Introduction - Angela Beebe E-portfolio - About Me viewCollege students with a budget must make many...
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Introducing Paper Towels: A Feasibility Study
Shelbie Henry, Angela Beebe, Dylan Bellows, Ian Karcher
ContentsIntroduction5Criteria and Testing Methods5Test 1: Area per Sheet7Test 2: Cost per Sheet9Test 3: Absorbency11Test 4: Strength12Conclusion13Test 2 Area per Sheet13Test 1 Cost per Sheet13Test 3 Absorbency13Test 4 Strength13Recommendation15
Introducing Paper Towels: A Feasibility Study
College students with a budget must make many purchases. They often make purchases based on what is the cheapest or they buy what they always have. The usual option might not be the best option and the cheapest option may be low in quality. The best value encompasses not only price, but also product performance and volume.
We thought that since individuals purchase paper towels more frequently than reusable paper towels, we would evaluate four prominent paper towel brands based on four criteria to find the brand that would provide the highest quality for the lowest price. We chose four brands of paper towels to test.
This brand is newer to the market and is one of the top name brands out today. Has been on the market for less than a decade
Probably the most frequently advertised paper towel brand. Has been on the market for over a decade
Great Value (Wal-Mart Generic)
This is Wal-Marts store brand. Has been on the market for over a decade and is the only store brand in the sample
Probably the next most frequently advertised paper towel brand after Bounty. Has been on the market for over a decade
Criteria and Testing Methods
We evaluated the paper towels based on four criteria:
Cost per sheet: Divide the total price of the roll by the number of sheets in the roll. Highest cost per sheet receives a score of 1 and lowest cost per sheet receives a score of 4.
Strength: Place wet marbles on a suspended paper towel until it tears. The roll that can hold the least marbles receives a score of 1 and the roll that can hold the most marbles receives a 4.
Absorbency: Pour cup of water on to paper towel. The brand that drips the most water receives a score of 1 and the sheet that drips the least amount of water receives a 4.
Area per sheet: Measure the dimensions of one sheet. The sheet that has the smallest area receives a 1 and the sheet with the largest area receives a 4.
Each test is based on a scale of 1- 4 points with 4 being the highest. Each brand can receive a total 16 points. We hypothesized that the best brand of paper towels would have the highest amount of points.
Test 1: Area per Sheet
The purpose of measuring the sheets is to discover which sheet has the greatest area.
Paper Towel Brand
11 in 10.4 in
11 In 10.4
11 in 12 in
11 in 10.4 in
Bounty, Brawny, and Viva received an equal score of 3.Great Value received a score of 4 because it had the greatest area.
Test 2: Cost per Sheet
We agreed that measuring cost per sheet would analyze price better than cost per roll of paper towel. To find the cost per sheet, we divided the total price of the roll by the number of sheets in the roll
Based on the Results we found Great Value paper towels to be least expensive.
Paper Towel Brand
# of Sheets
Cost per Sheet
When measured based on the information on the Bounty package, we divided the price of the Bounty Roll ($1.92) by 64 sheets. After this calculation, our cost per sheet equals $0.03.
When measured based on the information on the Brawny package, we divided the price of the Brawny Roll ($1.38) by 46 sheets. After this calculation, our cost per sheet equals $0.03.
When measured based on the information on the Great Value package, we divided the price of The Great Value Roll ($1.22) by 61 sheets. After this calculation, our cost per sheet equals $0.02.
When Measured based on the information on the Viva package, we divided the price of the Viva Roll (2.04) by 68 sheets. After this calculation, our cost per sheet equals $0.03.
Based on these results, Great Value is the best option for the cost per sheet criteria.
Test 3: Absorbency
We decided to test absorbency because it is an important factor on how many paper towels you will have to use when cleaning up spills. Paper Towel results were measured 1-4, 4 being the best.
1. Lay a folded a single sheet of paper towel on a table
2. Measure out cup of water
3. Pour cup of water onto paper towel
4. If possible lift paper towel to see if any water drips out
Brawny: (1) Brawny received a score of 1on the absorbency test. The water rolled right of the paper towel soaking very little water.
Bounty: (2) Bounty received a score of 2 on the absorbency test because the water didnt soak in as well as Viva or Great Value. The water did not roll right off like Brawny but when we picked up the paper towel a lot of water dripped out. The paper towel also left a puddle on the table showing the paper towel did not absorb much water and instead the water fell through.
Great Value: (3) Great Value scored higher than Bounty and Brawny because it did a better job at absorbing the water. The sheet absorbed most of the water and did not leave as much residual water on the surface.
Viva: (4) Viva was amazing in the absorbency test, Viva left barley in water on the table and did not drip any drops when it was lifted to check the test.
Test 4: Strength
For test 4 we used wet marbles to determine strength. Strength is an important factor in terms of how well the paper towels are because the more strength it has the less the chance it will tear apart while using it.
1. Fill a cup half way with marbles and then fill past the top of the marbles to moisten them
2. Have a partner hold the paper towel with a hand on each side completely opening it
3. Place the marbles one by one on top of the towel
4. When the towel rips, count all the marbles that you used
Bounty: (4) In terms of ranking Bounty made a 4, the highest score, withstanding 165 marbles.
Viva: (3) Viva scored a 3, withstanding 130 marbles before finally tearing.
Brawny: (2) Brawny received a score of 2, only withstanding 115 marbles before ripping.
Great Value: (1) Great Value achieved a score of just 1, only withstanding 56 marbles before ripping.
Our test were based on four criterias cost per sheet, length per sheet, absorbency, and strength, for each criteria a brand of paper towels could score a 1-4, with 4 as the highest score and 1 as the lowest in each criteria. The paper towel brand could score an overall grade of 16.
Test 2 Area per Sheet
In this test every paper towel brand except Great Value had the exact same area of sheet, so we gave all other brand other than Great Value a score of 3 and Great Value received a score of 4.
Bounty, Brawny, Viva: (3) 11 In 10.4 In each sheet.
Great Value: (4) 11 In 12 In each sheet.
Test 1 Cost per Sheet
Brawny: (1) Brawny scored a 1 in the cost per sheet test, each sheet averaged .03 cents but Brawny only came with 46 sheets, 36.5 Sq. ft. per roll.
Bounty: (2) Bounty scored a 2 in the cost per sheet test, each sheet averaged .03 cents but Bounty came with 64 sheets, 50.8 Sq. ft. per roll.
Viva: (3) Viva scored a 3 in the cost per sheet test, each sheet averaged .03 cents but Viva came with 68 sheets, 54.1 Sq. ft. per roll.
Great Value: (4) Great Value scored the highest score in the cost per sheet test, each sheet averaged .02 cents but Great Value came with 61 sheets, 55.45 Sq ft per roll.
Test 3 Absorbency
Brawny: (1) Brawny scored a 1 on the absorbency test.
Bounty: (2) Bounty scored a 2 on the absorbency test.
Great Value: (3) Great Value scored a 3 on the absorbency test
Viva: (4) Viva scored a 4 on the absorbency test.
Test 4 Strength
Great Value: (1) Great Value scored a 1 on the strength test; the paper towel was able to hold 56 wet marbles before ripping. Great Value did horrible on the strength test compared to the other brands it lost by greater than 50 marbles.
Brawny: (2) Brawny scored a 2 on the strength test; the paper towel was able to hold 115 wet marbles before ripping.
Viva: (3) Viva scored a 3 on the strength test; the paper towel was able to hold 130 wet marbles before ripping.
Bounty: (4) Bounty scored a 4 on the strength test; the paper towel was able to hold 165 marbles before ripping.
Overall Test Scores
Great Value: 12/16
Viva scored the highest overall score, scoring 13 points out of a possible 16.
Based on our results the best brand of paper towels is Viva. Viva received 13 out of the 16 possible points. We recommend college students use Viva paper towels because it is the strongest and most useful for its price.
Number of Points for Each BrandBountyBrawnyGreat ValueViva1171213