Intro To vet Studies

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INTRO TO VET STUDIES CHA PTER S ONE AN D TW O

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Intro To vet Studies. Chapters one and two . Objectives. ID and recognize the parts of a medical term Define commonly used parts of medical term Analyze and understand basic medical terms Practice pronunciation of medical terms . Warm Up . Any guesses? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Intro To vet Studies

Page 1: Intro To vet Studies

INTRO TO

VET STU

DIES

C H A P T E R S ON E A

N D TW

O

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OBJECTIVES

ID and recognize the parts of a medical termDefine commonly used parts of medical term Analyze and understand basic medical termsPractice pronunciation of medical terms

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WARM UP Any guesses?

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

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BIG IDEA QUESTIONWhat are the major parts of a term?

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VET TERMINOLOGY• Every word has main parts• Like a sandwich! • Parts of the “sandwich”• Prefix- bread• Root- meat• Combining Vowel – lettuce• Combining form – tomato• Suffix- bread

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VET TERMS• Used every day• Current Vocabulary• Based on terms of Greek and Latin origin • Or Eponyms: words formed from a person’s name

• Better understanding of Latin and Greek = better understanding of medical terminology

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PREFIXES Found at the beginningIndicates a #, location, time, or statusTwo types

ContrastingDirectional

Example: Ab- means away from

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ACTIVITY 1 sheet of lined paperFold it in half (long like a hot dog)Put the prefixes on one half, definition on the other

Studying graphic organizerPerform this exercise for both types of prefixes

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IS THERE A PREFIX?Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

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ROOT WORDSGive essential meaning to the wordIs there a root?

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

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COMBINING VOWELNormally singleUsually an o

I and E also usedAdded to root word to make it easier to pronounce

When 2+ root words are joined Not used when the suffix begins with a vowel

Example:Gastro/o + enter/o = gasteroenteritis

How many? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

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COMBINING FORMSRoot word + a combining vowelUsually describes part of the body New words are created when prefixes + combining forms and suffixesExamples

PanleukopeniaPan: prefix meaning allLeuk/o: combining forms meaning deficiency-penia: suffix meaning deficiencyAll together the word means:Deficiency of all types of white blood cells

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COMBINING FORMS?Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

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SUFFIXESAttached to the end of wordsModify meaning Types:

“Pertaining to”Surgical ProceduralDouble rConditional and Structural

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ANALYZING MEDICAL TERMS1. Dissect

1.Divide the word into basic components2. Begin at the end

1.Suffix first, then prefix, then root 2.2 root words? Divide and read left -> right

3. Anatomical Order1.How does it occur in the body?

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PRACTICE TOGETHER Ovariohysterectomy

Ovari/o/hyster/ectomy

SUFFIX: ectomy – removal PREFIX: Ovari/o – ovaryROOT: Hysteri/o – uterus

What’s it mean? Complete removal of ovaries and uterus

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DISSECT THE VOCABULARYWorksheet 20 wordsDissect and define common medical terminology

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LET’S REVIEWVocab you learned

Prefix, Suffix, Combining vowel, combining form, root wordEssential Question

What are the major parts of a term? Think about it…

What is pronunciation important? Coming up…

Positional Terminology

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INTRO TO

VET STU

DIES

C H A P T E R S ON E A

N D TW

O

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OBJECTIVESID body planes, positional terms, directional terms, and body

cavitiesDefine terms related to body cavitiesID body systems by their components

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ESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhy is positional terminology critical in veterinary medicine?

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LEARN-OLOGY-ology

“the study of”Anatomy: student of body structurePhysiology: study of body functionsPathology: study of the cause, nature and development of

abnormal conditionsPathophysiology: study of changes in function caused by

diseaseEtiology: study of disease

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POSITIONAL TERMSImportant for accurately and concisely describing body

locations and relationships of structures

In/out, up/down, etcNot specific

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ACTIVITY: DIRECTIONAL DE-CODER1 sheet of lined paperFold is in half (like a hotdog) Put the directional words on one half , definition on the other

half

Table 2-1 in your book

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POSITIONAL PLANES ACTIVITY

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VET DENTISTRY POSITIONAL TERMS Rising trend in vet careTeeth surfaces are identified by the area it is near

Lingual, Palatal, Buccal, Vestibular, Occlusal, Labial, Contact ( mesial and distal)

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BODY CAVITIES Hole/hollow space that contains organs

Cranial, Spinal, Thoracic/chest, Abdominial/ peritoneal, Pelvic

Regional TermsAbdomen, Thorax, Groin/ inguinal

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MEMBRANES: HOLD IT ALL TOGETHERThin layer of tissue

Cover a surface, line a cavity, divide space or organMembranes to remember

PeritoneumParietal, Visceral (Peritonitis= inflammation of

the…)Umbilicus/Navel

(belly button) umbilical chord enters the bodyMesentery

suspends the intestines in abdominal cavityholds blood supply

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POSITIONS USED IN EXAMSRecumbent: lying down

Types:Dorsal: on the backVentral (sternal): on your belly Left Lateral: on left sideRight Lateral: on your right side

Prone: lying ventral or sternalSupine: lying on your back

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MOVEMENTAdduction: movement toward midlineAbduction: movement away from the midline

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JOINT MOVEMENT Flexion: close jointExtension: straightening of the joint

hyper: flex or extend too farSupination: rotate to palm upPronation: palm turn downRotation: circular movement around an axis

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ACTIVITY: PRACTICE MOVEMENTS

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CELLS AND ACTIVITY Cytology: study of cellsDraw and label your cell diagram as a review Use your book to describe what each organelle does

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GLANDS: IMPORTANT CELL TYPESSpecialized cell that secrete material used else where in the

bodyTypes:

Endocrine: secrete directly into the blood streamExocrine: secrete into the duct system

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TISSUE TYPES Epithelial: Covers in and external body structures

Types: Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar, StratifiedMesothelium: forms the lining of serious membranes

Connective TissueTypes

Loose, dense, cartilageMuscle: contains cell material that can relax and contract

TypesSkeletal, smooth, cardiac

Nervous: can react to stimuli and conduct electric impulses

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ACTIVITY BREAKUse your book

On a separate sheet of paperRepresent the different types of tissue

Epithelial 4 typesConnective 4 typesMuscle 3 types

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THINK ABOUT THE BIG PICTURE!Cells make up tissuesTissues make up structuresStructures make up organsOrgans perform functionsFunctions required for survival

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REVIEWVocab you learned

Endocrine, Exocrine, Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, Muscle, Prone, Supine, Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension

Essential QuestionWhy is positional terminology important in vet medicine?

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ACTIVITIES FOR GRADINGChapter Review one and twoFoldables : prefixes and table 2-1 Cell representationTypes of TissuesMedical Terminology Dissection