Investing in Community-based Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

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Transcript of Investing in Community-based Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

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Investing in Community-based Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

Diana Salvemini, COMDEKS Project Manager (UNDP-GEF)Rome, Seminars on Indicators Research, January 2014

UNDPs Approach on Supporting Countries with Climate Resilient Strategies for Development

UNDP Community-based Landscape ApproachWhat is a socio-ecological production landscape?What do we mean by engaging local communities in stewardship of SEPLS through a locally driven process?

COMDEKS and updates on implementationLessons Learned from Piloting Resilience Indicators

Presentation outline

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Green, Low Emissions Climate Resilient Strategies

3UNDPs Approach: Integrated Development at National, Sub-national and Local levels

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Working towards Socio-Ecological Production LandscapesUNDP and the community-based landscape approach: An effective way of building social capital to increase socio-ecological resilience, by integrating biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and sustainable agriculture across the landscape while providing sustainable livelihoods and resilient growth.

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The Landscape Approach: biodiversity dependent ecosystem services for low emissions, climate resilient development Introduction to the landscape approach

protected area protected area multiple uselow input agriculturelow input agriculturelow input agriculture

protected area soil conservationmulticroppingsoil conservationcommunity forest - reforestation

restricted usesoil conservationPhilippines

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Diverse landscape challenges require locally adapted solutions

Steung Siem Reap Watershed, CambodiaLandscape of Uttarakhand, IndiaThe Weto Landscape, GhanaLaborec Uh, Eastern Slovakia Lowlands

the Data-Bozburun Peninsula , Turkey

Natewa Bay, Fiji

West Makawanpur Nepal

Tukombo-Kande Nkhata Bay, Malawi

Gilgel Gibe catchment.Ethiopia

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Goal To develop sound biodiversity management and sustainable livelihood activities to increase community resilience and to maintain, rebuild, and revitalize socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)

Implementing Agency UNDPDelivery mechanism UNDP-implemented GEF-SGPCountries First Phase: Brazil, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Fiji, India, Malawi, Nepal, Slovakia, and TurkeySecond Phase: Bhutan, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, Mongolia, Namibia and Niger

Timeframe and Budget 5-year partnership programme; Japan Biodiversity Fund contributing with 10 million USD (2011-2016).

Status Currently under implementation in 20 countries (+ 80 projects)

The Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative Projectwww.comdeksproject.comCOMDEKS Implementation Status

Phase 2: additional 10 countries joined COMDEKS in June 2013 (Bhutan, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, Namibia, Niger, and Mongolia) overall 7 countries in AP.Selection criteria: same criteria that were agreed and used during the first phasegeographic representationdiversity and vulnerability of ecosystemsexperience and capacity in the country (i.e. programme maturity, staff capacity, workload )absorptive capacity and potential for replication, up-scaling and mainstreaming community workpolitical support to the Satoyama Initiative in the CBD process avoiding GEF-SGP countries that may be in a transition after 2014 (i.e. upgrading process)

Adaptive Management Cycle Enhancing Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes

Landscape Methodology and FrameworkEnhancing community resilience and sustainability at landscape level through adaptive management

8 Community Resilience: Empowering communities to implement participatory landscape planning and adaptive management to enhance community and ecosystem resilience and sustainability- Variety of means to deliver support (GEF/SGP, NGO Execution, Provincial/District Governments)

Examples of landscape outcomes and type of supported activities

Ecosystem servicesBiodiversityDisaster Risk Management

Sustainable production practices that maintain land and water ecosystem services, and conserve biodiversity

Forest restoration activities

Soil conservation and improved water management

Ecosystem-based Adaptation

Agro biodiversity and food security

Diversification of agricultural landscapes (agroforestry; multifunctionality)

Diversification of production systems (cultivation of a higher diversity of crops and varieties and crop-livestock-trees integration)

Low-input agriculture; agroecology

Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources through sustainable use

Alternative Livelihoods

Activities that promote access to new markets for biodiversity-friendly products

Activities that promote nature-based tourism initiatives generating income for local communities

Other activities supporting diversification of livelihoods.

Landscape Governance

Activities that promote participatory governance systems for making and implementing decisions affecting target landscapes

Strengthening NGO and COB capacities for landscape governance and management

Promotion of networks for policy advocacy, learning, economies of scale

Pictures from COMDEKS Turkey, CBA, COMDEKS India and COMDEKS Cambodia. Activities can include both the revival of traditional conservation and production practices and the adoption and development of new techniques. - Examples of possible eligible projects include: forest restoration activities (berms, bunds, terraces, gully plugs, etc., in order to enhance landscape connectivity and increase landscape resilience; reforestation of tropical hillsides, riparian forests and mangroves, rangeland rehabilitation and improved pasture management, restoration of wetlands, peatlands, watersheds and coral reefs, re-vegetation in drylands; protecting and enhancing ecosystem services such as water flows and water quality through restoration of forest patches and soil and water retention infrastructure; diversification of agricultural landscapes (agroforestry), diversification of production systems (cultivation of a higher diversity of crops and varieties and crop-livestock-trees integration; low-input agriculture, soil conservation and improved water management and water efficiency (mulching, cover crops, rainwater harvesting, re-vegetation, fallow, intercropping, crop rotation; adjustments in crop and herd management (changes in crop and herd management); use of stress-tolerant and fast maturing crop species and varieties, and stress tolerance improvement through farmers selection and participatory plant breeding; and other activities supporting diversification of livelihoods.

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UNDP small grants delivery mechanism: a fast and effective way to empower communities & catalyze change

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Indicators for Resilience in SEPLS: on going collaboration between UNDP, UNU-IAS and Bioversity International.

The indicators are currently being applied and tested in the COMDEKS project sites to help measure and understand the socio and ecological resilience of target landscapes.

Experiences and lessons learned to be compiled and analyzed to refine the overall approach and methodology for measuring resilience.

Resilience Indicator Toolkit (UNU, Bioversity Intl, IGES and UNDP) Capturing resilience in socio-ecological production landscapes

Four categories comprising 20 indicators:

Ecosystem services and biodiversity conservationAgricultural biodiversityKnowledge, learning and innovationSocial equity and infrastructure

11COMDEKS Country Programmes: incubators for innovation (landscape approach; results based management systems at the landscape level)

Agricultural Biodiversity Resilience Indicators

Piloting SEPLS Indicators: lessons learnedWell received by participants; successfully engaged stakeholders in assessing the status of their selected socio-ecological landscape linking socio-economic and ecological aspects.

Hand in hand with site and stakeholder scoping exercises, perceived as a good opportunity to identify community priorities, current state of the environment and socio-economic conditions and perceived threats and solutions.

Effective tool for reaching a common understanding and defining resilience strengthening strategies.

Importance of tailoring language and training content to meet capacity needs of participants.

The interactive mapping exercise and the use of photos of the landscape proved to be particularly successful in providing a spatial dimension to conservation priorities and encouraging relevant and practical solutions to landscape resilience.

Key role of the facilitator, and importance to engage local government authorities.

Importance to integrate gender perspectives in the community consultation and application of the indicators.

Room for improvement: scoring system; strengthening social indicators.

Communities Resilience and Sustainability team: theory of change currently under discussion.13

COMDEKS mapping exercise: Turkey

COMDEKS mapping exercise: India

CCOMDEKS Mlawi

COMDEKS PHOTOSTORYPromoting Resilience of Socio-ecological Production Landscapes - Tukombo-Kande, Malawi

(click image to access the photostory)

Piloting SEPLS Indicators: cont.

Ethiopia:Gilgel Gibe 1 CatchmentCheck out the latest edition of our newsletter! Ghana:The Weto RangeMalawi:Tukombo-KandeTurkey:Data-Bozburun Peninsula

17Check out the latest edition of our