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LAWRENCE E. MURR Biographical Sketch Lawrence E. Murr is Mr. & Mrs. MacIntosh Murchison Professor and Chairman of the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Ph.D. Program Director in the Materials Research & Technology Institute at The University of Texas at El Paso. Dr. Murr received his B.Sc. in physical science from Albright College, and his B.S.E.E. in electronics, his M.S. in engineering mechanics, and his Ph.D. in solid-state science, all from the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Murr has taught at the Pennsylvania State University, the University of Southern California, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, and the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. He was Director of the John D. Sullivan Center for In-Situ Mining Research, President of the New Mexico Tech Research Foundation, and Professor and Head of the Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He was a past Chairman of the New Mexico Joint Center for Materials Science and served as Vice President for Academic Affairs and Research and Director of the Office of Academic and Research Programs at the Oregon Graduate Institute, where he was also Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Dr. Murr has published 20 books, over 775 scientific and technical articles in a wide range of research areas in materials science and engineering, environmental science and engineering, manufacturing science and engineering, and biological sciences and engineering; roughly half with undergraduate and graduate student researchers. During nearly a half-century of university teaching, Professor Murr has also directed 65 M.S. theses and 35 Ph.D. dissertations. Recent honors include the 2001 Buehler Technical Paper Merit Award for Excellence (IMS), the TMS 2007 Educator Award, the 2007 John S. Rinehart Award (a TMS Symposium Award for global leadership in shock and high- strain-rate phenomena), and the 2008 Henry Clifton Sorby Award presented by the International Metallographic Society (IMS) for recognition of lifetime achievement in the field of metallography. Dr. Murr has more than 45 years of experience in ballistic and high-strain/high-strain-rate research and research involving imaging technologies, especially electron microscopy. In 2009, Professor Murr received the Albert Easton White Distinguished Teacher Award from ASM International. Dr. Murr was also awarded a Lee Hsun Research Award by the Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMR- CAS) “in recognition of past accomplishments in materials science and technology” (2009-2010). In 2010, Professor Murr was honored as a Visiting Professor for Senior International Scientists by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for the Institute of Metal Research (IMR) of the Shenyang National Laboratory (SYNL) for Materials Science. Also in 2010, Professor Murr was appointed as the Guest Professor of Harbin Engineering University. Professor Murr was chosen for a Piper Professor of 2010 Award for “Outstanding scholarly achievements and superior teaching at the college level”, a Texas higher education program of the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation. Professor Murr is also a Fellow of ASM International and a licensed professional engineer.

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  • LAWRENCE E. MURR

    Biographical Sketch

    Lawrence E. Murr is Mr. & Mrs. MacIntosh Murchison Professor and Chairman of the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Ph.D. Program Director in the Materials Research & Technology Institute at The University of Texas at El Paso. Dr. Murr received his B.Sc. in physical science from Albright College, and his B.S.E.E. in electronics, his M.S. in engineering mechanics, and his Ph.D. in solid-state science, all from the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Murr has taught at the Pennsylvania State University, the University of Southern California, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, and the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. He was Director of the John D. Sullivan Center for In-Situ Mining Research, President of the New Mexico Tech Research Foundation, and Professor and Head of the Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He was a past Chairman of the New Mexico Joint Center for Materials Science and served as Vice President for Academic Affairs and Research and Director of the Office of Academic and Research Programs at the Oregon Graduate Institute, where he was also Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Dr. Murr has published 20 books, over 775 scientific and technical articles in a wide range of research areas in materials science and engineering, environmental science and engineering, manufacturing science and engineering, and biological sciences and engineering; roughly half with undergraduate and graduate student researchers. During nearly a half-century of university teaching, Professor Murr has also directed 65 M.S. theses and 35 Ph.D. dissertations. Recent honors include the 2001 Buehler Technical Paper Merit Award for Excellence (IMS), the TMS 2007 Educator Award, the 2007 John S. Rinehart Award (a TMS Symposium Award for global leadership in shock and high-strain-rate phenomena), and the 2008 Henry Clifton Sorby Award presented by the International Metallographic Society (IMS) for recognition of lifetime achievement in the field of metallography. Dr. Murr has more than 45 years of experience in ballistic and high-strain/high-strain-rate research and research involving imaging technologies, especially electron microscopy. In 2009, Professor Murr received the Albert Easton White Distinguished Teacher Award from ASM International. Dr. Murr was also awarded a Lee Hsun Research Award by the Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMR-CAS) in recognition of past accomplishments in materials science and technology (2009-2010). In 2010, Professor Murr was honored as a Visiting Professor for Senior International Scientists by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for the Institute of Metal Research (IMR) of the Shenyang National Laboratory (SYNL) for Materials Science. Also in 2010, Professor Murr was appointed as the Guest Professor of Harbin Engineering University. Professor Murr was chosen for a Piper Professor of 2010 Award for Outstanding scholarly achievements and superior teaching at the college level, a Texas higher education program of the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation. Professor Murr is also a Fellow of ASM International and a licensed professional engineer.

  • VITA

    Lawrence E. Murr

    B.S.E.E Electrical Engineering, 1962, Pennsylvania State University

    B.Sc. Physical Science, 1963, Albright College

    M.S. Engineering Mechanics, 1964, Pennsylvania State University

    Ph.D. Solid State Science, 1967, Pennsylvania State University

    1992-present Ph.D. Program Director, Materials Research & Technology Institute, The University of Texas at El

    Paso

    1992-2001 Director, Materials Research Institute, The University of Texas at El Paso

    1989-2004; 2006- Chairman, Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engr., The University of Texas at El Paso

    1989-present Mr. & Mrs. MacIntosh Murchison Professor of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering

    1993-1994 Director, Materials Research Center of Excellence (MRCE); NSF-Minority Center of Excellence Minority Research Center of Excellence Program

    1990 Associate Director, Institute for Manufacturing and Materials Management,

    The University of Texas at El Paso

    1981-1989 Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Oregon Graduate Center, Beaverton,

    Oregon

    1985-1987 Director of the Office of Academic and Research Programs, Oregon Graduate Center, Beaverton, Oregon

    1981-1985 Vice President for Academic Affairs and Research, Oregon Graduate Center, Beaverton, Oregon

    1980-1981 President, New Mexico Tech Research Foundation, Socorro, New Mexico

    1980-1981 Chairman, New Mexico Joint Center for Materials Science, Socorro, New Mexico

    1980-1981 Professor of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology,

    Socorro, New Mexico

    1978-1981 Senior Research Metallurgist, Research & Development Division, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, New

    Mexico

    1976-1981 Trustee, New Mexico Tech Research Foundation, Socorro, New Mexico

    1976-1980 Vice Chairman, New Mexico Joint Center for Materials Science

    1973-1980 Vice President for Research, New Mexico Tech Research Foundation, Socorro, New Mexico

    1972-1980 Professor and Chairman, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, New Mexico Institute of

    Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico

    1967-1972 Assistant Professor, Departments of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern

    California, Los Angeles, California

    1966 Consultant, U. S. Naval Weapons Laboratory, Dahlgren, Virginia

    1966-1967 Research Assistant, Materials Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, State College,

    Pennsylvania

    1963-1966 Instructor, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, State College,

    Pennsylvania

  • CONSULTING ACTIVITIES (since 1967):

    Holmes & Narver, Inc., Los Angeles, California

    Micrographics, Inc., Newport Beach, California

    Payne Consultants, Los Angeles, California

    Technology Publishing Corp., Los Angeles, California

    Otero Mills, Alamagordo, New Mexico

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

    Rocky Mountain Testing, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Tektronix, Inc., Forest Grove, Oregon

    Tektronix, Inc., Beaverton, Oregon

    Founding Partner, Hypermap, Portland, Oregon

    Northwest Technical Industries, Inc., Sequim, Washington

    PUBLICATIONS:

    Approximately 780 published articles

    BOOKS:

    1. Electron Optical Applications in Materials Science, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 545 pp. (June

    1970).

    2. Atlas of Binary Alloys: A Periodic Index, with K. P. Staudhammer (eds.), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 100 pp.

    (June 1973).

    3. Interfacial Phenomena in Metals and Alloys, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Reading, Mass., 370 pp. (August

    1975). (Reprinted by TECH Books, Herndon, VA, 1990)

    4. Frontiers in Materials Science: Distinguished Lectures, with C. Stein (eds.), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 613

    pp. (February 1976).

    5. Solid-State Electronics, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 419 pp. (March 1978).

    6. Metallurgical Applications of Bacterial Leaching and Related Microbiological Phenomena, with A. E. Torma and J.

    A. Brierly (eds.), Academic Press, New York, 526 pp. (March 1978).

    7. Solar Materials Science, editor, Academic Press, New York, 780 pp. (1980).

    8. Shock Waves and High Strain Rate Phenomena in Metals: Concepts and Applications, with M. A. Meyers (eds.),

    Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, 1101 pp. (1980).

    9. Electron and Ion Microscopy and Microanalysis: Principles and Applications, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 793

    pp. (October 1982).

    10. Industrial Materials Science and Engineering, editor, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 601 pp. (October 1984).

    11. Shock Waves and High Strain Rate Phenomena in Metals: Concepts and Applications, with M. A. Meyers (eds.),

    Plenum Publishing Corp., New York; Russian Edition, 512 pp. (December 1984).

    12. Metallurgical Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, with K. P. Staudhammer and M. A.

    Meyers (eds.), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1157 pp. (1986).

    13. Information Highways: Mapping Information Delivery Networks in the Pacific Northwest, with J. B. Williams and R.

    E. Miller, Hypermap, Inc., Portland, 88 pp. (1985).

    14. What Every Engineer Should Know About ... Material and Component Failure, Failure Analysis and Litigation,

    Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 167 pp. (January 1987).

  • 15. Shock Waves for Industrial Applications, editor, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey, 533 pp. (1988).

    16. Electron and Ion Microscopy and Microanalysis: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, Marcel Dekker, Inc.,

    New York, 845 pp. (July, 1991).

    17. Shock Waves and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Materials, with M. A. Meyers and K. P. Staudhammer, editors,

    Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1159 pp. (1992).

    18. Materials Science and Engineering for Manufacturing, editor, Tech Books, Herndon, VA., 367 pp. (1992).

    19. Metallurgical and Materials Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, with K. P.

    Staudhammer and M. A. Meyers (eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 932 pp. (1995).

    20. Fundamental Issues and Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, with K. P. Staudhammer

    and M. A. Meyers (eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers, New York, 681 pp. (2001).

    PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES

    EMSA, AIME, ASM International, Microscopy Society of America, Texas Society for Electron Microscopy, IEEE, Sigma Xi,

    Alpha Sigma Mu (Metallurgical Honorary), International Metallographic Society, Electrochemical Society, Tau Beta Pi

    (Engineering Honorary), National Soc. of Professional Engineers, Texas Soc. for Professional Engineers, El Paso Chapter

    of TSPE (Board member since 1992).

    HONORS AND AWARDS:

    ASTM Special Technical Photographic and Electron Micrograph Awards (1965, 1967)

    EMSA Gold Medal Award in Physical Science (1972)

    Outstanding Educators of America (1975)

    Fellow of the American Society for Metals (ASM International) (1981)

    National Council Citation "for professional accomplishments in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering", Albright College

    (1984)

    Fourteenth Annual Buehler Technical Paper Merit Award for Excellence (1991) for a manuscript, "Effects of Deformation

    (Strain) and Heat Treatment on Grain Boundary Sensitization and Precipitation in Austenitic Stainless Steels", published in

    Volumes 24 and 25 of MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION (1990).

    UTEP Sponsored Projects Leadership Award, 1993

    (Outstanding contributions to Development of Research & Sponsored Projects in Materials Science & Engineering)

    UTEP College of Engineering Dean's Award for Excellence, 1994

    (Contributions to Graduate Education & Research)

    Designated a Centennial Fellow by the Dean and Faculty of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Pennsylvania

    State University, September, 1996.

    UTEP Distinguished Achievement Award - El Paso Energy Corporation Foundation Faculty Achievement Award for

    Research, 1997.

    Distinguished Alumnus Award - Materials Research Laboratory, Penn State University, August, 1999.

    2001 Annual Buehler Technical Paper Merit Award for Excellence; Best paper published in Materials Characterization -

    with E. Ferreyra, D. P. Russell and J. Bingert (Awarded in August, 2002)

    2007 Educator Award of TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society): For enthusiastic and creative dedication to

    education of undergraduate and graduate students through teaching, research, and book writing.

  • 2007 John S. Rinehart Award (TMS), for seminal contributions to the understanding of shock compression and extreme

    plastic deformation of metals and for global leadership in dynamic behavior of materials

    2008 Henry Clifton Sorby Award: The highest award presented by the International Metallographic Society in recognition

    of lifetime achievement in the field of metallography.

    2009-2010 Lee Hsun Research Award by Shenyang National Laboratory, Institute of Metals Research, Chinese Academy

    of Science (IMR-CAS), in recognition of past accomplishments in materials science and technology.

    2009 ASM International Albert Easton White Distinguished Teacher Award for: Selfless dedication to the formation of

    generations of students through teaching, research, mentoring, academic administration and leadership in the profession.

    2010 Visiting Professor for Senior International Scientists by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for Institute of Metal

    Research (IMR), Shenyang National Laboratory (SYNL) for Materials Science.

    2010 Guest Professor, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China.

    2010 Piper Professor Award for, Outstanding scholarly achievements and superior teaching at the college level - A Texas

    higher education program of the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation.

    REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER (TEXAS #70783)

    30 years of DoD and DoE security clearances

    Included in:

    Who's Who in the West

    Personalities of the West and Midwest

    America Men and Women of Science

    Dictionary of International Biography

    Men of Achievement, 1975, 1979-80

    Outstanding Americans of the Bicentennial Era

    Who's Who in Engineering

    Men and Women of Distinction

    Who's Who in Technology Today

    PRINCIPAL RESEARCH AREAS:

    Environmental sciences and technology

    Transmission and scanning electron microscopy

    Field ion microscopy

    Metal physics

    Interfacial structure and properties

    Thin films

    Shock deformation

    Mechanical properties

    Bio-metallurgy

    Explosive welding and joining

    Interactive video and information delivery systems

    Learning theory

    Superconductor science and technology

    Materials interaction & degradation in space

    Metallurgy and Materials Science of the Caribbean Steel Drum

    Shaped charges and explosive forming

    Basic science of impact cratering and penetration in thick targets

    Computational materials science and engineering

    Friction-Stir Welding

    Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

    Nanoparticulate materials and public health

  • Biological issues in materials science and engineering

    Biomaterials manufacturing and characterization

    Rapid manufacturing/layered manufacturing

    CONTRACT/GRANT SUPPORT (including Equipment Grants, Fellowships, etc. as P.I. or Co-P.I.)

    Estimated $13M between 1990 and 2012:

    DARPA, GSA, DoD (ARL, ARDEC, ARO, AFOSR), DoE, NSF, NASA, DLA, EPA (SCERP), Texas Legislature,

    NIH-NIEHS

    EDITORIAL REVIEW ACTIVITIES:

    Microstructures--Journal of Microanalytical Technique (editor) (1971-1972)

    Reviewer for Journal of Applied Physics, Metallurgical Transactions, McGraw-Hill Book Company, International Textbook

    Company, Thin Solid Films

    Member Advisory Board of Mechanical Properties (1976-1978)

    Editorial Advisory Board of Metallography (1980-1995

    Member of the Editorial Board of Advanced Performance Materials (1993-present)

    EDITORIAL BOARD

    Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

    Journal of Metallurgy

    Area Editor (Materials Technology)

    Journal of Materials Research & Technology

    (Publication of the Brazilian Metallurgical, Materials and Mining Assoc.)

    International Editorial Board

    Journal of Materials Science & Technology (IMR China)

    Founding Member of the Editorial Board

    Metallography, Microstructures and Analysis (IMS/ASM Journal)

    PATENTS:

    "Implosive Consolidation of a Particle Mass Including Amorphous Material", with Alan W. Hare and F. Paul Carlson, Patent

    No. 4,490,329, issued December 25, 1984.

    "Superconductor Structures and Method of Forming Same", with Alan W. Hare, PCT patent application (PCT/US87/01851)

    filed July 29, 1987; issued as U.S. Patent No. 5, 089, 467, February 18, 1992.

    "Dynamic Shear Test Sample and Method", with N. L. Rupert and F. I. Grace, Patent No. 6, 431, 009, issued August 13,

    2002.

    MANAGEMENT TRAINING/ACTIVITIES:

    Top Management Briefing Program, American Management Association, 1981

    Organized and participated in Seminar/Workshop in Corporate Culture, College of Business, University of Oregon and

    OGC, 1984.

    Organized and participated in Seminar/Workshop in High-Tech Marketing, College of Business, University of Oregon and

    OGC, 1985.

  • BUSINESS ACTIVITIES:

    Co-founder and general partner of Hypermap, an education/publishing S-Chapter Corporation involved in consulting

    activities, 1985-1989.

    Co-founder and President, Monolithic Superconductors, Inc., 1988-1990. (An Oregon Corporation)

    PRESENTATIONS (past 20 years)

    1.) Two presentations made by L. E. Murr at DARPA HTSC Workshop, University of California Santa Barbara,

    September 11-14, 1989: 1) "Fundamental Studies of Explosively Fabricated Bulk Metal/Matrix

    Superconductors", 2) "Shock-Wave Induced Degradation of Superconductivity and Localized Lattice Defects in

    Explosively Fabricated YBCO."

    2.) "Superconductors: Will They Change Our Lives," El Paso Section Meeting of AIME (American Institute of

    Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers), El Paso, Texas, October 12, 1989. L. E. Murr.

    3.) "Optimizing Bulk Superconductors Fabrication: The Promise and the Prospects," SC GLOBAL 90;

    International Superconductor Applications Convention, Long Beach, CA, January 17-19, 1990. L. E. Murr.

    4.) L. E. Murr, C. S. Niou, M. Pradhan-Advani, and L. H. Schoenlein, "Shock-Induced Degradation of

    Superconductivity and Its Recovery After Heat Treatment of Explosively Fabricated Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Pb-Sr-

    Ca-Cu-O" TMS-AIME Annual Meeting, Session on High Temperature Superconducting Compounds, Anaheim,

    CA, February 21-23, 1990.

    5.) "Funny Things About Superconductors," Eta Kappa Nu Electrical Engineering Honor Society Banquet, Tigua

    Indian Reservation, March 10, 1990. L. E. Murr

    6.) L. E. Murr, C. S. Niou, and M. Pradhan-Advani, "Effect of Shock Pressure on the Structure and

    Superconducting Properties of Y-Ba-Cu-O in Explosively Fabricated Bulk Metal-Matrix Composites,"

    AMSAHTS '90: Advances in Materials Science and Applications of High Temperature Superconductors,

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, April 2-6, 1990.

    7.) "Novel Applications of Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Superconductors Based on Explosively Generated

    Microstructures and Properties" Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium Series, Invited Speaker,

    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville VA, April 16, 1990. L.

    E. Murr

    8.) "Materials Research in Twin Plant Operations," presentation as a part of panel presentation for Research

    Opportunities in Twin Plant Operations, April 26-27, 1990, UTEP. L. E. Murr

    9.) "The Institute for Manufacturing and Materials Management concept at UTEP," presentation to El Paso

    Chapter of Texas Society of Professional Engineers, Cliff Inn, May 24, 1990. L. E. Murr

    10.) "Novel Applications of Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Superconductors Based on Explosively Generated

    Microstructures and Properties," L. E. Murr, et al., paper presented at 7th CIMTEC World Ceramics Congress

    & Satellite Symposium, Trieste, Italy, July 1-5, 1990.

    11.) "Novel Applications of Shock Recovery Experiments," paper presented at EXPLOMET - 90, International

    Conference on Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Materials, University of California San

    Diego, La Jolla, August 12-17, 1990.

    12.) "A Comparison of Residual Superconductivity in Shock Processed, Oxygen Deficient, and Irradiated Y-Ba-Cu-

    O," ibid.

    13.) "Copper Leaching" and Advanced Materials Characterization" - First Distinguished Lecture Series in Materials

    Science and Engineering for Manufacturing, august 29, 1990.

  • 14.) "Some Contemporary Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy in the Materials Sciences". Invited

    paper presented to combined meeting of The Texas Society for Electron Microscopy and Oklahoma Society

    for Electron Microscopy, Arlington, TX, March 22, 1991.

    15.) "Development of Microstructures in Pure Copper at Various Strain Rates", presented by S. Thiagarajan - with

    A. Gurevitch, L. E. Murr, S. K. Varma, W. W. Fisher, and A. Advani, Special Symposium in Modeling the

    Deformation of Crystalline Solids, TMS-AIME Annual Meeting, February 18-20, 1991.

    16.) "Electron Microscopy Studies of Defects in Explosively Fabricated and Annealed High-Tc Superconductors

    and Their Role as Flux-Pinning Microstructures", paper presented at TMS-AIME Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA, February 18-20, 1991, Special Symposium entitled: High-Tc Superconductors III: Processing &*

    Microstructure - Property Relationship.

    17.) "Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies of Fine Particles Associated with Spaceflight

    Environmental Effects on Materials Exposed in Low-Earth Orbit", paper presented at Special Symposium

    (invited), Fine Particle Society Meeting, San Jose, CA, August 1-3, 1991.

    18.) "Observations of Surface Structures and Reaction Products for Materials Exposed in Space in Low-Earth

    Orbit", paper presented at 49th Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America/Combined with

    Microbeam Society of America, August 3-7, 1991.

    19.) "Strain-Induced Martensite Effects on Transgranular Carbide Precipitation", presented by A. Advani, written

    with L. E. Murr and D. Matlock at above meeting.

    20.) "Role of the Electron Microscope in the Cold Fusion Controversy", paper presented at meeting above.

    21.) "Electron Microscopy Studies of Spaceflight Environmental Effects on Materials", paper presented at First

    LDEF Post-Retrieval Symposium-NASA Langley Research Center, Kissimee, Florida, June 2-8, 1991 (with C.

    J. Miglionico, et al).

    22.) "Some Contemporary Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy in the Materials Sciences:

    Superconductors, Shaped Charges, and Materials Exposed in Space in Low Earth Orbit". Invited Technical

    Vitality Seminar, IBM East Fishkill, N.Y. Facility, Sept. 10, 1991.

    23.) "Research Review: LDEF Research at UTEP", presentation to Materials Branch, NASA-Johnson Space

    Center, May 13, 1991.

    24.) "Materials Alteration in Low-Earth Orbit", presentation to AIME El Paso Section Meeting, March 18, 1992.

    25.) "Site Specific Nature of Transgranular and Twin Boundary Carbide Precipitation and Chromium Depletion in

    Stainless Steels", presented by A. Advani, written with L. E. Murr, J. Maldonado, R. Romero, C. Cedillo, D.

    Matlock, W. Fisher, P. Tarin, C. Ramos, and R. Miller, Texas Society for Electron Microscopy Spring Meeting,

    San Marcos, TX, March 27, 1992.

    26.) "Strain Effects on Carbide Precipitation and Sensitization in 304 Stainless Steels", presented by D. Matlock;

    written with A. Advani, L. E. Murr, W. Fisher, P. Tarin, R. Romero, J. Maldonado, R. Miller, and C. Ramos;

    Texas Society for Electron Microscopy Spring Meeting, San Marcos, TX, March 27, 1992.

    27.) Series of Three Colloquia Presented to the Materials Faculty and Students of the Instituto Tecnologico de

    Saltillo, Saltillo, Mexico, April 6 and 7, 1992:

    1.) "Effects of Deformation on the Corrosion Sensitization, Carbide Nucleation, and Martensite Production in

    Stainless Steels and Some Implications for Waste Containers and Surgical Implants".

    2.) "Materials Alteration in Space: Some Examples of Modern Techniques of Observation and Analysis

    (SEM, Optical & Acoustic Microscopy, TEM, STEM, EDS).

    3.) "The Science and Technology of Explosively (Shock-Wave) Fabricated Bulk Super-

    conductors".

    28.) Series of three papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Metallographic Society in Denver,

    Colorado, August 2-5, 1992:

  • 1.) "Electron Microscope Studies of Surface Phenomena for Materials Exposed in Space in Low-Earth Orbit",

    with S. Quinones, J. M. Rivas, J. Liu, C-S. Niou, B. Marquez, and A. H. Advani.

    2.) "Microstructural Phenomena Associated with Micrometeoroid Impact Craters in Aluminum and Stainless

    Steel", with J. M. Rivas, S. Quinones, C-S. Niou, A. H. Advani, D. J. Manuel, and R. Birudavolu.

    3.) "LDEF Fiber-Composite Materials Characterization", with C. J. Miglionico, C. Stein, and R. E. Roybal.

    29.) Four papers were presented at the Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America in Boston,

    Mass. August 12-17, 1992 as follows:

    1.) "Microstructure in Shaped Charge Cones and its Relationship to Plastic Instability and Jet Performance",

    with A. Gurevitch, C-S. Niou, A. H. Advani, J. R. Grieves and L. Zernow.

    2.) "Deformation Effects on Transgranular Carbide Precipitation in 304 Stainless Steels", with A. H. Advani,

    D. J. Matlock, W. W. Fisher, P. M. Tarin, R. L. Miller, C. Ramos, R. J. Romero, J. G. Maldonado, and C.

    M. Cedillo.

    3.) "Carbide Precipitation and Chromium Depletion on Coherent Twin Boundaries in Deformed 304 Stainless

    Steel", with A. H. Advani, et al as above.

    4.) "SEM Studies of Fracture Phenomena and Wall Structure in Micrometeoroid Impact Craters in Spacecraft

    Metals", with C-S. Niou, J. M. Rivas, S. Quinones, and A. H. Advani.

    30.) "The Effect of Grain Size on the Formation of Deformation Induced Martensite in 304 Stainless Steel During

    Tensile Testing at Different Strain Rates", with J. Kalyanam, S. K. Varma, and A. H. Advani, paper presented

    at Materials Week '92 Meeting of ASM and TMS-AIME, Chicago, Nov. 2-5, 1992.

    31.) "Materials Effects in Low-Earth Orbit", presentation to Eta Kappa Nu, UTEP Electrical Engineering Honor

    Society, Delhi Palace Restaurant, El Paso March 12, 1993.

    32.) "Half-Brained Ideas About Education: Teaching and Learning in a Technical Society", presentation to El Paso

    Pilot International Club, Holiday Inn, El Paso, April 15, 1993.

    33.) "EM Study of Carbon Content Effects on Carbide Precipitation and Chromium Depletion in Type 304 Stainless

    Steels", with E. A. Trillo, A. H. Advani, and W. W. Fisher (poster presentation), Electron Microscopy Society of

    America Meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio, August 1-6, 1993.

    34.) "Some Comparative Observations of Carbide Precipitation Morphology Related to Coherent Twin Boundaries

    and High-Energy Grain Boundaries in Stainless Steels", with Roberta Romero, (poster presentation) ibid.

    35.) Mechanisms of Transgranular Carbide Precipitation in Deformed 304 Stainless Steel", with A. H. Advani and

    W. W. Fisher (poster presentation) ibid.

    36.) Series of 6 papers presented at the XV Encuentro de Investigacion Metalurgica, Institute Tecnologico de

    Saltillo, Mexico, October 6-8, 1993:

    1.) "Update of the Materials Corridor Research Concept".

    2.) "Comparison of Strain-Induced Martensite Effects on Transgranular Carbide Precipitation and Chromium

    Depletion (Sensitization) in 304 and 316 Stainless Steels", with J. G. Maldonado (Presenter in Spanish),

    A. H. Advani, and W. W. Fisher.

    3.) "Dynamic Recrystallization in Detonating Tantalum Shaped Charges: A Mechanism for Extreme Plastic

    Deformation", with H. K. Shih and C-S. Niou. 4.) "Directional Specific Growth of M23C6 at Annealing Twins in 304 Stainless Steel", with Roberta Romero

    (presenter).

    5.) "A Preliminary Study of Stainless Steel Container Use and Issues Related to Industrial Waste Storage and

    Transport in Stainless Steel", with P. M. Tarin, W. W. Fisher, A. H. Advani, J. G. Maldonado and others.

    6.) "Progress of Solvent Extraction in the Copper Industry", with Conrad Soltero.

    37.) "Deformation Induced Martensite in 304 and 316 Stainless Steels During Room Temperature Rolling", with

    Vijay Shrinivas (presenter) and S. K. Varma, Spring Meeting of TMS-AIME, October 20, 1993.

    38.) "The Anatomy of Some Ballistic and Hypervelocity Phenomena: Examples of Microstructure Evolution

    Observed in the Transmission Electron Microscope", presentation to Center for Materials Characterization,

    University of North Texas, Denton, Nov. 10, 1993.

  • 39.) Relationship Between Microstructures and Mechanical Properties During Deformation Induced Martensite

    Formation in 304 and 316 Stainless Steels Using Room Temperature Rolling Deformation", with Vijay

    Shrinivas (presenter) and S. K. Varma, TMS-AIME Spring Meeting, March 3, 1994.

    40.) "The Metallurgy of Detonating Weapons", Presentation to AIME El Paso Chapter, La Hacienda, March 9,

    1994.

    41.) Series of 5 papers presented at Texas Society for Electron Microscopy Meeting, Denton, Texas, March 24-25,

    1994:

    1.) "Deformation Microstructures in Tantalum Explosively Formed Penetrators", with C-S. Niou and C. Feng.

    (presented by Niou).

    2.) "Dynamic Recrystallization in Ballistic and Hypervelocity Penetration and Crater Formation in Metals, with

    J. M. Rivas (presenter) and S. Quinones.

    3.) "Recrystallization Phenomena in Highly Deformed and Sensitized 304 Stainless Steel", with J. G.

    Maldonado (presenter). 4.) "Fundamental and Comparative Studies of M23C6 Carbide Growth Associated with Twin Boundaries and

    Grain Boundaries in 304 Stainless Steel", with Roberta Romero (presenter).

    5.) "Thermomechanical and Material Parameter Effects on Carbide Precipitation in 304 Stainless Steel

    verified by Electron Microcopy, with E. A. Trillo (presenter) and W. W. Fisher.

    42.) "Change and the Engineering Paradigm", presented to El Paso Chapter of Tau Beta Pi, initiation banquet,

    Forte's Restaurant, April 16, 1994.

    43.) "Novel Examples for the Study of Extreme Plastic Deformation: The Shaped Charge Regime, Explosively

    Formed Penetration and Hypervelocity Impact Crater Formation in Metal Targets",

    Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, May 23, 1994.

    44) Series of 5 papers presented at the 27th Annual International Metallographic Society Technical Meeting,

    Montreal, Canada, July 26, 27, 1994:

    l.) "Deformation Microstructures in Tantalum Explosively Formed Penetrators", with C-S. Niou, C. Feng, and

    S. Pappu (presented by Murr).

    2.) "Recrystallization Phenomena in Highly Deformed and Sensitized 304 Stainless Steel", with J. G.

    Maldonado (presenter).

    3.) "Metallography of Hypervelocity Impact Crater Formation in Aluminum and Copper", with Stella Quinones

    (presenter) and J. M. Rivas. 4.) "Fundamental and Comparative Studies of M23C6 Carbide Growth Associated with Twin Boundaries and

    Grain Boundaries in 304 Stainless Steel", with R. J. Romero (presenter). 5.) "A TEM Comparison of M23C6 Carbides at Low and High Strained 304 Stainless Steel: Size, Mode,

    Morphology", with E. A. Trillo (presenter), R. J. Romero, J. G. Maldonado, and L. E. Murr.

    45.) "Aspects of Dynamic Recrystallization in Shaped Charge and Explosively Formed Projectile Devices", with C.

    Feng (presenter) and C-S. Niou, presented at TMS Fall Meeting, Chicago, Oct. 2-6, 1994.

    46.) Series of 8 papers presented at XVI Encuentro de Investigacion Metalurgica Y I Congreso Internacional en

    Materiales, October 5-7, 1994, Instituto Tecnologico de Saltillo, Saltillo, Mexico:

    1.) "Metallurgical Analysis of Hypervelocity Impact Craters in OFHC Copper", with Stella Quinones (presenter)

    and J. M. Rivas.

    2.) "Microstructure Evolution and Comparison in Extreme Plastic Deformation and Its Relationship to Low

    Energy Dislocation Structures (LEDS)", with C-S. Niou, H. K. Shih, J. C. Sanchez, S. Pappu, and C. Feng

    (presented by Murr).

    3.) "Effect of Grain Size and Deformation (Strain) on Sensitization Behavior in 304 Stainless Steel", with R.

    Beltran (presenter), E. A. Trillo, R. J. Romero, L. E. Murr, D. Martinez, and W. W. Fisher.

    4.) "Observations of Etching Profiles Associated with Grain Boundary Sensitization and Precipitation Behavior

    in 304 Stainless Steel", with Maria Posada (presenter) and P. M. Tarin.

    5.) "Recrystallization Phenomena in Highly Deformed and Sensitized 304 Stainless Steels", with J. G.

    Maldonado (presenter).

    6.) "Deformation Microstructure Evolution Associated with Metal Impact Craters Observed in the

    Transmission Electron Microscope", with J. M. Rivas (presenter) and S. A. Quinones.

  • 7.) "Investigation of Microstructure and Microhardness Variation Associated with Long-Term Service

    Exposure of Electrical Turbine Components (A470 and A564 Steels)", with Joel DeAlba (presenter), C-S.

    Niou, P. Diehl, R. F. Pinizzotto, E. G. Jacobs, and D. W. Mueller. 8.) "A TEM Comparison of M23C6 Carbides at Low and High Strained Stainless Steel", with E. A. Trillo

    (presenter), R. J. Romero, and J. G. Maldonado.

    47.) Light and Electron Microscope Studies of Hypervelocity Impact Crater Microstructures in Metal Targets, L. E.

    Murr (presenter) J. M. Rivas and S. A. Quinones, Invited paper presented to IV Congreso Nacional en Ciencia

    de Materiales, Sept. 26-30, 1994, Cancun, Mexico.

    48.) Fracture Mechanics of Earthquakes, Presentation to AIME El Paso Chapter, La Hacienda Cafe, March 8,

    1995.

    49.) The Effects of Fatigue and Creep on Microstructural Development in Steels and Aluminum Alloys, paper

    presented by P. E. Diehl, with co-authors K. N. Hooghan, E. G. Jacobs, D. W. Mueller, R. F. Pinizzotto, and L.

    E. Murr, 1995 TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society) Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada (2nd Int.

    Conf. on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Aging Materials), Feb. 13, 1995.

    50.) Series of 3 papers presented at Texas Society for Electron Microscopy Meeting, Fort Worth, Texas, March 23-

    25, 1995.

    1.) Microstructural Evolution Associated with Impact Crater Formation in Copper Targets, with J. M. Rivas

    (presenter), S. A. Quinones, and E. P. Garcia.

    2.) A TEM Study of Sensitization Behavior of 304 Stainless Steel Deformed at Liquid Nitrogen Temperature,

    with J. G. Maldonado (presenter).

    3.) Comparison of Microstructures in Steel Boiler Tubes: A TEM Search for Failure Modes and Deformation

    Mechanisms, with J. De Alba (presenter), C-S. Niou, and P. Diehl.

    51.) Series of 5 papers presented at the 28th Annual International Metallographic Society Symposium and

    Technical Meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico, July 23-26, 1995.

    1.) Recrystallization Phenomena in 304 Stainless Steel Deformed at Liquid Nitrogen Temperature and Its

    Effect on Sensitization, with J. G. Maldonado (presenter) and W. W. Fisher.

    2.) Microstructure Evolution in Steel Boiler Tubes: A Search for Failure Modes and Deformation

    Mechanisms, with J. De Alba (presenter), C-S. Niou, and P. Diehl.

    3.) Comparison of Crater Cross-Section Microstructures in Copper Targets for Aluminum Projectiles

    Impacting at Different Velocities, with J. M. Rivas (presenter), S. A. Quinones, and E. P. Garcia.

    4.) Multi-Dimensional Microanalysis in Materials Characterization: Some Case Examples, invited

    Symposium presentation by L. E. Murr, with C-S. Niou, E. Ferreyra T., S. Pappu, C. Kennedy, S. A.

    Quinones, J. M. Rivas, R. J. Romero, and J. G. Maldonado.

    5.) A Study and Comparison of Microstructures in Ta and Ta-W Starting Liners and a Pure Ta Explosively

    Formed Penetrator, with S. Pappu (presenter), C-S. Niou, and C. Kennedy.

    52.) Series of 7 papers presented at EXPLOMET 95: International Conference on Metallurgical and Materials

    Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, El Paso, Texas, August 6-10, 1995.

    1.) Metallurgical Studies of Deformation and Failure Patterns from Targets Impacted by Long-Rod

    Penetrators, with W. Huang (poster presenter), C-S. Niou, N. C. Rupert, and F. I. Grace.

    2.) Microstructural Evolution Associated with Hypervelocity Impact Craters in OFHC Copper, with S. A.

    Quinones (presenter), J. M. Rivas, E. P. Garcia, F. Horz, and R. P. Bernhard.

    3.) A Preliminary Study of the Effect of Target Microstructure on High Velocity Impact Cratering in Thick

    Copper Plates, with E. Ferreyra T. (poster presenter) and F. Horz.

    4.) Microstructural Evolution Associated with Hypervelocity Impact Crater Formation in Metallic Targets, with

    J. M. Rivas (presenter), S. A. Quinones, and E. P. Garcia.

    5.) Microstructural Observations and Comparison of Impact Craters in 6061-T6 Aluminum Targets, with

    Alicia Ayala (poster presenter).

    6.) High-Strain-Rate Behavior of Pure Tantalum in Explosively Formed Penetrator and Shaped Charge

    Regimes, with S. Pappu (presenter), C-S. Niou, C. Kennedy, L. DuPlessis, and M. A. Meyers.

    7.) Oblique Shock Loading of Copper Rods with Different Grain Sizes, with J. C. Sanchez (poster

    presenter), and K. P. Staudhammer.

  • 53.) Series of 6 papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Advanced Materials, IV-ICAM-95,

    August 27 - September 1, 1995, Cancun, Mexico.

    1.) A TEM Study of the Origin of Lamellar Carbide Growth in 304 Stainless Steel, with Roberta J. Romero

    (poster presenter).

    2.) Comparison of Residual Microstructures Associated with Hypervelocity Impact Crater Formation Metallic

    Targets, with J. M. Rivas (presenter), S. A. Quinones, and E. P. Garcia.

    3.) Microstructural Evolution Associated with Hypervelocity Impact Craters in OFHC Copper, with S. A.

    Quinones, J. M. Rivas (presenter), and E. P. Garcia.

    4.) Plane Shock-Wave Induced Deformation Twinning in Tantalum, presented by L. E. Murr, with S. Pappu,

    C-S. Niou, C. Kennedy, and M. A. Meyers. 5.) The Effects of Grain Boundary Misorientation on the Precipitation of M23C6 Carbides in 304 Stainless

    Steels, with E. A. Trillo (poster presenter).

    6.) Strain-State Effect on the Sensitization Behavior of 304 Stainless Steel Deformed at Liquid Nitrogen

    Temperature, with J. G. Maldonado (presenter).

    54.) Effect of Rolling Strain, Grain Size, and Deformation-Induced Martensite on the Sensitization of 304 Stainless

    Steel, with E. Almanza (presenter) and J. G. Maldonado, paper presented at XVII Encuentro de Investigacion

    y II Congreso Internacional en Materiales, Saltillo, Mexico, October 16-20, 1995.

    55.) A Preliminary Study of the Effect of Target Microstructure on High-Velocity Impact Cratering in Thick Copper

    Plates, a double presentation by E. Ferreyra T. and L. E. Murr at the El Paso Section meeting of AIME,

    October 11, 1995.

    56.) Cracks and Fractures in Rock: Geological Analysis with the Acoustic Microscope, paper presented at the

    22nd International Symposium on Acoustical Imaging; with N. E. Pingitore (presenter), C. C. Gillespie, K. C.

    Miller, and L. DuPlessis, Milan, Italy, September 24-28, 1995.

    57.) Sensitization, Precipitation, and Corrosion in Stainless Steels, invited talk presented to El Paso Chapter of

    the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), Fort Bliss, Texas, October 19, 1995.

    58.) A TEM Study of Recrystallization-Related Sensitization in 304 Stainless Steel Deformed at Liquid Nitrogen

    Temperature, with J. G. Maldonado (presenter) and W,. W. Fisher, Iron and Steel Society Symposium on

    Recrystallization in Steels, Montreal, Canada, October 21-26, 1995.

    59.) Deformation Twinning in Shock Loaded Tantalum, a double presentation by C. Kennedy and L. E. Murr,

    Materials Science and Engineering Seminar Series, University of Texas at El Paso, September 25, 1995.

    60.) Microstructural Analysis Applied to Impact and Penetration Studies in Metal Systems, Invited presentation in

    Distinguished Seminar Series at the Institute for Advanced Technology, The University of Texas at Austin,

    January 19, 1996.

    61.) Tantalum Microstructures for High-Strain-Rate Deformation: Shock Loading, Shaped Charges, and

    Explosively Formed Penetrators, presented by L. E. Murr, with S. Pappu, C. Kennedy, C-S. Niou, and M. A.

    Meyers, Tantalum Symposium at the TMS-Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, February 6, 1996.

    62.) Microstructural Aspects of Hypervelocity Impact Cratering and Jetting in Copper, with Erica Garcia

    (presenter), E. Ferreyra T., C-S. Niou, J. M. Rivas, and S. A. Quinones, paper presented at Spring meeting of

    the Texas Society for Electron Microscopy, Texas A&M University, College Station, March 29, 30, 1996.

    63.) Microstructural Features of Some Penetrator Materials, with C. Kennedy (presenter), S. Pappu, and C-S.

    Niou, ibid.

    64.) Oblique Shock Loading of Copper Rods with Different Grain Sizes, with J. C. Sanchez (presenter) and K. P.

    Staudhammer, ibid.

    65.) Microstructural Analysis Applied to Impact and Penetration Studies in Metal Systems, Invited presentation in

    Army Seminar Series, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland, May 9, 1996.

  • 66.) A Comparison of Deformation Twins and Deformation-Induced Microbands in Copper, with J. M. Rivas, E.

    Ferreyra T., and J. C. Sanchez, presentation at Technical Conference of International Metallographic Society

    Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, July 22, 23, 1996.

    67.) Three additional papers presented at the Conference above:

    1.) Defect Analysis in Drawn Copper Magnet Wires and Their Precursor Rods, C-S. Niou (presenter), L. E.

    Murr, G. Liu, D. Martinez, and J. T. Farrero.

    2.) Characterization and Comparison of the Effects of Grain Size and Uniaxial and Rolling Strain on Carbide

    Precipitation and Sensitization in 304 and 316 Stainless Steels, E. Almanza (presenter), J. G. Maldonado,

    and L. E. Murr.

    3.) Mechanical Properties and Fracture Mode Characteristics of Liquid-Nitrogen-Deformed and Sensitized

    304 Stainless Steel, J. Maldonado (presenter), L. E. Murr, and W. W. Fisher.

    68.) Two papers presented at: Cancun 96 - International Materials Research Congress, September 1-6, 1996:

    1.) A Multidisciplinary Model for Materials Science and Engineering, L. E. Murr, in Symposium 16,

    Educational Trends in Materials Science.

    2.) TEM Study and Comparison of {111} Deformation Microbands Associated with Impact Craters and

    Penetration Channels in Thick Copper Plates, L. E. Murr, (presenter), J. M. Rivas, E. P. Garcia, C-S.

    Niou, and E. Ferreyra, T.

    69.) Two papers presented at 16th International Symposium on Ballistics, San Francisco, CA, Sept. 23-28, 1996:

    (poster presentations);

    1.) W. Huang (presenter), L. E. Murr, C-S. Niou, N. L. Rupert, F. I. Grace, and S. J. Bless, Microstructural

    Observations and Comparison for Some Rod-Penetrated Metal and Alloy Targets.

    2.) S. Pappu (presenter), Christine Kennedy, L. E. Murr, Observations of Deformation Twins in a Shock-

    Loaded Ta-2.5w/o W Liner and a Recovered EFP Slug Using Transmission Electron Microscopy.

    70.) Copper Rain, presented to SME-AIME El Paso Chapter, Julios Corona Cafe, October 9, 1996.

    71.) Two papers presented at TMS-AIME Annual Spring Meeting in Orlando, Florida, February 9-13, 1997.

    1.) Study and Comparison of {111} Deformation Microbands Associated with Impact Craters and Penetration

    Channels in Thick Copper Plates, L. E. Murr (presenter), E. P. Garcia, C-S. Niou, and E. Ferreyra T. 2.) The Effects of Grain Boundary Misorientation on M23C6 Precipitation and Sensitization in 304 Stainless

    Steel, Elizabeth Trillo (presenter) and L. E. Murr.

    3.) Microstructural Analysis of Mechanically Alloyed and Powder Metallurgy Processed W-HfC and W-Ir-HfC

    Penetrator Rods, Christine Kennedy (presenter), L. E. Murr, S. Pappu, and D. Kapoor.

    72.) Data and Modeling Needs for Friction Stir Welding, John McClure (presenter) and L. E. Murr, Workshop on

    Friction Stir Welding held at Marshall Space Flight Center, February 24, 1997.

    73.) Friction-Stir Welding, L. E. Murr, SME-AIME El Paso Section Meeting, Julios Corona Cafe, El Paso, April 16,

    1997.

    74.) Two papers presented at the Texas Society for Electron Microscopy Spring Meeting, Fort Worth, Texas, April

    18, 19, 1997:

    1.) Exfoliation and Related Microstructures in 2024 Al Body Skins on Aging Aircraft, M. Posada (presenter),

    L. E. Murr, C-S. Niou, R. M. Arrowood, D. Little and D. Roberson.

    2.) Microstructural Observations and Computer Simulations of Hypervelocity Impact Craters in OFHC

    Copper Targets, S. A. Quinones (presenter), J. M. Rivas, and L. E. Murr.

    75.) Microstructural Analysis and Comparison of Mechanically Alloyed and P/M-Processed W-HfC and W-HfC-Ir

    Penetrator Rods, C. Kennedy (presenter), L. E. Murr, S. Pappu, and D. Kapoor, International Conference on

    Advanced Particulate Materials and Processes, Palm Beach, Florida, April 6-10, 1997.

    76.) Observations of Exfoliation Corrosion in Aging Aircraft Body Skins: A Search for Crystallographic Issues,

    Maria Posada (presenter), L. E. Murr and R. M. Arrowood, 30th Annual International Metallographic Society

    Convention, Seattle, WA, July 20-23, 1997.

  • 77.) Corrosive Degradation of Fuselage Skin Lap Joints, A. L. Campuzano-Contreras (presenter), R. M.

    Arrowood, L. E. Murr, D. Little, D. Roberson, and C-S. Niou, 30th Annual International Metallographic Society

    Convention, Seattle, WA, July 20-23, 1997.

    78.) The Mystery of Surface Blemishes and Discoloration on Copper Rod and Magnet Wire, L.E. Murr, G. Liu, C-

    S. Niou, 30th Annual International Metallographic Society Convention, Seattle, WA, July 20-23, 1997.

    79.) Friction-Stir Welding: Microstructural Characterization, L. E. Murr, invited lecture presented at Crystal

    Defects, Interfaces, Fracture, and Other Topics in the Research Areas of Heinz G. F. Wilsdorf and Doris

    Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf in Celebration of their 80th and 75th Birthdays, University of Virginia, August 15, 16, 1997.

    80.) Series of Six Presentations representing Symposium 4 at the International Materials Research Congress,

    August 31-Sept. 4, 1997, Cancun, Mexico:

    1.) "Connecting Music and Materials in the Magic of Steel Drum Melodies: A Historical Perspective", L. E.

    Murr, D. Russell, J. L. White and R. Chianelli.

    2.) "Metallurgical Aspects Involved in the Fabrication of a Musical Steel Drum", C. Kennedy, S. Pappu, E.

    Trillo, J. Maldonado, E. Ferreyra, M. Posada, L. E. Murr, J. DeAlba, and R. Chitre.

    3.) "Deformation-Related Features of the Caribbean Steel Drum, Part One: E. Ferreyra, J. G. Maldonado, C.

    Kennedy, M. Posada, E. Trillo, S. Pappu, J. DeAlba, R. Chitre, and L. E. Murr.

    4.) "Deformation-Related Features of The Caribbean Steel Drum, Part Two: Julio Maldonado, E. Ferreyra, C.

    Kennedy, M. Posada, E. Trillo, S. Pappu, J. DeAlba, R. Chitre, and L. E. Murr.

    5.) "Effects of Heat Treatment on the Microstructural Features of Musical Steel Drums", S. Pappu, E.

    Ferreyra, C. Kennedy, J. Maldonado, M. Posada, E. Trillo, L. E. Murr, J. DeAlba and R. Chitre.

    6.) "What Makes a Good Steel Drum? Material and Microstructural Comparisons of Various Musical Steel

    Drums", E. Trillo, E. Ferreyra, C. Kennedy, S. Pappu, J. Maldonado, M. Posada, J. DeAlba, and L. E.

    Murr.

    81.) Additional papers presented at the International Materials Research Congress - Cancun, 1997 (above);

    1.) Recruitment and Retention of Students into Metallurgical and Materials Engineering", E. Trillo, S. W.

    Stafford, and L. E. Murr.

    2.) "Electron Microscopy Studies of Ultra-Fine Industrial Copper Magnet Wire Microstructures", L. E. Murr, R.

    D. Flores, and E. A. Trillo.

    3.) "Investigation of Exfoliation Corrosion in 2024 Aluminum Body Skins for Aging Aircraft and Prospects for

    Anti-Corrosion Strategy Development", Maria Posada, L. E. Murr, and Roy M. Arrowood (poster paper).

    82.) Three papers presented at IV Congreso Internacional de Materiales y XIX Encuentro de Investigacion

    Metalurgica, Instituto Tecnologico de Saltillo, 22-24 October, 1997:

    1.) Microstructural Characterization of Friction-Stir-Welded As-Cast Aluminum Plate and a Cast 50% Cold-

    Rolled Plate, Olga Valerio Flores, Christine Kennedy, L. E. Murr, David Brown, Sridhar Pappu, Brooke M.

    Nowak, and J. C. McClure.

    2.) Developments in Friction Stir Welding, J. C. McClure, O. Valerio, L. E. Murr, and G. Liu.

    3.) Combined Effect of Strain State, Strain, and Grain Size on the Sensitization Behavior of 304 and 316

    Stainless Steels, E. Almanza, J. G. Maldonado, L. E. Murr.

    83.) Presentation in Metallurgy of the Caribbean Steel Drum and including performers by the UTEP Steel Drum

    Research and Performance Teams; with Larry White, SME-AIME El Paso Chapter Meeting, Julios Corona

    Cafe, November 12, 1997.

    84.) Three paper presented at The 1998 TMS Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, Feb. 15-19, 1998:

    1.) Defects and Failure in Ultra-Fine Copper Magnet Wire, L. E. Murr and R. D. Flores in Defects in

    Crystals: A Symposium Honoring the Contributions of John P. Hirth: Damage and Failure.

    2.) Modeling Hypervelocity Impact Cratering in Copper and Aluminum, S. A. Quinones, L. E. Murr, Alicia

    Ayala, and E, Ferreyra T.; Modeling the Mechanical Response of Structural Materials: Session II:

    Constitutive Modeling.

    3.) Electrochemical and Microstrucutral Analysis of Titanium-Tantalum Alloys for Metallic Implant

    Consideration, E. A. Trillo, H. Obispo, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr; Non-Aerospace Applications of

    Titanium & Its Alloys: Session II - Marine and Offshore Applications; Biomedical Applications.

  • 85.) Five Papers presented at the Joint Meeting of the Texas Society for Electron Microscopy and the Oklahoma

    Microscopy Society, April 2-4, 1998, Kingston, OK:

    1.) Electron Microscopy Studies of Corrosion Phenomena in Aging Aircraft Aluminum Alloys, Maria Posada,

    L. E. Murr and R. M. Arrowood.

    2.) SEM Studies of Impact Crater Formation in Soft Aluminum Targets, O. L. Valerio, E. Ferreyra T., S. A.

    Quinones, and L. E. Murr.

    3.) Dislocation Substructures in Tungsten-Alloy Ballistic Penetrators, Christine Kennedy, S. Pappu, and L. E.

    Murr.

    4.) Some Structure-Property-Corrosion Issues in Titanium-Tantalum Alloys for Implant Consideration, H. M.

    Obispo, E. A. Trillo, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr.

    5.) TEM Studies of Carbide Precipitation on Selected Interfaces in 304 Stainless Steel, E. A. Trillo, and L. E.

    Murr.

    86.) Distinguished Research Achievement Award Lecture, April 8, 1998, Geology Auditorium, UTEP: Technology

    Windows: Glimpses of Research Through the Eyes of My Students, L. E. Murr.

    87.) Characterization of Solid-State Vortices Associated with the Friction-Stir Welding of Copper to Aluminum,

    with R. D. Flores and E. A. Trillo, presented by L. E. Murr to Microscopy and Microanalysis 98, Atlanta, GA,

    July 12-16, 1998.

    88.) Intercalation Vortices and Related Microstructural Features in the Friction-Stir Welding of Dissimilar Metals,

    L. E. Murr, R. D. Flores, Ying Li, Elizabeth Trillo, and J. C. McClure, Presented at Innovations in Materials

    Conference, Washington, D.C., July 19-22, 1998.

    89.) Three Papers Presented at 14th International Congress on Electron Microscopy: (Aug. 31-Sept. 4, 1998)

    a.) Electron Microscope Studies of the Solid-State Vortex Microstructures Associated with the Friction-Stir

    Welding of Copper to Aluminum, R. D. Flores, L. E. Murr, and E. A. Trillo.

    b.) Dislocation Substructures in Tungsten-Alloy Ballistic Penetrators, C. Kennedy, S. Pappu, and L. E. Murr.

    c.) Microstructural Comparisons of Copper and Tantalum Shaped Charge and Explosively-Formed

    Penetrator Slugs Using TEM, S. Pappu and L. E. Murr.

    90.) Eight Papers Presented at the International Materials Research Congress - Cancun 98 and LATINCORR 98

    (3rd NACE Latin American Region Corrosion Congress), Cancun, Mexico August 30-Sept. 4, 1998. a.) Electrochemical and Microstructural Evaluation of Ti40Ta and Ti50Ta Alloys, E. A. Trillo, C. Ramirez, P.

    Dickerson, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr.

    b.) Oxygen Diffusion Induced Microstructural Evolution in a Polycrystalline Silver AO Source, E. A. Trillo, C.

    Miglionico, L. E. Murr, and C. Stein.

    c.) Intercalation Swirl and Vortex Microstructures in the Friction-Stir Welding of Dissimilar Metals, L. E. Murr,

    R. D. Flores, Ying Li, Elizabeth Trillo, and J. C. McClure.

    d.) Effect of Strain and Carbon Content on the Strain Aging Behavior of The Caribbean Steel Drum,

    Everaldo Ferreyra and L. E. Murr.

    e.) Projectile Scaling and Penetration Depth/Crater Diameter Ratios for Low-Density Soda-Lime Glass and

    High-Density Stainless Steel Spheres Impacting Soft 1100 Aluminum Targets Between 1 and 4 km/s,

    Olga L. Valerio, L. E. Murr, and V. Hernandez.

    f.) Laboratory Exfoliation Experiments on 2024 Aluminum Alloy, David Roberson, Roy Arrowood, Lawrence

    E. Murr, and Elizabeth Trillo.

    g.) Evaluation of Mechanical and Corrosion Biocompatability of TiTa Alloys, Celina Ramirez, Patrick

    Dickerson, E. A. Trillo, S. Stafford, L. E. Murr.

    h.) Thermal Processing Enhancement of Ti-Ta Alloys for Metallic Implant Consideration, Patrick Dickerson,

    Celina Ramirez, E. A. Trillo, S. Stafford, L. E. Murr.

    91.) Low-Velocity-to-Hypervelocity Penetration Transition for Impact Craters in Metal Targets, L. E. Murr, S. A.

    Quinones, E. Ferreyra T., A. Ayala, and O. V. Flores, paper presented to Symposium on Dynamic Behavior of

    Materials at TMS Annual Fall Meeting, Rosemount (Chicago) Illinois, October 12-15, 1998.

    92.) Effects of Heat Treatment on the Multi-Harmonic Tuning and Acoustics of the Caribbean Steel Drum, E.

    Ferreyra T., L. E. Murr, S. Pappu, J. G. Maldonado, and C. Kennedy, paper presented at International

    Symposium on Heat Treating Microstructure/Physical Property Correlations, 1998 Material Solutions

    Conference, Rosemount, Illinois, October 12-15, 1998.

  • 93.) The Caribbean Steel Drum - Music, Physics, and Materials Science, TMS/SME-AIME Chapter Meeting

    (presented by L. E. Murr), Julios Corona Cafe, El Paso, February 10, 1999.

    94.) Solid-State Flow Associated with the Friction-Stir Welding of Dissimilar Alloys, L. E. Murr, E. A. Trillo, Y. Li, R.

    D. Flores, B. M. Nowak, and J. C. McClure, paper presented on Fluid Flow Phenomena in Metals Processing,

    TSM-Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, Feb. 28-Mar. 3, 1999.

    95.) Series of 6 papers presented at The Texas Society for Microscopy Spring, 1999 Meeting, April 8-10 in Waco,

    Texas:

    a.) Site Specific Copper Deposition During Short Term Corrosion Testing of Aluminum Alloy 2024 Aircraft

    Sheet, H. M. Obispo, E. A. Trillo, R. M. Arrowood, L. E. Murr, and W. W. Fisher.

    b.) Characterization of Exfoliation Corrosion in Al 2024 and Al 2524 Alloys, David A. Roberson, R. M.

    Arrowood, and L. E. Murr.

    c.) Evaluation of TiTa Oxide Layers Via Ellipsometry for Bio-Material Consideration, Celina Ramirez, R.

    Villa, E. A. Trillo, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr.

    d.) Electrochemical and Mechanical Evaluation of TiTa Alloys for Metallic Implant Consideration, E. A. Trillo,

    C. Ramirez, R. Villa, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr. e.) An Investigation of the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Silver-Coated Ag4Sn Dental Alloy

    Particles Condensed in Vitro, Viviana Aguero, T. A. Marquez, and L. E. Murr.

    f.) Microstructural Analysis of the Caribbean Steel Drum, E. A. Trillo, E. Ferreyra T., S. Pappu, C. Kennedy,

    D. P. Russell, and L. E. Murr.

    96.) The Caribbean Steel Drum: Music, Physics and Materials Science, L. E. Murr, invited presentation to Physics

    Colloquium, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, April 21, 1999.

    97.) Microstructural and Computer Simulation Studies on Some EFP Materials, S. Pappu and L. E. Murr, Shock

    Compression of Condensed Matter, Amer. Inst. of Physics Meeting, Snowbird, Utah, July, 1999.

    98.) Dislocation Substructure Contributions to the Tonal Qualities of the Caribbean Steel Drum - A TEM Study, E.

    Ferreyra and L. E. Murr, poster paper presented to Microscopy and Microanalysis 99, Portland Convention

    Center, Portland, OR, August 1-5, 1999.

    99.) Science, Music and Serendipity: The Evolution of the Caribbean Steel Drum, invited, keynote lecture, Special

    Summer Program - The Drums of Summer - Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, OGI

    Campus, Hillsboro, Oregon, August 5, 1999.

    100.) Music, Physics, and Materials Research: The Caribbean Steel Drum as an Interdisciplinarity Model, paper

    presented at International Conference on Interdisciplinarity Revisited, Penn State University, August 30-31,

    1999.

    101.) Science, Music, and Serendipity: The Evolution of the Caribbean Steel Drum, UTEP Materials Science and

    Engineering Seminar Series, and Department of Chemistry Seminar, and Materials Science and Engineering

    Seminar Series, Sept. 10, 1999.

    102.) Impact Cratering and Penetration Analysis in Thick Copper Targets: Microstructural and Geometrical Issues

    in Computational Validation and Extrapolated Simulations, L. E. Murr, S. A. Quinones, and C. Kennedy, 36th

    Annual Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Sciences - Impact and Penetration Mechanics

    Session, University of Texas at Austin, Oct. 25-27, 1999.

    103.) Metallography in Music: Microstructures of the Caribbean Steel Drum, E. Ferreyra and L. E. Murr, 32nd

    Annual Convention of the International Metallographic Society, 31 Oct. to 3 Nov., 1999, History and the Fine

    Arts.

    104.) Effect of Heat Treatment on the Hardening of Low Carbon Steels Employed in the Fabrication of the

    Caribbean Steel Drum, E. Ferreyra and L. E. Murr, Heat Treatment Processes Symposium Honoring George

    Krauss - 1999 Heat Treating Society Conference and Exhibition, Cincinnati Convention Center, Cincinnati, OH,

    Nov. 1-4, 1999.

  • 105.) Ultrafine Grain Structure in the Friction-Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloy 2024 at Low Temperature, Samuel

    Benevides, Ying Li, and L. E. Murr, Ultrafine Grained Materials: Some Plastic Deformation I Symposium, The

    Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 129th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Nashville, TN, March 12-16,

    2000.

    106.) Friction-Stir Welding of Metal-Matrix Composites: Aluminum 6061 - 20% Al2O3 and Aluminum A339 - 10%

    SiC, L. E. Murr, Ying Li, and Elizabeth Trillo, Research and Development Efforts on Metal Matrix Composites:

    Processing of MMCs Symposium, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 129th Annual Meeting and

    Exhibition, Nashville, TN, March 12-16, 2000.

    107.) Microstructural Evaluation of Thick Copper Targets Impacted with High Velocity Tungsten Carbide

    Projectiles, D. A. Roberson, N. M. Martinez, L. E. Murr, and E. A. Trillo, Scanning 2000 - 12th Int.

    Meeting/Texas Society for Microscopy, San Antonio, TX, May 9-12, 2000.

    108.) Microscopy of the Caribbean Steel Drum, E. A. Trillo, E. F. Tello, and L. E. Murr, ibid.

    109.) Biocompatibility Studies Using Cell Culture Testing of Ti40Ta and Ti50Ta Alloys for Implant Consideration, R.

    Villa, C. R. Ortiz, E. A. Trillo, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr, ibid.

    110.) Biocompatibility of Aged Ti-Ta Alloys, Celina R., Ortiz, R. Villa, E. A. Trillo, S. W. Stafford, and L. E. Murr,

    ibid.

    111.) Series of 6 papers presented at Explomet 2000 - International Conference on Fundamental Issues and

    Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 18-22, 2000:

    a.) "Comparison of Deformation Twinning in Tungsten and Iron Ballistic Projectiles", S. Pappu, S. Sen, L. E.

    Murr, D. Kapoor and L. S. Magness.

    b.) "Anomalous Flow Phenomena in a High Oxygen-Containing Tantalum Explosively Formed Projectile", S.

    Sen, S. Pappu, L. E. Murr, and D. Kapoor.

    c.) "A Comparison of Residual Microstructures in Explosively Formed Projectiles of Copper and Iron", S.

    Pappu and L. E. Murr.

    d.) "Comparison of Soda Lime Glass, Stainless Steel, and Tungsten Carbide Penetrator Impact Behavior on

    Soft Aluminum Targets", Olga L. Valerio, Valerie Hernandez, Stella Quinones, E. A. Trillo, L. E. Murr, and

    F. Hrz.

    e.) "Tungsten Heavy Alloy Ballistic Rod Penetration into Copper Targets: Microstructure Analysis and

    Computer Simulations", Christine Kennedy, R. Avalos, A. Bujanda, and L. E. Murr.

    f.) "Comparison of Tungsten Carbide Penetrator Impact Behavior in Soft and Hard Copper Targets", D.

    Roberson, N. Martinez, P. Stout, E. A. Trillo, S. A. Quinones, L. E. Murr, and F. Hrz.

    112.) Papers presented at THERMEC 2000 - International Conference on Processing & Manufacturing of Advanced

    Materials; Processing, Fabrication, Properties, Applications: Dec. 4-8, 2000 Las Vegas, NV.

    a.) "Study of the Low-Velocity-to Hypervelocity Penetration Transition for Penetration Densities Ranging from

    2.3 to 15 g/cm3 Impacting Aluminum and Copper Targets at Velocities Ranging from 0.5 to 6 km/s", L. E.

    Murr (invited), O. L. Valerio, D. A. Roberson, S. A. Quinones, V. S. Hernandez, N. E. Martinez, E.

    Ferreyra, E. A. Trillo, and F. Hrz.

    b.) "Friction-Stir Welding of Metals and Alloys: Fundamental Studies of Solid-State and Intercalated Flow", R.

    D. Flores, L. E. Murr, D. J. Shindo, and E. A. Trillo.

    113.) Papers presented at 130th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metal, and Materials Society) Meeting, Feb. 11-16,

    2001, New Orleans, LA.

    a.) "Impact Crater Similitude and Related Issues for Metal Targets Impacted Below Hypervelocity", L. E. Murr,

    O. L. Valerio, D. Roberson, S. A. Quinones, V. S. Hernandez, N. E. Martinez, E. A. Trillo, and F. Hrz.

    b.) "Joining Dissimilar Aluminum Alloys and Other Metals and Alloys by Friction-Stir Welding", L. E. Murr, R.

    D. Flores, F. Contreras, G. Sharma, D. J. Shindo, K. Soto, H. Kazi, M. Siddiqua, E. A. Trillo, M. Guerra, C.

    Schmidt, and J. C. McClure.

    c.) "Thermomechanical Analysis of Ti40Ta and Ti50Ta Alloys". Celina R. Ortiz, Rudy Villa, Gabriela

    Gonzalez, Elizabeth Trillo, Stephen W. Stafford, and Lawrence E. Murr.

  • d.) "Biocompatibility Studies Using Cell Culture Testing of Ti40Ta and Ti50Ta Alloys for Implant

    Consideration", Rudy A. Villa, Celina Ortiz, Elizabeth A. Trillo, Stephen W. Stafford, and Larry E. Murr.

    e.) "Intergranular Corrosion of RRA-Treated 7075 Aluminum Forgings", Ana Leticia Campuzano-Contreras,

    Harold Kelley, Roy Arrowood, Lawrence E. Murr, and Elizabeth A. Trillo.

    114.) Paper presented at the Texas Society for Microscopy, Spring, 2001 Meeting, April, 2001, Houston, TX.

    Microstructural Analysis of the Impact Cratering Phenomena of Iron and Stainless Steel Targets, E. A. Trillo,

    A. A. Bujanda, N. E. Martinez, and L. E. Murr.

    115.) Papers presented at the TMS Fall meeting (The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society), November 4-8,

    2001, Indianapolis, Indiana.

    a.) Second Int. Symposium on Modeling the Performance of Engineering Structural Materials (MPESM II):

    Computer Modeling and Validation of Ballistic and Hypervelocity Impact and Penetration Phenomena:

    Deformation Microstructures, Mechanical Performance, and Geometrical Issues, L. E. Murr, C. Kennedy,

    D. A. Roberson, O. L. Valerio, N. E. Martinez, V. S. Hernandez, A. A. Bujanda, E. A. Trillo, S. A. Quinones,

    and F. Hrz (INVITED). b.) Friction-Stir Welding: A Study of Tool Wear Variation in Aluminum Alloy 6061 + 20% Al2O3, R. A.

    Prado, L. E. Murr, D. J. Shindo, and J. C. McClure.

    c.) Metal Flow During Friction-Stir Welding, M. Guerra, J. C. McClure, L. E. Murr, and A. C. Nunes.

    d.) Complex Flow Phenomena Associated with Friction-Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys, S. H. Kazi and L.

    E. Murr.

    116.) Paper presented at 131 Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society) Meeting, March 12-15,

    2002, Seattle, WA. "Shear Band Phenomena in Extreme Deformation Processes: From Ballistic Penetration

    to Friction-Stir Welding", L. E. Murr, S. Pappu, C. Kennedy, and M. Guerro.

    117. ) Paper presented at 6th Int. Conf. on Trends in Welding Research, Pine Mountain, GA, April 15-19, 2002;

    "Effect of Nib Shape on Metal Flow During Friction-Stir Welding", J. C. McClure, E. Coronado, and L. E. Murr.

    118.) Paper presented at the Texas Society for Microscopy Spring, 2002 Meeting, April, 2002, Houston, TX.

    "Thermal Precipitator for the Collection of Submicron Atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) for Transmission

    Electron Microscopy", J. J. Bang, E. A. Trillo, and L. E. Murr.

    119.) Talk Presented at Annual Sigma Xi Banquet and Initiation Ceremony, LaHacienda Restaurant, El Paso, TX,

    May 4, 2002; "Some Insights Into the Role of Science in Creating Music from the Caribbean Steel Drum", L. E.

    Murr, with musical accompaniment by Natalie Martinez and Andy Bujanda.

    120.) Invited presentation at VI Congreso Nacional de la Asociacion Mexicana de Microscopia y I Reunion Nacional

    de Microanalysis, Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico, 30 September to 4 October, 2002, "Applications of

    Transmission Electron Microscopy in Studies of Advanced Materials and Manufacturing Processes".

    121.) Invited (Distinguished) Lecture at The University of the West Indies, Faculty of Engineering, St. Augustine,

    Trinidad and Tobago, Oct. 14, 2002, "Advances in Materials Science".

    122.) Featured speaker at International Symposium on the Steelpan, a component of the World Steelband Festival

    2002, Oct. 14-19, 2002, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, "Practical Implications of Metallurgical and Materials

    Research on the Steelpan: Past, Present, and Future".

    123.) Presentation at International Conference on Refractory and Hardmetals 2002, 28-30 October, 2002, London,

    UK "Comparison of Flow and Shear Band Structures in Oriented, Columnar Tungsten, Single-Crystal

    Tungsten-Tantalum, and Sintered Tungsten Heavy-Alloy Ballistic Penetrators", E. V. Esquivel, L. E. Murr, E. A.

    Trillo, and D. A. Martinez.

    124.) Papers Presented at 132 Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society) meeting, March 2-6, 2003,

    San Diego, CA.

    a.) Observations of Common Microstructural Issues Associated with Dynamic Deformation Phenomena:

    Twins, Microbands, Dynamic Recrystallization, and Grain Size Effects, L. E. Murr.

  • b.) Tool Wear and Shape Optimization in Friction-Stir Welding of Aluminum Metal-Matrix Composites, R. A.

    Prado, L. E. Murr, D. J. Shindo, A. R. Rivera, and J. C. McClure.

    c.) Music, Materials, and Metaphysics: Novel Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy, L. E. Murr.

    d.) Microbands and Microtwins Associated with Impact Craters in Copper and Brass Targets: Role of

    Stacking-Fault Energy (SFE), B. Gonzales, L. E. Murr, O. L. Valerio, H Lopez, and E. V. Esquivel.

    125.) Papers Presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2003, Special Symposia Sponsored by the International

    Metallographic Society, San Antonio, TX, August 3-7, 2003.

    a.) Understanding Extreme Deformation with Metallography (Invited), L. E. Murr.

    b.) A TEM Analysis of Particulates in a Polar Ice Core, E. V. Esquivel, and L. E. Murr.

    c.) Collection and Characterization of Ultra-Fine Airborne Particulates, J. J. Bang, L. E. Murr, M. A. Chaney.

    d.) Comparison of Dislocation Substructures in Friction-Stir Welded Aluminum 359+ 20% SiC Metal-Matrix

    Composite, A. R. Rivera, G. Fernandez, K. Soto, and L. E. Murr.

    e.) Friction-Stir Welded Dissimilar, Semi-Solid-Cast Magnesium Alloys, A. C. Somasekharan, W. C. Davis,

    and L. E. Murr.

    126.) Invited presentation to: 25 Congreso Internacional de Metalurgica y Materiales, Instituto Tecnologico de

    Saltillo, Saltillo, Mexico, Nov. 5-7, 2003: Fundamental and Practical Issues in Friction-Stir Welding of Both

    Similar and Dissimilar Metals and Alloys.

    127.) Research program presentation: Southwest Center for Environmental Research and Policy (SCERP)

    Conferences, Laredo, TX, Feb. 12-14, 2004; Collection and Characterization of Atmospheric Nanoparticulates (PM0.1) in the El Paso, TX/Ciudad Juarez, Mexico Metroplex.

    128.) Papers presented at 133 Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society) Meeting, March 14-18,

    2004, Charlotte, North Carolina.

    a.) Fundamental Studies of the Friction-Stir Welding of Dissimilar Magnesium Alloys and Magnesium Alloys

    to 6061 Aluminum, Anand C. Somasekharan and L. E. Murr.

    b.) Dislocation Structures and Their Relationship to {111} Microbands and Microtwins in Spherical and Plane

    Impact Deformed Nickel, Erika V. Esquivel and L. E. Murr.

    c.) Carbon Nanotubes and Other Fullerene-Related Nanocrystals in the Environment: A TEM Study, L. E.

    Murr, K. F. Soto, E. V. Esquivel, J. J. Bang, P. A. Guerrero, D. A. Lopez, and D. A. Ramirez.

    d.) Comparison of Metallurgical and Acoustical Issues in Constructing and Tuning Stainless Steel and Brass

    Drums with a Caribbean Steel Drum Standard, L. E. Murr, E V. Esquivel, A. C Somasekharan, C. A. C.

    Imbert, N. E. Martinez, D. E. Bujanda, R. Kerns, S. Irvine, and S. Lowrie.

    129.) Papers presented at 1st Desert Southwest Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry Meeting, UTEP,

    El Paso, TX, June 25-26, 2004.

    a.) Preliminary Cytotoxicity Assessment of Some Carbon Nanotubes and Related Carbon Nanoparticle

    Aggregates and the Implications for Anthropogenic Carbon Nanotube Aggregates in the Environment, K.

    F. Soto, K. M. Garza, A. Carrasco, L. E. Murr, P. A. Guerrero, D. A. Lopez, D. A. Ramirez, and J. Venzor,

    III.

    b.) Airborne Nanoparticulates: Chemical Speciation, Crystallinity, Size, Morphology, and Ubiquitousness as

    an Etiological Approach to Health Effects, L. E. Murr, K. F. Soto, J. J. Bang, P. A. Guerrero, E. V.

    Esquivel, D. A. Lopez, and D. A. Ramirez (poster presentation).

    130.) Papers presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2004, Savannah, GA, August 1-5, 2004.

    a.) TEM Observations of Carbon Nanotubes and Related Nanocrystal Aggregates Collected From Domestic

    and Commercial Fuel Gas Combustion Sources, L. E. Murr, K. F. Soto, P. A. Guerrero, D. A. Lopez, and

    D. A. Ramirez.

    b.) Characterization and Comparison of Carbon and Asbestos Nanotubes, K. F. Soto, L. E. Murr, and P. A.

    Guerrero.

    131.) Paper presented at First International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research,

    September 19-22, 2004, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi: Cytotoxicity Assessment of Some

    Carbon Nanotubes and Related Carbon Nanoparticle Aggregates and the Implications for Anthropogenic

  • Carbon Nanotube Aggregates in the Environment, L. E. Murr, K. M. Garza, K. F. Soto, A. Carrasco T. G.

    Powell, D. A. Ramirez, P. A. Guerrero, D. A. Lopez, and J. Venzor, III.

    132.) Papers presented at 134th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society) Meeting, February 13-

    17, 2005, San Francisco, CA.

    a.) Biological Effects of Nanoparticulate Materials, K F. Soto, A. Carrasco, T. G. Powell, L. E. Murr, and K.

    M. Garza - session on Biological Materials Science and Engineering. (Invited)

    b.) Microstructural Details of Friction-Stir Welded Interfaces, A. Somasekharan and L. E. Murr, in Friction-

    Stir Welding & Processing III Symposium.

    c.) Grain Boundary Contributions to Deformation and Solid-State Flow in Severe Plastic Deformation, E. V.

    Esquivel, and L. E. Murr, Micromechanics of Advanced Materials II (Symposium in Honor of James C. M.

    Lis 80th Birthday). (Invited).

    d.) Severe Plastic Deformation Associated with [001] Single-Crystal W and W-Ta Alloy Ballistic Rod

    Penetration into Steel Targets, C. Pizaa, E. V. Esquivel, L. E. Murr, M. T. Baquera, C. Y. Pina, I. A.

    Anchondo, and L. S. Magness, in the Langdon Symposium.

    133.) Papers presented at 9th Congress on Combustion Byproducts and Their Health Effects with Special

    Attention to Mexico & Cross-Border Issues, June 12-16, 2005, Vintana Canyon Resort, Tucson, Arizona

    a.) Computer Simulations of Carbon Nanotubes: End Cap Analysis, S. Lair, W. C. Herndon, L. E. Murr

    (poster)

    b.) Combustion-Generated Nanoparticulates in the El Paso, TX, USA/Juarez, Mexico Metroplex: Their

    Comparative Characterization and Potential for Adverse Health Effects, L. E. Murr, K. F. Soto, K. M.

    Garza, P. A. Guerrero, F. Martinez, E. V. Esquivel, D. A. Ramirez, Y. Shi, J. J. Bang, and J. Venzor, III.

    c.) Cytotoxicity Assessment of Commercial Black Carbon and Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Aggregates as

    d.) Surrogates for Combustion-Generated Nanoparticulate Aggregates in the Environment, K. F. Soto, K. M.

    Garza, L. E. Murr (poster).

    e.) Comparative in vitro Cytotoxicity Assessment of Some Manufactured Nanoparticulate Materials

    Characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy, K. F. Soto, A. Carrasco, T. G. Powell, K. M. Garza,

    L. E. Murr

    f.) TEM Observations of Carbon Nanotube Aggregates Collected from Domestic and Commercial Fuel Gas

    Combustion Sources, P. A. Guerrero, L. E. Murr, E. V. Esquivel, K. F. Soto, D. A. Lopez and D. A.

    Ramirez. (poster)

    g.) Carbon Nanoparticulate Production from Gas Combustion Sources in El Paso, Texas: Exploring a

    Possible Respiratory Health Link, D. Ramirez, F. Martinez, P. A. Guerrero, A. Ramirez, L. E. Murr, and J.

    Venzor, III. (poster)

    134.) Paper presented at 14 American Physical Society (APS) Conference - Shock Compression of Condensed

    Matter 2005, Baltimore, MD, July 31-August 5, 2005: DRX-Induced Solid-State Flow and Projectile-Target

    Mixing During [001] Single-Crystal Tungsten Rod Penetration Into Steel Targets, C. Pizaa, L. E. Murr, I. A.

    Anchondo, C. Y. Pia, M. T. Baquera, T. L. Tamoria, H. C. Chen, and S. Cytron.

    135.) Seminar Presentation: Department of Civil Engineering, UTEP, September 20, 2005: Materials and

    Structures in Extreme Environments: Theaters of War to Low-Earth Orbit, L. E. Murr.

    136.) Paper presented at Second International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research,

    Jackson State Univ., Sept. 18-21, 2005: Combustion-Generated Nanoparticulates in the El Paso, TX

    USA/Juarez, Mexico Metroplex: Their Comparative Characterization and Potential for Adverse Health Effects,

    L. E. Murr, et al.

    137.) Paper presented at VIII International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, El Paso, TX & Juarez,

    Mexico, Sept. 21-22, 2005.

    138.) Paper presented at SCERP 2006 Technical. Conference: Application of Science to Avoid Environmental

    Hazards: Research & Policy Across Borders, Red Lion Hanalei Hotel San Diego, CA, Jan. 17, 18, 2006;

    Qualifying and Quantifying the Major Indoor and Outdoor Sources of Carbon Nanotubes and Related

    Nanocrystal Aggregates in the El Paso-Ciudad Juarez Metroplex, L. E. Murr, et al.

    139.) Papers presented at 135th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals, Materials Society) Conference & Exhibition,

    March 12-16, 2006, San Antonio, TX.

    a.) Adiabatic Shear Bands Associated with Plug Formation and Penetration in Ti-6Al-4V Targets: Formation,

  • Structure and Performance, F. Martinez, E. V. Esquivel, M. I. Lopez, S. M. Gaytan, D. A. Lopez, A.

    Ramirez, D. A. Ramirez, P. A. Guerrero, L. E. Murr, B. F. Schuster

    b.) Biological Issues in Materials Science and Engineering: Interdisciplinary and the Bio-Materials

    Paradigm, L. E. Murr.

    c.) Cytotoxic Response and Cell Death Mechanisms for Carbon Nanotube and Other Nanoparticle

    Aggregates: The Role of In Vitro Biological Assays in Nanomaterials Evaluation, K. F. Soto, K. M. Garza,

    L. E. Murr.

    d.) Comparison of Dislocation and Other Deformation Microstructures in As-Grown, Compression Tested,

    and Ballistically Penetrated W Single-Crystal Rods, M. T. Baquera, L. E. Murr, C. Pizana, T. L. Tamoria,

    H. C. Chen, S. J. Cytron.

    e.) Mechanical Alloying and Related Solid-State Flow and Mixing of Single-Crystal Tungsten Ballistic

    Penetrator and Steel Target Material, C. Pizana, L. E. Murr, A. Putrevu, T. L. Tamoria, H. C. Chen, S. J.

    Cytron.

    f.) Energetic Comparison of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Computer Simulations, S. L. Lair, L. E. Murr,

    W. C. Herndon, S. A. Quinones.

    140.) Clinic paper/presentation: Pan Science: Metallurgical and Acoustic Studies of Carbon Steel, Brass, and

    Aluminum Alloy Pans at International Association of Pan, 2006 Convention & Pan Festival, April 28-30,

    2006, Akron, Ohio.

    141.) Series of Invited Lectures in China (June 2-22, 2006):

    a.) Institute of Mechanics, Beijing Shear Band and Solid-State Flow Microstructures Associated with

    Ballistic and Hypervelocity Impact and Penetration.

    b.) Institute for Metals Research, Shengyang National Laboratory, Shengyang: Dynamic Mechanical

    Behavior and Microstructural Evolution of Materials.

    c.) China Academy of Engineering Physics, Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics Research

    Mian Yang; Series of lectures as follows (10h.):

    1.) The Static (and Quasi-Static) Regime

    2.) The Shock Dynamic Regime

    3.) The Extreme Deformation Regime

    4.) Observations and Simulations of Impact and Penetration Phenomena.

    142.) Invited presentation to Ballistic Materials Division, U. S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving

    Ground, MD, September 7, 2006: DRX: The Dynamic Deformation Regime; L. E. Murr.

    143.) Paper and poster presentation at Annual SCERP Conference, Tucson, AZ, December 11, 12, 2006:

    Cytotoxicity Studies Relating to Long Term Exposure to Low Concentrations of Carbon Nanotube Aggregates

    in the Indoor Air: Implications for Asthma and Other Respiratory Health Effects in the Paso del Norte

    Region, P. Guerrero, A. Guerrero, K. F. Soto, K. M. Garza, L. E. Murr.

    144.) Papers presented at 136th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Conference & Exhibition,

    February 25 March 1, 2007, Orlando, FL.

    a.) DRX: The Dynamic Deformation Regime, L. E. Murr (Invited).

    b.) Explosive Shock-Wave Consolidation of Aluminum Powder/Carbon Nanotube Aggregate Mixtures:

    Optical and Electron Metallography, W. Salas, N. Alba Baena, and L. E. Murr.

    c.) Characterization of Micro and Nano Second Phase/2-Phase Regimes Created by Explosive Shock-Wave

    Consolidation of Powder Mixtures, N. Alba Baena, W. Salas, and L. E. Murr.

    d.) Health Hazards of Manufactured, Natural Environmental, and Other Anthropogenic Atmospheric

    Nanoparticulate Materials: Past, Present and Future, L. E. Murr.

    e.) Direct Contact Cytotoxicity Assays for Filter-Collected, Carbonaceous Nanoparticulate Material and

    Observations of Lung Cell Response, K. F. Soto, Y. Shi, L. E. Murr.

    145.) Invited paper, Nanoparticulate Materials in Antiquity: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly, L. E. Murr.

    Presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2007; IMS Symposium: Metallography, History and the Fine Arts,

    Ft. Lauderdale, FL, August 5-9, 2007.

    146.) Invited paper, Cytotoxic Responses and Potential Respiratory Health Effects of Carbon and Carbonaceous

    Nanoparticulates in the Paso del Norte Airshed Environment, K. F. Soto, L. E. Murr and K. M. Garza.

    Presented at the Fourth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research,

    Jackson State University, Jackson, MI, September 16-19, 2007.

  • 147.) Invited colloquium presentation, Cytotoxic Responses and Potential Respiratory Health Effects of Carbon

    and Carbonaceous Nanoparticulates in the Paso del Norte Airshed Environment to Pathology Department,

    University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, January 4, 2008.

    148.) Invited Keynote Presentation, Natural and Anthropogenic Environmental Nanoparticulates: Their

    Microstructural Characterization and Respiratory Health Implications, with K. M. Garza, presented at Nano

    ECO 2008: Nanoparticles in the Environment Implications and Applications, Monte Verita, Ascona,

    Switzerland, March 2-7, 2008.

    149.) Papers presented at 137th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Conference & Exhibition,

    March 8-13, 2008, New Orleans, LA.

    a. ) Characterization of 3-phase (Ternary-Like) N-Type and P-Type Thermoelectric Materials Fabricated by

    Explosive (Shock) Consolidation, V. Munoz, L. E. Murr, D. Neimr, R. Loverenich, S. Gaytan, M. Lopez.

    b. ) Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Electron Beam-Rapid Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V Biomedical

    Prototypes Compared to Wrought Ti-6Al-4V, L. E. Murr, E. Esquivel, S. Quinones, S. Gaytan, M. Lopez,

    E. Martinez, D. Hernandez, E. Martinez, J. Martinez, T. Hoppe, W. Meyers, S. Stafford, R. Wicker, F.

    Medina, U. Lindhe.

    c. ) Cytotoxicity and Reactive Oxygen Species Generation for Aggregated Carbon and Carbonaceous

    Nanoparticulate Materials, K. Garza, K. Soto, L. E. Murr.

    150.) Papers presented at 24th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, April 19, 20, 2008, University of

    Texas at El Paso.

    a. ) Keynote Paper: Health Effects of Nanoparticulate Materials, L. E. Murr.

    b. ) Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Electron-Beam Rapid Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V Biomedical

    Prototypes Compared to Wrought Ti-6Al-4V, S. Gaytan, M. I. Lopez, L. E. Murr, E. Martinez, D.

    Hernandez, E. Martinez, J. Martinez.

    c. ) Comparison of Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V for Biomedical Applications

    Produced by Rapid-Layer-Based Manufacturing, E. Martinez, L. E. Murr, S. Gaytan, M. I. Lopez, A.

    Rodela, D. Hernandez, E. Martinez.

    151,) Paper presented at American Chemical Society Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Symposium on

    Nanomaterials in the Environment, New Orleans, LA, April 6-9, 2008. Cytotoxicity and Related Inflammatory

    Response for Some Manufactured Metal Oxide and Carbon Nanoparticulate Material Aggregates, K. M.

    Garza, L. E. Murr, K. F. Soto.

    152) Paper presented at 10th International Conference on Structures Under Shock and Impact, Hotel Tivoli

    Almansor, Algarve, Portugal, May 14-16, 2008: Melting as an Extreme Deformation Mechanism at High

    Strain-Rates, L. E. Murr and C. Pizaa.

    153.) Poster presentation at 19th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, University of Texas at Austin, TX, August

    4-6, 2008: Microstructural and Detect Analysis and Control of Ti-6Al-4V Components Manufactured by

    Electron Beam Melting, Sara Gaytan, Lawrence Murr, Edwin Martinez, Daniel Hernandez, Stella Quinones,

    Francisco Medina, Ryan Wicker.

    154.) Invited Paper: Henry Clifton Sorby Award Lecture 2008 (International Metallography Society) Imaging

    Systems and Materials Characterization, Microscopy and Microanalysis 2008, Albuquerque, NM, August 3-7,

    2008.

    155.) Invited Paper: Microstructures and Nanostructures for Environmental Carbon Nanotubes and

    Nanoparticulate Soots 5th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research,

    Jackson, MS, Sept. 17-18, 2008.

    156.) Invited Paper: Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V for Biomedical Applications Produced by

    Rapid-Layer-Based Manufacturing, L. E. Murr, S. A. Quinones, S. M. Gaytan, M. I. Lopez, A. Rodela, E. Y.

    Martinez, D. H. Hernandez, E. Martinez, D. A. Ramirez, F. Medina, and R. B. Wicker, Materials Science &

    Technology 2008 Conference & Exhibit (MS&T 2008): Symposium on Materials & Systems; Advances in

    Biomedical and Biomimetric Materials, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 6-8, 2008.

  • 157.) Papers presented at 138th Annual TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Conference & Exhibition,

    February 15-18, 2009, San Francisco, CA.

    a.) Materials Characterization Applied to Nanoparticulate Environmental Pollutants, L. E. Murr.

    b.) Structure-Property-Process Optimization in the Rapid-Layer Manufacturing of Ti-6Al-4V Components by

    Electron Beam Melting, S. M. Gaytan, L. E. Murr, D. H. Hernandez, E. Martinez, S. A. Quinones, F.

    Medina and R. B. Wicker.

    c.) Characterization of Deformation Bands, Adiabatic Shear Bands, and Crack Formation and Propagation in

    Ti-6Al-4V Ballistic Plug Targets (Invited) L. E. Murr, A. C. Ramirez, S. M. Gaytan, M. I. Lopez, E. Y.

    Martinez, D. H. Hernandez, E. Martinez.

    d.) Explosive Consolidation of Ti-6Al-4V Powder: A Structure-Property Reference for Rapid-Layer

    Manufacturing Using Ti-6Al-4V Powder, N. Alba-Baena, L. E. Murr, C. Ramirez, J. Olivas Pro.

    158.) Paper presented at 25th Southern Biomedical Conference, May 15-17, 2009, Florida International University,

    Miami, FL. L. E. Murr, S. M. Gaytan, F. Medina, M. I. Lopez, E. Martinez, R. B. Wicker, Additive Layered

    Manufacturing of Reticulated Ti-6Al-4V Biomedical Mesh Structures by Electron Beam Melting.

    159.) Paper presented at 20th Annual Advanced Aerospace Materials and Processes Conference & Exhibition

    (AeroMat 2009), June 7-11, 2009, Dayton, OH: Advanced Powder-Based Aerospace Manufacturing

    Concepts: Building Sp