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L L i i b b e e r r i i a a 15 Januar y y 2011

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Microsoft Word - EHAP Liberia.doc1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.................................................................................................................. 1
TABLE I: SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS (GROUPED BY SECTOR) ......................................................... 2 TABLE II: SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS (GROUPED BY ORGANIZATION) ............................................... 2
2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES ................................................................... 3
2.1 CONTEXT AND RESPONSE TO DATE........................................................................................... 3 2.2 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS ............................................................. 5 2.3 SCENARIO................................................................................................................................ 5
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES ................................................................................................ 18
ANNEX I. LIST OF PROJECTS....................................................................................................... 19
ANNEX III. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................ 27
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available
Full project details can be viewed, downloaded and printed from
C Ô T E D ' I V O I R E
Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.Map data sources: CGIAR, United Nations Cartographic Section, UNDP, ESRI, EuropaTechnologies, GEBCO, Natural Earth.
* asylum seekers
1 Sources: (5, 7, 10, 13) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 2010.The HDI is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: longevity, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. The ranks run from one to 169, where 169 reflect the lowest level of human development in 2010 ( (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), State of the World’s Children 2010: Under-five mortality per 1,000 in 2008. Underweight (NCHS/WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months who are below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO reference population. Stunting (NCHS/WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months who are below minus two standard deviations from median height for age of the NCHS/WHO reference Population. (1, 12) World Bank, Key Development Data and Statistics. Atlas Method, 2008/2009; (http://www. (8) United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistics for Ivoirian refugees and asylum seekers residing from referenced country before the Ivoirian political crises can be found at Regional Representation Dakar (9) United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistics for Ivoirian refugees and asylum seekers arriving from referenced country after the Ivoirian political crises can be found at Regional Representation Dakar (10) United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistics for refugees originating from referenced country can be found at ( (11) ECHO, European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Office, global needs assessment (GNA) can be found at: ( (12) ECHO, European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Office, global needs assessment (GNA) can be found at: (
Population (millions) (2009) (1) 4.0
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 (under 1 year old) (2008) (2) 100
Children under 5 mortality rate per 1,000 (2008) (3) 145
Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births (2007/08) (4)
% of under-fives (2003–2008*) suffering from (6):
Under-weight (moderate & severe)
Before political crisis (8) 6445
After political crisis (9) 25,088 as of 13 January 2011
Number of refugees abroad (9) 71,572
Percentage of population living below income poverty line ($1.25 /day) (2000-2007) (10)
GNI per capita (2009) (12) $160
UNDP HDI score and rank (out of 169) (13) 0.300:162th (low)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The potential humanitarian implications of the current political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire on the lives and livelihoods of thousands of people remain of deep concern. Since the beginning of the political crisis considerable international attention has been devoted to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire. To date, Liberia has seen the largest number of Ivoirians arriving onto its territory with almost 600 new arrivals per day. The Government of Liberia has agreed to recognise all Ivoirians fleeing their country in the aftermath of the election’s crisis as refugees on a prima facie basis. In addition, it is likely that Liberian nationals in Côte d’Ivoire will return to their country, and third country nationals will also leave Côte d’Ivoire for safety reasons. This group of “returnees/third country nationals” is estimated at 25,000 people. In an effort to reinforce the response for the needs of a projected 50,000 refugees and an additional 25,000 returnees and third country nationals pouring into the territory, this Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP2) appeals for resources for current and projected imminent refugees and other affected people in Liberia. There is a separate Regional EHAP for Côte d’Ivoire and four other neighbouring countries which will address the needs of refugees, IDPs, returnees and third country nationals in Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Ghana and Mali. As of 13 January 2011, 25,088 Ivoirian refugees have fled into Liberia with a steady increase of arrivals into its eastern borders including Butuo, Gborplay, Dulay and Loguatuo and 23 villages in Nimba County. The refugees include supporters of both Mr. Gbagbo and Mr. Ouattara. The majority of arrivals are women (55%), and 62% of the total are below the age of 18 years. UNHCR has reported that the increasing presence of refugees is putting a strain on the local communities hosting new arrivals with already limited resources. Clean water, shelter, food, health, protection, sanitation, education and security all remain the most urgent needs for refugees and local communities alike as they have very little to survive on. UNHCR and other humanitarian actors are working to provide humanitarian aid to these refugees in Liberia. The response plans developed for the EHAP for Liberia are in line with the sector structure and the four strategic objectives of the 2011 Regional CAP for West Africa: 1. Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations 2. Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden onset
crisis 3. Ensure humanitarian access and improve protection of vulnerable people 4. Strengthen coordination and preparedness of emergencies at national and regional levels The financial requirements for the EHAP for Liberia amount to US$3 55,025,738, to cover the most urgent humanitarian needs for a six-month planning and budgeting horizon. The EHAP for Liberia includes projects of 7 United Nations organizations and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Key Parameters
Affected population 25,088 refugees as of mid-January 2011; host communities; plus more projected
Key areas of response
Water, sanitation and hygiene Protection Education Logistics
Key target beneficiaries 50,000 refugees and 25,000 returnees and third country nationals
Total funding requested $55,025,738
2 “Emergency humanitarian action plan” is a term that has been used in West Africa to denote what are essentially flash appeals for sudden-onset or steeply worsening crises, but which are counted as supplements to the regional West Africa Consolidated Appeal rather than parallel appeals. 3 All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, [email protected]), which will display its requirements and funding on the West Africa CAP 2011 page.
Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Liberia 2011 as of 15 January 2011
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by appealing organizations.
Sector Requirements
Protection 3,313,500
Education 1,662,277
Logistics 3,108,534
Total 55,025,738
Appealing Organization Requirements
International Organization for Migration 2,206,000
United Nations Children's Fund 5,715,593
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 31,016,007
United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS 568,320
United Nations Population Fund 813,250
World Food Programme 10,968,958
World Health Organization 806,110
a) Context Côte d’Ivoire has been in turmoil since the second round of Presidential elections of 28 November 2010. It has been suspended by the Economic Community of the States of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU) and is presently in a political deadlock as mediators attempt to persuade Laurent Gbagbo to step down. The impact of this political crisis on the Ivoirian population in Côte d’Ivoire is extremely worrying and a source of great preoccupation for the humanitarian community. There are reports of human rights violations including abductions, arbitrary detentions, extrajudicial executions and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Violence has broken out in Duékoué in the western part of Côte d’Ivoire between members of different ethnic groups that has led to internal displacements of more than 18,000 people. Ivoirians who have been subjected to such violence and those in fear of the aggravating security conditions in the country have sought refuge in neighbouring countries, mainly in Liberia. According to the updated contingency plan for Côte d’Ivoire, in a worst-case scenario 150,000 Ivoirians may flee into neighbouring countries, of whom 50,000 refugees into Liberia alone, plus 25,000 returnees/third country nationals. Thus far, Liberia has seen a steady increase of arrivals into its eastern borders including Butuo, Gborplay, Dulay and Loguatuo and in and around 23 villages in Nimba County. The number of refugees continues to grow at a pace of some 600 a day. Shelter, food, water and sanitation situations remain critical in Liberia, as do difficulties in accessing refugee populations in the border region due to extremely poor road conditions. To date, Ivoirian refugees have been absorbed into host communities creating an additional burden on the local population itself. In addition, protection and human rights concerns are omnipresent and further exacerbated by the large number of vulnerable groups and, as with many situations of conflict and insecurity, the possibility of gender-based violence (GBV). b) Response to date The response to the needs of the Ivoirian refugees in Liberia is under way. UNHCR is providing overall operational coordination and collaborating with key stakeholders in the management of the response to the Ivoirian refugee emergency. UNHCR and its implementing partners have begun activities across the spectrum including coordination, border monitoring, registration of new arrivals and deployment of additional staff. In addition, UNHCR has begun the distribution of non-food items (NFIs) and food assistance provided by the World Food Programme (WFP) for the refugees presently in Liberia. Due to acute problems of access to border locations and the growing needs of refugees who began to flee over a month ago and continue to arrive in large numbers, UNHCR has struck an agreement with the Government to establish a refugee camp in Bahn with an absorption capacity of 19,000 individuals and a potential second camp depending on the numbers of additional arrivals. The establishment of refugee camps requires a number of key actions which are now in progress, namely site planning, removal of hazards, demarcation, the provision of essential services such as water, sanitation, hygiene, healthcare and nutrition facilities in the site itself, the procurement of tents for emergency shelter and the provision of local materials and labour to construct emergency shelters, latrines, bathhouses, warehouses, schools and so on. Negotiations are underway with government officials to deploy security staff in the camps to uphold the civilian character of the camps. All such actions are currently in full swing and a transfer of refugees from host communities to the refugee camp is envisaged soon. In addition of the camp sites, some villages have already been identified to relocate the refugees far away from the border (cf. Ivoirian Refugees relocation map). Sensitization and awareness campaigns on GBV and provision of psycho-social services to survivors of GBV are being negotiated and will be implemented through IRC, Save the Children and Equip as part of the GBV network in Liberia. The overall coordination of these activities will be established through UNHCR in partnership with the Ministry of Gender, UNFPA and the GBV network.
In addition, and as part of the global agreement between UNHCR and WFP, the latter is providing food assistance to refugees. WFP has airlifted from the humanitarian depot in Accra, Ghana five metric tons of high-energy biscuits to assist the growing number of people crossing the border into Nimba County in Liberia. Family-tracing systems have been activated where required, alongside the monitoring of violence and exploitation of children and women. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a preliminary emergency appeal for $1.4 million to strengthen the Red Cross National Societies of Côte d’Ivoire’s neighbouring countries including Liberia. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is supporting the Government and NGO partners like EQUIP, CIPORD, ACF, DRC and many more in urgently providing safe drinking water, nutrition, education programmes and protection of children from violence, abuse and exploitation. UNICEF provided access to safe water for 17,500 people in the refugee influx areas. Distribution of soap, jerry cans, water purification tablets and sanitation materials has already begun. Supplies for water and sanitation for 10,000 people in a camp scenario have been pre-positioned in Ganta. A recent assessment showed a significant number of malnourished children. Nutrition screening and therapeutic management of acute malnutrition has already started in clinics in Northern Nimba, and more clinics will initiate these in the next few days. UNICEF is supporting activities to prevent deterioration of the nutrition status of children and pregnant and lactating women, as well as provide nutrition support for HIV-affected families. The World Health Organization (WHO), after supporting the rapid health assessment, has prepositioned in Liberia 20 emergency health kits for 20,000 people among the refugees and host communities during three months ready to be used in support to the basic health provision including malaria treatment. With several reports of unaccompanied and separated children, UNICEF is working with the Government, child protection network, including the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) and the Liberian National Red Cross (LNRC), on priority actions: family tracing and reunification including prevention of separation; child-friendly spaces in collaboration with the education sector; prevention and response (referral) to violence and abuse including GBV and child recruitment; and, monitoring of child protection issues. In the education sector, UNICEF will help establish, in the next few weeks, temporary learning spaces for children in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Save the
Children with participation of local communities and Ivoirian refugee teachers. Education and recreation kits are being pre-positioned, and more kits have been ordered. IOM Liberia has been preparing to assist Liberian returning migrants from Côte d’Ivoire. IOM teams are ready to be deployed at the border to organise logistics of returns in cooperation with UNHCR. At the request of the Liberian government, an IOM Senior Border Management Trainer will be deployed soon to be able to train Liberian border officials on profiling and referral of migrants crossing the borders. Other long-term capacity building interventions to respond to the migration management challenges are also planned at the request of the government. IOM Liberia office has been strengthened with an IOM emergency office from the region and with coordination assistance from HQ and from the Dakar Regional Office. 2.2 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
The current political crisis has led thousands of Ivoirians to flee to neighbouring countries, with Liberia receiving the brunt of the influx. As of 13 January 2011, 25,088 refugees were registered in Liberia, out of whom 55% are women, and 62% are under 18 years of age. It will therefore be necessary to reinforce the monitoring activities and to move refugees away from the border for security and logistical reasons (as per the principles of the 1969 OAU Convention governing specific aspects of refugee problems in Africa). It will be necessary to ensure the safety and well- being of unaccompanied and separated children, but also reinforce the tracing system. It is also necessary to provide survivors of sexual- and gender-based violence access to basic protection and assistance. This should include psycho-social and health care and access to quality and relevant educational opportunities in a safe learning environment that promotes the protection and the psycho- social well-being of children and youth. Liberia is recovering from a long conflict that has affected its human resource capacity and health infrastructures, equipment and supplies including drugs. The influx of additional population will reduce the already insufficient access to health care. There is a need to address the leading causes of morbidity by strengthening: Child survival interventions Maternal and new-born health services SGBV referral Management of surgical and obstetric emergencies, Psycho-social and mental health services, Integrated nutrition services, Surveillance of epidemic prone diseases Malnutrition and health information management Institutional capacity-strengthening, deployment of adequate human resources, and adequate supply of essential drugs and medical supplies are critical. There is also a need to ensure availability of sufficient amounts of clean water, safe access to improved sanitation and complementary hygiene supplies, and hygiene education to reduce potential vectors of disease transmission. Procurement and supply of necessary therapeutic foods, essential drugs and nutrition commodities has to be carried out urgently. It is essential to provide blanket- feeding with ready-to-use high-energy and micronutrient-dense complementary food to prevent deterioration of nutrition status in children under five and as needed in pregnant and lactating women and HIV affected families for six weeks. More detailed analysis of sector-specific needs is included in some of the sector response plans. 2.3 SCENARIO
The Liberia EHAP is based on the scenario of worsened security and large-scale humanitarian need, developed in the contingency plan for Côte d’Ivoire which was updated on 31 December 2010. The scenario foresees a stalemate with no solution to the present crisis resulting in continuous movements into Liberia in the coming six months with up to 50,000 people crossing the border. Third-country nationals and Liberian refugees could also be affected by the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and flee into Liberia. While it is not foreseen that the 24,000 Liberian refugees living in Côte d’Ivoire will be compelled by the situation to return to their country in the near future, some 25,000 third-country
nationals (TCNs) and Liberian citizens residing in Côte d’Ivoire as migrants may do so within the next six months. IOM has foreseen assistance to some 25,000 Liberian non-refugees who may return in the coming six months. The situation in Côte d’Ivoire, however, remains fluid, and scenarios will be reviewed regularly. 3. RESPONSE PLANS The influx of Ivoirian refugees into Liberia’s Nimba County is taking place in a fragile socio-economic context. Refugees are currently living among local populations in some 23 villages along the border. While they have been well received by populations that are often from the same ethnic group, the meagre resources shared with the newcomers will soon be depleted. Furthermore health, water and other social services are limited and cannot sustain the pressure created by a sudden population influx. Finally, although the Government has increased the presence of law enforcement officers in the area, the border with Côte d’Ivoire remains largely porous. In order to address these challenges, the present appeal comprises: (1) a multi-sectoral project presented by UNHCR, the organisation responsible for refugee protection, which includes core resource requirements in all assistance sectors; and (2) resource requirements developed by sector leads in close cooperation with UNHCR to reinforce existing programmes or establish new ones to address the pressure created by the newcomers on existing services and infrastructures. Although absorbing refugee populations in host communities is, in the long run, the most sustainable approach, for reasons mentioned above some camps will need to be established since the refugee population is likely to continue increasing as signs of a possible resolution of the Ivoirian crisis soon are fading away. A dual strategy will be implemented. It will allow refugees wishing to remain in communities that can absorb them to do so, provided that they are located a reasonable distance from the border. They will benefit from community-based assistance. Other refugees will be transferred to the site recently granted by the Government in Bahn, near the town of Saclepea, and in other camps to be identified should the influx of Ivoirian refugees continue. The Liberian post-conflict environment presents both challenges and opportunities to relief agencies and organizations involved in protection and assistance to Ivoirian refugees. Among the challenges is the need to ensure that the remarkable results achieved since the end of the conflict are not threatened. At the same time, the arrival of Ivoirian refugees presents a great opportunity for agencies to join forces in strengthening interventions and increasing the resilience of both refugee and host populations. For the sake of clarity and coherence, since all projects target primarily refugees, projects outlined hereafter in discrete sectors are grouped in the on-line Financial Tracking Service (FTS) under the multi-sectoral category. The present appeal seeks to address the following needs. 3.1 MULTI-SECTORAL
Lead Agency United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Implementing partners
IRC, MERLIN, LRRRC, EQUIP, CHT, Mentor Initiative, CHESS, NRC, ACF, DRC, ARC, Childfund, Save the Children
Number of Projects 1
Beneficiaries 50,000 asylum seekers/refugees
UNHCR is responsible for managing and mobilizing resources for the multi-sector project, taking into account the inter-linkages and objectives of sector activities as submitted by the sector working groups. The sector leads will be equally accountable for the implementation through monitoring, supervision and quality control of the respective sector components of the project. Project implementation will be fully discussed and agreed between UNHCR and leaders of the sector working groups.
a) Sector objectives
Ensure all refugees are legally protected in keeping with basic human rights standards and respect for the principle of non-refoulement
Ensure that vulnerable populations are protected and their specific needs addressed Ensure that GBV is addressed in conjunction with UNFPA Ensure the civilian nature of camps Ensure that water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) needs are addressed in the refugee camps
and ensure an appropriate collaboration with the WASH Sector lead (UNICEF) to address wash needs in the host communities
Ensure provision of preventive and curative health care services to refugees and host communities, including reproductive health services, in collaboration with Health Sector partners
Ensure the assessment and the monitoring of nutrition, in collaboration with the Nutrition Sector lead (UNICEF)
Ensure the provision of basic education, in collaboration with the Education Sector lead (UNICEF)
Ensure the provision of safe and efficient transportation for refugees, humanitarian workers and relief goods/items
Ensure repair or maintenance of Sacclepea-Butuo access roads around refugee settlements and camps to facilitate access
Promote self-reliance and sustainable livelihoods for refugees Ensure rehabilitation of air strips Ensure that all refugee households have adequate, appropriate and secure shelter Ensure availability of complementary foods for targeted feeding programmes Mitigate environmental degradation due to the presence of refugees in the community and the
b) Strategy and Proposed Activities Monitor the border and reinforce protection teams on the ground Train partners in protection and human rights Construct camps for refugees who will not remain in host communities Rehabilitate or construct educational facilities and provide material and furniture Provide a minimum health care package and ensure the continuity of treatment for those in
need in collaboration with WHO Assess the nutrition conditions of the refugee population in collaboration with UNICEF Monitor nutrition programs in collaboration with UNICEF and the Government Purchase and distribute shelter and building materials, including other NFIs Provide water and sanitation facilities in the camps in collaboration with UNICEF Collaborate with UNICEF to provide water and sanitation facilities in host communities Organise the secondary transportation of food and other materials and their distributions to the
beneficiaries Carry-out rehabilitation or maintenance of access roads and bridges leading to refugee
hosting areas Rehabilitate three air strips (Ganta, Luguato, Butuo) Provide administrative, logistics, IT/Telecom to staff/partners and security support for the
coordination and the implementation of interventions c) Expected Outcomes
Coordinated interventions promoting the protection and assistance for refugees and host communities
Timely and safe delivery of interventions Refugees live in a safe environment, have access to essential services including health,
education, water, shelter, food, sanitation
Refugees attain a satisfactory level of self-reliance in the nearest future to avoid dependency on international aid
Sector members Government, national and regional institutions, international and local NGOs, FAO and WFP
Number of projects 2 Sector Objectives To save lives, provide and protect livelihoods of refugees and vulnerable
host communities through food aid, and support agricultural production and income generation
To improve coordination and food security information sharing mechanisms at county and national level
Beneficiaries Refugees and host population including women and children: -food aid for 60,000 people, including 50,000 refugees and 10,000 from host communities -food production and income generation assistance to 40,000 people including 32,500 refugees and 7,500 host communities
Funds Requested $10,791,924 Contact information Syed Abdul Razak [email protected] (FAO)
Getachew Diriba - [email protected] (WFP)
a) Sector Objectives Save lives, provide and protect the livelihoods of refugees and vulnerable host communities
through food aid, and provide support for agricultural production and income generation; Improve coordination and food security information sharing mechanisms at county and national
levels b) Strategy and proposed activities The influx of refugees has already started to have a negative effect on the fragile local economy. The price of the staple food (rice) increased by about 50%, while wage rates decreased by 40%, thus exerting additional pressures on food-insecure local populations. To mitigate these constraints, a phased approach will be adopted to improve the availability and access to food for refugees and vulnerable host communities. In the first stage, emergency food assistance will be provided to displaced populations (mainly refugees) as well as vulnerable host populations in order to save lives and to prevent a degradation of household food security and nutrition status and the adoption of negative coping strategies. The food production assistance will progressively reduce dependence on food aid while also allowing beneficiary communities to generate incomes from the sales of surplus proceeds. The food assistance strategy is flexible and will be reviewed on an ongoing basis. A series of multi-sectoral and specific food security needs assessments will support the development of a strong, concerted and coordinated response strategy. Food assistance has already started by utilizing in-country contingency food reserves and will be scaled-up as additional resources become available. The Ivoirian refugees are presently hosted by local populations in 23 communities that are already faced with food insecurity. While efforts are underway to shift refugees to designated camps, a significant number of refugees are likely to remain in the current setting. The Government of Liberia has allocated arable land to address the food production needs of the refugee population. Interventions will be designed to improve food production and create income generating opportunities to mitigate food access constraints for both refugees and vulnerable host communities. Priority will be given to the most vulnerable, including women and children under five. Special vulnerable groups identified within the host communities will receive additional food aid support to reduce their vulnerabilities. Identification and selection of beneficiaries and response plans will be developed in conjunction with UNHCR and other stakeholders at the county and national levels. The Government, through the Ministry of Agriculture, will play a pivotal role in the provision of support to refugees and vulnerable host communities for agriculture production.
In view of the evolving situation, periodic assessments will be held to establish the most appropriate medium of transfer (cash, in-kind etc), appropriate strategies to further enhance the availability and access to food, income generating opportunities, access to land and related social cohesion issues. All food security related interventions will be closely monitored and coordinated to avoid duplication and ensure a synergetic response. Activities will focus on:
Food security, markets (food, animal and manpower) and agricultural needs assessments Food assistance including food and/or cash transfers for livelihoods and agriculture related
activities, if applicable Promotion of income generation and agricultural activities through distribution of seeds
(lowland and upland rice, corn, okra, cowpeas, hot pepper, African bitter balls, legumes and other short cycles and improved varieties) , fertilizers (NPK and urea) and tools and some new techniques (micro gardening/livestock farming) regarding the context (no or very poor land)
c) Expected outcomes
The food security and nutrition situation is known, and results of assessments are shared with all stakeholders.
Affected households maintain and/or improve their food security status while reducing negative coping strategies.
Acute malnutrition among children under five years of age and pregnant and lactating women in affected populations is either reduced or stabilized.
Affected households have increased their incomes. Affected households have increased their agricultural production and their technical
capacities. The nutritional intake of refugees and vulnerable host communities is increased.
Number of projects 1
Sector Objective Provision of life saving nutrition interventions and promotion of infant and young child feeding during emergency to ensure appropriate nutrition emergency response
Beneficiaries - 1,375 children under five treated by community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) program -12,500 children under five provided with blanket feeding, vitamin A supplementation, deworming and support for optimal infant and young child feeding practices
Funds Requested $1,314,816
Contact information Pragya Mathema, [email protected]
a) Context and Needs During emergency situations, there is an immediate and increased risk of death especially among children under five due to increased and frequent cases of infection and very high rates of malnutrition. The fundamental means of preventing malnutrition and mortality among infants and young children is to ensure appropriate feeding and care. Children who suffer from acute malnutrition have a very high risk of dying, and management of acute malnutrition during emergency is a priority. Inter-Agency Rapid Assessments, conducted from 8-10 December 2010, recommended urgent food distribution with supplementary feeding for children. Malnutrition has been noted in children in health clinics on the border, and one child death has been reported due to malnutrition/anemia. About two- thirds of children in the region are expected to be anemic (National Malaria Survey, 2009). ACF completed a nutrition rapid assessment in the refugee and host populations from 27-29 December
2010 and found 10% of children with global acute malnutrition (mid-upper-arm circumference <125mm). The nutrition conditions of children across the border in Ivory Coast were poor before the current political crisis started. The regional nutrition survey in Côte d’Ivoire of June-July 2010 reported 6% and 7% global acute malnutrition in Montaignes and Moyen Cavally regions, respectively. Nutrition screening and therapeutic management of acute malnutrition is taking place in a few clinics in the northern region of Nimba, but human resources and existing health structures are inadequate to meet the additional caseload. At present, the southern region lacks trained human resources and health structures to manage acute malnutrition. Nutrition rehabilitation centers and new outpatient sites need to be established. Vaccination has started and there is a need to integrate vitamin A supplementation and de-worming as part of the vaccination campaign. Procurement and supply of necessary therapeutic foods, essential drugs and nutrition commodities has to be carried out urgently. b) Strategy and Proposed Activities The overall goal of the response is to prevent nutrition deprivation, thereby reduce child morbidity and mortality, and to ensure continued adequate growth and development of children affected by the crisis. Use of fortified food products with appropriate micronutrient composition for women and children is recommended as a response to populations in crisis as per the WHO/UNICEF/WFP 2006 statement on preventing and controlling micronutrient deficiencies in emergencies. In the health and nutrition sector consultations, blanket feeding with high energy and micronutrient dense complementary feeding of children, pregnant women and lactating women has been strongly recommended as a preventive temporary measure until the food distribution is initiated at full scale. The response plan therefore aims to prevent and treat malnutrition in children in the refugee and host populations through protection of breastfeeding, blanket feeding, effective community management of acute malnutrition, vitamin A supplementation, deworming and promotion of essential nutrition actions.
Activities will focus on: Blanket feeding with ready to use foods to prevent deterioration of nutrition status in children
under five and as needed in pregnant and lactating women and HIV affected families for six weeks with the expectation that general food distribution is fully operational by February
Regular monthly monitoring and evaluation of the nutritional situation of affected populations Effective implementation of CMAM through government health clinics plus mobile clinics
supported by Equip and IRC and in camps Protection of breastfeeding and infant feeding in emergencies through media and counseling
activities in the affected population areas and camps Continued promotion of Essential Nutrition Actions through training and support for health workers
and communities including vitamin A supplementation and deworming Provision of necessary therapeutic foods, essential drugs and nutrition commodities Coordination of the nutrition sector for effective emergency nutrition response
The activities will be coordinated at the national and country level with the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and the Nimba County Health Team and in collaboration with UNHCR.
c) Expected outcomes - More than 90% of 12,500 under-five children will receive blanket feeding with ready to use foods - More than 90% of 1,375 children will be treated by the CMAM program - More than 90% of the child population (of the targeted age groups) will benefit from promotion of
optimal infant and young (under-five) child feeding practices, vitamin A supplementation (6-59 months) and deworming (12-59 months).
- Monthly updates produced on the nutritional situation and response in affected populations.
Sector Lead Agency WHO Sector Members UNFPA, WHO, UNICEF,UNAIDS, and MoH&SW Number of Projects 5 Overall Sector Objectives Reduce excess morbidity and mortality among crisis-affected
people Provide access to health care to the affected people Control epidemic-prone and endemic diseases in crisis-affected
areas Total Number of Beneficiaries
50,000 refugees and 10,000 people in host communities
Funds Requested $2,427,680 Contact Information Dr. Nestor Ndayimirije: [email protected]
a) Context From onset of the influx, immediate initiatives were undertaken by the Nimba County Health Team and partners to provide basic health services to both refugees and host communities in seven out of the 20 functioning health facilities. However, capacity to provide basic health services is not uniform among all the existing health facilities. For example, Bahn Health Center in Zoe-Gey district supported by Nimba County Health Team does not have the necessary capacity to serve as the immediate referral unit. Patients from Zoe-Gey district are being referred to Saclepea health centre, in Tappita district, where poor the road network impedes access to the health services. In addition, Luguatuo, Duoplay and Karnplay health facilities are supported by a grant whose contract expired at the end of December 2010 though there are assurances from the implementing partner that services will be provided until the end of February 2011. The number of health workers, medical supplies and the absorption capacity of the designated health facilities is inadequate in relation to the needs. b) Main Objectives 1. Ensure access to essential health services, prevention of HIV, care and treatment to refugees and
host communities 2. Ensure access to essential health services for women and children, and emergency reproductive
health services to refugees and affected communities 3. Ensure prevention, early detection, referral and treatment of acute malnutrition for children and
pregnant and lactating women both in the host and refugee populations 4. Ensure critical functionality of referral health facilities and adequate referral system 5. Ensure quality control of service delivery through regular supervision and monitoring and provision
of essential drugs 6. Improve health information, surveillance and response to epidemics among Ivoirian refugees and
host communities in affected areas
c) Strategy and Proposed Activities 1. Ensure access to essential health services for refugees and the affected host communities.
This entails strengthening the health service delivery systems to provide health preventive and curative services to refugees and host communities in Gbehlay-Gey, Zoe-Gey and Tappita districts.
2. Ensure access to essential health services for women and children and emergency reproductive
health services to refugees and affected communities This entails sustaining functional essential health service delivery systems for pregnant women and children in the refugee hosting districts. Particular focus is on ensuring access to integrated child survival packages and immunizations as well as to priority sexual and reproductive health interventions as outlined in the MISP (Minimum Initial Services Package); particularly access to basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care, HIV prevention and response to sexual- and
gender-based violence. Provision of reproductive health supplies, equipment and distribution of reproductive health commodities and deployment of needed staff are priorities.
3. Ensure prevention, early detection, referral and treatment of acute malnutrition for children and pregnant and lactating women both in the host and refugee populations. This entails regular screening for malnutrition as an integral component of the response, with outpatient treatment of moderate and severe malnutrition through existing health facilities and in- patient treatment of severe malnutrition with medical complications. In addition, because breastfed children are at least 6 times more likely to survive in the early months, the support, promotion and protection of breastfeeding as well as best practices for complementary feeding and food related hygiene is fundamental to preventing under nutrition and mortality among refugee infants.
4. Ensure functionality of critical referral health facilities and adequate referral system This entails having in place health service delivery systems including essential staff, medicines, equipment, medical supplies, hospital infection control measures and food for patients. In addition, there will be ambulance referral services from the community to the referral facilities.
5. Ensure quality control of service delivery through regular supervision and monitoring and provision of essential drugs
The delivery of health services for the refugee population in host communities poses huge challenges of accessibility and quality of health care. It has been recommended to establish mobile clinics, construct health facilities and provide essential drugs in the new camps. This entails the establishment of good quality control through the regular provision of essential drugs and having appropriate supervision and monitoring mechanisms in place.
6. Improve health information, surveillance and response to epidemics among Ivoirian refugees and host communities in affected areas This entails identifying priority areas for interventions through a comprehensive health needs assessment, consolidating the early warning functions of the existing health surveillance systems and integrating nutrition indicators and information on food-related diseases, and coordinating humanitarian health assistance.
d) Expected outcomes
Reduced mortality and morbidity among refugees and host communities Reduced mortality and morbidity among pregnant women, newborns and children Health providers with the capacity to provide priority reproductive health services (MISP) Health facilities equipped to provide quality emergency reproductive health services Reproductive health commodities available for the refugee population Acute malnutrition cases adequately managed Nutritional status of refugee women and children protected from the effects of humanitarian
crises Appropriate quality of service delivery for refugees and host communities in place in all health
facilities and community-based intervention in the affected areas. Improved health system functions in the referral health facilities and strengthened ambulance
services Surveillance system in place to early detect, report and monitor possible outbreaks,
particularly in refugee hosting communities Critical health information is collected, regularly updated and shared with all partners involved
Sector Lead Agency UNICEF Implementing Agencies ACF; CARE; CIPORD; CHF; CWW; DRC; ECREP; ERS; EQUIP;
Oxfam GB; Solidarities International Number of Projects 1 Sector Objective Timely and coordinated WASH response Total Number of Beneficiaries
50,000 people
Funds Requested $1,391,000 Contact Information Hamidou A. Maiga, [email protected]
a) Strategy and Proposed Activities UNICEF and partners will concentrate efforts on host communities while UNHCR will focus primarily on camp settings and will work in collaboration with UNICEF as necessary. The critical needs of water and sanitation of this population need to be addressed to avoid water- borne and sanitation related diseases and epidemics. These needs include ensuring availability of sufficient amounts of clean water, safe access to improved sanitation and complementary hygiene supplies and education to reduce potential vectors of disease transmission. The strategy is therefore defined as the following: Provision of water through rehabilitation, construction of water points, tankering in camps and host
communities, distribution of jerry cans and water purification tablets Sanitation – rehabilitation/construction of facilities, hygiene promotion Hygiene – communication strategies to promote use of improved hygiene, including hand washing
with soap and use of latrines Coordination – strengthen coordination between partners The activities will include temporary and/or sustainable solutions for supplying sufficient, safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene facilities to the population impacted by the crisis. The sensitization will be focused on key hygiene behaviors, to be prepared and validated before the crises then updated if necessary. Water provision will be carried out, as necessary, through emergency water tankering, temporary water bladder systems, and/or the distribution of jerry cans and water purification tablets. Safe water points and family or collective latrines will, as necessary, be constructed and/or repaired in villages affected by the crisis and those accommodating displaced people, as well as in the camp when constructed. Gender sensitive sanitation facilities will be constructed respecting minimum standards, and hygiene education will be promoted on key behaviors, including the use of latrines and hand washing with soap. b) Expected Outcomes Refugees, returnees and host communities have access to the WASH packages: Clean water (>15l/p/d)* Secure and friendly sanitation (>1 gender latrine/50 p) Hygiene kit (450g soap/p/m, 1 intimate kit/woman in camp, jerry cans, etc.) Promotion on key hygiene behaviors (handwashing with soap and latrine use)
Lead Agency UNHCR Implementing Partners UNICEF, IOM, UNFPA, IRC, ARC, Equip, SEARCH and Helping
Hands Number of Projects 3 Overall Sector Objective Ensure the respect for the basic protection principles and human
rights concerns of populations affected by the humanitarian crisis in Liberia
Beneficiaries Total: 50,000 Funds Requested $3,313,500 Contact information Ibrahima Coly [email protected] a) Sector Objectives The protection sector objectives are the following: Ensuring that refugees are protected in keeping with basic human rights standards and respect for
the principle of non-refoulement Ensuring that vulnerable populations are protected and their specific needs addressed Ensuring that gender-based violence is addressed and that the civilian nature of the camps is
ensured Ensuring the provision of temporary accommodation, food, documentation, transportation,
emergency protection assistance (including medical aid) and return in safety and dignity for third country nationals
Ensuring the provision of unhindered access to water, sanitation facilities, food, shelter, education and healthcare
Ensuring safe living conditions and access to healthcare, psycho-social support and reintegration assistance to vulnerable populations (unaccompanied or separated children, female and child heads of household, child soldiers, survivors of GBV, girls, people with disabilities, people living with HIV/AIDS)
Ensuring the fulfilment of UNICEF Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action (CCCs) in child protection by monitoring and reporting grave violations
Ensuring the establishment of child protection mechanisms to prevent violations and ensure child protection concerns; prevention of separation of children from families; provision of psycho-social support; prevention of any illegal child recruitments and safety from illicit weapons
b) Strategy and Proposed Activities Note that other protection related activities are also mentioned under the Multisector response plan. Provide appropriate and multi-sectoral service/assistance to GBV survivors including children
(health, psycho-social, legal/justice and reintegration) Prevent and manage the consequences of sexual violence as part of the implementation of the
Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) to respond to the reproductive health (RH) needs of displaced populations and ensure availability of post-rape and PEP kits as well as trained medical personnel to provide care for survivors
Engage in capacity building of local authorities, affected populations and the humanitarian community through awareness raising activities
Support multi-sectoral prevention and response mechanisms for protection issues and GBV by offering quality services to those in need, in a neutral and impartial manner, and by providing community education and mobilization
Provide emergency secondary transportation assistance to approximately 25,000 returning migrants and their belongings from 23 hosting villages and camp to their place of origin/habitual residence
Provide “fit for travel” medical screening in the 23 villages currently hosting the refugees, in the camp to be opened or in secondary host communities
Provide security escorts during convoys trips. Establish a link between this return activities and the stabilization and reintegration efforts taking
place in Liberia.
Conduct refresher training on child protection in emergencies for all child protection network members.
Organise joint training on coordination as well as child protection and protection groups, sector and sub-sector members.
Establish and provide support to child protection groups and coordination clusters Carry out joint assessment missions to ensure that the child protection response is based on a
sound understanding of the actual child protection situation. Identify and document child- and women-headed households and ensure access to all basic services
Strengthen community protection monitoring and reporting surveillance mechanisms to better identify and respond to child rights violations
Pre-position the Inter-agency Separated Children Data Base and improve the implementation of an interagency Information Management System to collect child protection data in emergencies
Update roster of child protection specialists with relevant skills Procure and pre-position child protection family tracing and reunification kits, recreational kits, etc. Provide family tracing and reintegration services to separated and unaccompanied children.
Register and monitor separated and unaccompanied children, including prevention of family separation and the set up of family tracing and reunification system using the IASC standards
Establish an interagency coordination mechanism for the family tracing and reunification services that address the need for a common database, capacity building of local organisations and the cross border dimension from the onset
Raise awareness on the prevention of separation, abuse and exploitation, including prevention of recruitment of children into fighting and armed forces
Provide non-food items that are specific to the needs of pregnant or lactating women, children under five and other vulnerable children including blankets, cooking utensils, mats, sanitary pads, clothing, soap, jerry cans, mosquito nets, etc.
Provide psycho-social support, safe play areas and child friendly spaces for recreation and learning for children affected by the humanitarian crisis
c) Expected Outcomes Emergency secondary transport assistance to approximately 25,000 Liberian migrants to their
destination in Liberia provided in a safe, dignified manner Pre-departure “fitness for travel” medical screening and security escort provided Increased protection for women and children from abuse, violence and exploitation Effective family tracing and reunification of separated children Increased protection of children against recruitment by armed forces and armed groups Effective community protection systems exist for women and children Improved coordination and adequate capacities for effective child protection response Functioning and effective information management systems for child protection in emergencies Children have access to child-friendly spaces and psycho-social care and support Reduction in SGBV in host and refugee communities GBV survivors (particularly children and adolescents) receive safe, confidential, appropriate and
timely care and support GBV prevention and response included in emergency preparedness and response plans and
mainstreamed into sectoral responses Medical supplies and equipment for care/support of GBV survivors available in a timely manner
and used appropriately Trends identified in order to better protect affected populations from GBV Multi-sectoral coordination on GBV at county and national levels improved, and referral pathways
to GBV services functional Mechanisms for safe and ethical GBV data collection and analysis used accurately to
inform/shape programming and advocacy Capacity of national and regional stakeholder’s actors on child protection and GBV in emergencies
Lead Agency UNICEF Implementing Partners Plan Liberia, PSI, and local NGOs CAP, COHDA, THINK, Save the
Number of Projects 1 Overall Sector Objective
Ensure that pre-school and school-aged boys and girls affected by the crisis have access to quality and relevant education opportunities in a safe learning environment
Beneficiaries Total: 50,000 people, including: Children: 15,000 Teachers: 500
Funds Requested $1,662,277 Contact information Fazlul Hague, [email protected]
. a) Sector Objectives To ensure, in coordination with UNHCR, that 15,000 school-aged boys and girls affected by the
crisis have access to quality and relevant education opportunities in a safe learning environment that promotes the protection and the psycho-social well-being of learners.
To provide physical, psychological and cognitive protection To provide support for affected individuals, particularly younger children and adolescents To provide a sense of normality, stability, structure and hope for the future, including provision
of essential building blocks for future economic stability To save lives by protecting children against exploitation and harm and by providing the
knowledge and skills to survive the crisis through the dissemination of life saving messages b) Strategy and Proposed Activities UNICEF is leading the Education Cluster, with Save the Children as the co-lead, and is working with the Government and partners to ensure that preschool and school aged boys and girls affected by the crisis have access to quality and relevant education opportunities in a safe learning environment that promotes the protection and the psycho-social well-being of learners. A total of 15,000 children will benefit as a result of the various key interventions:
Setting up temporary child-friendly learning spaces Procurement and provision of emergency educational and recreational supplies, including
school in a carton, recreation kits, early childhood development kits for pre-school and school- aged children and adolescents (approximately 7,500 primary age children, 1,875 adolescents, 5,625 pre-school age)
Identify and conduct training for 375 teachers as well as animators and community members in formal and non-formal education, psycho-social support, life skills education including health/hygiene promotion, HIV and AIDS, GBV, child rights and peace education
Provision of training for adolescent girls and boys (youths) with sensitization on the prevention of recruitment, HIV, and AIDS and other essential life skills
Strengthening of the Education Sector coordination and response mechanism and adherence to standards for quality education intervention (INEE Minimum Standards)
The strategies that will be employed in order to effectively implement the above interventions include: Advocacy with the Ministry of Education to ensure effective implementation of the emergency
response Strengthen existing coordination mechanisms in collaboration with national authorities to
ensure that the humanitarian response is timely and coordinated Support the multi-sector rapid assessment in order to facilitate evidence based programming Monitor implementation of programme activities and ensure that capacity is in place at all levels
to effectively respond to the crisis Engage in capacity building of local authorities, affected populations and humanitarian
community through awareness raising activities
c) Expected Outcomes 15,000 pre-school-age and primary school-age boys and girls affected by the crisis have access to non-formal and formal quality education and psycho-social support in protective and safe learning environments. 500 teachers are trained on psycho-social support, life skills and child rights Youth are sensitized on the prevention of recruitment, HIV and AIDS and other essential life skills The coordination mechanism and capacity of the Education Sector is strengthened with clear
linkages to multi-sector interventions 3.8 LOGISTICS
Lead Agencies WFP
Sector Members Government, WFP, UNHCR, NGOs
Number of Projects 1 Sector Objectives Enhance logistics capacity and establish a common coordination and
information sharing platform in Liberia. Ensure the uninterrupted supply of life-saving relief items to refugees and
host populations in Liberia. Provide the humanitarian community with sufficient and adequate common
ICT services Beneficiaries 50,000 refugees and host population, and 23,000 returnees.
Funds Requested $3,108,534 Contact information Mr. Getachew Diriba, [email protected] (WFP)
a) Strategy and Proposed Activities In view of the ongoing crisis in Ivory Coast and rapid refugee influx into Liberia with specific reference to Nimba county and overall poor/delapidated logistics infrastructure in Liberia, there is a significant and immediate need to improve logistics capacity to enable humanitarian response augmentation. Already, more than 25,000 refugees have been registered, and the number is rapidly increasing. In this regard, enhancement of current levels of logistics response capacity and related preparatory measures are required in order to operationally reach affected populations. In view of the evolving situation, quick repairs of roads and bridges are required to be completed before the advent of the rainy season in mid-April. Inability to repair roads and bridges in a timely manner will risk targeted populations being seasonally inaccessible by surface transport. Roads repaired prior to the onset of rains will be far more cost effective that undertaking an airlift of aid deliveries. Activities 1. Logistics augmentation
Augmentation of of warehousing and trucking capacity, particularly in the eastern part of Liberia. WFP will increase the warehouse capacity at the Port of Monrovia and will establish more logistics hubs in Gbanga and Ganta and will expand the storage capacity at sub–offices in Saclepea, Zwedru and Harper where the refugees will be settled. Storage capacity at extended delivery points (EDPs) will be expanded.
Critical road and bridges repairs required to enhance access to the refugees’ camps and target populations: WFP will take responsibility for repairing the 90 km Saclepea – Blemiplay road and to either construct or repair broken bridges and enhance the difficult road passages while UNHCR will repair the 78 Km Saclepea – Butuu road.
UN truck fleet augmentation, warehousing capacity, offices and staff accommodation, and airstrip rehabilitation in Saclepea: WFP maintains a fleet of 50 aging trucks operating in Liberia which require maintenance, repairs and spare parts. Replacement of at least part of the old fleet is necessary to enhance WFP fleet capacity to adequately and timely respond to the emergency situation.
Provision of ad hoc humanitarian cargo flights in the sub-region
2. Telecommunication Augmentation WFP will provide the UN humanitarian community with sufficient and common ICT services,
while UNHCR will provide ICT equipment for their staff and the cooperating partners. Establishment of MOSS compliant emergency and security telecommunications network and
installation of power back up equipments in all emergency operation centres and logistics hubs.
b) Outcomes Increased logistics coordination through the provision of efficient support to all humanitarian actors
and information-sharing platform Effective and timely delivery of humanitarian relief items to the affected populations. Support the Humanitarian Community in performing assessments required thus enhancing
concerted actions and optimization of available resources
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES The humanitarian community together with the Government of Liberia has put in place a well defined coordination structure from the time the country had experienced a complex humanitarian emergency situation. The structure, which initially carried a cluster approach, was later transformed to sector working groups due to the conclusion of the humanitarian phase in 2008 by the Government. These working groups comprise the following sectors: Protection; Health and Nutrition; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Food Security and Agriculture; Logistics; Education and Early Recovery; General Coordination. Since the advent of the Ivoirian refugee crisis, these working groups have boosted their activities in coordination with UNHCR coordinating the response to refugees. Overall humanitarian coordination is led by the Humanitarian Coordinator assisted by a support office. The Humanitarian Coordinator continues to convene meetings of the Humanitarian Action Committee (HAC) and Humanitarian Country Team where information on the humanitarian situation and response is shared with agencies, and important decisions are reached in the interest of both the Government and the humanitarian community. The Humanitarian Coordination Support Office also continues to monitor the humanitarian conditions in the country. UNHCR coordinates the response to refugees with other agencies. UNHCR is involved in creating and communicating a vision for the emergency operation, and providing strategic direction. Coordination mechanisms have been established both at the field and Monrovia levels, and meetings are currently taking place involving a cross-section of actors. UNICEF is the lead agency for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Education. It works in close collaboration with the Government Ministry of Public Works and with the support of UNHCR for protection and WHO for health. The sector is holding coordination meetings both at field and Monrovia levels. WFP according to its mandate and the memorandum of understanding with UNHCR is responsible for providing food to arriving refugees. It is leading and coordinating the food response through its network of existing international implementing and national distribution partners. WFP is also leading the Logistic Sector with the support of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and other humanitarian aid agencies WHO is coordinating with the Government Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in leading the response for health. The sector is holding coordination meetings both at field and Monrovia levels.
Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Liberia 2011 as of 15 January 2011
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by appealing organizations.
Project code (click on project code to open full project details)
Title Appealing agency Require-
UNHCR 31,016,007
WA- 11/MS/40730/R
Emergency food security assistance to host families and Ivorian refugees in Nimba county, Liberia
FAO 2,931,500
WA- 11/MS/40788/R
Provision of food assistance to refugees and affected host population in Liberia
WFP 7,860,424
WA- 11/MS/40777/R
Nutrition Emergency Response in Liberia in Response to the Côte d’Ivoire Crisis
UNICEF 1,314,816
Strengthen Early warning system and response network to epidemics, severe malnutrition and improve health information systems for Ivorian refugees in Liberia
WHO 300,000
WA- 11/MS/40558/R
UNFPA 508,250
WA- 11/MS/40662/R
Health response for Cote d'Ivoire crisis in Liberia UNICEF 545,000
WA- 11/MS/40785/R
Emergency HIV/AID Intervention for Ivorian Refugees and host communities, Nimba
UNAIDS 568,320
WA- 11/MS/40787/R
Ensuring Quality Control of Service Delivery through regular supervision and monitoring and provision of essential drugs including Mental Health Drugs
WHO 506,110
Sub-total for WASH 1,391,000
WA- 11/MS/40607/R
Protection of women and children affected by the Cote d’Ivoire political instability in Liberia
UNICEF 802,500
WA- 11/MS/40610/R
UNFPA 305,000
WA- 11/MS/40653/R
IOM 2,206,000
Project code (click on project code to open full project details)
Title Appealing agency Require-
UNICEF 1,662,277
WA- 11/MS/40755/R
Logistics and telecommunications augmentation in support of WFP EMOPs in Liberia
WFP 3,108,534
Identification and Registration of Refugees in Nimba County/LRCS
West Africa: Population movement preparedness and response
Emergency appeal n° MDR61007 GLIDE n° OT-
2010-000255-CIV Operations update n° 1
06 January 2011
Period covered by this Ops Update: 24 December, 2010 to 03 January, 2011. Appeal target (current): CHF 1,350,184; Appeal coverage: up to CHF 400,000; <click here to go directly to the updated donor response report, or here to link to contact details > Appeal history: This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on a preliminary basis on 23 December, 2010 for CHF 1,350,184 for 6 months to assist some 45,000 beneficiaries and will be completed by the end of June 2011. CHF 200,000 has been allocated from the International Federation Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) as a loan to support the start-up of this operation. An information bulletin was issued on 22 December, 2010. The Swedish, Norwegian, Japanese and Canadian Red Cross Societies have so far pledged contributions to this appeal.
Coordination and partnerships Most humanitarian actors including the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), International Federation of Red Cross, UN system agencies, International and local Non-governmental Organization (NGOs) are working towards ensuring a coordinated and complement approach for supporting the displaced population. Most institutions are reviewing their contingency plans and the revised planning figure for UNHCR (and the interagency contingency plan) is currently for a population of 150,000 refugees though this may rapidly change depending on how the situation in Ivory Coast evolves. The activities in each country have been coordinated by the respective National Red Cross Societies, which link to the respective Federation regional office and country delegations. The overall coordination has been carried out by the Federation’s regional delegation for west and central Africa in
Dakar, Senegal, with support from the regional delegation in Abuja, Nigeria. Technical support has been provided in the areas of water and sanitation, disaster management, finance, communication and reporting. Meetings have been convened as needed, pooling the resources from the six countries and sharing of information and lessons learnt. The regional delegation is part of a consultation group in Dakar under the auspices of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and participates in the inter-agency coordination meetings. Regular communication is also maintained with the Office of UNHCR to ensure a coordinated response.
In Liberia, from the beginning of the crisis and based on its partnership with the Liberian Red Cross Society (LRCS), ICRC has increased its support to the National Society in providing emergency water to the refugees and their host communities by rehabilitating wells in Nimba County. In addition ICRC and LRCS are helping people separated from other members of their families to contact their loved ones by telephone and identifying unaccompanied children in order to search for their families. ICRC has pledged support to LRCS in the areas of first aid. In Côte d'Ivoire itself, the Red Cross Society of Cote d’Ivoire (RCSCI) and ICRC have focused their joint response in providing first aid and evacuating the wounded to hospitals. So far, the RCSCI with ICRC's support has provided first aid to almost 600 wounded and evacuated about half of them to hospitals. Both organizations are also assisting internally displaced people. Finally, ICRC delegates are stepping up their visits to people held in places of detention. Finally, ICRC delegates are stepping up their visits to people held in places of detention. The Movement coordination mechanism for Côte d'Ivoire is currently being further strengthened by RCSCI and ICRC in Abidjan. This is done in close consultation with the Federation. National Society Capacity Building: The National Societies in the Sahel and West Coast Regions have proven experience in managing population movement. However, the anticipated complexity of the current crisis may exceed the existing capacities of the National Societies. The International Federation staff and regional disaster response team members have been deployed therefore to support the affected National Societies in implementing the planned activities. The National Societies in countries neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire have deployed volunteers to the border areas to conduct surveillance, early warning and daily information updates. The Red Cross Society of Guinea and LRCS have sent assessment missions to Bossou and Nimba counties, areas bordering the Western side of Côte d’Ivoire where most of the refugees have fled to. With support of International Federation, the Liberian Red Cross Society has also mobilized NFIs and WatSan kit 5 for prepositioning in Monrovia. A number of 21 tracing volunteers have been trained and deployed by LRCS, 19 by the Red Cross Society of Guinea and 20 by Burkinabe Red Cross Society.
Red Cross and Red Crescent action Overview The International Federation has been supporting all National Societies involved through its regional offices in Dakar (Guinea, Mali, and Burkina Faso) and Abuja (Liberia, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire). A regional contingency plan has been elaborated. As a result, the International Federation is providing support to National Societies in the region to prepare for and respond to a caseload of 1,500 families in Liberia and in Guinea, and 500 families each in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana, for a total of 4,500 families overall. Some stocks have been mobilized to start up the operation. The LNRCS reactivated its border response teams and is planning to train more volunteers to provide first aid, tracing and assist the most vulnerable at the major crossing points in case of huge influx of refugees. A total of 10 border response teams (five members each) will be operational in the coming days, six in Grand Gedeh, and four in Nimba County. Besides, the LNRCS has put on alert its NDRT members throughout the country.
Progress towards outcomes Relief distributions (food and basic non-food items)
Outcome: Up to 4,500 most vulnerable refugee affected households (some 22,500 people) benefit from the distribution of non-food items as required. Outputs Activities planned Capacity in place to provide 4,500 affected families with appropriate non-food items sets.
Acquire and transport 4,500 sets of non-food items (NFI); with each set comprised of 2 blankets and 2 sleeping mats and kitchen utensils.
Store non-food items and pre-position NFI sets in warehouses for maximum efficiency, in compliance with Red Cross policies and procedures.
Conduct rapid emergency needs and capacity assessments.
Develop beneficiary targeting strategy and registration system to deliver intended assistance.
Distribute relief supplies as required and control supply movements from point of dispatching to end user.
Monitor and evaluate the relief activities and provide reporting on relief distributions.
Develop an exit strategy. Progress: A stock of NFIs has been deployed to Ghana Liberia, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Mali for 4,500 families including blankets, mosquito nets, shelter kits, jerry cans, bars of soap, kitchen sets, hygiene kits and watsan kits for 5,000 people. Challenge: Refugees are spread over extensive areas and are staying with host families, which makes the assessment process time consuming. Uncertainties over the opening of camps and limited resources in host families make it difficult to define a targeting strategy that avoids duplication and minimizes conflict over resources.
Emergency shelter
Outcome: Up to 1,500 affected households in five countries neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire have safe and adequate shelter and settlement solutions through the provision of tents, shelter toolkits, and guidance on improved building techniques. Outputs Activities planned Capacity in place to provide up to 1,500 most vulnerable families with safe emergency shelters.
Assess the extent of the shelter needs and preferred shelter solutions.
Enable the provision of safe and adequate locally appropriate shelter solutions through appropriate programming methodologies.
Promote safe and durable shelter where possible through the provision of technical assistance and guidance to all involved in the shelter activities.
Ensure shelter and settlement programming includes access to required water and sanitation services and communal facilities including schools, health services, play areas for children and places of worship, etc.
Promote increased awareness and understanding of safe and adequate shelter response programming with the National Society and affected communities.
Progress: At least 125 family and dispensary tents have been deployed in Liberia, Guinea, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Mali and more than 1,000 shelter kits are being constituted for Liberia and Ghana. About 2,000 tarpaulins have already been dispatched to these two countries while the other tools are being procured to complete the tool kits according to the culturally accepted standard. Challenges: Uncertainties over the opening of camps have delayed the definition of a distribution strategy for shelter items. Consideration to security issues must be integrated into the definition of the standard kit to be distributed.
Emergency health and care
Outcome: The health risks to refugees and host population are reduced through the provision of preventive, community-based health services to 9,000 families (45,000 beneficiaries) in Liberia, Guinea, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Mali for 6 months.
Outputs (expected results) Activities planned Mortality and morbidity of 45,000 refugees are prevented through the provision of preventive health care.
Assess the basic mortality and morbidity in the population as a result of the population movement.
Assess the health risks of the affected population in terms of health services, prevention, health needs and risk of communicable diseases.
Provide First Aid and referral services for affected communities through 500 volunteers in the coming 6 months.
Distribute 9,000 mosquito nets to 4,500 families (22,500 beneficiaries) within six months accompanied by key health messages and follow up activities through trained volunteers.
Purchase, transport, store and distribute Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) for 9,000 families for three months.
Progress: For prevention on health and care, the Regional Office has deployed in Liberia and Guinea mosquito nets for pregnant women, children under five, the elderly and the disabled. Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) are equally being purchased and will be distributed among most vulnerable refugees. An on-going assessment is in progress for the registration of beneficiaries in the targeted communities. Challenges: There is a lack of or inadequate health facilities in most host communities; and a lack of drugs where health facilities exist. Some refugees have also specific health challenges and disabilities.
Water, sanitation, and hygiene promotion
Outcome: The risk of waterborne and water related diseases has been reduced through the provision of safe water, adequate sanitation as well as hygiene promotion to 9,000 families (45,000 beneficiaries) in Liberia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Guinea for 6 months.
Outputs Activities planned Safe water is provided to 9,000 families as damaged systems are restored.
Dug 10 hand wells for refugees hosted in Liberia.
Distributing 4,500 Jerry Cans to 4,500 families.
Preposition of water and sanitation Kit 5 for the provision of clean water to affected population.
The health status of the population is improved through behavioural change and hygiene promotion activities.
Train 450 community-based volunteers on Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) and the International Federation WatSan software in Liberia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Guinea.
Initiate a hygiene promotion campaign within the affected population focusing on behavioural change and targeting 45,000 people in Liberia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Guinea through the use of posters, flyers, manuals, educational materials, etc.
The scope and quality of the Red Cross of Liberia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Guinea water, sanitation and hygiene promotion services are improved.
Conduct 20 trainings on PHAST, water supply, sanitation, etc for 500 volunteers, coaches, staff, in the affected branches within the next 6 months.
Progress: Wells with hand pumps exist in almost all communities with high concentration of refugees in Liberia. However, the majority of them need repair. The International Federation will support the National Societies in the rehabilitation of 15 more wells in 10 to 12 communities. As for the physical inspection of the wells, it is still in progress. LNRCS with support from the Federation has started social mobilization for hygiene promotion. The rehabilitation of four wells with hand pumps and one water source and the construction of 70 latrines in three host communities in Nimba County have also commenced. A detailed plan of action has been drafted to guide the implementation of activities under this sector for the next few weeks. The watsan activities are planned in coordination with ICRC.
Outcome: The local logistics and transport capacity of the Red Cross Societies to respond with relief items is strengthened with the support of standardized items pre-positioned with also the technical support to effectively manage the supply chain from arrival of relief items including clearance, storage and forwarding to distribution.
Outputs Activities planned Coordinated mobilization of relief goods. Coordinated reception of all incominggoods. Coordinated warehousing centralized provision of standard vehicles as required; and coordinated and efficient dispatching of goods to the final distribution points.
Conduct rapid emergency needs and capacity assessments.
Distribute relief supplies and control supply movements from point of dispatching to end user.
Carry out reception of relief goods and arrange warehousing and transportation to distributions points following the International Federation logistics procedures.
Liaise and coordinate with other key actors to ensure best uses of all information.
Progress: The Regional logistics unit in Dakar in close coordination with the Regional Logistics Unit (RLU) in Dubai has dispatched stock of NFI in Liberia (expected to be available in the National Society on 6th January 2011, Guinea, Ghana, Mali and Burkina Faso to strengthen the response capacity of the respective National Societies. RLU will provide additional logistics capacity in each National Society if required. The Regional Logistics Unit has coordinated the procurement and mobilization of non-food items included in the emergency appeal. The following table is showing the types of items distributed in the five countries.
How we work All IFRC assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.
The IFRC’s vision is to inspire, encourage, facilitate and promote at all times all forms of humanitarian activities by National Societies, with a view to preventing and alleviating human suffering, and thereby contributing to the maintenance and promotion of human dignity and peace in the world.
The IFRC’s work is guided by Strategy 2020 which puts forward three strategic aims:
1. Save lives, protect livelihoods, and strengthen recovery from disaster and crises.
2. Enable healthy and safe living. 3. Promote social inclusion and a culture of non-
violence and peace.
In IFRC Sahel Regional Representation: Momodou Lamin Fye, Regional Representative phone: (Office) +221.33.869.36.41; (Mobile) +211.77.332.56.72 ; email: [email protected];
In IFRC Sahel Regional Representation: Aita Sarr Cissé, Disaster Management Coordinator a.i; phone: +221.33.869.36.54; email: [email protected];
In IFRC West Coast Regional Representation: Jerry Niati Regional Representative a.i; phone: +; email: [email protected];
In Africa Zone: Dr Asha Mohammed, Head of Operations, Johannesburg, Email:[email protected]: Phone: +27.11.303.9700, Fax: + 27.11.884.3809; +27.11.884.0230
In Geneva: Pablo Medina, Operations Support, Phone: +41.22.730.43.81, email:[email protected]
In Dubai, for mobilization of relief items logistics enquiries: Kai Kettunen, Regional Logistics Delegate Dubai, phone +971 4 883 3887 Mobile +971 50 458 4872, Fax +971 4 883 2212, email: [email protected]
Je rr y  ca n s 
B la n ke ts  
Sl e ep
M o sq u it o  n e ts   
B u ck e ts  
Te n ts  
se ts  
500 Burkina
Ghana 500 1,000 1,000 1,000 500 0 1,750 250 1,000
Liberia 1,500 3,000 3,000 3,000 1,500 35 5,250 1,000 1,000
ACF Action Contre la Faim (Action Against Hunger) AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ARC American Refugee Committee AU African Union CAP Consolidated Appeal or consolidated appeal process CHT country health team CIPORD Christian Impact for Rural Development CMAM community-based management of acute malnutrition COHDA Community Health and Development Agency CP child protection CWW Concern World Wide DRC Danish Refugee Council ECD early childhood development ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ECREP Evangelical Children Rehabilitation Programme EHAP Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan ENA essential nutrition action ER early recovery FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FTS Financial Tracking Service HCSO Humanitarian Coordinator’s Support Office HCT Humanitarian Country Team HIV human immunodeficiency virus GAM global acute malnutrition GBV gender-based violence GoL Government of Liberia IASC Inter-Agency Standing Committee IDP internally displaced person ICRC International Committee of Red Cross IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IMS Information Management System INEE Inter-agency Network on Education in Emergencies IOM International Organization of Migration IRC International Rescue Committee IT information technology LNRC Liberian National Red Cross LRRRC Liberian Refugee Repatriation and Resettlement Commission MISP Minimum Initial Service Package MoA Ministry of Agricultur