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Transcript of Liechtenstein s Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990 - · PDF file NIR LIE 2014 Master_final.doc ....

  • O FFIC E O F EN V IR O N M EN T

    PR IN C IPA LITY O F LIEC H TEN STEIN

    Liechtensteins Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990 - 2012

    National Inventory Report 2014 Submission of 14 April 2014 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and under the Kyoto Protocol

  • Published and distributed by:

    Office of Environment (OE)

    Postfach 684

    FL-9490 Vaduz

    Principality of Liechtenstein

    www.au.llv.li

    Vaduz, 14 April 2014

    http://www.au.llv.li/

  • National Inventory Report of Liechtenstein 2014 3

    Liechtenstein’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2012 National Inventory Report 2014

    Submission of 14 April 2014 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and under the Kyoto Protocol

    Authors

    INFRAS, Zürich/Schweiz Jürg Heldstab Lead author Martin Herren Introduction, Trends, Energy (Transport), Industrial Processes (F-gases), Agriculture, Recalculations Mario Betschart Executive Summary, Introduction, Trends, Energy (Overview, Aviation), Uncertainty LULUCF, Recalculations Benedikt Notter Energy (Transport), Agriculture, Recalculations Bettina Schäppi Uncertainty Evaluation Tier 2

    Ernst Basler + Partner, Zollikon/Schweiz Denise Fussen Introduction (Key Category Analysis, Uncertainty Evaluation

    Tier 1), Energy (Energy Industries, Manufacturing, Other Sectors, Fugitive Emissions),

    Maya Wolfensberger Industrial Processes, Solvent and Other Product Use, Waste Meteotest, Bern Beat Rihm LULUCF, KP-LULUCF

    Emission modelling

    Jürgen Beckbissinger Acontec, Schaan/Liechtenstein

    Office of Environment, Vaduz/Liechtenstein (www.au.llv.li)

    Helmut Kindle National Focal Point Andreas Gstoehl Head of Inventory Group, Quality Manager (QA/QC) Heike Summer Project manager, National Inventory Compiler (NIC), Emission data, KP-LULUCF tables, National Registry, National Allocation Plan Hanspeter Eberle LULUCF Sven Braden Project Manager Assistant, International Affairs, Accounting on Kyoto Units, Emissions Trading, CDM, JI NIR LIE 2014 Master_final.doc

    http://www.au.llv.li/

  • National Inventory Report of Liechtenstein 2014 5

    Table of Contents 14 April 2014

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents .................................................................................................................... 5

    Glossary ................................................................................................................................. 9

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................11

    ES.1 Background Information on Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Climate Change and Supplementary Information Required Under Art. 7.1. KP ................................................................................11

    ES.2 Summary of National Emission and Removal Related Trends, and Emission and Removals from KP-LULUCF Activities ............................................................................................................13

    ES.3. Overview of Source and Sink Category Estimates and Trends, including KP-LULUCF Activities .........................................................................................................................................14

    ES.4. Other Information .......................................................................................................18

    Acknowledgement .................................................................................................................19

    PART 1 Annual Inventory Submission ......................................................................................21

    1 Introduction .................................................................................................................21

    1.1 Background Information on Liechtenstein’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Climate Change and Supplementary Information of the Kyoto Protocol (KP) .....................................................21

    1.2 Institutional Arrangements for Inventory Preparation, including the Legal and Procedural Arrangements for Inventory Planning, Preparation and Management .......................................26

    1.3 Inventory Preparation ..............................................................................................27

    1.4 Methodologies and Data Sources ..............................................................................36

    1.5 Brief Description of Key Categories ............................................................................39

    1.6 Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) Including Verification and Confidentiality Issues 46

    1.7 Uncertainty Evaluation .............................................................................................51

    1.8 Completeness Assessment .......................................................................................62

    2 Trends in Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals .........................................................63

    2.1 Aggregated Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2012 ..............................................................63

    2.2 Emission Trends by Gas ............................................................................................65

    2.3 Emission Trends by Sources and Sinks ........................................................................67

    2.4 Emission Trends for Indirect Greenhouse Gases and SO2 ..............................................70

    2.5 KP-LULUCF Inventory in Aggregate and by Activity, by Gas ...........................................72

    3 Energy ..........................................................................................................................73

    3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................73

    3.2 Source Category 1A – Fuel Combustion Activities ........................................................83

    3.3 Source Category 1B – Fugitive Emissions from Fuels and Oil and Natural Gas ............... 107

    4 Industrial Processes ..................................................................................................... 111

    4.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 111

  • National Inventory Report of Liechtenstein 2014 6

    Table of Contents 14 April 2014

    4.2 Source Category 2A – Mineral Products ................................................................... 111

    4.3 Source Category 2B – Chemical Industry .................................................................. 113

    4.4 Source Category 2C – Metal Production ................................................................... 113

    4.5 Source Category 2D – Other Production ................................................................... 114

    4.6 Source Category 2E – Production of Halocarbons and SF6 ........................................... 114

    4.7 Source Category 2F – Consumption of Halocarbons and SF6 ....................................... 114

    4.8 Source Category 2G – Other ................................................................................... 124

    5 Solvent and Other Product Use..................................................................................... 125

    5.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 125

    5.2 Source Category 3A – Paint Application .................................................................... 126

    5.3 Source Category 3B – Degreasing and Dry Cleaning ................................................... 128

    5.4 Source Category 3C – Chemical Products, Manufacture and Processing ....................... 129

    5.5 Source Category 3D – Other ................................................................................... 131

    6 Agriculture ................................................................................................................. 135

    6.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 135

    6.2 Source Category 4A – Enteric Fermentation .............................................................. 137

    6.3 Source Category 4B – Manure Management ............................................................. 146

    6.4 Source Category 4C – Rice Cultivation ...................................................................... 152

    6.5 Source Category 4D – Agricultural Soils .................................................................... 152

    6.6 Source Category 4E – Burning of savannas ............................................................... 162

    6.7 Source Category 4F – Field Burning of Agricultural Residues ....................................... 162

    7 Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry ...................................................................... 163

    7.1 Overview .............................................................................................................. 163

    7.2 Methodical Approach and Activity Data .................................................