Lauree inutili

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Lauree inutili. La ricerca del Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW) “Hard Times 2013” (May 29, 2013) ha scatenato sul Web una discussione sulle lauree “inutili” ovvero quelle che offrono: meno sbocchi professionali. in particolare nei periodi di crisi economiche; meno opportunità di carriera, stipendi modesti all’inizio e nel tempo.

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  • Nontuttelelaureehannolostessovalore LAUREEINUTILI #UselessDegreesg ClayCasatiy 5agosto2014 1
  • Sommario HardTimes 2013eLaureeInutili The10WorstCollegeMajors(USA)The10WorstCollegeMajors(USA) 12AlmostUselessCollegeDegrees(USA) l ll d 20mostuselesscollegedegrees(USA) 2014sTop20Degreesmostlikelytoleaveyouon jobseekers(UK) The13mostuselessuniversitydegrees(USA) UniversitItalianaeLaureeInutili @ClayCasati@ClayCasati 2
  • Hard Times 2013 e LaureeHardTimes 2013 eLauree Inutili 3
  • HardTimes 2013 LaricercadelGeorgetownUniversity'sCenteronEducation andtheWorkforce(CEW) HardTimes2013(May29,2013)andtheWorkforce(CEW) HardTimes2013 (May29,2013) hascatenato sulWebuna discussione sulle lauree inutili ovvero quelle che offrono f meno sbocchi professionali.inparticolare nei periodi di crisi economiche, meno opportunit di carrierameno opportunit di carriera stipendi modesti allinizio enel tempo. Itwastrueinthe1970sthatthepurposeofgoingtocollege wastogetadegreebecauseyoucouldmovethroughalot ofoccupations,saidAnthonyP.Carnevale,directorofthe Georgetowncenter Butsincethen thedifferenceamongGeorgetowncenter.Butsincethen,thedifferenceamong degreeshasgrownsubstantially. 4
  • Importanza del piano personaleImportanzadelpianopersonale disviluppoprofessionale LaureainLingue(oScienzePolitiche,oSociologia,etc) senzastagee/osenzaunqualsiasipianochedefinisca checosaavrebbepotutofarecontalelaureaperchecosaavrebbepotutofarecontalelaureaper guadagnarsidavivere?Nojob. LaureainIngegneriaAmbientale(oGestionale,odeiLaureainIngegneriaAmbientale(oGestionale,odei Materiali,etc)senzastagechepotrebberoportareauna specificaopportunitdilavoro?NoJob. LaureainIngegneriaMeccanicacontrestageimportanti epertinentinelsettoreindustriale?Perfetto,abbiamoun vincente:Jobvincente:Job. 5
  • Importanza dellalternanzaImportanzadell alternanza ScuolaeLavoro L istruzione universitaria non un investimento per il futuro, se si sta finanziando solo l'esperienza del campus universit, l i i d i i i l se l istruzione accademica non viene accoppiata con la formazione professionale acquisita lavorando, se non si alla ricerca di settori e/o campi disciplinari che se non si alla ricerca di settori e/o campi disciplinari che stanno creando posti di lavoro ben retribuiti da oggi ai prossimi 5/10 anni. 6
  • Newmodel for Learning, Earning RetirementEarning,Retirement 7
  • Majorfindingsofthestudyj g y Somedegreeshavehighunemploymentratesbothfor recentgraduatesandexperiencedones.g p DegreesinSTEM(science,technology,engineering,and mathematics)givethebestopportunitiesfor employmentandearnings. Unemploymentratesarelowerforthepeoplewhomake technology computerscience8 7% thanpeoplewhotechnology computerscience8.7%,thanpeoplewho usetechnology informationsystems14.7%. Unemploymentratesarereasop y nably lowinstableorgrowing industrysectorslikeeducation 5 0% healthandthesciences5.0%,healthandthesciences 4.8%andengineering 7.0%. 8
  • Svilupparelecompetenze i hi t d l trichiestedalmercato A series of reports released by the Georgetown centerA series of reports released by the Georgetown center has focused on matching jobs with majors. In 2010, the center warned about the growing disconnect between the types of jobs that employers need to fill and the number of people who have the education and training to fill them education and training to fill them. The report, Help Wanted: Projections of Jobs and Education Requirements Through 2018, argues thatq g , g students should align their postsecondary educational choices with available careers. IntegrareConoscenze/CompetenzeconMOOCestage 9
  • Teoria e PraticaTeoriaePratica La Teoria quando si sa tutto maLa Teoria quando si sa tutto ma non funziona niente. La Pratica quando funziona tutto ma non si sa perch.p Con le Lauree Inutili si raggiungonoCon le Lauree Inutili si raggiungono entrambi gli obiettivi: non funziona niente e non si sa perch. 10 niente e non si sa perch.
  • RisultatidaLaureeInutili Useless DegreesUseless Degrees Skill GSkill Gaps High U fill d J b 11 High Unemployment Unfilled Jobs
  • Antitodo controLaureaInutile ConsiderarelaLaureaInutilecomesolo uncontributoal patrimonioculturalepersonale prendendoattodeilimitipatrimonioculturalepersonale,prendendoattodeilimiti perlaccessoaunacarrieraprofessionale. Definire un piano di sviluppo professionale personale cheDefinire un piano di sviluppo professionale personale che definisca obiettivi e azioni nel medio termine verificandone la fattibilit (Con Obiettivi definiti crescono le Conoscenze)le Conoscenze). Identificare i gap di conoscenze/ competenze e agire di conseguenza implementando:conseguenza implementando: Stage/Tirociniformativie MOOC MOOC 12
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  • Female 301.jpg MOOCs are challenging traditional notions of higher oads/2013/01/ rotny263295 traditional notions of higher education, allowing students to work at pcontent/uplo mitriZakovo any time, any place, and any pace. ution.com/wp topoutsideD MOOCs are free www.evolll orkingonlapt and are open to anyone. wo MOOC 2013: 200+MOOC 2013: 200+ universitiesuniversities. 1200+. 1200+ coursescourses. 1300+. 1300+ instructorsinstructors. 10. 10 millionmillion studentsstudents (Fonte: Stanford).(Fonte: Stanford). 14
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  • The10WorstCollegeMajors http://www.forbes.com/sites/collegeprose/2012/10/29/doesyourmajormatter/ 16
  • 17 http://www.forbes.com/sites/collegeprose/2012/10/29/doesyourmajormatter/
  • 12 Almost Useless College12AlmostUselessCollege Degrees http://www.answers.com/article/1190287/12almostuselesscollegedegrees
  • 12AlmostUselessCollegeDegreesg g PoliticalScienceandGovernment Ifyouwanttobecomeapolitician,thisdegreeisnotashortcut,y p , g , becausetherearemanyotherwaysofgettingthere.Ifyouthinkthe paymentishigh,youmightwanttoreconsiderasexperienced graduatesearnabout$65,000.Theunemploymentrateisbetween6 percentand9.1percent.p 9 p Music Ifyourmusicdegreeisnotmakeyouateacherbutyou'relookingto becomeafamoussinger,youbetteruploadyoursingingvideoson l t i b it lik Y T b G tti thi d ill tpopularstreamingwebsiteslikeYouTube.Gettingthisdegreewillnot earnyoumorethan$45,000peryearandtheunemploymentrateis 9.2percentasof2014. HospitalityManagementp y g Thismeansyougetadegreetobecomeahotelmanager.However, mostmanagersstartedwiththelowestpositioninthehoteland workedtheirwayup.Ofcoursetheyreallylikedtheirjob,andthey mayhaveadiplomainmanagement butnotinhospitality mayhaveadiplomainmanagement,butnotinhospitality. Experiencedgraduatesearnsome$53,000whilenewgradshavean unemploymentrateof9.1percent.
  • 12AlmostUselessCollegeDegrees AnthropologyandArcheology Unlessyoureally,reallywanttostudythepastthroughexcavations, youhavenoreasontowantthisdegree.Althoughthefieldis expectedtogrowto21percentinthenext10years,currentlythe unemploymentreaches10.5percentofthenewgraduates. d d l hExperiencedgraduatesrarelyearnmorethan$47,000peryear. Journalism Thankstotheinternet,almostanyoneanywherecanbeajournalist., y y j Thisiswaythedemandforadegreeinthefieldwilldecrease6 percentinthenext10years.Justabout7percentwithajournalism diplomacan'tgetajob. EnglishLiterature Thisusedtobeanimportantdegreeforwritersandauthors.Today's cultureandtechnologyallowseveryonetobecomeoneandthejobcultureandtechnologyallowseveryonetobecomeoneandthejob marketforenglish literatureisnowherenearwhatitwasevena decadeago.
  • 12AlmostUselessCollegeDegrees A hi Architecture Mostfamousarchitectssurelyearnalot,buttheysacrificealotof theirfreetimeaswell.Althoughthisfieldisexpectedtogrowbya smallermargininthenextdecade,currentlytheunemploymentrate isratherhighatalmost14percent. FilmandRelatedVisualArts compositionthankstovariousphotoalteringsoftware.Jobscanbe veryscarcewithinthisfield. DramaandTheaterDramaandTheater ActinginHollywoodisn'tsomethingyouownadiplomafor.Ifthisis ultimatelyyourgoal,youmightwanttoreconsiderthisdegreeand findsometalentscouters Mostwithadramaortheaterdegreefindsometalentscouters.Mostwithadramaortheaterdegree oftengointothedesignorteachingaspectofthefield.Sincemany goforthedegreeand"showbusiness"issuchahardbusiness,it'sa difficultdegreetofindworkfor.g
  • 12AlmostUselessCollegeDegrees Fi A FineArts Thisisthereasontheterm"starvingartist"wascreated.Jobswithin fineartsdegreesareminusculewithsomemediansalariestopping offat$37,000 Agriculture Thisdegreemightallowyoutoworkasafarm'smanager,butnog g y g , farmowneriswillingtohiresomeonewhoneverworkedonafarm. Accordingtoa2008study,farmmanageropportunitiesareexpected todropby5%andcontinuetodosountil2018,acutofroughly 64,000outofonemillionpositions. HumanResources Inthepast ifacompanywantedtohirenew