Landlite Hungary

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  1. 1. www.portsmouth.gov.uk Hungary
  2. 2. www.portsmouth.gov.uk2 Places Where Hungarian Is Spoken Around The World
  3. 3. www.portsmouth.gov.uk3 Map Of Hungary
  4. 4. www.portsmouth.gov.uk4 Hungarians are came to Europe from the Ural Mountain 1,200 years ago! Ural Mountain
  5. 5. www.portsmouth.gov.uk5 Statements of Hungary through the History. Stephen I. ascended to the throne in 1000, converting the country to a Christian Kingdom. Following centuries of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, Huns, Slavs, Gepids, and Avars, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian grand prince rpd in the "homeland-conquest". By the 12th century, Hungary became a middle power within the Western world. Hungary collapsed and succumbed to 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation(15411699). Hungary eventually came under Habsburg rule, and later formed a significant part of the AustroHungarian Empire (18671918).
  6. 6. www.portsmouth.gov.uk6 Trianon(1920) Hungary's current borders were first established by the Treaty of Trianon (1920) after World War I, when the country lost 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of ethnic Hungarians. Following the interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties.
  7. 7. www.portsmouth.gov.uk7 Hungary under pressure! Hungary came under the influence of the Soviet Union, which contributed to the establishment of a four-decade long communist dictatorship (19471989). The country gained widespread International attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 24 March 1990, with a second round of voting taking place in all but five single member constituencies on 8 April. They were the first free elections to be held in the country since 1945. The conservative, nationalist Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) beat the liberal and more internationalist Alliance of Free Democrats, which had spearheaded opposition to Communist rule in 1989, to become the largest party in parliament. The Hungarian Socialist Party, the former Communist party, suffered a crushing defeat, winning only 33 seats for fourth place.
  8. 8. www.portsmouth.gov.uk8 Country Information Capital city : Budapest. Area - Total: 93,030 km2 Population: est. 9,908,798 (2013.jan) Ethnic groups: 83.7% Hungarians, 3.1% Romani 1.3% Germans 14.7% undeclared Lake Balaton: It is the largest lake in Central Europe and one of its foremost tourist destinations.
  9. 9. www.portsmouth.gov.uk9 Capital city of Hungary: Budapest
  10. 10. www.portsmouth.gov.uk10 Capital city of Hungary: Budapest The name "Budapest" is the composition of the city names "Buda" and "Pest", since they were united (together with buda to become a single city in 1873. Budapest is an Architectural paradise with a blend of Budapest's Roman amphitheaters, Gothic Cathedrals and Turkish baths all blended with Modern. Budapest is a global city (GaWC) and primate city of Hungary regarding the economy and business also, accounts for nearly 40% of the national income. Budapest had a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of almost $100 billion in 2012, making it one of the largest regional economy in the European Union. Area - Total: 525 km2 Population: est. 1,740,041 (2013.jan)
  11. 11. www.portsmouth.gov.uk11 Hungarian Parliament The Parliament Building is in the Gothic Revival style; it has a symmetrical facade and a central dome. The dome is Renaissance Revival architecture. Also from inside the parliament is symmetrical and thus has two absolutely identical parliament halls out of which one is used for the politics, the other one is used for guided tours. It is 268 m (879 ft) long and 123 m (404 ft) wide. Its interior includes 10 courtyards, 13 passenger and freight elevators, 27 gates, 29 staircases and 691 rooms (including more than 200 offices). With its height of 96 m (315 ft), it is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest, along with Saint Stephen's Basilica. The number 96 refers to the nation's millennium, 1896, and the conquest of the later Kingdom of Hungary in 896.
  12. 12. www.portsmouth.gov.uk12 Buda Castle Buda Castle (Hungarian: Budavri Palota, German: Burgpalast, Turkish: Budin Kalesi) is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, and was first completed in 1265. In the past, it has been called Royal Palace (Hungarian: Kirlyi-palota) and Royal Castle(Hungarian: Kirlyi Vr, German: Knigliche Burg), Mathias Church. Buda Castle was built on the southern tip of Castle Hill, bounded on the north by what is known as the Castle District (Vrnegyed), which is famous for its Medieval, Baroque, and 19th-century houses, churches, and public buildings. It is linked to Clark dm Square and the Szchenyi Chain Bridge by the Castle Hill Funicular. The castle is a part of the Budapest World Heritage Site, which was declared a Heritage Site in 1987.
  13. 13. www.portsmouth.gov.uk13 Vci Street ( V. District ) Heroes Square Famous Landmarks of Budapest (capital city of Hungary)
  14. 14. www.portsmouth.gov.uk14 Hotels and Bath of Budapest Hotel Kempinski at Budapest! The hotel lobby is one of the most beautiful enterior design in Hungary. Gellert Hotel and Bath According to the hungarian culture, they have a lots of thermal bath, where the people can relax well.
  15. 15. www.portsmouth.gov.uk15 Balaton Lake Balaton, or The Balaton, is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. It is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of its foremost tourist destinations. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Si is the only outflow. The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region, while the flat southern shore is known for its resort towns. Balatonfred and Hvz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it was not until the late 19th century when landowners, ruined by lice, began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes.
  16. 16. www.portsmouth.gov.uk16 Best Hungarian Products Paprika is a spice made from ground, dried fruits of Capsicum annuum, either bell pepper or chili pepper varieties or mixtures thereof. Paprika is often associated with Hungary, as it is commonplace in Hungarian cuisine. Hungarian wine has a history dating back to at least Roman times. Outside of Hungary, the best-known wines are the white dessert wine and the red wine Bull's Blood of Eger (Egri Bikavr). Famous Tokaji (Hungarian: of Tokaj) is the Hungarian form for the name of the wines from the Tokaj wine region.
  17. 17. www.portsmouth.gov.uk17 Best Hungarian Products Pick Szeged is a Hungarian company that produces a variety of meat products, most notably Winter salami. Winter salami (Pick Salami) is a traditional product made of a mixture of lean pork and fatty pork belly, and spiced according to a secret recipe. The mixture is filled in casings, followed by a cold smoking curing, a drying and a ripening phase. Finally the salami becomes covered with noble mould. Foie gras (i"fat liver") is a food product made of the liver of duck or goose that has been specially fattened. Hungary is the world's second-largest foie gras (libamj) producer and the largest exporter (1,920 tonnes in 2005).
  18. 18. www.portsmouth.gov.uk18 Traditional Hungarian Dishes Goulash (Hungarian: gulys) is a soup or stew of meat, noodles and vegetables, seasoned with paprika and other spices. Originating within the historical Hungarian ethnic area, goulash is also a popular meal in Central Europe. Chicken paprikas (Hungarian: papriks csirke or paprikscsirke) or paprika chicken is a dish of Hungarian origin and one of the most famous Hungarian stews.Cooked bell peppers (aka paprika, as in the spice) are common in Hungarian cuisine, and dishes cooked in a creamy, red paprika stew have been referred to as a Hungarian staple.
  19. 19. www.portsmouth.gov.uk19 Hungary is a country with a diverse heritage of religions such as Catholics, Jewish and Protestants. However, almost one third of the people in Hungary now do not follow any religion or believe in God. Religion In Hungary
  20. 20. www.portsmouth.gov.uk20 Important Dates For Hungarian Speakers 8th March: Women's Day 15th March: Celebration of the 1848 Revolution First Monday of May: Mother's Day in Hungary August 20th: Celebrates St. Stephen I October 23rd: Revolution 1956 December 6th: Santa Claus Day (Mikulas in Hungarian) December 25th: Christmas Namedays: (Nevnap in Hungarian). Hungarians celebrate their special name days.
  21. 21. www.portsmouth.gov.uk21 Traditional Clothes
  22. 22. www.portsmouth.gov.uk22 Hungarian folk dance Hungarian embroidery Traditional Arts & Crafts
  23. 23. www.portsmouth.gov.uk23 Hungarian alphabet Language
  24. 24. www.portsmouth.gov.uk24 Greetings Good day Jo Napot Kivnok Thank you Ksznm Szpen You are welcome Szvessen I do not speak Hungarian Nem beszlek magyarul Do you speak English? Beszl Angolul?
  25. 25. www.portsmouth.gov.uk25 forint Currency Of Hungary 1.00 EUR = 311.9 HUF 1.00 USD = 226.79 HUF 1.00 CNY = 36.91 HUF 1.00 GBP = 378.24 HUF 2014.03.04
  26. 26. www.portsmouth.gov.uk26 4% 27% 68% agriculture industry services GDP: $218.3 billion (PPP, 2012) GDP: Growth1.8% (nominal, 2013) Hungary's main exports: are machinery and transport equipment, consumer goods, agricultural products, chemicals, apparel, textiles, iron and steel, and wine. Trade with EU countries and the OECD now comprises over 70% and 80% of the total, respectively. Hungary's major imports: are machinery and equipment, other