Kemiri Sunan - Biofuel crop

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Kemiri Sunan is a tree that can produce over 10 mt of oil per hectare. Carbon sequestration of 125 mt per hectare and a productive life of over 75 years. Grows on marginal soil.

Transcript of Kemiri Sunan - Biofuel crop

KEMIRI SUNAN (Aleurites Trisperma)A vegetable Oil - Cheaper and Cleaner than Palm Oil

IndoAdvisors PT. IndoGreen Resource Solutions Jl Warmadewa 15, Sanur Denpasar Bali 80228. Indonesia

In conjunction with PT Bahtera Hijau Lestari

Kemiri Sunan is a tree indigenous to the Philippines, it is also found growing naturally in West Java. Recently it is being cultivated in the Sumedang Area by our team. The optimum conditions for Kemiri Sunan are in Tropical areas and it thrives well at low to medium altitudes. In West Java it is found at altitudes up to 700 meters It reaches heights of over 15 meters with a productive life of 75 years and with its broad canopy and deep root system it prevents erosion and increases water absorption into the soil. Besides being used as biodiesel the oil is also used for various industrial products including varnish, paint, soap, linoleum, cloth oil, resin, synthetic rubber, lubricant, food containers and insulation. The Sap is used as traditional medicine for skin ailments. The oil byproducts can be used as fertilizer and cattle feed


Kemiri Sunan in West Java

Kemiri Sunan IndustryCrude Biodiesel Crude Oil Transesterifikasi Separation Gliserol Kemiri sunan Fruit Extraction Biogas Reaktor Waste Briket Solid Waste Biopestisida Fertilizer (N 6%)

Kemiri sunan (Wet Seeds)

Kemiri sunan (Dry Seeds)

Cattle Feed Kemiri sunan Shell

Gasification Process

Efficiency Fuel Consumption in Engine(Diesel up to 70% )

Industry model

4 1 2 3

5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Seed industry Industrial estates Kemiri Sunan oil processing industry Industrial trans-esterfication biodiesel Industrial biogas, briquettes and organic fertilizer


Based on research and trials carried out by BHL and the Indonesian Spice and Industrial Crops Research Institute.

Kemiri Sunan Crude oil composition Palmitic acid 10 %, Stearic acid 9 %, Oleic acid 12 %, Linoleic acid19 % and -elaeostearic acid 51 %

The by-products in the form of solid waste contain:

6 % nitrogen, 1,7 % potassium and 0,5 % phosphor.Solid waste can be processed to become biogas and animal feed

Running a water pump powered by a diesel engine our researchers consistently recorded the following. Pure Jatropha oil operation. 1.5 hrs non stop

Biodiesel Kemiri Sunan (BKS) Tests:

Diesel - 1 hour non stop operation. BKS - 3 hours non stop operation.Based on research and trials carried out by BHL and the Indonesian Spice and Industrial Crops Research Institute.

Fruit yield ComparisonsPalm Oil Kemiri Sunan

Fruit Productivity OER KER Plantation Yield Tons/Ha Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9

100% 22% 5%

100% 40% -

9 10 14 18 23 25

0.9 - 1.5 9 - 15 18 - 32 36 - 45 54 - 90 54 - 90

Based on research and tests carried out by BHL and the Indonesian Spice and Industrial Crops Research Institute.

Cost comparisonsItems Palm Oil Kemiri Sunan

Upkeep Cost (IDR/Ha)



Harvesting (IDR/Ton)



Transport (IDR/Ton)



Crude Oil Processing (IDR/Ton)



O/H-GA Mature Areal Planted (IDR)



Cost to Maturity (IDR/Ha)

30 35 Mio

20 22 Mio


Mill investment comparisonsPalm Oil 18,000

Kemiri Sunan

Machine Capacity:

Per Month (Tons)


Running Hours per day



Running days per Month



Machine Capacity (Tons per Hour)



Machine Investment per Ton



Total Crude Oil Machine investment



Financial projectionsMAIN ASSUMPTIONS : Dried Fruit Productivity % OER Kemiri Sunan Crude Oil Price (in USD/Ton) Fruit Price (in IDR per KG) Harvesting ratio 1 USD/IDR Crude Oil Machine Input Capacity: Input Capacity Per Month (tons) Running Hours per day Running days per Month Machine Capacity per Hour (tons/hour) Machine Investment per Ton (in Rp) Total Crude Oil Machine investment (in Rp) 45,000 20 25 90 750,000,000 67,500,000,000 100% 40.00% 600 500 15.00% 10,000

OPEX (In IDR) : Year I Year II Year III Year IV Years V Total Year VI -

Operational cost assumptionsPer 100 Ha Per Ha 1,010,550,000 117,400,000 117,400,000 117,400,000 117,400,000 1,480,150,000 10,105,500 1,174,000 1,174,000 1,174,000 1,174,000 14,801,500

Per Tree 56,142 6,522 6,522 6,522 6,522 82,231 6,500

Per Unit

Infrastructure (TBM) Harvesting/Ton of Fruit Transport/Ton of Fruit Crude Oil Processing/Ton of Fruit O/H-GA per Ha Mature Areal Planted O/H -GA per HA Immature Areal

4,000,000 75,000 100,000 100,000 2,000,000 1,000,000

Investment resultsInvestment: Own Plantation (Ha) Planting Cost (in IDR) Mill (Tons per Hour) Mill Investment (in IDR) Total Investment Description Result 10,000 251,275,000,000 90 67,500,000,000 318,775,000,000

Financial Feasibility: NPV (in IDR) IRR Payback Period

1,316,158,368,920 48.66% 6 Years 5 Months

Who are we ? PT Bahtera Hijau Lestari (BHL) is an agri-company which focuses on Bio renewable Energy and since 2006 has carried out extensive research on Kemiri Sunan Tree (Aleurites Trisperma ). BHL works closely with the BALITTRI research center to ensure that seeds distributed for planting are of the best quality. They also provide comprehensive technical and managerial support to field projects IndoAdvisors, consultancy branch of PT. IndoGreen Resource Solutions, specializes in sourcing land for commercial scale plantations on which sustainable, environmentally friendly values are employed. We also arrange necessary licenses and permits, liaise with government and conduct comprehensive socialization programs. We have a large pool of experienced plantation professionals to call on both expat and national. With our combined resources and the support of the BALITTRI research center, BHL and IndoAdvisors have the technology,

Progress and Plans In 2008, we planted more than 60.000 Kemiri Sunan trees in unused land in West Java Indonesia. This planting program is in line with Government policy of land rehabilitation. To complement our in-house research capabilities we signed a Joint Agreement in 2009 with BALITTRI (Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri - Indonesian Spice and Industrial Crops Research Institute, ISICRI. This institute is considered one of the worlds leading research centers in the field of Spice and seed technology. We currently operate a nursery with over 300.000 trees destined for planting in an area of over 10.000 Ha of unused land controlled by the West Java Forestry Department. We established a 6 Ha nursery in Subang, West Java. From this nursery we can provide enough seedlings to plant 100.000 Ha per year. We are also preparing land in South Kalimantan for the planting of 22,000 Ha which will be producing oil in 4 years.

Contact usIndoAdvisors Daniel O'Leary (President Director) : [email protected]

PT Bahtera Hijau Lestari (BHL) Abraham G. Pattikawa (President Director): [email protected] Hendra Natakarmana (Director): [email protected] Walter Tonetto, Ph.D (Senior Advisor): [email protected]

Indonesian Spice and Industrial Crops Research Institute