Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) and ILIAS Nicola Ferrari Laboratori Nazionali del Gran...

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  • Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS)and ILIASNicola FerrariLaboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoIDM2004Edinburgh, 10 September 2004IDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • Summary The Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS)The infrastructureThe scientific program

    ILIAS (Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle Physics)The ILIAS initiativeILIAS and the EU Deep Underground labsN. FerrariIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • Laboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoDepth: 1400 m (3800 mwe)Location: Gran Sasso Tunnel (Abruzzi, Italy)Operating Institution: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)N. FerrariLNGSIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04Scientists involved in LNGS experiments: 700 from 24 countriesLNGS permanent staff: 60 (physicists, technicians, administration)Corno Grande (m. 2910)Campo Imperatore(m. 2000)Monte Aquila (m. 2600)Underground labThe area of Campo Imperatoreabove LNGS

  • Hall CHall BHall AThe LNGS Underground areaUnderground area : 3 halls (100m x 20m x 15m) + service tunnelsTotal volume : 180000 m3TeramoSurface: > 6000 m2HighwaytunnelLAquila CERN n beam

  • Outside facilities: offices mechanical workshop chemical lab electronic workshop computing center library canteen conference rooms assembly halls administration department

  • N. FerrariResearchCompletedRunningUnder R&Dtopicconstruction

    Neutrinos solarGno/GallexBorexino atmosphericMACRO supernovaLVD long baselineOpera, Icarus

    bb decayHD-MoscowGeMibetaCuoricinoCUOREDBGS

    Dark MatterDAMA/NaIDAMA/LibraCUOREHDMSWarpCRESSTGenius

    Nuclear astroph.LUNA

    GeophysicsGIGSTellus UnderseisErmes

    IDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04LNGS: the scientific program

  • GALLEX/GNOdetector: 30 t Gallium chloride solution main goal: detection of solar n with E>230 keV ( 71Ge(ne,e)71Ge)technique: extraction of 71Ge atomsstatus: data taking 1991-2003results: detection of pp n evidence for n oscillations monitoring of n flux over one solar cycleSolar neutrinosBOREXINOdetector: 300 t ultrapure liquid scintillator +1000 t buffer surrounded by 2200 pmtsmain goal: study of the 7Be solar nother goals: detection of supernova n, terrestrial n, n magnetic momenttechnique: detection of light produced by electrons scattered by solar nstatus: after a partial stop of the activities due to an accident in August 2002 the detector is now ready for fillingIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04the results from 11 years of data taking by Gallex/GnoN. Ferrari

  • Atmospheric and supernova neutrinosLVDdetector: 1000 t of liquid scintillator in 840 counters main goal: detection of supernova n and ntechnique: detection of light from: ne (p,e+) n (E>1.8 MeV) ne (12C,12N) e- (E>17.3 MeV) ne (12C,12B) e+ (E>14.4 MeV) nx (12C,12C*) nx (E>15.1 MeV)

    status: data taking since 1992. Final upgrade in 2001 monitoring SN n. Part of the SNEWS network with SNO and SuperkamiokandeMACROdetector: streamer tubes and liquid scintillator main goal: detection of magnetic monopolesdetection of atmospheric ntechnique: reconstruction of the tracks of charged particlesstatus: Data taking 1991-2001. Dismanteled 2002results: Evidence for atmospheric n oscillations Limits on magnetic monopole parameters Measurement of m energy spectrum and angular distributionIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • bb decayThe Cuoricino TeO2 array41 kg TeO2 crystalsIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04bb Heidelberg-Moscowdetector: 11 Kg of enriched 76Ge crystals in the form of HP Ge detectors goal: detection of 0n-bb decay of 76Getechnique: detection of electrons emitted in the bb decay of inside the HP-Ge crystalsstatus: Data taking 1993-2003.results: Evidence for bb decay of 76Ge T1/2 = (0.69-4.18) 1025 y = (0.1 0.9) eVCuoricinodetector: 40.7 kg of TeO2 crystals in the form of 62 crystalsmain goal: detection of 0n-bb decay of 130Tetechnique: detection of electrons emitted in the bb decay of 130Te inside TeO2 crystals operated as thermal detectorsstatus: Data taking since 2003. Expected sensitivity: 6 1024 y in 3 years data taking (0.3 eV)Cuoredetector: 40.7 kg of TeO2 crystals in the form of 62 crystalsstatus: R&D. Expected sensitivity: 5 1027 y in 5 years data taking (30 meV)

  • N. FerrariIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04Dark matter searchDAMA/NaIdetector: 100 kg of NaI crystalstechnique: detection of light produced by WIMPs elastic scattering on NaI nucleistatus: 1995-2002Results: Data from 7 annual cycles show a modulation compatible with WIMPs interactionsLIBRAdetector: 250 kg of NaI crystalsgoal: confirm DAMA/NaI evidence with improved statisticstechnique: detection of light produced by WIMPs elastic scattering on NaI nucleistatus: Data taking since 2003

  • HDMSdetector: 2 HP-Ge detectorstechnique: detection WIMPs in the inner detector in anticoincidencestatus: Data taking since 2001Results: limits on SD and SI interactions of WIMPsinner detector(200 g 73Ge enriched)outer detector(2100 g)N. FerrariIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04CRESSTdetector: Sapphire thermal detectors CaWO4 crystals (phonons+scintillation)technique: detection WIMPs in the detector crystalsstatus: Data taking with CaWO4 crystals

  • Nuclear astrophysicsLUNAdetector: two electrostatic accelerators (50 kV and 400 kV) installed undergroundgoal: measurement of nuclear cross sections at very low energies for reactions relevant for astrophysics and nucleosynthesisstatus: Data taking since 1996. Presently measuring the 14N(p,g)15O reactionresults: Measurement of nuclear cross sections at solar energies for the reactions: 3He(3He,2p)4He (pp chain inside stars) d(p,g) 3He (pp chain inside stars, reactions in proto-stars)14N(p,g)15O (slowest reaction of CNO cycle inside stars)study of electron screeningplans: 3He(a,n)7Be (production of 7Be inside the Sun) IDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • The ICARUS T600 detector600 t liquid Ar TPCN. FerrariIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04OPERAdetector: 1.8 kton of Pb sheets and nuclear emulsions in the formof 230000 emulsion cloud chambers + 2 spectrometers (RPC and scintillating fibers)goal: detection of nt appearence from the nm beam from CERNtechnique: identification of the tracks from decay of the t emitted by the nt interactionstatus: under construction; spectrometers completeddetector should be completed in 2006, ready for the n beam from CERNICARUSdetector: 600 t and later 3000 tons of liquid Ar operated as a large time projection chambergoal: detection of nt appearence from the nm beam from CERNdetection of solar neutrinostechnique: kinematic identification of the decay of the t emitted by the nt interactionstatus: 600 t detector tested and ready to be installed at LNGSInstallation of 3000 t requires major works at the undergroundinfrastructureThe CNGS project

  • ILIASILIAS : Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle ScienceILIAS is an Integrated Infrastructure Initiative (IA) proposed for funding by European Union within the 6th Framework Programme. It is based on the cooperation of many EU institutions operating in the sector of Astroparticle physicsFrance : Commissariat a lEnergie Atomique, Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueItaly: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie Trento, European Gravitational Observatory Germany: Max Planck Institut fr Kernphysik, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Max Planck Institut fr Physik Muenchen, Eberhardt Karls Universitt TubingenSpain: Zaragoza UniversityUK: Universities of Sheffield, Glasgow, and LondonCzech Rep.:Czech Technical Univ. in Prague Denmark: University of Southern Denmark Netherland: Leiden UniversityFinland: University of Jyvskyl Slovakia: Comenius University BratislaviaGreece: Aristot University of Thessaloniki ILIAS is born with the coordination of APPEC (AstroParticle Physics European Coordination)IDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • R&D projectsLow background techniques for Deep Underground ScienceDouble beta decay european observatoryStudy of thermal noise reduction in gravitational wave detectorsNetworking activitiesDeep Underground science laboratoriesDirect dark matter detectionSearch on double beta decayGravitational wave researchTheoretical astroparticle physicsTransnational access to the EU Deep Underground LaboratoriesThe ILIAS project is based on three groups of activities: Networking, Transnational Access, and R&DIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • The EU Deep Underground LabsIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • The Deep Underground Lab activitieswithin ILIASR&D on Low background techniques for Deep Underground ScienceNetwork of the EU Deep Underground LaboratoriesTransnational Access to the Deep Underground LaboratoriesSupport for the access of research teams to the underground labs (travels, subsistence, technical support), specially in support of less favoured countriesNetworking of the Underground Labs for: - service and facilities improvement, and extention of the underground sites - Safety problems and accident prevention - Communication, outreach, and scientific coordinationR&D to strengthen and enlarge the low background facilities in the underground labsIDM2004 Edinburgh, 10-sep-04

  • Deep Underground labs in Europe are major infrastructures where important experiments on fundamental rare-event and astroparticle physics are underway : dark matter searches double beta decay neutrino physics and astrophysics nuclear astrophysicsILIAS gives the opportunity to start an effective collaboration amongthe labs and with the astroparticle physics community based on networking coordinated transnational access to the 4 infrastructures joint R&D on low back