Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

of 20 /20
Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan Kuril Islands dispute is the main diplomatic agenda since 194 Today, the window of opportunity seems to be open. There is no peace treaty. 1

description

Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan. There is no peace treaty. Kuril Islands dispute is the main diplomatic agenda since 1945. Today, the window of opportunity seems to be open. Views of Japan’s Influence, 2012. Views of Russia’s Influence, 2012. Russia. China. North Korea. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Page 1: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

• Kuril Islands dispute is the main diplomatic agenda since 1945.

• Today, the window of opportunity seems to be open.

• There is no peace treaty.

1

Page 2: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Views of Japan’s Influence, 2012

Views of Russia’s Influence, 2012

2

Page 3: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

China

Russia

North Korea

South Korea

3

Page 4: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

4

Page 5: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

• Kuril Islands dispute is the main diplomatic agenda since 1945.

• Today, the window of opportunity seems to be open.

• There is no peace treaty.

5

Page 6: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Why there is no peace treaty between Russia and Japan?

• Mainly because, the Soviet Union did not sign San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951.

• In 1956, Japan and the Soviet Union tried to make a peace treaty, but failed mainly because of Kuril Islands dispute.

←After San Francisco Peace Conference,Yoshida and Acheson shake hands. 6

Page 7: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

1941 1943 1945

December Pearl Harbor

Teheran ConferenceNovember 28, 1943 to December 1

Yalta conferenceFebruary 4–11, 1945

Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact 1941 April

What is the relationship between Japan and the Soviet Union in WW2?

August 8The Soviet Union unilaterally renounced the treaty.

7

Page 8: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

The End of WW2

Bombing of TokyoNovember 17, 1944 to August 15 1945, the day Japan surrendered.

8.6Hiroshima

8.8 Soviet declared war on Japan

8.9Nagasaki

8

Page 9: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

August 11

August 18-21 August 18-21

Invasion and Disarmament August 21 –September 4

The Invasion of the Kuril Islands(Kuril Islands Landing Operation)

9

Page 10: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

By the end of World War II there were from 560,000 to 760,000 Japanese POWs in the Soviet Union and Mongolia interned to work in labor camps. About 10% of them died, mostly during the winter of 1945–1946.

Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet UnionSiberian Internment (the Japanese term)

10

Page 11: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

The Japanese representativesThe Surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945

11

Page 12: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

The Constitution of Japan enacted on May 3, 1947

12

Page 13: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

13

Page 14: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

September 8, 1951 The San Francisco Peace Treaty

Shigeru YoshidaPrime Minister1946 to 1947 1948 to 1954.

14

Page 15: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

September 8, 1951 The San Francisco Peace Treaty

Under the treaty, Japan ceded southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, but the beneficiary was not indicated in the treaty. Nor were the Kuril Islands defined and specifically listed.

Under the treaty, Japan ceded southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, but the beneficiary was not indicated in the treaty. Nor were the Kuril Islands defined and specifically listed.

Articles 2 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty (1951)(c) Japan renounces all right, title and claim to the Kurile Islands…

Articles 2 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty (1951)(c) Japan renounces all right, title and claim to the Kurile Islands…

15

Page 16: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Andrei Andreevich GromykoMinister of F.A. of the Soviet Union1957 to 1985

16

Page 17: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan September 8, 1951  

17

Page 18: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Dec. 1954 – Dec. 1956

Remained Problems 1955-1956

Ichiro Hatoyama

1. Japan could not join United Nations, mainly because of Veto by the Soviet Union.

2. Japanese POWs in the Soviet Union and Mongolia interned to work in labor camps. Siberian Internment. (the Japanese term)3. Kuril Issues.

4. Fishing Rights around Kuril Islands.

18

Page 19: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

Mamoru ShigemitsuAmbassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Yakov Alexandrovich Malik

Separate Negotiation between 1955-1956

19

Page 20: Kuril Islands dispute between Russia and Japan

1972Okinawa

Kuril IslandsKuril Islands

August 1956, Dulles’s threat

John Foster DullesSecretary of State1953-1959

By July 1956, Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, suggested during a visit to Moscow that he would accept a peace treaty following the return of only two of the disputed islands, the Habomais and Shikotan. Tokyo, however, rejected this notion… In August 1956, in the midst of Soviet-Japanese negotiations in London, Secretary of State Dulles informed Foreign Minister Shigemitsu that if Japan gave up its claim to the southern Kuril islands, then the United States might feel obliged to retain Okinawa in perpetuity. News of this exchange soon fed rumors in both Moscow and Tokyo that Dulles was attempting to derail the Soviet-Japanese talks.“A Historical Reevaluation of America's Role in the Kuril Islands Dispute Bruce A. Elleman”

By July 1956, Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, suggested during a visit to Moscow that he would accept a peace treaty following the return of only two of the disputed islands, the Habomais and Shikotan. Tokyo, however, rejected this notion… In August 1956, in the midst of Soviet-Japanese negotiations in London, Secretary of State Dulles informed Foreign Minister Shigemitsu that if Japan gave up its claim to the southern Kuril islands, then the United States might feel obliged to retain Okinawa in perpetuity. News of this exchange soon fed rumors in both Moscow and Tokyo that Dulles was attempting to derail the Soviet-Japanese talks.“A Historical Reevaluation of America's Role in the Kuril Islands Dispute Bruce A. Elleman”20