and plates, packaging materials. 8 9. Typical wastetypes 9 10. Effects of onsite recyclingguidance10 11. Cost savings of recycling11 12. Construction waste- comprehensiveplanning Analysing long term needs for construction: Permanent or temporary building? Complete or only partial unbuilding? Waste streams of construction are significantand often recycleable (potential needs to beconsidered ahead). Parts of construction material could berecycled, rented or sold. Recycling and reuse minimizes costs ofwaste treatment12 13. Temporary building Most significant wastes of termporary building are steel,wood and plastic. Identifying materials helps to identify recycling methods andreuse potentials.. Remember that renting materials is also possible! Mass mattress is usually single used. MM2005 matto oliuudelleen kytettv (10 -30 kertaa) ja tapahtuman jlkeense joko uudelleen kytettiin tai kierrtettiin! Puujtelavan lisminen purkuun Provinssirockiin 2010vhensi rakennusjtett 5 tonnista 1 tonniin, puutakerttiin 2 tonnia.13 14. Carbon dioxide emissionsCO2 15. Most significantCO2- emission sources of event Transportation Energy use Paper/Materials Food 15 16. Emissions of transport Sources of emissions: Transport of the visitors: public and privatetransportation Transport of the production: building, supplies,waste management, other production travelling All transportation, except cycling and walking, createemissions CO2 is the most significant greenhouse gas Other negative environmental impacts of transport:noise, air pollution 16 17. CO2 emissions of transport modes Train 24 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres Bus 50 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres Car 92 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres Airplane 163 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres Ship318 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres17 18. Public transportation Decreases emissions Decreases traffic Increases functionality of the event How to get people to use public transport? Include ticket to entrance fee! High parking fee! Car Pooling! Meeting point to increase car pooling Guarded bike park!18 19. LogisticsEnvironmental effects can be decreased by minimizing trips and weight.Consider the whole life cycle of the purchase! Environmental benign, recycleable, high quality product is more ok to be delivered from long dictanceCO2 emissions of the transport needs to be considered when choosing the subcontractors New vehicles use less fuel, create less emissions to air and create cost savings Check that the subcontractor have a certificated environmental management system (ISO 14001, EMAS) in place or energy saving plans.19 20. Energy useHow to save energy?1. Investing in energy saving equipments at the event venue2. Using renewable/green energy3. Using low emission vehicles and public transportation4. Compensating emissions20 21. Energy consumption Venue energy saving potential can be cleared out through an energy audit. Analysis of energy and water use as well as heating, piping, air conditioning operation and the potential for savings. The goal is to find potential energy savings and to make venue energy saving permanent. In general, part of the venues environmental program.21 22. Green Energy Green energy is produced from renewable energy sources:Solar energy, hydropower, wind power, biomass, biofuel andgeothermal energy. If the access to buy green energy with your current provideris limited, you may buy green certificates. Green certificates can be bought to cover the whole need orjust partly. One certificate covers1,000 kWh green energy. The idea is to produce green effectively and to minimizetransport losses.In the long term green certificates have an impact to the energy production structure. 99% of the consumed energy in Ilosaarirock is green. Localcompany Pohjois-Karjalan Shk Oy offers green energyproduced by hydropower, wood energy and wind power. 22 23. Paperconsumption CO2- emissions are produced in different steps of paperslifecycle: logging, pulp production, transportation, use andrecycling. Printing causes additional emissions. The main communication tool of Ilosaarirock is Internet.Additional brochures and other paper printouts have been cutoff. Ilosaari: Producing the printing material consumed less than 4tons of paper. MM2005: Paper consumption was118 tons. 23 24. Other materialsRemember environmental labels, sustainability and fair trade.Buy locally produced products and services. T-shirts sold in Ilosaarirock are made from organic cotton and only green energy has been used in the manufacturing. 24 25. Food25% of individuals CO2 load comes from food manufacturing and production. Therefore you should favor:OrganicVegetarianSeasonal(Fair Trade) Remember also manufacturing (energy consumption) and serving (package, cutlery) 25 26. How to calculate venuesCO2 emissions? Find the most reliable and comperable data. Present each event by unit: mileage, gallons of gasolineconsumed. Find appropriate emission factors Emission factor - gasoline 2,350 gCO2/l. Calsulate and report emissions by using formula: Datagasoline littre X emission factor = CO2 emissions. Introduce the method used (references anduncertainties)Also, include any compensations! 26 27. CO2 neutral Event?Compensating emissions AllCO2 emissions can not be prevented restcan be compensated. Compensating is possible by buying CO2approved emission reductions. Emission reductions are approvedactions (egCO2 emissions of new technology, greenenergy, energy efficiency, planting trees).27 28. In Finland approximately12 tonnes of CO2 perperson is produced annually!Examples of CO2 Ilosaarirock total emissions in 2010 were 624 tonnes of CO2equivalent. Flights 85 % of the total number. 20 000 ticket buyers. World Athletics Championships MM2005 36 000 tonnes. 97% of the traffic. 3 000 athletes from 200 countries, 3 500 mediarepresentatives, 3 000 volunteers and 200 000 viewers innine days. 28 29. Information and communications Image building has become an important part of the managing of theevent. The strategy should be considered in advance: Web-pages. Social media, TV, Radio, PressThe importance of internal communication. A good and forward-looking information is important for the media! Some customers demand events to be green but notnecessarily act green themselves!Ilosaarirock: Instructions about green festival behaviour given beforehand: Web- pages, promoting materials Reminders in the stage screens during the event. Employees management ment have an important role in achieving the set environmental objectives. 29 30. Creative products - Founded 2009 Glastonbury 2011 Green Traders GOLD Award About Turning unloved forgotten tents in to beautiful funshowerproof bags, jackets, capes and bunting Mission WiTHiNTENT helps to minimise the landfill waste fromfestivals, by giving a second chance to the unlovedtents t