Japanese Philosophies and Religions. Shintoism Zen Buddhism.

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Japanese Philosophies and Religions

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  • JapanesePhilosophies and Religions

  • Shintoism

  • Zen Buddhism

  • Bushido

  • Japan: The Meiji Restoration and ImperialismCopy down all notes that are underlined on page 6 of your Imperialism Booklet. (You do not need to copy titles.)

  • The Tokugawa ShogunateTokugawa Ieyasu became the Shogun in 1603 and his descendants ruled until 1868.ISOLATION: By the mid-1600s no foreigners were allowed in Japan except one small Dutch community and occasional Chinese and Korean merchants.The Dutch were only allowed to have ships come once per year!The Tokugawa Shogunate is known for great art and literature.

  • Opening of JapanOpening of Japan: In 1853 U.S. Navy Commodore Matthew Perry arrived with gunships in Japan.Japanese officials did not want to open trade with the West, but realized that the U.S. military was more powerful than their own.

    (Japan agreed to open several ports to the U.S. (and then other European nations).

  • End of the Tokugawa ShogunateRebel daimyo (lords) attacked western ships in 1863 and lost. When they failed to win, they were convinced they needed to change Japan.The rebels then overthrew the Shogun in 1868 and restored the Emperor as the true leader of Japan.

  • The Meiji RestorationThe Emperor Meiji led a new era of reform and modernization, called The Meiji Restoration.Goal was western-style government

    Emperor selected upper house representatives, lower house elected.Government funded industrialization and education.Women were able to get an education and many moved into factory work.Japan brought in many westerners as teachers.

  • Japanese ImperialismJapan didnt only westernize its government style and its economy.Japan also became an imperialist nation.1876 forced Korea to open ports to Japanese.1894 Sino-Japanese War: Japan wins control of some Chinese territory and China gives up all claims on Korea.(read declarations of war?)

  • Japanese Imperialism1904 Russo-Japanese War: Japan takes territory in China and islands from Russia.

  • Japanese Imperialism1908 Japan takes complete control of Korea (until end of WW II in 1945)Koreans were forced to learn JapaneseKoreans were used as slave labor

    Overall, a verybrutal occupation