Intro conley

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Dalton Conley Introduction Introduction to Sociology Monday, 1/23/12

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  • 1. Dalton Conley IntroductionIntroduction to Sociology Monday, 1/23/12
  • 2. IntroductionConley opens with the example of why you arereading the chapter in front of you. What is hetrying to do with this example?
  • 3. Thinking Like a Sociologist"making the familiar strange"
  • 4. C. Wright MillsThe sociological imagination Our lives are "ordinary" - i.e., typical of the time period in which we live But we are not alone - we have our time period and experiences in common with othersThus, the sociological imagination keeps usfrom being "falsely conscious" of our lives.
  • 5. Pulp FictionWhat is the dialogue from Pulp Fiction meant toillustrate?What do we mean by "xenophobia" and why isthis an important concept for sociologists?
  • 6. The True Costs of EducationHow does Conley complicate the idea that ifyou go to college, youll make more money?What does he conclude?What are the alternate explanations Conleyprovides? (page 5)
  • 7. Social Institution"A social institution is a group of socialpositions, connected by social relations,performing a social role."How can we think of college as a socialinstitution, using our classroom as an example?What does Conley mean when he states socialinstitutions are "not monolithic"?
  • 8. The Sociology of SociologyKey figures in the founding of sociology as adiscipline
  • 9. Auguste Comte19th Century, France"social physics" or "positivism"3 epistemological stages of society: theological,metaphysical, and scientificIntroduces theme of "morals"
  • 10. Harriet Martineau19th Century, EnglandTranslated Comte into EnglishExtended theme of morals to U.S.Wrote about methods, using the socialinstitution of marriage as an example
  • 11. Karl Marx19th Century, GermanyHistorial materialismClass conflict - capitalists vs workers (orowners vs proletariat)
  • 12. Max Weber19th/20th Centuries, GermanyBrought ideas back in (so - challengedhistorical materialism)Prosestant Ethic and the Spirit of CapitalismVerstehen - "understanding" - interpretation
  • 13. Emile Durkheim19th/20th Centuries, FranceDivision of laborWhat holds society together?Anomie - normlessnessPositivism
  • 14. The Chicago SchoolHelps found American sociologyWhat is going on in Chicago at the turn of the20th century that shapes sociological analysis?
  • 15. The Sociological SelfCharles Horton Cooley - "looking-glass self"George Herbert Mead - "generalized other"
  • 16. W.E.B. DuBoisFirst African American to receive a PhD fromHarvardDouble consciousnessTalented tenth
  • 17. Jane AddamsUrban displacement and disorderHull House - "settlement house movement"Applied or public sociology
  • 18. Structural Functionalism"organicism" & DurkeimParts of society = systems andorgans of the human bodyMerton: manifest and latent functionsWhat about the Chicago School?
  • 19. Conflict TheoryMarxInequality and competition characterize modernsociety
  • 20. Feminist TheoryRelated to conflict theoryFocuses on "social construction of gender"SocializationLooking-glassgendered self?
  • 21. Symbolic InteractionismWhat makes this different from structuralfunctionionalism and conflict theory?Erving Goffman - dramatugical theory
  • 22. What Distinguishes Sociology fromIts Cousins?
  • 23. What Distinguishes Sociology fromIts Cousins?Ideographic vs. nomethetic Abstractable patternsSupra vs individual vs infraRational actors?