Least developed countries (LDCs) North-south divide line- showing the rich and poor. Less...

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Transcript of Least developed countries (LDCs) North-south divide line- showing the rich and poor. Less...

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  • Least developed countries (LDCs) North-south divide line- showing the rich and poor. Less economically developed countries (LEDCs) Newly industrialising countries (NICs) Middle income countries (MICs) More economically developed countries (MEDCs) LDCs- These are the poorest countries with the lowest quality of life. LEDCs- These are the least economically developed countries. NICs- these are rapidly getting richer by moving from primary to secondary industry. MICs-These countries are not poor but not rich. MEDCs- These countries are the most economically developed.
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  • Happiness Freedom Job security Housing Food/ water Family/frien ds Climate Natural hazards (volcanoes) Education Health
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  • Social Economic Environmenta l Political Poor climate Poor soil Few raw materials Natural hazards Limited water supply Unstable government Corrupt governments War Drinking water Womens place Child education Poor trade links Debt Economy based on primary
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  • Economic o GDP- Gross domestic product. The total value of goods and services a country produces per year. o GDP per capita- GDP divide by the total population. Economic o GDP- Gross domestic product. The total value of goods and services a country produces per year. o GDP per capita- GDP divide by the total population. Social o Birth rate- measures female education and birth control. o Death rate- measures healthcare and quality of life. o Infant mortality- measures sanitation and health care. o People per doctor- measures access to health care. o Literacy rate- measures education. o Access to safe water- measures sanitation. o Life expectancy- measures access to health care and quality of life. o Calorie intake- measures access to healthy diet. Social o Birth rate- measures female education and birth control. o Death rate- measures healthcare and quality of life. o Infant mortality- measures sanitation and health care. o People per doctor- measures access to health care. o Literacy rate- measures education. o Access to safe water- measures sanitation. o Life expectancy- measures access to health care and quality of life. o Calorie intake- measures access to healthy diet. Other o Human development index- A number calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate, educational attainment and GDP per capita. o Physical quality of life index- A number calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate and infant mortality rate. Other o Human development index- A number calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate, educational attainment and GDP per capita. o Physical quality of life index- A number calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate and infant mortality rate. Increase/decrease with development
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  • International aid Voluntary aid Long-term Short-term Bilateral aid Multilateral aid Official governmental aid Given by many countries and paid out by an international organisation e.g. UN. Given from one country to another. Given to cope with immediate problems caused by disasters. The good.. o Aid which is long term can help development. o Overtime the country can become less reliant on foreign aid. o Aid can help combat poverty. o It can be used to help a boost a countries economy. For example money can be used to set up new industry. The good.. o Aid which is long term can help development. o Overtime the country can become less reliant on foreign aid. o Aid can help combat poverty. o It can be used to help a boost a countries economy. For example money can be used to set up new industry. The bad.. o The recipient can become dependent on the aid. o Some aid may not reach the people who need it. o Some aid only lasts a short time- will not help development. o Some aid can be tied. o The benefits of aid can take a long time. The bad.. o The recipient can become dependent on the aid. o Some aid may not reach the people who need it. o Some aid only lasts a short time- will not help development. o Some aid can be tied. o The benefits of aid can take a long time. Given for constant improvement. To help development.
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  • WaterAid is an international NGO (non-governmental organisation /charity) that focuses on the provision of safe domestic water, sanitation and hygiene education to the world's poorest people.. WaterAid's vision is of a world where everyone has access to safe domestic water and effective sanitation. In Mali, current national figures indicate that only 50% of the people have access to clean drinking water and only 4% of the population have access to adequate sanitation facilities (toilets). Women spend much of their time searching for water. Children also spend precious school hours looking for water at the expense of their education Poor sanitation means bad health. Bacteria, viruses and parasites found in human waste are responsible for the transmission of cholera, typhoid and other infectious diseases that kill millions of people each year. The problem is huge in both urban and rural areas Mali s environment is harsh and deteriorating. Rainfall levels are already low and falling further. In Mali, the water industry is privatised but often fails to the provide water to rural and urban aeas. Wateraid is first targeting Slums in Mali s capital, it wants to show the government that projects in slums are easy to set up and sustainable. Wateraid employs local people, who they are training up to maintain the system and raise money to keep it running. Then invest in the community THIS IS SUSTAINABLE Health has now improved include reducing the deaths from diarrhoea 65% improvement Education is now improving, money is being invested into the infrastructure
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  • Primary industry Secondary industry Tertiary industry Quaternary industry Research and development. Services Environmenta l o Close to raw materials. o Plenty of flat land o A local water supply. Environmenta l o Close to raw materials. o Plenty of flat land o A local water supply. Economic o Suitable local market. o Government grants given to encourage set up. o Lots of workers. o Good transport routes. Economic o Suitable local market. o Government grants given to encourage set up. o Lots of workers. o Good transport routes. Environmenta l o Lots of raw materials. o A suitable climate. o Good soil. Environmenta l o Lots of raw materials. o A suitable climate. o Good soil. Economic o Cheap land as farming uses large areas of land. o Good transport routes to export. Economic o Cheap land as farming uses large areas of land. o Good transport routes to export. Environmental o Green open spaces for a pleasant environment. Environmental o Green open spaces for a pleasant environment. Economic o A suitable local market. o Good transport routes. o Skilled and educated workers. Economic o A suitable local market. o Good transport routes. o Skilled and educated workers. Social o Enough local people to support the service. Social o Enough local people to support the service. Social o Nice quality housing nearby to encourage workers to move. Social o Nice quality housing nearby to encourage workers to move. Environmental o Green open spaces for a pleasant environment. Environmental o Green open spaces for a pleasant environment. Economic o Near similar businesses so that information can be shared. o Skilled and educated workers. Economic o Near similar businesses so that information can be shared. o Skilled and educated workers.
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  • As a country develops they loose their primary industry and begin to industrialise as the country becomes further developed and the land too expensive the secondary industry is moved. Any secondary industry that is left if carried out by machines. Tertiary industry then has enough money to fully develop.
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  • The periphery is just outside the economic core, where most people live and some industries are located South East Brazil is the economic CORE region of Brazil, it has primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary industries. The quality of life and wages are higher than anywhere else in Brazil Primary Industries What influence the primary industries here? -Warm temperature -Average rainfall -Rich soils GREAT FOR FARMING Coffee, beef, rice, cacao, sugar cane and fruit are grown here MINING -Large deposits of gold, iron ore, manganese and bauxite make mining very viable here -ENERGY -Oil, gas offshore and hydroelectric power from the large river ensure energy is produced -FOREST/LOGGING -Warm temperatures create the forest -FISHING -Off the coast many are employed in fishing and supplies food for the locals Secondary Industries It is the centre for foreign and national investment in manufacturing. Investment was concentrated her in the 1950s/60s by the Government. Excellent road and rail links here, as well as the most ports and airports. Solid pipeline for oil and gas. Car industry is the major activity Ford, GM, VW, Fiat and Toyota manufacture here. Other production includes clothing, food, printing and furniture. (Yet decreasing due to competition in AISA) Tertiary Sao Paulo is the largest financial centre in south America. Most headquarters for Brazil s banks. Quaternary Centre of research and development in public & private sectors. San Jose Dos Campos is the key area. The Aerospace Technical Centre is where space & aviation is developed & tested Map showing Brazil s regional Human Development Index Rio de Janerio, Santos, Sao Paulo major cities
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  • Primary Lots in the west. They produce coffee, tea, tobacco and fruits. The area has good soil and rainfall. Primary Lots in the west. They produce coffee, tea, tobacco and fruits. The area has good soil