Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010.

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Transcript of Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010.

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Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010 Slide 2 Jackie Uhing E VENTS C OORDINATOR Time Era: Before 1850 Slide 3 Jackie Uhing 5 TH 4 TH C ENTURIES B.C Chinese And Greek philosophers described they basic principles of optics and the camera. 1664 1666 Isaac Newton discovers that white light is actually composed of lots of different colors. Slide 4 Jackie Uhing 1727 Johann Heinrich was a very accomplished man who studied medicine, chemistry, philosophy, theology, and taught astronomy at the colleges of Hale and Altdorf. In the year of 1724 he conducted an experiment of which showed that silver and chalk reflected less light then untarnished silvers. The experiment also showed that the salts continued to darken when unprotected form light. While this experiment never exceeded a real preserved image it did set the foundation for one. Slide 5 Jackie Uhing 1837 Louis Daquerre had been trying since the mid-1820s to capture and make a permanent picture. While he had success in his quest it was not until 1838 that he felt comfortable showing people his invention, which was called the daguerreotype. This type of camera was the first ever that made a permanent image that did not fade, and it only needed 30minutes to become exposed. To make this happen a negative image was exposed on a mirror polished surface of metal that was coated with iodine. Then the negative was soaked in silver halide particles. The negative image then became a positive one and ba-da-bing a picture Slide 6 Jackie Uhing 1841 In 1841 William Henry Talbot patented the calotype. This camera was the first of its type to offer multiple copies of an image. The negative images from this camera were soaked in a garlic acid solution to create a latent image. Then the negatives were taken out of the garlic solution and they had access amounts of silver iodine on them the iodine was washed away and the positive image appeared. Slide 7 Jesse Tempel Manufacturer Pre 1850 Slide 8 Jesse Tempel Jewel Box Camera 1816, Joseph Nicephore Niepce Created camera from a jewel box Had a simple lens Made a negative image Slide 9 Jesse Tempel Talbots Mousetrap 1834, Fox Talbot Experimented with silver chloride coated paper to get negatives Uses mousetrap camera to take first negative Slide 10 Jesse Tempel The Daguerreotype 1837, Louis Daguerre Dauguerreotype, took fixed images, under 30 minutes exposure to light. Slide 11 Jesse Tempel Picture Permanence 1839, Sir John Herschel Sodium hyposulfite Made pictures permanent Slide 12 Japheth Hartmann Slide 13 The pictures in this time period were actually very clear. They were all in black and white though. They were clear because of the chemicals used. Slide 14 Japheth Hartmann The pictures were very expensive before the 1850s. They were expensive because they had to use a lot chemicals to make just one picture. Most people couldnt get pictures of themselves because of the price of them. Slide 15 Japheth Hartmann The pictures would also fade very easily. The chemicals that the pictures were made out of made the pictures fade easily. It is very rare the find a picture in this time period in good condition. Slide 16 Japheth Hartmann It was very hard to make copies of pictures. It was easier to just take separate pictures then to try to make copies of them. Slide 17 Japheth Hartmann Photography greatly increased during the 1800s. Some of the inventions that took place during this era changed the photography world forever. Slide 18 Ashley Jensen Photographers before 1850 Slide 19 Ashley Jensen Sir John Herschel Used the first term of photography in 1839 First invented by de la Roche (1729-1774) Before this was they used canvas with a sticky coating Processes had been known for quite some time It wasnt until the 2 chemicals were put together that photography was in in existence Slide 20 Ashley Jensen Robert Boyle Found that silver chloride turned dark in light but was thought that it was do to air not light. Angelo Sala found in the early 17 th century that sliver turned black in the sun Johann Heninrich Schulze discovered in 1727 that certain liquids turned colors in sunlight. Slide 21 Ashley Jensen Niepce Created the first picture in June or July 1827 using material that harden after being exposed to light This picture needed eight hours of exposure time Slide 22 1850 - 1900 Slide 23 There werent many different kinds of pictures taken in the years of 1850 through the 1900s. The pictures taken were usually taken of buildings and other structures. There were also a lot of pictures taken of usually, groups of people. The quality of the pictures is not extravagant. They were mostly shot in black and white and sepia colors. Slide 24 One of the main focuses in the pictures from the 1850s through the 1900s was pictures of buildings and structures. The pictures from different cultures show what some of the structures in those places looked like. The buildings in these pictures has changed dramatically and we now know theyve changed because we can compare the older pictures to recent pictures. -A view of Constantinople, taken in 1855 by, James Robertson and Felice Beato. -This is a picture of Poongee Kyoung, Burma. It was photographed in 1880 by and unknown artist. Karlee Bourke Slide 25 Another main focus of photographers in the 1850s through the 1900s, was people. The people in these pictures, as you may have noticed, are not smiling. When they took pictures back then, it took a long time for the picture to develop, and that would have been a long time to keep that smile on. Now, thank goodness, it only takes a matter of a few seconds to take a picture. I also noticed when looking at these pictures that they were taken in larger groups. -This picture is a part of the Java Collection and was taken in 1870. -Elephant of his highness Sir Madho Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur and retainers at a gate of the outer palace courtyard, Jaipur. This was taken in 1890. Karlee Bourke Slide 26 The pictures taken during this time had pretty good resolution. They were mostly in black and white and a few had a sepia tone. You could really tell that these photos have been aged. Now photos that we take will last a little longer than those taken back in the early 19 th century. The photographs taken were surprisingly pretty clear. Although, they still were a little fuzzy because they had only just begun to develop the camera. -This was photographed in 1880 by William J. Johnson. -This is a picture of Indian dancing girls in 1990 by an unknown photographer. -This was taken in 1855 by Linnaeus Tripe and is a picture of Amerapoora, at the corner of Mygabboodee-tee Kyoung. Karlee Bourke Slide 27 Photographers & Inventors! of the 1850s & early 1900s. Slide 28 Napoleon Sarony. (1821-1896) Implemented the practice of paying well-known individuals (celebrities, etc) to pose for him and then retaining the rights to sell their photos for profit. Slide 29 George Eastman. (1854-1932) In 1888, he invented dry, transparent, and flexible, photographic film (or rolled photography film). Was an avid photographer and eventually became the founder of the Eastman Kodak company. Slide 30 William James Stillman. (1828-1901) Famous for Greek landscape and the modern Greek context of ancient ruins, his work showed a modern sensibility for their time, a way of seeing utterly different from the commercial photography of Greeks and foreigners, whose photographs tended to cater to the set expectations of the touristic market. One of the first foreign photographers to photograph his foreign land to incoming to tourists. Slide 31 The Kodak Brownie. (1894-1899) Sold for one dollar, one hundred thousand were purchased in the first year alone. One of the very first cameras that lead to the advancement in photography and further inventions. Looked like a little brown box, with all the picture options located right next to the lens, and a single hand strap on the side. Slide 32 Slide 33 The civil war began in Fort Sumter, South Carolina. The civil war was the first war to have pictures taken of it. Matthew Brady was one of the most popular photographers of that time. Robert E Lee Slide 34 The city of Chicago is almost destroyed in a deadly fire. Edison invents the incandesce nt light bulb. Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone. Slide 35 George Eastman takes a patent and the first Kodak box cameras are sold in 1888. James A. Garfield is shot in the back on July 2, 1881. Slide 36 Thomas Edison patents a first motion picture camera the kinetoscope which can show a movie to one person at a time. January 9 X-rays are first used to treat breast cancer. Utah becomes a state in 1896 Slide 37 1901-1950 Slide 38 Mikayla Knudsen Manufacturer 1901-1950 By Mikayla Knudsen Slide 39 Mikayla Knudsen Process In 1901 the box roll- film camera was introduced by Kodak. The roll-film was when the film was protected from light exposure by a paper backing rather than the cartridge that had previously been used. Slide 40 Mikayla Knudsen Lenses At this time they used waterhouse stop lenses. They had a small whole in the center of the tab. They were oblong and rough along the edge. Invented by John Waterhouse Slide 41 Mikayla Knudsen Cost? Kodak cameras costed about $20 in 1910 This was about the time that cameras started becoming available to the general public. Slide 42 Mikayla Knudsen Developing Photos During this time there were 2 ways for people to get their photos developed They could have sent their camera to Kodak to get their pictures developed, printed, and film reloaded They also could have done it themselves by developing them in a dark room, but very few did this because they didnt know how or didnt have to tools necessary to do so. Slide 43 Selena Sermeno Events 1901-1950 By Selena Sermeno Slide 44 Selena Sermeno 1904 Chemical Emulsion Colour Sensiti