2. IntroductionThere were many different ancient artefacts which weremagnificent at the time but these seven outstandingpieces of art are the seven wonders of the ancient worldaccording to the leading archaeologists and historians.These seven wonders were chosen because the wonder,in some way, was something made at the forefront ofengineering. 3. 1. The Great Pyramid of Giza 4. The Great Pyramid of GizaThe Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest and the biggest out of the 3 pyramids inGiza. Its proper name is The Pyramid of Khufu and The Pyramid of Cheops. Thepyramid was estimated to be around 280 Egyptian cubits tall (480.6 ft.), but witherosion and the absence of the Pyramidion (the tip of the pyramid) it is now (455.4ft.). It is estimated that the pyramid is made from 2.3 million limestone blocks.The reason why this is one of the seven wonders of the world is because: It is the tallest of the three pyramids of Egypt Until the 19th Century it was the tallest building in the world It is 4500 years old and it sill is upright The only Wonder out of the 7Ancient Wonders that still stands It took twenty years for a force of 100,000 slaves to build the pyramid The 2.3 million stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machineswhich was the state of art technology at the time.So The Great Pyramid of Giza was one of the Ancient Wonders of the World simplybecause of the scale of the structure and the amount of planning and hard work thathad gone into making this building. 5. 2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon 6. Hanging Gardens of Babylon The hanging gardens of Babylon is considered to be the most poetic wonder in the world. Although this wonders existence is up for dispute. The hanging gardens were built in the city-state of Babylon, whose ancient ruins lie about 50 miles to the south-west of Bagdad, in Iraq. The current location is Al Hillah, Babil. It is said to be built under the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II around early seventh century BC, which he dedicated to his precious and marvellous wife Amytis, of Media. As Amytis came from was the mountains and greenery, she missed her homeland. She felt extremely depressed surrounded by the dust and sandy flat, sun-baked terrain of Mesopotamia. It did not really hang as being suspended from cables or ropes. The name comes from an inexact translation of the Greek word kremastos or the Latin word pensilis, which mean not just hanging, but overhanging as in the case of a terrace or balcony. The huge variety of the plants from all over the world were planted alongside each other and managed to survive due to the amaizing garden irrigation with the use of chain pump. However, there is an alternative story claiming that the hanging gardens were constructed by Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five year reign starting in 810 BC, which is less reliable according to the historical sources. Thus, they are sometimes called the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis. 7. 3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 8. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus The Greek Artemis is the goddess of the hunt. The shrine of goddess was first built in 800 B.C. but then it was destroyed and rebuilt several times over the next few hundred years. By 600 B.C., the city of Ephesus had become a major port of trade and an architect named Chersiphron was engaged to build a new large temple with high stone columns. In 550 B.C. King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor. During the fighting, the temple was destroyed. Theodorus built it again. His temple was magnificient about 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with and area four times the size of the temple before using more than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. Absolutely grand for the spectators eye. The new temple soon became the pride of Ephesus until 356 B.C. It was Herostratus, young Ephesian, burnt the temple to the ground. Again, it was rebuild by Scopas of Paros, one of the most famous sculptors of his days. Ephesus was one of the prominent cities in Asia Minoor, thus no expense was spared in the construction. Well-known historians all over the world worshiped the construction and called it wonderful monument of Grecian magnificence, and one that merits our genuine admiration. The cause of astonishment was not only the temple itself but the four bronze statues of Amazon women. 9. 4. Statue of Zeus atOlympia 10. Statue of Zeus atOlympia The Statue of Zeus is one and only creation from the other six worlds ancient wonders which was located on the Europe Continent. It was built by the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, approximately 432 BC. It was considered to be the most famous artistic work in all of Greece and made profound and intense impressions of the viewer. The philosophers, ancient travellers, writers were certainly astounded when they witnessed the beauty of this statue. They knelt down before it in admiration, because the execution of the skill was as incredible as the image of Zeus was holy To the Greeks the statue of Olympian Zeus was the incarnate god and and not to have seen it at least once in ones lifetime was considered a misfortune. During the centuries it was such an impressive, exciting and powerful image of god that, If a man, with a heavy heart from grief and sorrow in life, will stand in front of the statue, he will forget all these. 11. 5. Colossus of Rhodes 12. Colossus ofRhodes The island of Rhodes was an important economic centre in the ancient world.The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios, made in the cityof Rhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and280 BC. In 305 BC Demetrius Poliorcetes tried to invade Rhodes with an armyof 40,000. Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft.)high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.Facts about the Colossus: It was 60m high. A giant human figure constructed of bronze plates placed under a frameworkof iron. 13. 6. Light house of Alexandria 14. Light house of AlexandriaThe Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World.It was situated on the small offshore island of Pharos, lighting the way for manysailors navigating the tricky harbour. After Alexander the Greats death, in 323B.C., Photemy Soter ruled over the Egypt made the city even more prosperous andfamous for its wealth. This meant that the city harbour was very busy Photemy sawa need of a symbol, as a result he authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C.and the building was completed after twenty years.Reasons for why The Light house was a wonder: When it was finished it was the first light house in the world It was the tallest building in the world with the exception of the Great Pyramid of Giza It took 800 talents ( around 3 billion pounds) This showed the impressive construction techniques used in Egypt, as Egypt had 2 wonders. (The Great Pyramid of Giza and The Light house). 15. 7. Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 16. Mausoleum ofHalicarnassusThe Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353 and 350BC at Halicarnassus. By that time the city of Halicarnassus was a capitolof small kingdom along the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. 17. My 7 Wonders of theWorld The theme that I have set my seven modern wonders ofthe world is Man Made Islands.