Joyet 20041 A Language Presentation Sit back Relax Absorb You can take notes the second time around.

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Transcript of Joyet 20041 A Language Presentation Sit back Relax Absorb You can take notes the second time around.

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Slide 2 Joyet 20041 A Language Presentation Sit back Relax Absorb You can take notes the second time around. Slide 3 Joyet 20042 Language Types Were going to look at two types of language: figurative language and literal language Slide 4 Joyet 20043 Figurative vs. Literal To understand figurative language figurative one has to understand the difference between and literal Slide 5 Joyet 20044 More on Literal My meaning is exactly what I say. To be literal is to mean what you say. For example: If I tell you to sit down! I mean it literally: sit down, as in: sit in your seat now, please. Slide 6 Joyet 20045 and more on Literal I mean exactly what I say. Heres another example. Im tired and going home. This means Im tired and Im going home there is no other meaning other than what is said. Slide 7 Joyet 20046 2 nd 2 nd Figurative Im not suggesting we get into the freezer. To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else. For example: If, I tell you: lets go chill! Slide 8 Joyet 20047 Figurative continued It has nothing to do with temperature. lets go chill means lets relax together and do something fun. Slide 9 Joyet 20048 Figurative vs. Literal Confused? Think of it this way: Literal as real Figurative as imaginary Slide 10 9 Why Figurative Language? Also known as descriptive language, or poetic language, figurative language helps the writer paint a picture in the readers mind. Slide 11 Joyet 200410 Why Figurative Language? You know descriptive, thats when you describe something. Slide 12 Joyet 200411 Why Figurative Language? Poetic language, thats what poets do. Figurative language helps paint a picture in the readers mind. Slide 13 Joyet 200412 Again: Figurative Language Figurative Language does not always mean what is being said or read, but serves to make it more interesting. Slide 14 Joyet 200413 Seven Techniques of Figurative Language There are seven techniques that were going to look at, and yes, youll need to learn all seven. Slide 15 Joyet 200414 Seven Techniques of Figurative Language You will need to: understand them identify them use them in your writing Slide 16 Joyet 200415 The seven techniques you need to know: onomatopoeia alliteration simile metaphor personification idiom hyperbole Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Slide 17 Joyet 200416 Lets look at the techniques one at a time. So here we go. Hold onto your seats. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Slide 18 Joyet 200417 Onomatopoeia Examples of the onomatopoeia: Bang, went the gun! Swoosh went the basketball through the hoop. Slide 19 Joyet 200418 Onomatopoeia The formation or use of words such as buzz, murmur or boo that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Slide 20 Joyet 200419 Onomatopoeia in practice Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings. For example; buzz, thump, pop. Many comic strips use onomatopoeia. Slide 21 Joyet 200420 Onomatopoeia Slide 22 Joyet 200421 Alliteration A poetic device which repeats the same beginning sound for effect. Examples of Alliteration: Sally Sells Seashells By The Sea Shore Rolling, Racing, Roaring, Rapids Slide 23 Joyet 200422 Alliteration Alliteration is a sentence or phrase that begins with the same letter and sound. Tongue twisters are generally alliterations. For example: busy batters bat baseballs by bases. Slide 24 Joyet 200423 Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the beginning sounds in two or more words. Remember alliteration as a tongue twister, such as: "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers." Slide 25 Joyet 200424 Simile Examples of similes: She is like a rainy day. He is as busy as a bee. They are like two peas in a pod. A simile is a figurative language technique where a comparison is made using like or as. Slide 26 Joyet 200425 Simile A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in: How like the winter hath my absence been or So are you to my thoughts as food to life (Shakespeare). Slide 27 Joyet 200426 Complete your custom simile The cat was as scary as a ____. The night is like a ____. The moon is like a ____ The scarecrow was as scary a ____. Slide 28 Joyet 200427 Metaphor A poetic comparison that does not use the words like or as. Examples of metaphors: She is a graceful swan. He is a golden god. They are honey from the honeycomb. Slide 29 Joyet 200428Metaphor A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in a sea of troubles or All the world's a stage (Shakespeare). Slide 30 Joyet 200429 Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net. This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________. a. He was very strong. b. He was very tall. c. He kept returning the balls. d. His body was made of cells. Slide 31 Joyet 200430 We would have had more pizza to eat if Tammy hadnt been such a hog. Tammy was being compared to a hog because she __________. a. looked like a hog b. ate like a hog c. smelled like a hog d. was as smart as a hog Slide 32 Joyet 200431 Cindy was such a mule. We couldnt get her to change her mind. The metaphor compares Cindy to a mule because she was __________. a. always eating oats b. able to do hard work c. raised on a farm d. very stubborn Slide 33 Joyet 200432 The poor rat didnt have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey. The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was _______. a. very fastb. very bright c. not fond of fleasd. very old Slide 34 Joyet 200433 Even a child could carry my dog, Dogface, around for hours. Hes such a feather. This metaphor implies that Dogface: a. is not cuteb. looks like a bird c. is not heavyd. can fly Slide 35 Joyet 200434 Personification Personification is a figurative language technique in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things. Slide 36 Joyet 200435 Personification The leaves danced in the wind Example of personification: The heat ripped the breath from her lungs. Slide 37 Joyet 200436 Personification A figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions (things that are not human) are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form. Slide 38 Joyet 200437 Personification Examples of Personification: Hunger sat shivering on the road Flowers danced about the lawn. Slide 39 Joyet 200438 Personification Examples: The sleeping water reflected the evening sky. Humidity breathed in the girl's face and ran its greasy fingers through her hair. The tree arrested the oncoming car. Slide 40 Joyet 200439 Idiom An idiom is a figurative language technique that does not mean what is being said. Slide 41 Joyet 200440 Idiom Remember what literal means? This is the opposite. Think about it. When you tell your hommie chill, are you suggesting they walk into a freezer? No. Slide 42 Joyet 200441Idiom The expression chill, is an idiom that means: relax, take it easy or dont worry. There are tons of idioms. Im sure you use several all the time, without thinking about it. Slide 43 Joyet 200442 Idiom An idiom is a speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements. Slide 44 Joyet 200443 Idiom Idioms are known as regional speech, dialect, slang, jargon, or legal idiom. Slide 45 Joyet 200444 Idiom Dude! I cant understand the idiom all by itself. It takes reference. Like I need to know how whacked you want to get before I can think of tangling with you. Slide 46 Joyet 200445 Idioms More examples of idioms: Mommy says: Daddy is a little pigeon toad. We were chewing the fat. Its raining cats and dogs. Shes as sharp as a tack. I wish he would kick the bucket. Slide 47 Joyet 200446 Hyperbole Is when one exaggerates. We use hyperbole all the time when we want to impress or stress. Slide 48 Joyet 200447 Hyperbole He never speaks to her. Never? That is a very long time. Hyperbole means to exaggerates. Take for example: Slide 49 Joyet 200448 Hyperbole We have a ton of work. A ton is a lot of work. A ton is also a thousand pounds. Hyperbole example: Slide 50 Joyet 200449 Hyperbole I ate a thousand pounds of pasta. A thousand pounds is also known as a ton, this person must be really obese. Hyperbole example: Slide 51 Joyet 200450 Hyperbole I told you a million times. I dont mind repeating myself, but a million times? Thats a lot. Hyperbole example: Slide 52 Joyet 200451 Weve looked at Literal vs. Figurative Remember: Real vs. Imaginary Slide 53 Joyet 200452 Weve looked at Seven Figurative Language. techniques: onomatopoeia alliteration simile metaphor personification idiom hyperbole Slide 54 Joyet 200453 State Content Standards for 9 th and 10 th Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text 3.7 Recognize and understand the significance of various literary devices, including figurative language, imagery, allegory, and symbolism, and explain their appeal. Slide 55 Joyet 200454 This Power Point was created by Mr. Stphane Joyet for 9th and 10th grade English. Pre-set for continuous loop. Press escape to stop. Feel free to copy, use and circulate liberally. FIN