Introduction to World History August 4 th 2014 Quote of the Day ““Tell me and I forget, teach me...

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Transcript of Introduction to World History August 4 th 2014 Quote of the Day ““Tell me and I forget, teach me...

  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Introduction to World History
  • Slide 3
  • August 4 th 2014 Quote of the Day Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn. Ben Franklin
  • Slide 4
  • Welcome to World History
  • Slide 5
  • King Tut Great Pyramids of Giza The Parthenon Athens, Greece The Roman Coliseum The Assassination of Julius Caesar Knighthood Mona Lisa By Leonardo Da Vinci Palace of VersaillesFrance Storming of the Bastille French Revolution Genghis Kahn Voyage of Columbus Washington Crossing The Delaware The American Civil War Uncle Sam WW I Poster Attack on Pearl Harbor Raising of the American Flag At Iwo Jima WW II The Atomic Bomb WWII MLK I Have A Dream Speech Washington, DC Assassination of JFK Dallas, TX Moon Landing July 1969 Attack on the World Trade Center 9/11/2001 President Barak Obama
  • Slide 6
  • Why Do We Study History Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past. - Anonymous To fail to learn from history is to remain a child. - Cicero
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  • Where Were You?
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  • Slide 9
  • HOW WE DIVIDE HISTORY HISTORIC PERIOD 3000 BC 476 AD 1500 PRESENT ANCIENT FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE MEDIEVAL MODERN VOYAGES OF DISCOVERY
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  • World History Early and Classical Civilizations 3000 BC 476 AD
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  • The Middle Ages 476 1500 AD World History
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  • The Modern Era 1500 - Present World History
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  • HOW WE DIVIDE HISTORY HISTORIC PERIOD 3000 BC 476 AD 1500 PRESENT ANCIENTMEDIEVAL MODERN 1 BC 1 AD Anno Domini In the Year of Our Lord CE- Common Era Birth of Christ BCE - Before Common Era
  • Slide 14
  • August 5 th 2014 If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death. Hammurabis Code Take out your signed syllabus. Only the signed page.
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  • Civilization Get into 10 groups of 3 or 4 1. 1-37. 19-22 2. 4-68. 23-26 3. 7-99. 27-29 4. 10-1210. 30-33 5. 13-15 6. 16-18
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  • Game Pieces Non-Tradable Items Population card Vehicle Card Tradable Items Money Card Oil Card Water Card Food Card
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  • Do not lose the puzzle pieces!!
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  • How to Play? Organize You will be allotted 3minutes to organize your country. Find out what you have, and what you need. Trade You will have 8 minutes to trade with everyone in the class. You may barter any tradable item for any tradable item You set the prices. Example:5 oil sells for 10 food, or 10 oil sells for 20 water Oil, food, and water sell in units of 5. Money trades in units of 10
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  • How to win? For every person in your country, you must have 1 water and 1 food. For every car you must have 1 oil. After you have enough food and water and oil, try to accumulate as much money as possible by trading items. Who ever meets the needs of their country, and has the most amount of $ wins the game
  • Slide 20
  • Game Review Was there enough for everyone to survive? How does this compare to the real world? What would you be willing to do to feed your people/family? Would it have been easier to steal someone else's items? Why did some countries have supplies that others did not? can you understand why Hammurabi needed to set laws for his people?
  • Slide 21
  • Aug 7 th A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history. Mahatma Gandhi
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  • Geography of the Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent Fertile Crescent: arc of land between Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Includes Mesopotamia: land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates rivers flood once a year, leaving rich soil. Environmental Challenges Around 3300 B.C. Sumerians begin farming southern Mesopotamia Environment poses three disadvantages: 1. floods are unpredictable; sometimes no rain 2.land offers no barriers to invasion 3. land has few natural resources; building materials scarce
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  • Solving Problems Through Organization Sumerians Work Together build irrigation ditches to control water, produce crops build walled cities for defense trade grain, cloth, and tools for raw materialsstone, wood metal Organization, leadership, and laws are beginning of civilization
  • Slide 25
  • City States of Mesopotamia By 3000 B.C. Sumerians build cities surrounded by fields of crops Each is a city-statean independent political unit Sumer city-states Uruk, Kish, Lagash, Umma, and Ur Each city has temple and ziggurat; priests appeal to gods https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=w-6HOQiuIgE https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=w-6HOQiuIgE
  • Slide 26
  • Culture Religion Sumerians believe in many different gods polytheism Gods are thought to control forces of nature Gods behave as humans do, but people are gods servants Life after death is bleak and gloomy Society Sumerians have social classeskings, landholders, priests at top Wealthy merchants next; at lowest levels are slaves Women have many rights; become priests, merchants, artisans
  • Slide 27
  • Hammurabis Code Hammurabi creates a code of laws for the Babylonian Empire 282 laws on all aspects of life; engraved in stone and made public Set different punishments depending on social class, gender Goal for government to take responsibility for order, justice
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  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w 8v2vRlLL58
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  • August 8 th Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step Lao Tzu
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  • Vocabulary Shoot Out Individually define as many of the 20 terms on the board as possible. You will have 20 minutes to complete this assignment. After 20 minutes the class will be divided into two teams. Each team will be asked to define a term (without looking at their definitions) If a player gets a questions right, they earn a point for their team and earn a chance to shoot a basket Each basket is worth 2 extra points.
  • Slide 31
  • August 11 th I have always found that mercy bears richer fruits than strict justice. Abraham Lincoln
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  • Egyptian Geography
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  • Nile River annual flood, predictable Natural barriers deserts on both sides Delta land formed by silt deposits at mouth of river; triangular
  • Slide 34
  • Egyptian Life Pharaoh Priests, government officials, army commanders Merchants, artisans Slaves
  • Slide 35
  • Pharaoh God-kings Theocracy government is based on religious authority
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  • Mummification Belief in afterlife Mummification
  • Slide 37
  • Religion Polytheistic Ra sun god Osiris god of the dead Horus pharaoh Amun god of creation Akhenaten (1364-1347 BCE) monotheism w/ Ra as only god
  • Slide 38
  • Writing Hieroglyphics: Egyptian pictograph writing Scribe: person who wrote things down
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  • Government King Narmer unified the kingdom from 3000 BCE to 2180 BCE Old Kingdom 2040 BCE 1640 BCE Middle Kingdom 1570 BCE 1075 BCE New Kingdom Then controlled by others Kush, Assyrians
  • Slide 40
  • August 12 th Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win. Sun Tzu
  • Slide 41
  • Movie Quiz 1. why were the Pharaoh's bodies moved from their temples to hidden locations in the valley of kings? 2. Before mummification, how did the Egyptians dry out bodies to preserve them? 3. According to the Egyptians, in the afterlife your heart is weighed on the scales of truth. This determined if you were a ______ or ______person while you were alive. 4. The Egyptians left detailed writings of every aspect of their way of life except what?
  • Slide 42
  • Indus River Valley
  • Slide 43
  • Yellow River Valley
  • Slide 44
  • Work Sheets Working alone, complete sections 3 and 4 in your chapter two packet. On section 4, answer questions 1-7 in regard to the Shang Dynasty. Questions 8 and Letter B answer in regard to the Zhou Dynasty DONT ANSWER NUMBER 9 Packets are due at the end of the Class.
  • Slide 45
  • August 13 th Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. MLK TURN YOUR PACKETS IN AT MY DESK
  • Slide 46
  • India Geography!
  • Slide 47
  • Geography Mountains (N) and desert (E) separate India from the rest of Asia Indus and Ganges Rivers Monsoons: cyclical, seasonal winds that bring rain or dryness
  • Slide 48
  • Civilization!! 7,000 BCE domestication and agriculture 2,500 BCE first cities Harappan civilizations made of large cities Mohenjo-Daro Harappa
  • Slide 49
  • PlanningLanguage Harappan cities were planned! (page 46) Not deciphered Believed to be similar to hieroglyphics and cuneiform
  • Slide 50