Judaism - Comparative Judaism

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Transcript of Judaism - Comparative Judaism

Page 1: Judaism - Comparative Judaism

Commitment to


Page 2: Judaism - Comparative Judaism

Judaism founded in 2000 B.C.E. (More then 5000 years) by Abraham.

Hebrew was the first people believe in Judaism

Hebrew became Jewish and created the Kingdom of Judah.

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• Monotheism

• Torah

• Yah-weh

• Todah

• Naim me’od

• Lama

• Benediction

• Dietary laws

• The Sabbath

• Magen David

• Prophet

• The nature of God

• Kabbalah

• Mose

• Olam Ha-ba

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• Monotheism mean believe only one god.

• The opposite of monotheism is Polytheism.

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• Judaism god’s name “Yah-Weh”.

• the national god of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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• Torah in the narrowest sense refers to the first five books of the Bible• In a broader sense, Torah includes all Jewish law and tradition• Torah was given to Moses in written form with oral commentary• The oral component is now written in the Talmud• There are additional important writings

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• Mean that “ thank you very much’ or ‘thanks a lot”.

•Expressed as grateful feeling or thoughts ; a heart full of thanks ; expression of our appreciation for family , friends, good health.

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Naim me’od

• Very pleasant

• This phrase can describe something such as whether, but it is mostly used when you meeting someone for the first time.

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• Why ?

• The Dalai is known to have told Jews who come to him “why do you come to me? go home and study Torah!”

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• Sabbath is Judaism’s day of rest and seventh day of the week, celebrated every week from sundown on Friday to nightfall of Saturday.

• On Sabbath day, every Jew people eat three meals and one of the meals must include bread.

• Shabbat is a time with no television, no rushing to the demands of the telephone or a busy work schedule. People don’t think about work or other stressful things.

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• Benediction is blessing or thanksgiving in public and private service.

• Every benediction must include the name of God.

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Dietary Laws

• Dietary Laws is the Jewish law dealing with what food can and cannot be eaten and how those foods mst be prepared.

• We may eat any animal that has cloven hooves and chews its cud. Ex: cow, sheep.

• Of the things that are in the waters, you may eat anything that has fins and scales

• We may not eat animals that died of natural causes or that were killed by other animals.

• All products that grow in the soil or on plants, bushes, or trees are permitted.

• the birds and mammals must be killed in accordance with Jewish law.

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Magen David• The Magen David (Shield of David, or as it is more

commonly known, the Star of David) is the symbol mostcommonly associated with Judaism today.

• In the 17th century, it became a popular practice to putMagen Davids on the outside of Jewish houses ofworship.

• Today, the Magen David is the universally recognizedsymbol of Jewry. It appears on the flag of the state ofIsrael, and the Israeli.

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• A prophet is G-d's spokesman to the people• Can be male or female, Jewish or gentile• The Bible records 48 male prophets, 7 female and one gentile. Gentile is a person does not admit the existence of god.

• Daniel was not a prophet because he did not speak to the people.

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The Nature of God

• God Exists: The fact of G-d's existence is acceptedalmost without question.

• God is One

• There is only one G-d. No other being participated in the work of creation.

• God is a unity.

• God is the only being to whom we should offer praise.

• God is the Creator of Everything

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• The greatest of all of the prophets, who saw all that all of the other prophets combined saw, and more.

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• Kabbalah is one of the most grossly misunderstood parts of Judaism.

• Kabbalah as "the dark side of Judaism," describing it as evil or black magic.

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• Judaism believes in an afterlife but has little dogma about it

• The Jewish afterlife is called Olam Ha-Ba (The World to Come)

• Resurrection and reincarnation are within the range of traditional Jewish belief

• Temporary (but not eternal) punishment after death is within traditional belief