LESSON 21 BEHAVIORAL EMERGENCIES - websites.rcc.edu

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© 2011 National Safety Council BEHAVIORAL EMERGENCIES LESSON 21 21-1
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Transcript of LESSON 21 BEHAVIORAL EMERGENCIES - websites.rcc.edu

PowerPoint Presentationvictim’s behavior
status or emotional responses
• Abuse and rape are behavioral situations
21-2
• Normal reactions may cause trembling, shakiness, nausea, fast heartbeat and breathing, perspiration
21-3
the situation
• If it is unsafe, call 9-1-1 and stay at a safe distance
until help arrives
© 2011 National Safety Council
- Lowered levels of responsiveness may result from low
oxygen levels
confused
21-5
• Respiratory
emergencies
• Say you are there to help
• Avoid seeming judgmental
• Reassure victim that help is on the way
21-7
• Do not give false reassurances or lie about victim’s
condition
what victim says
21-8
© 2011 National Safety Council
- Do not attempt to restrain or force care
- Withdraw if scene not safe
• Tell victim what you plan to do before doing it
• Move calmly and slowly
21-9
© 2011 National Safety Council
• Remain calm and patient
• Follow guidelines for calming and reassuring victim
- Often panic will subside in few minutes
• Victim may need more time to calm down and may suddenly experience renewed anxiety
• Be empathetic and gentle
21-10
Depression
• Difficulty concentrating
• Thoughts of death or suicide
21-11
• Encourage victim to talk
• Show victim you care
• Help make person comfortable
21-12
false reassurances
21-13
© 2011 National Safety Council
• Third leading cause of death among those 15-24 years old
• 11th leading cause of death for persons ages 10 and older
• Drug overdose and firearms most common methods
• Most victims talk about committing suicide
21-14
• Taking risks that could cause death
• Loss of interest in past activities
• Suddenly and unexpectedly seeming calm or happy
after being sad
Suicidal
• Ask what person is planning to do
• Talk calmly and be supportive
• Do not argue with person
• Tell person you understand and care
- Do not give false reassurances
21-16
• Do not leave person alone (unless your own safety is
threatened)
• Don’t let person drive
21-17
Suicidal continued
- Call 9-1-1
- Withdraw if situation becomes violent
21-18
Suicidal continued
Become Violent
• Call 9-1-1
• Monitor situation from safe distance and wait for help
to arrive
Abuse
• Intentional inflicting of injury or pain on someone under abuser’s power
• Victims include children, spouses, elderly parents
• Be sensitive to victim’s emotional status
• Be aware of special issues to handle situation
21-20
• Unexplained scalding or burns, rope burns,
lacerations, bites, bruises, broken bones
• Fading bruises or marks after absence from school or
childcare
21-21
• Shrinks at approach of adult
• Reports being injured by someone
• Appears withdrawn, depressed, cries often
• Aggressive, disruptive
• Seems tired
rape, sodomy, indecent exposure or exploitation
through prostitution or pornography
• Difficulty walking or sitting
• Reports nightmares or bed-wetting
• Sudden change in appetite
or behavior
• Unduly protective of child
• Secretive and isolated
21-25
• If you suspect abuse or neglect, report it to authorities
- Police
- Child protective services
• Your report will help protect child and get help for family
• Your report is confidential and may be anonymous
• You may be legally required to report it
21-26
• Do not confront parents
• Provide first aid as usual
• Follow guidelines for documentation
- If child tells you injury caused by caregiver or other adult,
include this in report
• Victim uneasy in presence of partner
21-28
• Call 9-1-1 for significant injuries and report any
suspicions
• Do not directly confront victim with suspicions
• Try to involve friend or family member
21-29
• If victim communicates abuse to you, you can tell
victim domestic violence is against the law and help is
available
• If you see physical abuse occurring or the threat of
violence, call 9-1-1 and stay away
21-30
inflicted on someone over age 60
- Affects more than 500,000 in United States each year
- 90% of cases, abuser is family member
- The older the person, the greater the risk
- The more person needs help with daily activities, the greater
the risk
21-31
responsiveness
21-32
personal hygiene
• All states have specific elder abuse laws
• Report suspected abuse to adult protective service agency
- Information is confidential
21-34
coercion and physical force)
unwanted sexual contact (may or may not involve
force)
21-35
Sexual Assault and Rape Statistics
• 1 of every 6 women is victim of attempted or completed rape in her lifetime.
• 17.7 million American women have been victims of attempted or completed rape.
• 2.78 million American men have been victims of sexual assault or rape.
• 9 of every 10 rape victims are female.
• 15% of sexual assault and rape victims are under age 12. 80% are under age 30.
21-36
Assault
• Call 9-1-1
• First aider of same sex may be better
21-37
• Provide first aid as needed, stay with victim till help
arrives
- Ask victim not to urinate, bathe or wash any area
21-38
Assault continued
• Counseling by rape crisis centers or support groups
21-39